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Hà Nội, a Metropolis in the Making

Sylvie Fanchette

Part One. A city woven from water and villages

Chapter 3. Expansion of the city through integration of urban villages

E. Cerise, S. Fanchette, D. Labbé, J.-A. Boudreau et Trần Nhật Kiên

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Extrait du texte

The city of Hà Nội, built in ‘the bend in the Red River’, partly took shape on top of a dense substrate of villages that it has progressively absorbed into its fabric. Starting with the core of urban craft and trading villages reconstituted into the ‘Old Quarter of 36 Streets and Corporations’ and the Citadel, it has spread over its fringes, integrating very populous and multi-activity villages within its perimeter.

This integration of villages has taken place in various ways throughout history, depending on the prevailing state planning policies, the urban planning model being implemented, the economic activities of the villages and the dynamism of the relevant local authorities. In fact, adopting the Chinese model, which it has inherited from over 1,000 years of colonisation, the imperial administration (1010-1872) integrated within the city limits a hundred or so villages, making up the green belt of craft activity supplying the capital. However, during the colonial era (1873-1945...


PhD in Architecture and Urban Studies from Ensa (École nationale supérieure d’architecture de Paris-Belleville). He is a researcher at UMR Ipraus (Institut parisien de recherche: architecture, urbanistique et société) and Co-Director of the Institut des métiers de la ville in Hà Nội.
He is interested in production and in transformation of habitat in Hà Nội, which was the subject of his thesis, in cartography of Asian cities, and in the protection of architectural and urban heritage in Southeast Asia. He works on issues concerning housing projects, their design, their production and their reception by the communities concerned.

PhD in Geography from Paris 8 University and is authorised to supervise research. She has been conducting research at IRD since 1993 and is a member of UMR Ceped.
Her main research interests are the urbanisation process in densely populated rural areas and the conditions of population densification in the Nile and Red River Deltas. In Vietnam, she studies rural industrialisation and the peri-urbanisation process in the context of the Vietnamese capital’s metropolisation..

PhD in Urban Studies from the School of Community and Regional Planning (University of British Colombia). She is Assistant Professor of Urban Studies at the Institut d’urbanisme, université de Montréal (Canada).
Her research interests include the peri-urbanisation of Southeast Asian cities, particularly that of Hà Nội where she did her doctoral research, management of architectural and urban heritage in North American and Southeast Asian contexts, and habitat production, urban governance and informality in Global South cities..

PhD in Urban Planning, School of Public Policy and Social Research, University of California Los Angeles (Ucla). She is currently Associate Professor at the Institut national de la recherche scientifique, centre urbanisation culture société (INRS-UCS) in Montreal, and Tenured Canada Research Chair in Urbanity, Insecurity and Political Action.
She founded and directs the Ville et ESPAces politiques (VESPA) Research Laboratory. Her work explores the relationship between citizens and the state in a context of urbanisation.

Architect with a PhD in Geography from Université de Toulouse 2 Le Mirail. He is a researcher and Lecturer at the Hà Nội school of Architecture.
Both in his research and in his teaching, he works on issues relative to socio-cultural, morphologic and geomantic transformations of villages on the outskirts of Hà Nội in the context of accelerated urbanisation since 1986.

© IRD Éditions, 2016

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