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Hà Nội, a Metropolis in the Making

Sylvie Fanchette

Part Three. Urban fringes: integration in opposition to village dynamics

Chapter 8. Multi-activity employment, agricultural decline and urban transition

S. Fanchette, Lê Văn Hùng, P. Moustier, Ðào Thế Anh et Nguyễn Xuân Hoản

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Extrait du texte

Since the 1970s, the fringes of large Asian cities have experienced many changes, associated with the process of metropolisation (foreign investment in industry, roads and housing infrastructure) and with movement towards the new places of production, namely the industrial parks. Migratory flows emanating from underprivileged areas head for the outskirts of the city or the surroundings of industrial parks where a low-cost rental market is developing in urbanised villages.

In Vietnam, since the economic liberalisation of the 1980s, rationales of distribution of settlement have changed: restrictions on people’s mobility were lifted, engendering a rural exodus, individual initiative has been embraced and enabled the development of a very active informal economy that demands high levels of workforce in peri-urban countryside, particularly in craft villages and those specialised in market gardening.

Thanks to the major hydraulic works of the 1960s-1970s, drainage and flood protection have ...


PhD in Geography from Paris 8 University and is authorised to supervise research. She has been conducting research at IRD since 1993 and is a member of UMR Ceped.
Her main research interests are the urbanisation process in densely populated rural areas and the conditions of population densification in the Nile and Red River Deltas. In Vietnam, she studies rural industrialisation and the peri-urbanisation process in the context of the Vietnamese capital’s metropolisation..

PhD in Agricultural Economics from London University, and is authorised to supervise research. She has been a researcher at Cirad (Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique) since 1990 and Assistant Director of UMR Moisa (Marchés, organisations et stratégies d’acteurs) in Montpellier. Her research deals with the organisation and performance of food commodity chains supplying African and Asian cities.
From 2002 to 2009, she co-ordinated the research consortium Malica in Hà Nội and conducted several studies on the various kinds of distribution of agricultural products.

PhD in Agricultural Economics from Ensam in Montpellier. He is Director of Casrad (Centre for Agrarian System Research and Development) in Hà Nội and Vice-Director General of the Food Crops Research Institute of the Vietnam Academy of Agricultural Sciences (VAAS).
He contributes to research programmes concerning agricultural processes in Vietnamese peri-urban areas, distribution chains for food produce and co-ordinates the consortium on Markets and Agriculture Linkages for Cities of Asia (Malica) in partnership with several Vietnamese research institutes, Cirad and IRD. As part of his team, two engineers in cartography and economics, Nguyễn Ngọc Mai and Lê Vãn Hýng, have participated in the creation of the Atlas and in statistical research.

Masters in Economics specialised in ‘sustainable and integrated development’ at Université Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines. He was a researcher at Casrad for 20 years.
He has taken part in many research programmes on agricultural commodity chains and on craft villages clusters in the Red River Delta. He currently works in the Department of Agriculture at the People’s Committee of the province of Hà Nội.

© IRD Éditions, 2016

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