Version classiqueVersion mobile

Climate Technologies as Emergency Solutions

Pascal Blickle


Texte intégral


Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) 1992 (1760 UNTS 79)

Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP Convention) 1979 (1302 UNTS 217)

Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (London Convention) 1975 (1046 UNTS 120)

Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques (ENMOD Convention) 1976 (1108 UNTS 151)

Paris Agreement 2015 (55 ILM 743)

Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Further Reduction of Sulphur Emissions (Oslo Protocol on Further Reduction of Sulphur Emissions) 1994 (2030 UNTS 122)

Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions or Their Transboundary Fluxes by at Least 30 Per Cent (Helsinki Protocol on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions) 1985 (1480 UNTS 215)

Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-Level Ozone (Gothenburg Protocol) 1999 (2319 UNTS 81)

Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (London Protocol) 1996 (36 ILM 7)

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982 (1833 UNTS 3)

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 1992 (1771 UNTS 107)

Case Law

Gabčíkovo-Nagymaros Project (Hungary/Slovakia) [1997] ICJ Reports 7

Land Reclamation by Singapore in and around the Straits of Johor (Malaysia v Singapore) (Provisional Measures) [2003] ITLOS Reports 10

Responsibilities and obligations of States sponsoring persons and entities with respect to activities in the Area (Advisory Opinion) [2011] ITLOS Reports 10

The South China Sea Arbitration (The Republic of Philippines v The People’s Republic of China) [2016] PCA 2013-19 (Final Award)

Official Documents of International Organisations and Governments

Acceptance by Germany of the 2013 Amendments to the London Protocol to Regulate the Placement of Matter for Ocean Fertilization and Other Marine Geoengineering Activities 2020 [IMO Doc LC-LP.2/Circ.10]

Articles on the Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts (ARSIWA) 2002 (UN Doc A/RES/56/83)

Aurescu B and Oral N, ‘Sea-Level Rise in Relation to International Law: First Issues Paper by the Co-Chairs of the Study Group on Sea-Level Rise in Relation to International Law’ (International Law Commission 2020) [UN Doc A/CN.4/740]

CBD Decision IX/16: Biodiversity and Climate Change 2008 [UN Doc UNEP/CBD/COP/DEC/IX/16]

CBD Decision X/33: Biodiversity and Climate Change 2010 [UN Doc UNEP/CBD/COP/DEC/X/33]

CBD Decision XI/20: Climate-Related Geoengineering 2012 [UN Doc UNEP/CBD/COP/DEC/XI/20]

CBD Decision XIII/14: Climate-Related Geoengineering 2016 [UN Doc UNEP/CBD/COP/DEC/XIII/14]

Decision 1997/2 Concerning the Implementation Committee, Its Structure and Functions and Procedures for Review of Compliance as Amended 2002 [UN Doc ECE/EB.AIR/75 Annex V]

Federal Council (Switzerland), ‘Switzerland’s Long-Term Climate Strategy’ (2021) <> accessed 7 February 2021

Greenpeace International, ‘Challenging ‘Geo-Engineering Solutions’ to Climate Change: The Urgent Need for Detailed Scientific Scrutiny and International Regulations to Protect the Oceans from Large-Scale Iron Fertilization Programmes’ 2007 [IMO Doc LC/SG 30/12/1]

International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Regulation of CO2 Sequestration 2007 [IMO Doc LC/SG 30/12]

IPCC, ‘Methodological and Technological Issues in Technology Transfer. Summary for Policymakers: A Special Report of the IPCC Working Group III’ (2000) <> accessed 2 November 2020

IPCC, ‘Meeting Report of the IPCC Expert Meeting on Geoengineering’ (2012) <> accessed 15 November 2020

IPCC, ‘Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report (AR5)’ (2014) <> accessed 16 November 2020

IPCC, ‘Global Warming of 1.5 °C’ (2018) <> accessed 6 November 2020

LC/LP Assessment Framework for Scientific Research Involving Ocean Fertilization 2010 [IMO Doc LC 32/15 annex 6]

LC/LP Resolution LC-LP.1 on the Regulation of Ocean Fertilization 2008 [IMO Doc LC 30/60 annex 6]

LC/LP Resolution LC-LP.2 on the Assessment Framework for Scientific Research Involving Ocean Fertilization 2010 [IMO Doc LC 32/15 annex 5]

LP Resolution LP.1(1) on the Amendment to Include CO2 Sequestration in Sub-Seabed Geological Formations in Annex 1 to the London Protocol 2006 [IMO Doc LC 28/15 annex 6]

LP Resolution LP.3(4) on the Amendment to Article 6 of the London Protocol 2009 [IMO Doc LC 31/15 annex 5]

LP Resolution LP.4(8) 2013 [IMO Doc LC 35/15 annex 4]

Murase S, ‘First Report on the Protection of the Atmosphere’ (International Law Commission 2014) [UN Doc A/CN.4/667]

Murase S, ‘Third Report on the Protection of the Atmosphere’ (International Law Commission 2016) [UN Doc A/CN.4/692]

Murase S, ‘Sixth Report on the Protection of the Atmosphere’ (International Law Commission 2020) [UN Doc A/CN.4/736]

Nationally determined contributions under the Paris Agreement: Synthesis report by the secretariat 2021 [UN Doc FCCC/PA/CMA/2021/2]

Overview of the Status of the London Convention and Protocol and Their Respective Amendments 2019 [IMO Doc LC 41/2]

Proceedings of the United Nations Environment Assembly at its fourth session 2019 [UN Doc UNEP/EA.4/2]

Protection of the Atmosphere: Comments and Observations Received from Governments and International Organizations (International Law Commission 2020) [UN Doc A/CN.4/735]

Protection of the Atmosphere: Texts and Titles of the Draft Guidelines and Preamble Adopted by the Drafting Committee on Second Reading (International Law Commission 2021) [UN Doc A/CN.4/L.951]

Report of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity on the Work of Its Ninth Meeting 2008 [UN Doc UNEP/CBD/COP/9/29]

Report of the International Law Commission: Seventieth Session (30 April–1 June and 2 July–10 August 2018) 2018 [UN Doc A/73/10]

Report of the International Law Commission: Sixty-Fifth Session (6 May–7 June and 8 July–9 August 2013) 2013 [UN Doc A/68/10]

Report of the Thirtieth Meeting of the Scientific Group of the London Convention and the First Meeting of the Scientific Group of the London Protocol 2007 [IMO Doc LC/SG 30/14]

Report of the Thirty-Fifth Consultative Meeting [LC] and the Eighth Meeting of Contracting Parties [LP] 2013 [IMO Doc LC 35/15]

Report of the Twenty-Ninth Consultative Meeting [LC] and the Second Meeting of Contracting Parties [LP] 2007 [IMO Doc LC 29/17]

Republic of Maldives, Information and Examples of State Practice on “Sea-Level Rise in Relation to International Law”: A Submission by the Republic of Maldives (2019) <> accessed 16 May 2021

Republic of Marshall Islands, Adaptation Communication (2020) <> accessed 13 May 2021

Rio Declaration on Environment and Development 1992 [UN Doc A/CONF.151/26 (Vol. I)]

Switzerland, Draft Resolution UNEA-4: Geoengineering and Its Governance (United Nations Environment Assembly 2019) <> accessed 9 February 2021

UNFCCC, ‘What Is Technology Development and Transfer?’ <> accessed 2 November 2020

UNGA Resolution 62/215: Oceans and the Law of the Sea 2007 [UN Doc A/RES/62/215]

UN-Habitat, ‘Roundtable on Floating Cities at UNHQ Calls for Innovation to Benefit All’ (3 April 2019) <> accessed 12 November 2020

United States of America, Planktos, Inc., Large-scale Ocean Iron Addition Projects (2007) [IMO Doc LC/SG 30/INF.28]

Secondary Sources

Abate RS and Greenlee AB, ‘Sowing Seeds Uncertain: Ocean Iron Fertilization, Climate Change, and the International Environmental Law Framework’ (2009) 27 Pace Environmental Law Review 555

Anderson K and Peters G, ‘The Trouble with Negative Emissions’ (2016) 354 Science 182

Anshelm J and Hansson A, ‘Battling Promethean Dreams and Trojan Horses: Revealing the Critical Discourses of Geoengineering’ (2014a) 2 Energy Research & Social Science 135

Anshelm J and Hansson A, ‘The Last Chance to Save the Planet? An Analysis of the Geoengineering Advocacy Discourse in the Public Debate’ (2014b) 5 Environmental Humanities 101

Arthur WB, ‘Competing Technologies, Increasing Returns, and Lock-In by Historical Events’ (1989) 99 The Economic Journal 116

Asilomar Scientific Organizing Committee, ‘The Asilomar Conference Recommendations on Principles for Research into Climate Engineering Techniques’ (Climate Institute 2010) <> accessed 12 October 2020

Bergmann N, Versinkende Inselstaaten: Auswirkungen des Klimawandels auf die Staatlichkeit kleiner Inselstaaten (Duncker & Humblot 2016)

Bertram C, ‘Ocean Iron Fertilization in the Context of the Kyoto Protocol and the Post-Kyoto Process’ (2010) 38 Energy Policy 1130

Bianchi A and Saab A, ‘Fear and International Law-Making: An Exploratory Inquiry’ (2019) 32 Leiden Journal of International Law 351

Bickel JE, ‘Climate Engineering and Climate Tipping-Point Scenarios’ (2013) 33 Environment Systems & Decisions 152

Biello D, ‘Can Controversial Ocean Iron Fertilization Save Salmon?’ Scientific American (24 October 2012) <> accessed 1 November 2020

Bodansky D, ‘May We Engineer the Climate?’ (1996) 33 Climatic Change 309

Bodansky D, ‘The Who, What, and Wherefore of Geoengineering Governance’ (2013) 121 Climatic Change 539

Bodle R, ‘Geoengineering and International Law: The Search for Common Legal Ground’ (2010) 46 Tulsa Law Review 305

Bodle R, ‘Climate Law and Geoengineering’ in Erkki J Hollo, Kati Kulovesi and Michael Mehling (eds), Climate Change and the Law (Springer 2013)

Branson MC, ‘A Green Herring: How Current Ocean Fertilization Regulation Distracts from Geoengineering Research’ (2014) 54 Santa Clara Law Review 163

Brent K, ‘The Role of the No-Harm Rule in Governing Solar Radiation Management Geoengineering’ (PhD thesis, University of Tasmania 2017) <> accessed 22 February 2021

Brent K, ‘Solar Geoengineering Is Prohibited under International Law’ in Benoit Mayer and Alexander Zahar (eds), Debating Climate Law (Cambridge University Press 2021)

Bryant-Tokalau J, Indigenous Pacific Approaches to Climate Change (Palgrave Macmillan 2018)

Burger M and Gundlach J, ‘Research Governance’ in Michael B Gerrard and Tracy Hester (eds), Climate Engineering and the Law: Regulation and Liability for Solar Radiation Management and Carbon Dioxide Removal (Cambridge University Press 2018)

Cairns R and Stirling A, ‘“Maintaining Planetary Systems” or “Concentrating Global Power?”: High Stakes in Contending Framings of Climate Geoengineering’ (2014) 28 Global Environmental Change 25

Caldeira K and Keith DW, ‘The Need for Climate Engineering Research’ (2010) 27 Issues in Science and Technology 57

Callebaut V, ‘Lilypad: Floating Ecopolis for Climatical Refugees’ in Chien Ming Wang and Brydon Timothy Wang (eds), Large Floating Structures: Technological Advances (Springer 2015)

Cançado Trindade AA, ‘Principle 15’ in Jorge E Viñuales (ed), The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development: A Commentary (Oxford University Press 2015)

Carr N, ‘Techno-Fix Troubles’ (2013) 495 Nature 45

Carton W and others, ‘Negative Emissions and the Long History of Carbon Removal’ (2020) 11 WIREs Climate Change e671

Chichilnisky G and Bal P, Reversing Climate Change: How Carbon Removals Can Resolve Climate Change and Fix the Economy (World Scientific 2016)

Clark N, ‘Geoengineering and Geologic Politics’ (2013) 45 Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space 2825

Craik AN and Burns WCG, ‘Climate Engineering Under the Paris Agreement: A Legal and Policy Primer’ (Centre for International Governance Innovation 2016) <> accessed 5 October 2020

Crawford JR, The Creation of States in International Law (2nd edn, Clarendon 2007)

Crutzen PJ, ‘Albedo Enhancement by Stratospheric Sulfur Injections: A Contribution to Resolve a Policy Dilemma?’ (2006) 77 Climatic Change 211

Davis WD, ‘What Does Green Mean: Anthropogenic Climate Change, Geoengineering, and International Environmental Law’ (2008) 43 Georgia Law Review 901

Dessler AE and Parson E, The Science and Politics of Global Climate Change: A Guide to the Debate (Cambridge University Press 2010)

Doughty J, ‘Past Forays into SRM Field Research and Implications for Future Governance’ in Jason J Blackstock and Sean Low (eds), Geoengineering Our Climate? Ethics, Politics and Governance (Routledge 2019)

Du H, ‘International Legal Framework for Geoengineering: Managing the Risks of an Emerging Technology’ (PhD thesis, Universiteit van Amsterdam 2016) <> accessed 28 June 2021

Dupuy P-M and Viñuales JE, International Environmental Law (2nd edn, Cambridge University Press 2018)

Dusek V, Philosophy of Technology: An Introduction (Blackwell 2006)

Dyke J, Watson R and Knorr W, ‘Climate Scientists: Concept of Net Zero Is a Dangerous Trap’ The Conversation (22 April 2021) <> accessed 7 May 2021

Eick M, ‘A Navigational System for Uncharted Waters: The London Convention and London Protocol’s Assessment Framework on Ocean Iron Fertilization’ (2010) 46 Tulsa Law Review 351

Fialka J, ‘NOAA Gets Go-Ahead to Study Controversial Climate Plan B’ E&E News (23 January 2020) <> accessed 22 March 2021

Fleurke FM, ‘Catastrophic Climate Change, Precaution, and the Risk/Risk Dilemma’ in Monika Ambrus, Rosemary Rayfuse and Werner Wouter (eds), Risk and the Regulation of Uncertainty in International Law (Oxford University Press 2017)

Florin M-V and others, ‘International Governance Issues on Climate Engineering: Information for Policymakers’ (EPFL International Risk Governance Center 2020) <> accessed 18 June 2020

Fragnière A and Gardiner SM, ‘Why Geoengineering Is Not “Plan B”’ in Christopher J Preston (ed), Climate Justice and Geoengineering: Ethics and Policy in the Atmospheric Anthropocene (Rowman & Littlefield 2016)

Freestone D, ‘Caution or Precaution: “A Rose by Any Other Name...”?’ (1999) 10 Yearbook of International Environmental Law 25

Freestone D and Rayfuse R, ‘Ocean Iron Fertilization and International Law’ (2008) 364 Marine Ecology Progress Series 227

Gagain M, ‘Climate Change, Sea Level Rise, and Artificial Islands: Saving the Maldives’ Statehood and Maritime Claims through the Constitution of the Oceans’ (2012) 23 Colorado Journal of International Environmental Law and Policy 77

Gardiner SM, ‘Some Early Ethics of Geoengineering the Climate: A Commentary on the Values of the Royal Society Report’ (2011) 20 Environmental Values 163

Gardiner SM, ‘The Desperation Argument for Geoengineering’ (2013) 46 PS: Political Science & Politics 28

Gates B, How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need (Knopf 2021)

Ginzky H, ‘Ocean Fertilization as Climate Change Mitigation Measure: Consideration under International Law’ (2010) 7 Journal for European Environmental & Planning Law 57

Ginzky H and Frost R, ‘Marine Geo-Engineering: Legally Binding Regulation under the London Protocol’ (2014) 8 Carbon & Climate Law Review 82

Grote Stoutenburg J, Disappearing Island States in International Law (Brill Nijhoff 2015)

Güssow K and others, ‘Ocean Iron Fertilization: Why Further Research Is Needed’ (2010) 34 Marine Policy 911

Hällström N, ‘What Next? Climate Change, Technology and Development’ (2008) 51 Development 375

Harvey D, ‘The Fetish of Technology: Causes and Consequences’ (2003) 13 Macalester International 3

Heyward C, ‘Situating and Abandoning Geoengineering: A Typology of Five Responses to Dangerous Climate Change’ (2013) 46 PS: Political Science & Politics 23

Hinkel J and others, ‘The Ability of Societies to Adapt to Twenty-First-Century Sea-Level Rise’ (2018) 8 Nature Climate Change 570

Honegger M, ‘A Battle of Paradigms’ (Harvard Solar Geoengineering Research Program Blog, 29 March 2019) <>

Horton JB, ‘The Emergency Framing of Solar Geoengineering: Time for a Different Approach’ (2015) 2 The Anthropocene Review 147

Horton JB, Keith D and Honegger M, ‘Implications of the Paris Agreement for Carbon Dioxide Removal and Solar Geoengineering’ (Harvard Project on Climate Agreements 2016) <> accessed 21 February 2021

Hulme M, ‘The Conquering of Climate: Discourses of Fear and Their Dissolution’ (2008) 174 The Geographical Journal 5

Hulme M, Why We Disagree About Climate Change: Understanding Controversy, Inaction and Opportunity (Cambridge University Press 2009)

Hulme M, ‘Reducing the Future to Climate: A Story of Climate Determinism and Reductionism’ (2011) 26 Osiris 245

Jamieson D, ‘Ethics and Intentional Climate Change’ (1996) 33 Climatic Change 323

Jeffries G, ‘Time for a New International Legal Regime for Ocean Fertilization in the High Seas?’ (Master’s thesis, University of Tromsø 2017) <> accessed 25 January 2021

Jinnah S, ‘The Swiss UNEA Geoengineering Proposal: What Could They Do Differently next Time?’ (Harvard Solar Geoengineering Research Program Blog, 29 March 2019) <> accessed 23 May 2021

Jinnah S and Nicholson S, ‘The Hidden Politics of Climate Engineering’ (2019) 12 Nature Geoscience 876

Johansen E, ‘Ocean Fertilization’ in Elise Johansen, Signe Veierud Busch and Ingvild Ulrikke Jakobsen (eds), The Law of the Sea and Climate Change: Solutions and Constraints (Cambridge University Press 2020)

Keith DW, ‘Geoengineering the Climate: History and Prospect’ (2000) 25 Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 245

Keith DW, A Case for Climate Engineering (MIT Press 2013)

Klein N, This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate (Penguin 2015)

Lawrence MG, ‘The Geoengineering Dilemma: To Speak or Not to Speak’ (2006) 77 Climatic Change 245

Lin AC, ‘International Legal Regimes and Principles Relevant to Geoengineering’ in Wil CG Burns and Andrew L Strauss (eds), Climate Change Geoengineering: Philosophical Perspectives, Legal Issues, and Governance Frameworks (Cambridge University Press 2013)

Marchant N, ‘Threatened by Rising Sea Levels, the Maldives Is Building a Floating City’ (World Economic Forum, 19 May 2021) <> accessed 25 May 2021

Markusson N and others, ‘“In Case of Emergency Press Here”: Framing Geoengineering as a Response to Dangerous Climate Change’ (2014) 5 WIREs Climate Change 281

Mayer B, ‘A Review of the International Law Commission’s Guidelines on the Protection of the Atmosphere’ (2019) 20 Melbourne Journal of International Law 453

McGee J and others, ‘International Governance of Solar Radiation Management: Does the ENMOD Convention Deserve a Closer Look?’ (2020) 14 Carbon & Climate Law Review 294

McGee J, Brent K and Burns W, ‘Geoengineering the Oceans: An Emerging Frontier in International Climate Change Governance’ (2018) 10 Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs 67

McLaren D, ‘A Double Injustice?’ (Harvard Solar Geoengineering Research Program Blog, 29 March 2019) <> accessed 23 May 2021

McLaren D, ‘Quantifying the Potential Scale of Mitigation Deterrence from Greenhouse Gas Removal Techniques’ (2020) 162 Climatic Change 2411

McLaren D and Corry O, ‘Clash of Geofutures and the Remaking of Planetary Order: Faultlines Underlying Conflicts over Geoengineering Governance’ (2021) 12 Global Policy 20

McLaren D and Markusson N, ‘The Co-Evolution of Technological Promises, Modelling, Policies and Climate Change Targets’ (2020) 10 Nature Climate Change 392

Michaelowa A, ‘Solar Radiation Modification – A “Silver Bullet” Climate Policy for Populist and Authoritarian Regimes?’ (2021) 12 Global Policy 119

Muffett C and Felt S, ‘Fuel to the Fire: How Geoengineering Threatens to Entrench Fossil Fuels and Accelerate the Climate Crisis’ (Center for International Environmental Law 2019) <> accessed 20 December 2020

Nerlich B and Jaspal R, ‘Metaphors We Die By? Geoengineering, Metaphors, and the Argument From Catastrophe’ (2012) 27 Metaphor and Symbol 131

Nicholson S, Jinnah S and Gillespie A, ‘Solar Radiation Management: A Proposal for Immediate Polycentric Governance’ (2018) 18 Climate Policy 322

Oral N, ‘International Law as an Adaptation Measure to Sea-Level Rise and Its Impacts on Islands and Offshore Features’ (2019) 34 The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 415

Oude Elferink AG, ‘Artificial Islands, Installations and Structures’, Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (Oxford University Press 2013)

Papadakis N, The International Legal Regime of Artificial Islands (Sijthoff 1977)

Paul D and others, ‘Summary of the Fourth Session of the United Nations Environment Assembly: 11-15 March 2019’ (IISD 2019) Earth Negotiations Bulletin <> accessed 23 May 2021

Portman ME, ‘Detached Islands: Artificial Islands as Adaptation Challenges in the Making’ (2019) 150 Die Erde 158

Preston C, ‘Re-Thinking the Unthinkable: Environmental Ethics and the Presumptive Argument Against Geoengineering’ (2011) 20 Environmental Values 457

Proelß A, ‘Environmental Principles and ITLOS’ in Michael Faure (ed), Elgar Encyclopedia of Environmental Law (Elgar 2018)

Ranganathan S, ‘Seasteads, Land-Grabs and International Law’ (2019) 32 Leiden Journal of International Law 205

Rasch PJ and others, ‘An Overview of Geoengineering of Climate Using Stratospheric Sulphate Aerosols’ (2008) 366 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 4007

Rayfuse R, ‘Precaution and Climate Change: What Role for the Precautionary Principle in Addressing Global Warming’ in Alexander Proelß (ed), Protecting the Environment for Future Generations: Principles and Actors in International Environment Law (Erich Schmidt 2017)

Rayfuse R, Lawrence MG and Gjerde KM, ‘Ocean Fertilisation and Climate Change: The Need to Regulate Emerging High Seas Uses’ (2008) 23 The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 297

Rayfuse R and Crawford E, ‘Climate Change, Sovereignty and Statehood’ (Sydney Law School 2011) <> accessed 7 November 2019

Rayner S and others, ‘The Oxford Principles’ (2013) 121 Climatic Change 499

Redgwell C, ‘Geoengineering the Climate: Technological Solutions to Mitigation – Failure or Continuing Carbon Addiction?’ (2011) 5 Carbon & Climate Law Review 178

Reynolds JL, ‘Climate Engineering Field Research: The Favorable Setting of International Environmental Law’ (2014) 5 Washington and Lee Journal of Energy, Climate, and the Environment 417

Reynolds JL, ‘International Law’ in Michael B Gerrard and Tracy Hester (eds), Climate Engineering and the Law: Regulation and Liability for Solar Radiation Management and Carbon Dioxide Removal (Cambridge University Press 2018)

Reynolds JL, The Governance of Solar Geoengineering: Managing Climate Change in the Anthropocene (Cambridge University Press 2019a)

Reynolds JL, ‘Why the UNFCCC and CBD Should Refrain from Regulating Solar Climate Engineering’ in Jason J Blackstock and Sean Low (eds), Geoengineering our Climate? Ethics, Politics and Governance (Routledge 2019b)

Reynolds JL, ‘Solar Geoengineering Could Be Consistent with International Law’ in Benoit Mayer and Alexander Zahar (eds), Debating Climate Law (Cambridge University Press 2021)

Reynolds JL and Fleurke FM, ‘Climate Engineering Research: A Precautionary Response to Climate Change’ (2013) 7 Carbon & Climate Law Review 101

Robock A, ‘20 Reasons Why Geoengineering May Be a Bad Idea’ (2008) 64 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 14

Saab A, Narratives of Hunger in International Law: Feeding the World in Times of Climate Change (Cambridge University Press 2019)

Sand PH, ‘The Discourse on “Protection of the Atmosphere” in the International Law Commission’ (2017) 26 Review of European, Comparative & International Environmental Law 201

Sandin P and others, ‘Five Charges against the Precautionary Principle’ (2002) 5 Journal of Risk Research 287

Sands P and others, ‘Independent Expert Panel for the Legal Definition of Ecocide: Commentary and Core Text’ (Stop Ecocide Foundation 2021) <> accessed 22 June 2021

Saunders I, ‘Artificial Islands and Territory in International Law’ (2019) 52 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 643

Schlacke S and Kenzler J, ‘Klimaschutz durch Meeresdüngung? Zum (Spannungs-) Verhältnis zwischen Seevölkerrecht und Biodiversitätskonvention’ (2009) 31 Natur und Recht 753

Schröder M, ‘Precautionary Approach/Principle’, Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (Oxford University Press 2014)

Scott D, ‘Insurance Policy or Technological Fix? The Ethical Implications of Framing Solar Radiation Management’ in Christopher J Preston (ed), Engineering the Climate: The Ethics of Solar Radiation Management (Lexington 2012)

Scott D, ‘Philosophy of Technology and Geoengineering’ in Jason J Blackstock and Sean Low (eds), Geoengineering our Climate? Ethics, Politics and Governance (Routledge 2019)

Scott KN, ‘Regulating Ocean Fertilization under International Law: The Risks’ (2013) 7 Carbon & Climate Law Review 108

Scott KN, ‘Mind the Gap: Marine Geoengineering and the Law of the Sea’ in Robert C Beckman and others (eds), High Seas Governance: Gaps and Challenges (Brill Nijhoff 2018)

Shepherd J, ‘Do Mention the “G” Word’ (2009) 203 New Scientist 24

Shepherd J and others, ‘Geoengineering the Climate: Science, Governance and Uncertainty’ (Royal Society 2009) <> accessed 28 September 2020

Soete A, The International Legal Personality of Island States Permanently Submerged Due to Climate Change Effects (Maklu 2021)

Soule E, ‘Assessing the Precautionary Principle’ (2000) 14 Public Affairs Quarterly 309

Stephens T, ‘Climate Change Adaptation and Marine and Coastal Law’ in Jonathan Verschuuren (ed), Research Handbook on Climate Change Adaptation Law (Edward Elgar 2013)

Stilgoe J, ‘Geoengineering’ in Noel Castree, Mike Hulme and James D Proctor (eds), Companion to Environmental Studies (Routledge 2018)

Sunstein CR, Laws of Fear: Beyond the Precautionary Principle (Cambridge University Press 2005)

Tedsen E and Homann G, ‘Implementing the Precautionary Principle for Climate Engineering’ (2013) 7 Carbon & Climate Law Review 90

Trouwborst A, ‘The Precautionary Principle in General International Law: Combating the Babylonian Confusion’ (2007) 16 Review of European Community & International Environmental Law 185

Tuana N, ‘The Ethical Dimensions of Geoengineering: Solar Radiation Management Through Sulphate Particle Injection’ in Jason J Blackstock and Sean Low (eds), Geoengineering our Climate? Ethics, Politics and Governance (Routledge 2019)

VanderZwaag DL and Daniel A, ‘International Law and Ocean Dumping: Steering a Precautionary Course Aboard the 1996 London Protocol, but Still an Unfinished Voyage’ in Aldo Chircop, Theodore McDorman and Susan Rolston (eds), The Future of Ocean Regime-Building (Brill Nijhoff 2009)

Verlaan P, ‘Geo-Engineering, the Law of the Sea, and Climate Change’ (2009) 3 Carbon & Climate Law Review 446

Verlaan P, ‘Experimental Activities That Intentionally Perturb the Marine Environment: Implications for the Marine Environmental Protection and Marine Scientific Research Provisions of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea’ (2007) 31 Marine Policy 210

Victor DG and others, ‘The Geoengineering Option - A Last Resort against Global Warming’ (2009) 88 Foreign Affairs 64

Virgoe J, ‘International Governance of a Possible Geoengineering Intervention to Combat Climate Change’ (2009) 95 Climatic Change 103

Walker CW, ‘Jurisdictional Problems Created by Artificial Islands’ (1972) 10 San Diego Law Review 638

Wang BT, ‘Floating Cities: The Future or a Washed-up Idea?’ The Conversation (2 June 2019) <> accessed 13 May 2021

Williamson P and others, ‘Ocean Fertilization for Geoengineering: A Review of Effectiveness, Environmental Impacts and Emerging Governance’ (2012) 90 Process Safety and Environmental Protection 475

Winter G, ‘Climate Engineering and International Law: Last Resort or the End of Humanity?’ (2011) 20 Review of European Community & International Environmental Law 277

Yamamoto L and Esteban M, Atoll Island States and International Law: Climate Change Displacement and Sovereignty (Springer 2014)


Rechercher dans OpenEdition Search

Vous allez être redirigé vers OpenEdition Search