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Rural societies in the face of climatic and environmental changes in West Africa

Traduction de Simon Barnard

The future of West Africa depends on the capacity of its agriculture to ensure the food security of the population, which should double in the next 20 years, while facing up to the new risks resulting from climate warming. Indeed, the changes in temperature and precipitations already operating and that should become more marked will have serious effects on agricultural production and water resources in this part of Africa in the near future.

One of the keys to meeting this new challeng...


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  • Éditeur : IRD Éditions
  • Collection : Synthèses
  • Lieu d’édition : Marseille
  • Année d’édition : 2017
  • Publication sur OpenEdition Books : 09 juin 2020
  • EAN (Édition imprimée) : 9782709924245
  • EAN électronique : 9782709924252
  • DOI : 10.4000/books.irdeditions.12298
  • Nombre de pages : 432 p.

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Benjamin Sultan, Richard Lalou, Amadou Oumarou et al.
Introduction

Part I. Recent and future climate change in West Africa. Obvious features, uncertainties and perceptions

Théo Vischel
Introduction
Françoise Guichard, Laurent Kergoat, Frédéric Hourdin et al.
Chapter 1. Climate warming observed in the Sahel since 1950
Théo Vischel, Thierry Lebel, Gérémy Panthou et al.
Chapter 2. The return of a wet period in the Sahel?

Observations and prospects

Abdoulaye Deme, Amadou Thierno Gaye et Frédéric Hourdin
Chapter 3. Climate projections in West Africa: the obvious and the uncertain
Frédéric Kosmowski, Richard Lalou, Benjamin Sultan et al.
Chapter 4. Contrasting perceptions with climate change

Scientific observations in three West African contexts

Anne Attané, Amadou Oumarou et Mame Arame Soumaré
Chapter 5. When nature talks to us

Comparative analysis of representations of climatic and environmental changes

Part II. Impacts of the climate and environmental changes

Laurent Kergoat
Introduction
Cécile Dardel, Laurent Kergoat, Pierre Hiernaux et al.
Chapter 6. Between desertification and regreening of the Sahel

What is really happening?

Pierre Hiernaux, Mamadou Oumar Diawara, Laurent Kergoat et al.
Chapter 8. The forage constraint in pastoral and agropastoral livestock farming in the Sahel

Adaptation and prospects

Laurent Kergoat, Manuela Grippa, Pierre Hiernaux et al.
Chapter 9. Paradoxical pond changes in the non-cultivated Sahel

Diagnosis, causes and consequences

Benjamin Sultan, Philippe Roudier et Seydou Traoré
Chapter 10. The impacts of climate change on crop yields in West Africa

Part III. Social changes in rural populations

Bénédicte Gastineau
Introduction
Bénédicte Gastineau, Moustapha Gibigaye, Frédéric Kosmowski et al.
Chapter 11. Rural populations faced with environmental hazards

African experiences

Fabrice Gangneron et Élodie Robert
Chapter 12. Land rights and fertility management

Two different perspectives: Djougou (Benin) and Niakhar (Senegal)

Alain Bonnassieux et Fabrice Gangneron
Chapter 13. The role of seasonal and pluri-annual migration in reducing vulnerability

Hombori and Djougou districts

Richard Lalou et Valérie Delaunay
Chapter 14. Seasonal migration and climate change in rural Senegal

A form of adaptation or failure to adapt?

Abdoulaye Mohamadou et Harouna Abdoutan
Chapter 16. Political changes, landholding dynamics and socio-economic reconstruction

Imanan administrative district (Niger)

Part IV. Adaptation of farming systems, innovations

Richard Lalou
Introduction
Frédéric Kosmowski, Moustapha Gibigaye, Bertrand Muller et al.
Chapter 17. Innovation in rural West Africa

What changes in farming practices?

Bertrand Muller, Richard Lalou, Patrice Kouakou et al.
Chapter 18. The return of Sanio millet in the Sine

Rational adaptation to climate evolution

Élise Audouin, Jonathan Vayssières, Mariana Odru et al.
Chapter 19. Reintroducing livestock to increase the sustainability of village landscapes in West Africa

The case of groundnut basin in Senegal

Ramatou Hassane
Chapter 20. An example of adaptative strategy in the face of food insecurity

Potato growing in the Imanan (Niger-republic)

Benjamin Sultan, Richard Lalou, Mouftaou Amadou Sanni et al.
Conclusion

© IRD Éditions, 2017

Conditions d’utilisation : http://www.openedition.org/6540