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The inland water fishes of Africa

 | 
Didier Paugy
, 
Christian Levêque
, 
Olga Otero

Index

Taxonomic index

Texto completo

Page numbers in bold refer to the text

Page numbers in italics refer to the figures

Page numbers in roman refer to tables

A

Abramis brama 143, 144

Acanthodian 54, 55, 58, 58

Acanthomorpha 169

Acanthomorphata 175

Acanthuriformes 175

Acapoeta tanganicae 243

Acipenser 56

Acipenseridae 87

Acipenseriformes 87, 173

Actinistians (Actinistia) 53, 173

Actinopterygian(s) (Actinopterygii) 53, 54, 55, 58, 71, 87, 171, 172

Actractosteus 56

Aeschynomene elaphroxylon 25

Aethiomastacembelus 95

African carp 271

African pike 63, 245

Agnatha (Agnathan) 53, 91, 169

Albulidae 87

Albuliformes 87, 175

Alburnus 143

Alburnus alburnus 143

Alcolapia 401

Alcolapia alcalica 161, 196, 265, 385, 401

Alcolapia grahami 254, 265, 344, 345, 385, 386, 399, 401

Alestes 60, 61, 64, 65, 95, 112, 113, 119, 144, 186, 201, 202, 245, 261, 306, 359, 360, 478, 489, 502, 503, 439

Alestes baremoze 143, 156, 156, 159, 186, 188, 191, 192, 194, 199, 204, 220, 221, 222, 224, 225, 236, 236, 238, 243, 244, 246, 251, 253, 256, 261, 262, 333, 334, 334, 341, 345, 353, 354, 358, 385, 388, 389, 391, 475, 502, 503

Alestes baremoze baremoze 156

Alestes baremoze eburneensis 156

Alestes baremoze sudanensis 156

Alestes dentex 225, 238, 333, 357, 385, 387, 388, 389, 502

Alestes deserti 113

Alestes junneri 66, 113, 119

Alestidae 60, 61, 64, 67, 86, 88, 90, 95, 99, 102, 103, 113, 118, 119, 156, 159, 166, 186, 188, 188, 194, 198, 199, 209, 216, 221, 225, 243, 256, 297, 332, 353, 354, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 392, 466, 467, 488, 496, 509

Alticorpus ‘geoffreyi’ 195, 199

Alticorpus macrocleithrum 195, 199

Alticorpus mentale 195, 199

Alticorpus pectinatum 195, 199

Altolamprologus compressiceps 291, 293, 369

Ambassidae 88

Amia 56

Amiiform(es) 56, 91, 173

Amniataba caudavittata 435

Amphibia(n) 172, 173, 406

Amphiliidae 88, 90, 99, 102, 103, 118, 195, 199, 226, 243, 358, 358

Amphilius 358

Amphilius atesuensis 188, 195, 199, 226, 238, 243, 358

Amphilius cf uranoscopus 379

Anabantidae 89, 99, 102, 103, 110, 125, 126, 174, 186, 197, 216, 263, 264, 298, 356

Anabantiformes 175

Anguilla 202, 455, 456

Anguilla anguilla 113, 444, 445

Anguilla marmorata 455, 456

Anguilla mossambica 455, 456

Anguilla nebulosa labiata 456

Anguillidae 87, 102, 103, 444, 445

Anguilliformes 87, 91, 175

Anisus 246

Antennarius occidentalis 429, 434

Aphanius fasciatus 265, 406, 446, 447

Aphyosemion 131, 201, 267

Aphyosemion ahli 161

Aphyosemion arnoldi (see Fundulopanchax arnoldi)

Aphyosemion batesii 187, 267

Aphyosemion bivittatum 161, 275

Aphyosemion bualanum 161

Aphyosemion calliurum 161

Aphyosemion cameronense 161, 187, 193

Aphyosemion christyi 131, 161

Aphyosemion cognatum 131

Aphyosemion elegans 131

Aphyosemion exiguum 161

Aphyosemion filamentosum 161

Aphyosemion franzwerneri 161

Aphyosemion gardneri 161

Aphyosemion geryi 239, 253

Aphyosemion guineense 161

Aphyosemion gulare 161

Aphyosemion hertzogi 193

Aphyosemion labarrei 161

Aphyosemion louessense 161

Aphyosemion lujae 161

Aphyosemion melanopteron 131

Aphyosemion mirabile 161

Aphyosemion obscurum 161

Aphyosemion punctatum 187, 193

Aphyosemion rectoogoense 131

Aphyosemion roloffi 161

Aphyosemion scheeli 161

Aphyosemion schoutedeni 131

Aphyosemion sjostedti (see Fundulopanchax sjostedti)

Aphyosemion walkeri (see Fundulopanchax walkeri)

Aplocheilichthys antinorii 390

Aplocheilichthys spilauchen 434

Aplocheilidae 88, 95, 126, 187, 188

Apogon imberbis 434

Apogonidae 89

Apteronotus albifrons 244

Arabocharax baidensis 67

Aranodus atlantis 69

Arapaima gigas 105

Arapaimidae 60, 86, 87, 99, 102, 103, 126, 186, 216, 225, 264, 298, 488

Arganodus 69, 70

Arganodus tiguidensis 69

Argentiniformes 175

Ariidae 88, 102, 186, 216, 298

Arius 113, 434

Arius gigas 118, 477

Arius latiscutatus 428, 434

Astatoreochromis alluaudi 160, 195, 294, 392, 446, 447, 451

Astatotilapia bloyeti 160

Astatotilapia burtoni 160, 161

Astatotilapia calliptera 160, 372

Astatotilapia desfontainii 403

Astronotus ocellatus 444, 445

Astroscopus 244

Astyanax orthodus 444, 445

Ateleopodiformes 175

Atherinidae 88, 435

Atheriniformes 88, 91, 175

Auchenoglanis 95, 113, 160, 165, 166, 388, 509

Auchenoglanis biscutatus 226, 357

Auchenoglanis occidentalis 161, 166, 188, 195, 238, 243, 358, 366

Auchenoglanis soye 60

Aulonocara ‘blue orange’ 196, 199

Aulonocara huesheri 161

Aulonocara kornelia 161

Aulonocara ‘cf macrochir’ 196, 199

Aulonocara ‘minutus’ 196

Aulonocara ‘rostratum deep’ 196, 199

Aulonocara nyassae 242

Aulonocara stuartgranti 161

Aulonocranus dewindti 370

Aulopiformes 175

Austroglanididae 84, 88, 90, 95, 99, 102

Austroglanis 101

B

Bagridae 84, 88, 95, 99, 102, 103, 104, 108, 111, 113, 118, 161, 165, 166, 188, 195, 198, 199, 225, 357, 359, 360, 376, 392, 466, 488, 490, 496, 509

Bagrus 60, 80, 113, 160, 165, 359, 360, 391, 509

Bagrus bajad 166, 195, 225, 236, 236, 239, 253, 257, 333, 357, 388, 391

Bagrus docmak 113, 161, 166, 188, 195, 199, 239, 342, 354, 380, 388, 391, 392, 450

Bagrus meridionalis 224, 285, 289, 446, 447

Balitoridae 87, 99

Barb 452

Barbopsis devecchi 268, 407, 408

Barbus 47, 78, 92, 101, 112, 113, 122, 123, 131, 160, 252, 306, 324, 333, 348, 353, 354, 357, 360, 393, 402, 413

Barbus ablabes 161, 199, 238

Barbus altianalis 113, 334, 359, 496

Barbus anema 161

Barbus anoplus 243, 446, 447

Barbus apleurogramma 47, 122, 123, 404, 405, 405, 406

Barbus barbus 444, 445

Barbus bigornei 161

Barbus bynni 113, 156, 158, 161, 238, 334

Barbus bynni bynni 156, 390

Barbus bynni occidentalis 47, 122, 123, 156, 157, 158, 161, 404, 405

Barbus bynni waldroni 156, 157, 158, 358

Barbus callensis 122, 123, 403, 404, 405, 405, 406

Barbus callipterus 238

Barbus capensis 161

Barbus chlorotaenia 238

Barbus deserti 47

Barbus ethiopicus 161

Barbus holotaenia 161

Barbus intermedius 161

Barbus kimberleyensis (see Labeobarbus kimberleyensis)

Barbus macinensis 358

Barbus macrops 47, 122, 123, 161, 238, 243, 358, 404, 405, 473

Barbus microbarbis 452

Barbus natalensis (see Labeobarbus natalensis)

Barbus neumayeri 294, 452

Barbus paludinosus 390

Barbus petitjeani 161

Barbus pobeguini 47, 122, 404, 405

Barbus sacratus 238, 243

Barbus spurelli 195

Barbus stigmatopygus 357

Barbus sublineatus 195, 199, 358

Barbus trevelyani 222

Barbus trimaculatus 390

Barbus trispilos 188, 195, 199, 225

Barbus viviparus 324, 324

Barbus wurtzi 161, 358

Bariiline 111

Bathybates 144, 145, 373

Bathybates ferox 145

Bathybatini 365

Bathyclarias 103, 136, 375, 533

Bathyclarias gigas 167

Bathyclarias ilesi 167

Bathyclarias nyasensis 167

Bathyclarias worthingtoni 167

Batrachoidiformes 175

Bawitius 71, 109

Bedotiidae 88, 126, 455

Belanophago 393

Beloniformes 88, 91, 175

Belontiidae 110

Beryciformes 175

Bichir(s) 60, 71, 72, 106, 112, 170, 171, 173

Bighead carp 534

Black bass 443, 452, 456

Bleak 144

Blenniiformes 175

Bluegill sunfish 453

Boreogadus saida 192

Boulengerella 142

Boulengerella maculata 143

Boulengerochromis microlepis 140, 370, 370, 446, 447

Bowfin 170, 173

Brachydeuterus auritus 140, 370, 370, 373

Bream 144

Brevimyrus 359

Brevimyrus niger 194, 237, 264, 279, 333, 346, 357, 388, 389

Brienomyrus 84, 85, 95, 136, 359

Brienomyrus brachyistius 120, 237, 243

Brown trout 443, 453

Brycinus 60, 61, 64, 65, 95, 112, 119, 144, 159, 231, 306, 359, 360, 391

Brycinus abeli 133, 153

Brycinus batesii 157

Brycinus brevis 157

Brycinus carmesinus 157

Brycinus carolinae 133, 153

Brycinus dageti 153

Brycinus ferox 391

Brycinus grandisquamis 157

Brycinus imberi 133,153, 194, 199, 206, 206, 209, 225, 238, 354, 358, 390, 467

Brycinus lateralis 466

Brycinus leuciscus 191, 194, 204, 205, 205, 238, 253, 253, 332, 357, 509

Brycinus longipinnis 194, 199, 206, 225, 238, 307, 307, 308, 353, 354, 429, 434

Brycinus macrolepidotus 119, 156, 157, 188, 191, 194, 199, 203, 206, 225, 236, 238, 243, 257, 353, 354, 354, 357, 386, 388

Brycinus minutus 391

Brycinus nigricauda 133, 153

Brycinus nurse 143, 153, 188, 191, 194, 199, 205, 225, 231, 238, 243, 256, 334, 345, 353, 354, 354, 357, 358, 388, 391, 429

Brycinus nurse dageti 153, 231

Brycinus nurse nana 231

Brycinus poptae 157

Brycinus schoutedeni 157

Buccochromis lepturus 196, 199

Buccochromis nototaenia 196, 199

Bunocharax 60, 63, 64, 112,113

Butis koilomatodon 446, 447, 451

C

Caecobarbus 409

Caecobarbus geertsii 267, 407, 408, 408, 409, 409, 410

Caecomastacembelus 95

Callochromis 368, 370

Campylomormyrus 282, 360

Campylomormyrus compressirostris 282

Campylomormyrus rhynchophorus 282

Caproiformes 175

Carangidae 88

Carangiformes 175

Caranx hippos 429

Caranx senegallus 428

Carassius auratus 443, 444, 455, 456

Carassius auratus auratus 444, 445

Carassius carassius 444, 445

Carcharhinidae 87

Carcharhiniformes 87

Cardiopharynx 368

Cardiopharynx schoutedeni 370

Caridina 450

Caridina nilotica 246, 343, 453

Carlarius 81

Carlarius gigas 81

Carp (common carp) 67, 130, 443, 526, 532, 534

Catervariolus hornemani 59

Catfish(es) 57, 60, 66, 67, 78, 81, 101, 106, 109, 136, 173, 242, 267, 277, 279, 280, 288, 366, 367, 373, 376, 412, 450, 504, 526, 527, 530, 532, 534, 539

Catla catla 444, 445

Centrarchidae 88, 144, 444, 445

Cephalaspidomorphi 87, 171, 172

Chambo 372, 381

Chanidae 87, 173

Channa 79, 110, 443, 385

Channa maculata 444, 445

Channa striata 79, 444, 445, 451, 456, 457

Channallabes apus 167, 267, 294, 408

Channid 78, 79, 79, 80

Channidae 89, 95, 99, 102, 104, 110, 126, 161, 195, 243, 264, 356, 444, 445

Chanopsis 56

Characiform(es) 52, 55, 59-61, 66-68, 66, 88, 89, 91,104, 106, 110, 112, 119, 173, 175

Characinae 119

Cheilochromis euchilus 242

Chelaethiops 358

Chelaethiops bibie 391

Chelaethiops elongatus 243

Chelaethiops minutus 243, 365

Chiloglanis 324, 358

Chiloglanis occidentalis 358

Chiloglanis swierstrai 324

Chilotilapia rhadesii 242

Chloroscombrus chrysurus 428, 429

Chondrichthyans (Chondrichthyes) 53, 54, 55, 169

Chondrosteans (Chondrostei) 56, 91

Chonophorus macrorhynchus 456

Chromidotilapia 290

Chromidotilapia guntheri 188, 196, 199, 226, 239, 243, 354, 434

Chromidotilapiines 165

Chrysichthys 95, 103, 113, 136, 160, 165, 166, 245, 325, 359, 360, 367, 369, 370, 434, 501, 509

Chrysichthys auratus 161, 166, 166, 188, 191, 195, 238, 243, 354, 388, 429, 434, 346, 373

Chrysichthys brachynema 366

Chrysichthys johnelsi 166, 166

Chrysichthys macrotis 113

Chrysichthys maurus 161, 166, 166, 199, 226, 238, 429, 434, 473

Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus 166, 166, 195, 429, 434, 473

Cichla ocellaris 444, 445

Cichlidae 47, 86, 89, 91, 95, 99, 101, 102, 103, 107, 112, 113, 118, 122, 122, 126, 128, 134-140, 142, 144, 158-160, 160, 161, 162, 164, 166, 174, 186, 186, 188, 192, 193, 195, 198, 199, 203, 206, 208, 211-213, 216, 221, 222, 226, 230, 231, 240, 243, 245, 251, 265, 270-272, 274-277, 282, 283, 285, 286, 288-290, 292-298, 302, 310, 329, 343, 344, 348, 356, 357, 358, 359, 362, 368, 385, 390, 392, 393, 402, 405, 410, 444, 445, 446, 447, 452, 453, 455, 466, 466, 467, 468, 478, 488, 488, 489, 491, 536

Citharichthys stampflii 428, 434

Citharidium 164

Citharidium ansorgii 118, 158, 163, 164, 237, 243

Citharinidae 61, 63, 88, 90, 99, 102, 103, 144, 163, 164, 225, 243, 245, 356, 360, 392, 466, 488

Citharinops 164

Citharinops distichodoides 158, 163, 164, 237, 243, 386

Citharinus 63, 113, 144, 164, 254, 357, 466, 509

Citharinus citharus 143, 163, 225, 236, 237, 243, 334, 358, 387, 388, 389, 391, 466

Citharinus congicus 163, 164, 243

Citharinus eburneensis 163, 237, 243

Citharinus gibbosus 163, 164, 243

Citharinus latus 163, 225, 237, 243

Citharinus macrolepis 163, 164, 243

Cladistia 71

Clariallabes 359

Clariallabes longicauda 167

Clarias 47, 60, 60, 80, 95, 112, 113, 122, 167, 202, 263, 264, 267, 279, 306, 333, 348, 379, 380, 388, 413, 509, 532, 533, 540, 542-544

Clarias agboyiensis 167, 238

Clarias albopunctatus 124

Clarias alluaudi 543

Clarias anguillaris 47, 113, 122, 161, 167, 188, 191, 195, 358, 404, 404, 405, 532, 533, 542

Clarias batrachus 167

Clarias buettikoferi 167

Clarias buthupogon 167

Clarias camerunensis 167

Clarias cavernicola 407, 408, 532, 543

Clarias ebriensis 167

Clarias fuscus 167

Clarias gariepinus 47, 113, 119, 122, 123, 161, 167, 195, 221, 222, 226, 243, 261, 263, 276, 333, 334, 354, 357, 360, 380, 390-392, 404, 405, 406, 446, 447, 467, 467, 526, 527, 529, 532-538, 540, 542, 543

Clarias gabonensis 167

Clarias intermedius 167

Clarias jaensis 167

Clarias maclareni 412, 543

Clarias macrocephalus 167

Clarias maurus 167

Clarias meladerma 167

Clarias mossambicus 113, 543

Clarias ngamensis 167, 360, 532

Clarias pachynema 167

Clarias stappersii 167

Clarias theodorae 167

Clarias werneri 543

Clariidae 88, 95, 99, 102, 103, 103, 104, 108, 110, 111, 113, 118, 122, 122, 161, 167, 167, 168, 195, 226, 243, 264, 294, 356, 359, 376, 389, 390, 392, 402, 405, 407, 466, 496, 533, 537

Claroteidae 84, 88, 90, 95, 99, 102, 103, 103, 111, 118, 161, 166, 166, 188, 195, 199, 243, 357, 359, 360, 366, 392, 466, 488, 491, 496, 509

Clarotes 60,60, 113, 160, 165, 166, 360

Clarotes laticeps 113, 161, 166, 167, 226, 238, 357

Cleopatra 342

Cleopatra bulimoides 247, 342, 300

Clinidae 89

Clinus superciliosus 435

Clupei 175

Clupeid 210, 253, 255, 365, 448, 466, 468

Clupeidae 87, 102, 103, 186, 194, 209, 216, 247, 255, 297, 341, 446, 447, 448, 466, 488, 488, 489, 507

Clupeiformes 87, 91, 173, 175, 430

Clupeomorphs 56

Clupeopetersius 393

Cobitidae 87, 99, 102, 122

Cœlacanth(s) 53, 54, 58, 58, 59, 170, 171, 172, 173

Congothrissidae 90

Copadichromis 374

Copadichromis chrysonotus 288, 374

Copadichromis cyaneus 242

Copadichromis mloto 160

Copadichromis quadrimaculatus 196, 199, 327, 373

Copadichromis virginalis 196, 157

Coptodon rendalli 161, 197, 262, 372, 390, 446, 447, 451, 455, 455, 456, 456, 467, 526, 532, 533

Coptodon snyderae 413

Coptodon spongotroktis 413

Coptodon zillii 47, 119, 122, 123, 124, 158, 161, 188, 197, 198, 200, 224, 226, 229, 229, 231, 237, 243, 261, 265, 287, 290, 354, 360, 386, 388, 390, 391, 404, 405, 407, 446, 447, 455, 526, 533

Coptostomobarbus wittei 243

Corematodus shiranus 242, 294

Corematodus taeniatus 294

Cottiformes 175

Craniata 170, 171, 172, 173

Cromeria nilotica 118

Cromeriidae 84, 166, 173

Ctenochromis horei 284

Ctenoluciidae 142

Ctenopharyngodon idella 444, 445, 534

Ctenopoma 110, 201, 263, 264

Ctenopoma damesi 264

Ctenopoma kingsleyae 188, 197

Ctenopoma muriei 265, 357, 392

Ctenopoma petherici 239, 357

Cyatopharynx 282

Cyatopharynx furcifer 285, 369

Cynoglossidae 89, 102

Cynoglossus senegalensis 428, 434

Cynotilapia afra 196, 200

Cyphotilapia frontosa 221, 222, 369

Cyphotilapiini 365

Cyprichromini 365

Cyprichromis 369

Cyprinidae 60, 86, 87, 89, 92, 94, 95, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 110, 112,113, 118, 122, 122, 126, 131, 144, 153, 160, 161, 186, 188, 188, 195, 198, 199, 225, 243, 252, 256, 294, 343, 356, 358, 358, 360, 371, 390, 392, 393, 402, 405, 407, 443, 444-447, 452, 466, 467, 478, 488, 496, 534

Cypriniformes 87, 91, 106, 107, 108, 110, 126, 173, 175, 188, 216, 297

Cyprinodontidae 24, 47, 88, 192, 265

Cyprinodontiformes 57, 86, 88, 91, 95, 99, 102, 103, 104, 107, 113, 117, 118, 130, 159, 160, 161, 162, 174, 175, 186, 186, 193, 264, 267, 274, 353, 354, 357, 392

Cyprinus carpio 443, 455, 455, 456, 456, 526, 534

Cyprinus carpio carpio 444, 445

Cyrtocara atritaeniatus 284

Cyrtocara kirkii 284

Cyrtocara labidodon 284

Cyrtocara marginatus 284

Cyrtocara placodon 284

D

Dagaa/omena 450, 450

Dasyatidae 72, 73, 87, 102

Dasyatis 72, 73

Dasyatis africana 73, 113

Dasyatis centroura 73

Dasyatis garouaensis 72

Dasyatis guttata 73

Dasyatis margarita 428, 434, 435

Dasyatis margaritella 435

Denticipitidae 87, 90

Diapteron 193

Dimidiochromis kiwinge (Cyrtocara kiwinge) 284

Dinotopterus 98, 331, 335, 336

Dinotopterus cunningtoni 167, 366, 370

Diplotaxodon 160, 327, 371, 372, 373, 375, 376

Diplotaxodon apogon 196, 200

Diplotaxodon argenteus 196, 200

Diplotaxodon limnothrissa 196

Diplotaxodon macrops 196

Dipnoi 54, 91, 105, 106, 106, 171, 172, 173

Distichodontidae 61, 63, 88, 90, 99, 102, 103, 118, 144, 195, 225, 243, 245, 356, 358, 360, 466, 467

Distichodus 63, 63, 113, 144, 254, 357, 467

Distichodus brevipinnis 237, 333, 358

Distichodus engycephalus 237, 243

Distichodus niefasch 446, 447

Distichodus niloticus 243, 334, 391

Distichodus rostratus 225, 236, 237, 243, 333, 388, 389

Docimodus evelynae 249

Dolichallabes microphthalmus 267, 408

Doumea 358

Drepane africana 434

E

Eaglesomia eaglesomei 113

Echeneis naucrates 429

Ectodini 365, 368, 370

Ectodus 368

Eel(s) 167, 173, 202, 331, 455, 533

Elasmobranchii 87, 169, 171, 172, 173

Elasmobranchs 73, 91

Elassomatiformes 175

Electric catfish 244

Electric eel 244, 244

Electric fish 242, 268, 276, 279, 280, 281, 294

Electric ray 244

Electrophorus electricus 244, 244

Eleotridae 89, 102, 118, 268, 407, 451

Eleotris daganensis 434

Eleotris sardella 327, 372, 373

Eleotris senegalensis 434

Eleotris vittata 434

Elephant fish 244, 450

Elopidae 87

Elopiformes 87, 175

Elopomorphs (Elopomorpha) 56, 173, 175

Elops lacerta 354, 428, 429

Engraulicypris 488

Engraulidae 87

Enneacampus kaupi 435

Enteromius kerstenii 392

Enteromius neglectus 392

Enteromius turkanae 391

Eocitharinus macrognathus 63, 63

Eolates 76, 76, 77

Eolates aquensis 76

Eolates gracilis 76

Eolates macrurus 76

Epiplatys 201, 267

Epiplatys annulatus 161

Epiplatys barmoiensis 161

Epiplatys bifasciatus 161

Epiplatys chaperi 161

Epiplatys dageti 161

Epiplatys duboisi 161

Epiplatys fasciolatus 161

Epiplatys sexfasciatus 161

Epiplatys spilargyreius 47, 122, 161, 226, 404, 405

Eretmodini 365, 368

Eretmodus cyanoticus 289, 290, 369

Erpetoichthys 71, 164

Erpetoichthys calabaricus 161, 165, 264, 359

Esocidae 88

Esociformes 88, 91

Esocoidei 175

Esox lucius 142, 143, 444, 445

Ethmalosa fimbriata 210, 231, 428, 429, 430, 434, 434, 435, 437, 484

Etroplinae (Etroplines) 126, 164, 165

Eucinostomus melanopterus 428, 429, 434

Eugnathichthys 393

Eugnathichthys eetveldii 294

Eugnathichthys macrotelorepis 294

Eurocharax tourainei 66

Euteleosteomorpha 174, 17

F

Ferganoceratodus 70, 70

Fodiator acutus 434

Fossorochromis rostratus 242

Fundulopanchax arnoldi 161, 267

Fundulopanchax fallax 267

Fundulopanchax sjostedti 161, 282

Fundulopanchax walkeri 161, 267

Fundulus heteroclitus 192

G

Gabbia 246

Gadidae 192

Gadiformes 175

Galaxiidae 88, 174

Galeoides decadactylus 428, 434

Gambusia 404, 452

Gambusia affinis 404, 406, 444, 445, 451

Gambusia holbrooki 404, 444, 445, 457

Gar(s) 170, 173

Garra 358

Garra congoensis 243

Garra dembeensis 161, 243

Garra quadrimaculata 161

Gasterosteidae 88, 192

Gasterosteiformes 88, 91

Gasterosteoidei 175

Gasterosteus aculeatus 192

Gaurochromis 145

Genyochromis mento 196, 200, 242

Gerreidae 89

Gerres nigri 428, 429, 434

Gilchristella aestuaeria 435

Glossogobius anakaranensis 268, 407, 408

Glossogobius callidus 286

Gnathochromis 330

Gnathochromis pfefferi 289, 291, 293

Gnathonemus 356

Gnathonemus longibarbis 194, 334

Gnathostomata 171

Gobiidae 89, 102, 243, 286, 407, 435

Gobiiformes 175

Gobio gobio 444, 445

Gobiocichla 359

Gobionellus occidentalis 434

Goldfish 443

Gonorynchiformes 56, 84, 87, 91, 166, 173, 175

Gourami 443

Grammatotria 368

Grass carp 534

Grasseichthyidae 84, 166, 173

Gymnallabes 359

Gymnallabes typus 167, 533

Gymnarchidae 60, 87, 90, 99, 102, 103, 264, 278, 279, 356

Gymnarchus 60, 60, 113, 202, 263, 268, 478

Gymnarchus niloticus 113, 201, 214, 215, 239, 244, 264, 278, 278, 285, 333, 357, 388, 389

Gymnotiformes 106, 175

H

Haemulidae 89

Hagfish(es) 170, 171, 172, 173

Haikouichthys ercaicunensis 169

Haplochrominae 112

Haplochromine(s) (Haplochromini) 139, 140, 141, 142, 142, 201, 207, 209, 216, 240, 252, 253, 282, 286, 294, 310, 326, 327, 327, 343, 344, 365, 371, 376, 377, 378, 378, 379, 380, 381, 450, 453, 454, 478, 489

Haplochromis 122, 160, 192, 209, 255, 272, 276, 283, 286, 296, 343, 391, 392, 394, 452, 489

Haplochromis adolphifrederici 243

Haplochromis aeneocolor 392

Haplochromis angustifrons 392, 393

Haplochromisargens188, 196, 326

Haplochromis astatodon 196, 243, 379

Haplochromis brownae 272, 272

Haplochromis burtoni 272, 276, 286, 295

Haplochromis ‘colourless’ 327

Haplochromis dentex 327

Haplochromis desfontainesi 406

Haplochromis gilberti 327

Haplochromis gracilor 243

Haplochromis graueri 243

Haplochromis heusinkveldi 196, 326

Haplochromis kamiranzovu 243, 255, 379

Haplochromis laparogramma 196, 326

Haplochromis limax 392

Haplochromis loati 226

Haplochromis longirostris 327

Haplochromis macconneli 239, 391

Haplochromis macrognathus 327

Haplochromis megalops 326

Haplochromis mento 327

Haplochromis michaeli 327

Haplochromis mylodon 392

Haplochromis nigripinnis 254, 392, 393

Haplochromis nigroides 243

Haplochromis olivaceus 196, 243

Haplochromis pappenheimi 392

Haplochromis paucidens 196, 243

Haplochromis percoides 327

Haplochromis petronius 392

Haplochromis piceatus 196, 326

Haplochromis plagiostoma 327

Haplochromis pyrrhocephalus 196, 294, 326

Haplochromis ‘red eye’ 327

Haplochromis ‘reginus’ 196, 326

Haplochromis scheffersi 243

Haplochromis ‘sharpsnout’ 327

Haplochromis squamipinnis 392

Haplochromis tanaos 294

Haplochromis taurinus 392

Haplochromis vittatus 255

Hemichromis 122, 358

Hemichromis bimaculatus 47, 122, 123, 161, 193, 196, 198, 226, 274, 276, 277, 306, 404, 405, 406, 429

Hemichromis fasciatus 188, 196, 198, 226, 239, 243, 357, 428, 429, 434

Hemichromis letoureauxi 226

Hemiramphidae 88, 435

Hemiramphus balao 434

Hemistichodus mesmaekersi 243

Hemistichodus vaillanti 243

Hepsetidae 61, 63, 88, 90, 99, 102, 142, 194, 199, 225

Hepsetus 63, 202, 245

Hepsetus odoe 63, 119, 142, 143, 194, 199, 201, 206, 214, 216, 224, 225, 239, 245, 264, 264, 285, 306, 353, 354, 354, 360, 429

Heterobranchus 95, 112, 113, 544

Heterobranchus bidorsalis 113, 167

Heterobranchus boulengeri 167

Heterobranchus isopterus 167, 195, 239, 243, 434

Heterobranchus longifilis 161, 167, 221, 222, 261, 354, 467, 534, 537, 542, 543

Heterochromis 164, 165

Heterostacean 54

Heterotilapia multispinosa 161

Heterotis 113, 202, 263, 391

Heterotis niloticus 105, 186, 201, 214, 225, 236, 237, 264, 284, 333, 357, 359, 386, 388, 389, 446, 447, 448, 488, 526, 534

Hetropneuste fossilis 167

Hiodontiformes 175

Hippopotamyrus 360

Hippopotamyrus discorhynchus 467

Hippopotamyrus grahami 334

Hippopotamyrus paugyi 162

Hippopotamyrus psittacus 194

Hucho hucho 444, 445

Hydrocynus 57, 60, 60, 61-64, 95, 113, 236, 242, 245, 256, 354, 359, 360, 380, 393, 466, 478, 502

Hydrocynus brevis 159, 239, 253, 333, 388, 389

Hydrocynus forskalii 159, 191, 194, 199, 206, 225, 239, 243, 248, 249, 250, 250, 253, 333, 342, 353, 354, 354, 357, 358, 387, 388, 391, 488

Hydrocynus goliath 61

Hydrocynus somonorum 159

Hydrocynus vittatus 119, 224, 243, 448, 466, 467, 467, 468

Hyperopisus 113

Hyperopisus bebe 191, 194, 225, 236, 237, 243, 246, 247, 333, 342, 358, 360, 386, 388, 389

Hyperotreti 173

Hypophthalmichthys molitrix 31, 444, 445, 534

Hypophthalmichthys nobilis 444, 445, 534

Hyporamphus picarti 434

I

Ichthyborus besse 188, 195, 225, 239, 243, 250, 333, 386

Ichthyborus monodi 120

Ichthyborus ornatus 120

Ichthyborus quadrilineatus 120

Icosteiformes 175

Ictaluridae 88, 444, 445

Ictalurus punctatus 444, 445, 539

Ilisha africana 428, 429

J

Julidochromis marlieri 369

K

Kalyptochromis hamulodentis 113

Killifish(es) 57, 124

Kneriidae 49, 87, 90, 99, 102, 103, 166, 173

Konia 412

Konia dikume 135, 412, 413

Konia eisentrauti 135, 412

Kraemeriidae 89

Kuhliidae 88

L

Labeo 47, 60, 60, 78, 95, 112, 113, 152, 202, 241, 242, 245, 254, 306, 355, 356, 358, 360, 467, 467, 478, 488, 509

Labeo altivelis 467, 478

Labeo capensis 195, 199

Labeo congoro 467

Labeo coubie 152,152, 161, 191, 195, 225, 333, 386, 388, 478, 527

Labeo cylindricus 390

Labeo horie 243, 334, 391

Labeo intermedius 390

Labeo lineatus 243

Labeo mesops 381, 478

Labeo molybdinus 360

Labeo niloticus 47, 122, 123, 225, 237, 243, 357, 404, 405

Labeo ogunensis 195

Labeo parvus 47, 122, 123, 195, 199, 225, 237, 243, 253, 353, 354, 358, 404, 405

Labeo rohita 444, 445

Labeo roseopunctatus 152, 152, 161, 237, 243

Labeo senegalensis 152, 152, 161, 186, 188, 191, 195, 225, 236, 236, 237, 243, 333, 354, 387, 388, 389, 488

Labeo umbratus 101, 195, 199

Labeo variegatus 243

Labeo victorianus 334, 450, 454

Labeobarbus 122, 123, 135, 136

Labeobarbus aeneus 446, 447

Labeobarbus altianalis 113, 334, 359, 380, 496

Labeobarbus kimberleyensis.199, 446, 447

Labeobarbus natalensis 161, 446, 447

Labeotropheus 221, 222, 241, 274, 328

Labeotropheus fuelleborni 196, 200

Labeotropheus trewavasae 196, 200, 222

Labeotropheus vellicans 242

Labriformes 175

Lacustricola vitschumbaensis 392

Lamprey(s) 53,54, 58, 58, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173

Lamprichthys tanganicanus 367, 379

Lampridiformes 175

Lamprologiines 165

Lamprologini 285, 365, 368

Lamprologus 329

Lamprologus callipterus 291, 293, 370

Lamprologus lemairii 283

Lamprologus ornatipinnis 370

Largemouth bass 453

Lates 30, 57, 73, 75, 76, 77, 80, 86, 112, 114, 118, 136, 140, 201, 242, 250, 255, 256, 343, 343, 344, 345, 347, 380, 391, 392, 450, 458, 466, 478, 489, 489, 496, 507, 509

Lates angustifrons 75, 76, 365, 366, 370

Lates arambourgi 76

Lates bispinosus 76, 76

Lates calcarifer 75, 75, 77

Lates croaticus 76, 77

Lates gregarius 76, 77

Lates japonicus 75, 75

Lates karungae 76, 77, 113

Lates lakdiva 75

Lates longispinis 75, 76, 239, 253, 391

Lates macrophthalmus 75, 76

Lates macropterus 76, 76, 77

Lates mariae 75, 76, 365, 366, 370

Lates microlepis 75, 76, 255, 365, 366

Lates niloticus 60, 60, 75, 76, 76, 77, 77, 114, 195, 224, 226, 236, 236, 239, 243, 246, 250, 257, 307, 307, 308, 333, 357, 359, 365, 381, 387, 388, 389, 390, 443, 446, 447, 448, 449, 450, 452, 453, 454, 457, 485, 488, 489, 496, 507

Lates partshii 76, 77

Lates quatrani 76, 76, 77

Lates rhachirhincus 114

Lates stappersi 75, 76, 255, 365, 366, 381, 488

Lates uwisara 75

Latidae 60, 72, 75, 86, 99, 102, 103, 112, 174, 195, 226, 243, 466, 488, 488

Lavocatodus humei 69

Lavocatodus protopteroides 69

Leiognathidae 89

Lepidiolamprologus elongatus 293, 369

Lepidiolamprologus mimicus 294

Lepidiolamprologus profundicula 293

Lepidosiren 68, 70, 70, 105, 166, 171

Lepidosiren paradoxa 105, 114

Lepidosirenid(s) 68, 70

Lepidosirenidae 68, 105

Lepidosireniformes 56, 87

Lepidotes 59

Lepisosteiform(es)/Lepisosteids 56, 59, 71, 109, 173

Lepisosteus 56

Lepomis cyanellus 444, 445

Lepomis gibbosus 143, 444, 445

Lepomis macrochirus 444, 445, 453

Lepomis microlophus 444, 445

Leptocypris modestus 243

Leptocypris niloticus 238, 243

Leptolepis caheni 59

Leptotilapia irvinei 359

Lestradea 368

Lethrinops 375

Lethrinops argenteus 196, 200

Lethrinops aurita 284

Lethrinopsdeep water albus’ 196, 200

Lethrinopsdeep water altus’ 196

Lethrinops furcifer 293

Lethrinops gossei 196, 200

Lethrinops longimanus 196, 200

Lethrinops macracanthus 478

Lethrinops macrochir 196, 200

Lethrinops microdon 478

Lethrinopsminutus’ 196

Lethrinops mylodon 145

Lethrinopsoliveri’ 196, 200

Lethrinops polli 196, 200

Limnochromini 365, 370

Limnochromis 370

Limnothrissa 201, 255, 255, 341, 453, 466

Limnothrissa miodon 209, 253, 255, 341, 365, 366, 379, 446, 447, 448, 448, 449, 466, 468, 468, 488, 489, 507, 507

Limnotilapia 369

Liza 434

Liza dumerili 428, 434

Liza falcipinnis 428, 429, 434

Liza grandisquamis 428, 429, 434

Liza ramada 407

Lobochilotes labiatus 291, 369

Long-snouted lungfish 58

Lophiiformes 175

Lophiobagrus 366, 369

Luciolates 364, 365

Luciolates stappersii 488

Lungfish(es) 52, 53, 54, 55, 58, 68, 69, 69, 70, 105, 112, 126, 170, 171, 172, 173, 215, 266, 450

Lutjanidae 89

M

Macfadyena dabanensis 114

Macropodus opercularis 444, 445

Macrosemius maeseni 59

Mahengecharax carrolli 67, 67

Malapteruridae 88, 90, 95, 99, 102, 103, 280, 466

Malapterurus 95, 244, 280, 281

Malapterurus electricus 239, 242, 244, 244, 253, 276, 278, 281, 294, 306, 358

Marcusenius 162, 281, 360

Marcusenius brucii 237

Marcusenius bruyerei 237, 434

Marcusenius cyprinoides 333, 386, 388, 389

Marcusenius furcidens 194, 225, 237

Marcusenius macrolepidotus 277, 360, 390, 466, 467

Marcusenius mento 120, 162, 237, 243

Marcusenius nigricans 392

Marcusenius senegalensis 162, 191, 194, 205, 225, 237, 243

Marcusenius thomasi 162

Marcusenius ussheri 188, 194, 199, 225

Marcusenius victoriae 334

Mastacembelid(s) 126

Mastacembelidae 88, 95, 99, 102, 103, 103, 110, 111, 126, 174, 197, 226, 264, 358, 359, 367

Mastacembelus 95, 136, 264, 364, 367, 369, 370

Mastacembelus apectoralis 367

Mastacembelus brichardi 268, 408

Mastacembelus frenatus 367

Mastacembelus micropectus 367

Mastacembelus moorii 367

Mastacembelus nigromarginatus 197, 200, 226, 239, 354, 358

Mbuna(s) 139, 208, 371-374

Mchenga 374

Mchenga eucinostomus 282, 285, 289

Mchenga vermivorus 196

Megalopidae 87

Melania 342

Melania tuberculata 246, 247, 300, 300

Melanochromis auratus 161, 196

Melanodactylus 166

Mesoborus crocodilus 294

Micralestes 61, 358

Micralestes acutidens 194, 199, 225, 238, 256, 391

Micralestes occidentalis 358

Microceratodus angolensis 69

Microctenopoma 201

Microctenopoma ansorgii 446, 447

Microdesmidae 89

Micropletes 110

Micropterus 390

Micropterus dolomieu 444, 445, 453

Micropterus punctulatus 444, 445, 453

Micropterus salmoides 390, 443, 444, 445, 453, 455, 456, 456, 457

Microthrissa 393

Microthrissa moeruensis 488

Mochokidae 88, 90, 95, 99, 101, 102, 103, 103, 113, 118, 161, 188, 195, 199, 226, 243, 256, 356, 357, 358, 358, 360, 367, 371, 376, 389, 392, 466, 468, 496

Mochokus gigas 60

Monodactylidae 89

Monodactylus sebae 428, 434

Monopterus 264

Mormyre(s) 244

Mormyrid(s) 57, 126, 162, 201, 245, 268, 279, 287, 306

Mormyridae 33, 84, 86, 87, 90, 95, 99, 101, 102, 103, 112, 113, 118, 152, 153, 162, 166, 186, 188, 194, 198, 199, 205, 214, 225, 243, 245, 256, 265, 266, 268, 270, 271, 276-279, 281, 282, 285, 295, 334, 354, 355, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 371, 386, 392, 465, 466, 466, 467, 467, 478, 496, 509

Mormyrops 162, 354, 356, 359, 360

Mormyrops anguilloides 191, 194, 237-239, 243, 354, 388, 393, 467

Mormyrops caballus 120, 162

Mormyrus 186, 281, 360

Mormyrus cashive 225, 357

Mormyrus hasselquistii 194

Mormyrus kannume 194, 244, 450

Mormyrus longirostris 466, 467, 467

Mormyrus rume 188, 191, 194, 224, 225, 237, 238, 243, 333, 358, 388, 389

Mormyrus tapirus 120

Moronidae 88

Mpasa 381

Mugil cephalus 407

Mugil curema 428, 434

Mugilidae 89, 437

Mugiliformes 175

Muraenesocidae 87

Muraenidae 87

Myaka 412

Myaka myaka 135, 412

Myctophata 175

Mylochromis anaphyrmus 196, 200

Mylochromis sphaerodon 145

Mylopharyngodon piceus 444, 445

Myxini 171, 172

N

Nandidae 89, 99, 107, 174

Nannaethiops unitaeniatus 357

Nannocharax 354

Nannocharax ansorgii 243

Nannocharax fasciatus 225, 238, 243

Nannocharax lineomaculatus 243

Nannocharax occidentalis 243, 358

Ncheni 372

Nderechromis cichloides 114

Ndunduma 372

Nematalosa vlaminghi 435

Nematogobius maindroni 239, 243

Neobola stellae 390

Neobolines 95

Neoceratodontid(s) 68, 70

Neoceratodontidae 68, 105

Neoceratodus 68, 69, 70, 70, 166, 171

Neoceratodus forsteri 106

Neolamprologus callipterus 368

Neolamprologus caudopunctatus 285

Neolamprologus fasciatus 272, 293

Neolamprologus furcifer 291, 293, 369

Neolamprologus leleupi 292, 293

Neolamprologus mondabu 289, 291

Neolamprologus ocellatus 284

Neolamprologus pleuromaculatus 370

Neolamprologus pulcher (=brichardi) 275, 277, 285, 292

Neolamprologus savoryi 291

Neolamprologus tetrocephalus 291, 369

Neolamprologus toae 291, 293, 369

Neolebias 354

Neopterygians 56

Neoteleostei 175

Nile perch 52, 57, 60, 76, 343, 357, 376, 377, 378, 381, 449, 450, 450, 453

Nile tilapia 211, 450, 452, 541, 542, 544

Nimbochromis livingstonii 294

Nimbochromis polystigma 242, 288

Nothobranchiidae 122, 193, 203, 226, 282, 282, 405

Nothobranchius 24, 201, 202, 267

Nothobranchius guentheri 161, 193, 161, 222, 203, 267

Nothobranchius kirki 161

Nothobranchius melanospilus 161

Nothobranchius palmquisti 161

Nothobranchius patrizii 161

Nothobranchius rachovii 161, 267

Notopteridae 87, 99, 102, 104, 109, 111, 126, 161, 194, 243, 264, 356

Notopterus 109

Nototheniiformes 175

Nyassachromisargyrosoma’ 196, 200

O

Odaxothrissa losera 393

Odaxothrissa mento 466

Oncorhynchus mykiss 444, 445, 453

Ophicephalus 110

Ophichthidae 87

Ophthalmotilapia 282, 369

Ophthalmotilapia ventralis 283

Opsaridium chrystyi 243

Opsaridium microcephalus 381

Opsaridium microlepis 201, 381

Oreochromis 95, 134, 168, 201, 254, 274, 285, 286, 348, 389, 391, 401, 449, 467, 478, 532, 533, 541

Oreochromis amphimelas 265, 385

Oreochromis andersonii 223, 360, 446, 447, 526, 532, 545

Oreochromis aureus 161, 261, 333, 386, 388, 389, 404, 407, 446, 447, 526, 532

Oreochromis esculentus 446, 447, 450, 454, 455, 544

Oreochromis grahami 344, 401

Oreochromis harrisae 114

Oreochromis karongae 161, 446, 447, 478, 544, 545

Oreochromis leucostictus 158, 380, 390, 392, 446, 447, 453, 544

Oreochromis lidole 209

Oreochromis macrochir 158, 161, 197, 212, 223, 296, 360, 446, 447, 455, 455, 456, 456, 457, 488, 526, 532

Oreochromis mortimeri 446, 447, 545

Oreochromis mossambicus 161, 229, 229, 231, 243, 265, 275, 276, 277, 296, 401, 446, 447, 448, 449, 457, 526, 532, 533, 544, 545

Oreochromis niloticus 120, 158, 161, 166, 188, 191-193, 196, 197, 198, 200, 203, 206-211, 208, 210, 211, 214, 224, 226, 228, 229, 230, 230, 231, 237, 253, 254, 261-263, 333, 357, 359, 379, 380, 386, 388, 389-393, 406, 407, 448, 448, 449, 450, 452, 454, 455, 455, 456, 456, 458, 488, 507, 526-528, 532, 533, 536-538, 541, 542, 544, 545

Oreochromis niloticus baringoensis 544

Oreochromis niloticus eduardianus 446, 447

Oreochromis niloticus niloticus 446, 447

Oreochromis placidus 265

Oreochromis saka 209, 284

Oreochromis shiranus 372, 390

Oreochromis shiranus shiranus 372, 446, 447

Oreochromis spilurus 453, 455

Oreochromis spilurus niger 158, 446, 447

Oreochromis spilurus spirulus 446, 447

Oreochromis squamipinnis 209, 284, 478

Oreochromis tanganicae 370, 446, 447

Oreochromis urolepis 265

Oreochromis urolepis hornorum 446, 447

Oreochromis variabilis 283, 330, 330,, 450, 455, 544

Osmeriformes 88, 174

Osmeroidei 175

Osphronemidae 89, 444, 445

Osphronemus goramy 443, 444, 445

Ostariophysan(s)/Ostariophysi 67, 106, 175

Osteichthyes 108, 171

Osteoglossiformes 56, 87, 91, 105, 106, 112, 175

Osteoglossomorph(s)/Osteoglossimorpha 56, 173, 175

Osteoglossum bicirrhosum 105

Osteoglossum ferreirai 105

Osteoglossum heterodon 284

Osteoglossumproductus’ 197, 200

Osteoglossum speciosus 197, 200

Otomorpha 173, 175

Oxyrhynchus 281

P

Palaeochromis darestei 114

Palaeochromis rouselleti 114

Palaeodenticeps tanganyikae 114

Palaeofulu kuluensis 114

Palaeonisciforms 56

Pallidochromis 371

Pallidochromis tokolosh 197, 200

Panchypanchax playfairiri 444, 445

Pantodon buchholzi 161

Pantodontidae 87, 90, 99, 102, 161

Papyrocranus 263

Papyrocranus afer 109, 161, 188, 194, 243, 264, 277, 429

Paraceratodus 70

Parachanna 79, 95, 110, 114, 264

Parachanna fayumensis 79

Parachanna obscura161, 195, 239, 243, 357

Paraclupavus caheni 59

Paradistichodus dimidiatus 243

Paradoxoglanis 95

Parailia/Physailia 358

Parailia pellucida 209, 429, 434, 439, 466

Paralichthyidae 89

Paratilapia 165

Paratilapia polleni 455, 455, 456

Parauchenoglanis 95

Pellonula 358

Pellonula leonensis 194, 209, 434, 466

Pelmatochromis 165

Pelvicachromis pulcher 275

Pelvicachromis taeniatus 282, 289

Perca fluviatilis 444, 445

Percidae 88, 144, 444, 445

Perciformes 86, 88, 91, 68, 110, 112, 174, 175

Percopsiformes 91, 175

Perissodus 293

Perissodus microlepis 288, 293

Petrocephalus 152, 162, 162, 281

Petrocephalus bane 194, 238, 386, 388, 389

Petrocephalus bovei 152, 152, 153, 154, 154, 162, 188, 191, 194, 199, 224, 225, 238, 243, 333, 357, 358, 429, 434

Petrocephalus catostoma 334, 390

Petrocephalus levequei 162

Petrocephalus pallidomaculatus 152, 153, 162

Petrocephalus pellegrini 162

Petrocephalus soudanensis 152, 153, 162, 194

Petrotilapiafuscous’ 197, 200

Petrotilapia nigra 197

Petrotilapia tridentiger 242

Phago 393

Phalloceros caudimaculatus 444, 445

Pholidophoriform(es) 56, 59, 175

Pholidophorus 172

Phractolaemidae 87, 102, 161

Phractolaemus 263

Phractolaemus ansorgii 161, 264

Phractolaemus intermedia 358

Phreatichthys andruzzii 407, 408

Phyllonemus 366, 369

Pike 142

Placidochromis 375

Placidochromislong’ 197, 200

Placidochromisplatyrhyncos’ 197, 200

Placoderm(s) 53, 54, 55, 58, 58

Placodermi 169

Platyallabes tihoni 268, 408

Plecodus 369

Plecodus straelensis 293

Plectorhynchus macrolepis 434

Pleuronectidae 89

Pleuronectiformes 86, 89, 91, 174, 175

Plotosidae 88

Pœcilia 452

Pœcilia latipinna 444, 445

Pœcilia reticulata 406, 444, 445, 451

Pœcilidae 52, 95, 122, 126, 285, 405, 444, 445

Pœciliid(s) 201, 367, 404, 413

Pollimyrus 162, 356

Pollimyrus adspersus 238

Pollimyrus isidori 194, 222, 222, 238, 256, 277, 278, 285, 287, 295, 333, 388, 389, 473

Pollimyrus nigricans 334

Pollimyrus petricolus 162, 214, 285

Polydactylus quadrifilis 285

Polymixiiformes 175

Polynemidae 89

Polyodon 56

Polypterid(s) 71, 73, 106, 108, 109, 171

Polypteridae 60, 71, 87, 90, 99, 102, 103, 106, 108, 109, 161, 164, 172, 194, 264, 359, 392

Polypteriforme(s) 55, 56, 71, 87, 109, 173

Polypterus 60, 71, 92, 112, 114, 118, 122, 126, 164, 165, 171, 194, 201, 263

Polypterus ansorgii 165

Polypterus bichir 164, 191, 194, 333, 388, 389

Polypterus bichir bichir 165

Polypterus bichir katangae 165

Polypterus bichir lapradei 165

Polypterus bichir ornatus 114

Polypterus delhezi 165

Polypterus endlicheri 164, 188, 194, 359, 388

Polypterus endlicheri congicus 165

Polypterus endlicheri endlicheri 165

Polypterus faraou 60, 71

Polypterus ornatipinnis 165

Polypterus palmas 161, 165

Polypterus retropinnis 165

Polypterus senegalus 22, 161, 188, 194, 225, 237, 263, 264, 346, 357, 386, 388, 389, 404, 405

Polypterus senegalus meridionalis 165

Polypterus senegalus senegalus 165

Polypterus weeksii 165

Pomacentridae 89

Pomadasys incisus 434

Pomadasys jubelini 428, 434

Porogobius schlegelii 428, 434

Poropanchax luxophthalmus 161

Poropanchax normani 122, 161, 404, 405

Potamotrygon 73

Potamotrygon africana 73

Potamotrygonidae 72, 73

Pristidae 87

Pristiformes 87

Pristigasteridae 87

Procatopus lacustris 413

Protacanthopterygii 175

Protomelas similis 242

Protomelas taeniolatus 197

Protopteridae 86, 87, 99, 102, 103, 105, 161, 172, 446, 447

Protopteriformes 166

Protopterus 24, 68, 69, 70, 72, 106, 112, 114, 118, 126, 166, 171, 201, 202, 263, 264

Protopterus æthiopicus 68, 114, 166, 263, 266, 357, 380, 392, 450

Protopterus æthiopicus aethiopicus 446, 447

Protopterus amphibius 68, 166

Protopterus annectens 68, 161, 166, 171, 214, 215, 266, 266, 284

Protopterus crassidens 69

Protopterus dolloi 68, 166

Protopterus polli 114

Psammoperca 75-77, 75

Psammoperca waigiensis 75

Pseudocrenilabrus multicolor 294

Pseudocrenilabrus philander 283, 285, 372, 390

Pseudomugilidae 126

Pseudophoxinus 78, 122, 123

Pseudorasbora parva 444, 445

Pseudosimochromis curvifrons 285

Pseudotolithus elongatus 428, 434

Pseudotolithus senegalensis 428, 434

Pseudotropheus 274

Pseudotropheusaggressive blue’ 197, 200

Pseudotropheusaggressive grey head’ 197

Pseudotropheus aurora 197

Pseudotropheus barlowi 197

Pseudotropheus callainos 197, 200

Pseudotropheus heteropictus 197, 200

Pseudotropheus livingstoni 197, 200

Pseudotropheus tropheopsblue’ 197, 200

Pseudotropheus tropheopslilac’ 197, 200

Pseudotropheus tropheopsorange chest’ 197

Pseudotropheus tropheopsred cheek’ 197, 200

Pseudotropheus williamsi 197, 200

Pseudotropheus zebra 197, 200

Pseudotropheus zebrablack dorsal’ 197, 200

Pseudotropheus zebrared dorsal’ 197, 200

Pseudotropheus zebrayellow throat’ 197, 200

Ptychoceratodus 70

Ptychoceratodus philippsii 70

Ptychochromines 164, 165

Ptychochromis betsileanus 456, 456

Puffer fish 57, 60, 112

Pungu 412

Pungu maclareni 135, 412, 413

R

Raiamas 360

Raiamas argentea 343, 378, 450, 453, 454, 488

Raiamas moorei 243, 255

Raiamas senegalensis 47, 122, 123, 188, 195, 225, 238, 243, 358, 391, 404, 405

Raiamas steindachneri 161, 238, 243

Rainbow trout 453

Raja undulata 244

Rajiformes 87

Rastrineobola 343, 450

Ratsirakia legendrei 455, 456

Reedfish/ropefish 106

Rhamphochromis 144, 160, 241, 371-373

Rhamphochromis ferox 327

Rhamphochromis longiceps 327

Rhamphochromis macrophthalmus 145, 242

Rheocles alaotrensis 455

Roach 144

Rudd 144

Rutilus 144

Rutilus rutilus 143, 444, 445

S

Saccopharyngiformes 175

Salmo trutta 443, 453

Salmo trutta fario 444, 445

Salmo trutta trutta 444, 445

Salmonidae 88, 122, 444, 445

Salmoniform(es) 56, 88, 175

Salmonoidei 175

Salvelinus fontinalis 444, 445

Sandelia 110

Sander lucioperca 444, 445

Sanjika 381

Sarcopterygian(s)/Sarcopterygii 55, 58, 58, 66, 69, 87, 171, 172

Sardinella maderensis 428, 430, 434

Sargochromis carlottae 360

Sargochromis condringtonii 467

Sarotherodon 95, 114, 134, 168, 201, 202, 214, 254, 261, 264, 282, 285, 391, 413, 449, 532

Sarotherodon caroli 135, 412

Sarotherodon galilaeus 47, 119, 123, 124, 161, 168, 188, 191, 197, 198, 213, 214, 226, 236, 237, 243, 253, 261, 262, 333, 354, 359, 386, 388, 389, 391, 400, 403, 404, 405, 412, 488, 526, 533

Sarotherodon galilaeus borkuanus 122, 404

Sarotherodon galilaeus boulengeri 446, 447

Sarotherodon galilaeus galilaeus 122, 135, 404, 446, 447

Sarotherodon galilaeus sanagaensis 135, 412

Sarotherodon linnellii 135, 412, 414

Sarotherodon lohbergeri 135, 412

Sarotherodon martyni 114

Sarotherodon melanotheron 120, 133, 134,143, 159, 168, 192, 193, 197, 200, 206, 207, 207, 209-214, 230, 230, 261, 265, 283, 290, 306, 399, 401, 428, 429, 434, 434-436, 484, 526, 528, 532, 533, 538

Sarotherodon melanotheron heudeloti 134

Sarotherodon melanotheron leonensis 134

Sarotherodon melanotheron melanotheron 134

Sarotherodon melanotheron nigripinis 134

Sarotherodon steinbachi 135, 412

Scardinius 144

Scardinius erythrophthalmus 444, 445

Scatophagidae 89

Schilbe 95, 114, 202, 245, 360

Schilbe depressirostris 467

Schilbe intermedius 149, 191, 205, 226, 333, 346, 353, 354, 354, 357, 360, 388

Schilbe mandibularis 155, 155, 195, 199, 226, 231, 238, 354, 434, 439

Schilbe mystus 119, 148, 149, 186, 188, 191, 192, 193, 195, 199, 236, 238, 239, 243, 333, 334, 357, 388, 389, 395, 429, 434, 439, 446, 447, 466, 473, 476

Schilbe niloticus 149, 195, 226, 231, 239, 256, 257, 488

Schilbe uranoscopus 192, 195, 199, 239, 253, 256, 333, 386, 388, 389, 391

Schilbeidae 88, 95, 99, 102, 103, 104, 108, 110, 111, 118, 155, 188, 195, 198, 199, 209, 226, 243, 356, 357, 360, 392, 446, 447, 466, 466, 488, 509

Sciænidae 89

Sciænochromis ahli 197, 200

Sciænochromis benthicola 197, 200

Scleropages 105

Scleropages formosus 105

Scleropages jardinii 105

Scleropages leichardti 105

Scomberomorus tritor 428, 434

Scombriformes 175

Scorpaeniformes 175

Semionotidae/semionotids 59, 71

Semionotiformes 56, 91

Semlikiichthys 60, 81

Semlikiichthys darsao 60

Semlikiichthys rhachirhinchus 114

Serenoichthys kemkemensis 71, 109

Serranochromis 324

Serranochromis angusticeps 360

Serranochromis condringtoni 467

Serranochromis macrocephalus 360

Serranochromis meridianus 324, 324

Serranochromis robustus 288, 360

Serranochromis robustus jallae 446, 447

Serranochromis robustus robustus 372, 446, 447

Serranochromis thumbergi 360

Serrasalmidae 106

Shark(s) 53, 54, 55, 58, 58, 170, 171, 172, 173

Sierrathrissa leonensis 194, 466

Siluranodon auritus 333, 346, 357, 386, 388, 389

Siluridae 88, 89, 444, 445

Siluriformes 86, 88, 89, 91, 106, 108, 110, 110, 126, 160, 173, 175, 186, 467

Silurus glanis 444, 445

Silver carp 534

Simochromis 203

Simochromis babaulti 277

Simochromis diagramma 197, 277

Sindacharax 60,60, 63, 64, 65, 65, 112, 114

Sindacharax deserti 65, 65, 114, 119

Sindacharax greenwoodi 65, 65, 114

Sindacharax howesi 65, 65, 114

Sindacharax lepersonnei 65, 114, 119

Sindacharax lothagamensis 65, 65, 114

Sindacharax mutetii 65, 65, 114

Singida jacksonoides 114

Smallmouth bass 453

Snakehead 79, 443, 451

Soda tilapia 401

Solea vulgaris 407

Soleidae 89, 102

Sparidae 89

Spathodus 369

Sphyraena afra 428, 434

Spiny eel(s) 110, 174, 367

Spiny shark(s) 55

Spirulina platensis 254, 344, 347

Spotted bass 453

Stephanoberyciformes 175

Stigmatochromisguttatus197, 200

Stingray(s) 52, 72, 73, 74,74, 75, 173

Stolothrissa 201, 255, 255, 491

Stolothrissa tanganicae 209, 255, 365, 366, 379, 446, 447, 448, 448, 488, 507

Stomatepia 412

Stomatepia mariae 135, 412

Stomatepia mongo 135, 412

Stomatepia pindu 135, 412

Stomiatiformes 175

Stromateiformes 175

Strongylura senegalensis 434

Sturgeon(s) 170, 173

Sunfish 453

Synbranchidae 88, 99, 174, 264

Synbranchiformes 88, 91, 174, 175

Syngnathidae 88

Syngnathiformes 88

Syngnathus acus 435

Synodontis 60, 80, 81, 95, 103, 114, 245, 277, 279, 280, 288, 306, 358, 364, 367, 369, 370, 478, 509

Synodontis afrofisheri 195

Synodontis angelicus 280

Synodontis bastiani 161, 226, 358

Synodontis batensoda 236, 236, 239, 246, 251, 253, 256, 264, 333, 341, 341, 386, 388, 389

Synodontis budgetti 161

Synodontis clarias 226, 236, 239, 246, 247, 342, 342, 386, 388, 389

Synodontis comoensis 358

Synodontis courteti 161

Synodontis decorus 294

Synodontis eupterus 195, 280

Synodontis filamentosus 161

Synodontis frontosus 114, 226, 239, 357, 388, 389

Synodontis labeo 148

Synodontis macrostigma 360

Synodontis marmoratus 280

Synodontis membranaceus 161, 195, 236, 239, 256, 264, 333, 386, 387, 388

Synodontis multipunctatus 288, 288, 367

Synodontis nigrita 280, 333, 359

Synodontis nigriventris 280

Synodontis njassae 327, 373

Synodontis obesus 239, 280

Synodontis ocellifer 118, 161, 191, 195, 239, 243

Synodontis schall 114, 161, 188, 191, 195, 199, 205, 226, 236, 236, 239, 243, 246, 247, 253, 333, 334, 342, 342, 354, 354, 357, 388, 390

Synodontis schoutedeni 280

Synodontis sorex 161

Synodontis velifer 195

Synodontis victoriae 367

Synodontis violaceus 161

Synodontis xiphias 148, 149

Synodontis zambezensis 467, 468

T

Taeniolethrinops furcicauda 197

Taeniolethrinops praeorbitalis 197, 200

Tanaocrossus 59

Tanganicodus irsacae 290

Tanichthys albonubes 444, 445

Teleost(s) 55,55, 56, 59, 79, 104, 126, 170, 170, 172, 173, 173, 175, 212, 216

Teleostei (teleostean) 169, 173, 175, 407

Telmatochromis 369

Tetraodon 57, 60, 60, 114

Tetraodon lineatus 236, 239, 246, 248, 248, 386, 389

Tetraodontidae 89, 102, 103, 112

Tetraodontiformes 86, 89, 91, 174, 175

Tetrapod(s) 53, 66, 172

Thoracochromis 380

Tilapia(s) 114, 122, 134, 140, 142, 168, 201, 202, 206, 208, 209, 211, 229, 230, 254, 261-263, 265, 271, 274, 285, 343, 354, 358, 365, 372, 379-381, 391, 399-401, 413, 415, 448-450, 453, 455, 484, 488, 489, 489, 507, 509, 526-529, 531-533, 536, 537, 539-542, 544, 545

Tilapia ¾ 158, 456, 456

Tilapia crassispina 114

Tilapia dageti 158

Tilapia fossilis 114

Tilapia guinasana 446, 447

Tilapia guineensis 158, 161, 197, 200, 206, 207, 207, 261, 265, 306, 428, 429, 434, 434, 532

Tilapia mariae 161, 197, 203, 203, 434

Tilapia melanopleura 114

Tilapia monodi 488

Tilapia moorei 197

Tilapia nigra 114, 197

Tilapia sparmanni 161, 360, 372, 446, 447, 453

Tilapia tholloni 197

Tilapiine(s) 165, 236, 371, 401, 412, 413

Tinca tinca 444, 445

Torpedo californica 244

Torpedo marmorata 244

Trachiniformes 175

Trachinotus teraia 247, 253, 428, 429, 434

Tramitichromis brevis 242

Trematocara 371

Trematocarini 365, 370

Trematocranus brevirostris 197

Trematocranus microstoma 284

Trematocranus placodon 197, 200, 242

Trichiurus lepturus 434

Trichogaster trichopterus 444, 445

Triglachromis otostigma 370

Tropheus 162, 166, 203, 368

Tropheus brichardi 277

Tropheus duboisi 277, 289

Tropheus moorii 277, 283, 292, 292, 293, 368, 369

Trout 540

Tylochromis 95, 138, 164, 165

Tylochromis jentinki 434, 434

Typha 25, 357

Typha domingensis 357, 390

Typhleotris madagascariensis 407, 408

Typhleotris mararybe 407, 408

Typhleotris pauliani 407, 408

U

Uegitglanis zammaranoi 407, 408

Uranoscopus scaber 244

Urogymnus ukpam 72

Usipa 372

Utaka 207, 372-374

V

Varicorhinus 122, 241

Varicorhinus ruandae 452

Vossia cuspidata 25, 392

X

Xenocharax spilurus 243

Xenomystus nigri 109, 277

Xenotilapia 368, 370

Xenotilapia flavipinnis 291

Xenotilapia longispinnis 197

Xenotilapia spiloptera 213

Xiphophorus helleri 444, 445

Xiphophorus maculatus 444, 445

Y

Yongeichthys thomasi 434

Z

Zeiformes 175

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