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Hà Nội, a Metropolis in the Making

Sylvie Fanchette

Part One. A city woven from water and villages

Chapter 4. Breaks with the traditional city: the colonial and collectivist eras

E. Cerise et L. Pandolfi

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Extrait du texte

Up until the colonial era, the integration of villages into the city had taken place in keeping with the Chinese model, namely that the administration had integrated within the city limits a hundred or so villages, comprising the craft green belt that supplied the capital. In contrast, during the colonial era (1873-1945), then during the collectivist era (1954-1986), the urban model promoted at that time was a clear separation between what was defined as urban and as rural, with development plans targeting the city centre. During this latter period, rural development was favoured and village populations strictly contained within their rural environment by means of residence permits.

A study based on plans and maps depicting the projects of the colonial then collectivist administrations shows how difficult it was to impose these town planning philosophies imported from France and the Soviet Union onto rural populations. The revenge of rural ‘revolutionaries’ who occupied the villas of...


PhD in Architecture and Urban Studies from Ensa (École nationale supérieure d’architecture de Paris-Belleville). He is a researcher at UMR Ipraus (Institut parisien de recherche: architecture, urbanistique et société) and Co-Director of the Institut des métiers de la ville in Hà Nội.
He is interested in production and in transformation of habitat in Hà Nội, which was the subject of his thesis, in cartography of Asian cities, and in the protection of architectural and urban heritage in Southeast Asia. He works on issues concerning housing projects, their design, their production and their reception by the communities concerned.

PhD in Urban Studies from the Institut français d’urbanisme, is a specialist in urban land issues in Vietnam and is a former Co-Director of the Institut des métiers de la ville in Hà Nội.
He is currently in charge of the Asia Sector for the Île-de-France Region’s Department of Urban Planning. He is responsible for the implementation of co-operation projects aimed at improving proficiency in tendering of local public contracts in the fields of urban planning, development and urban services.

© IRD Éditions, 2016

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