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Rural societies in the face of climatic and environmental changes in West Africa

 | 
Benjamin Sultan
, 
Richard Lalou
, 
Mouftaou Amadou Sanni
, 
et al.

Part IV. Adaptation of farming systems, innovations

Chapter 20. An example of adaptative strategy in the face of food insecurity

Potato growing in the Imanan (Niger-republic)

Ramatou Hassane

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Introduction

The practice of growing potatoes is of major interest for the local populations. In the Imanan’s local government area, the yielding of the potato constitutes both a response to the food crisis due to climate changes, environmental instability, demographic increasing throughout the zone and the economic crisis that the country has overcome since 1980s. It is also a driven response due to a high increasing demand in fresh products (fruits and vegetables) of Niamey’s metropolis. Although the returns contribute significantly to farmers’ food requirements, the procedure for funding the crop puts them in a secondary position in relation to those who sell the crop on the market. For lack of financial resources, farmers have to sell their products to traders on a working-class market in Niamey—referred to as ‘the little market’. The traders supply farmers with seed and inputs on credit.

The aim of this chapter is therefore to illustrate that potato farming contributes to improvi...

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