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Is there a future for Carbon Capture and Storage in Poland ?

Michal Drabik

II. Methodology

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Literature review

1To thoroughly explore the issue that constitutes the subject of this paper I utilized three basic techniques. First of all, in order to familiarize myself with the technology in general, and the socio-political dimension of its implementation in particular, I resorted to reviewing the specialist literature and statistical data concerning CCS.

Process tracing

2Secondly, for the purpose of establishing who the stakeholders are in the Polish context, what stances they adopt, and what factors determine their positions, I looked through the various available sources of information, which directly or indirectly provide data on the matters in question. Consequently, to trace the process of CCS’ development in Poland, I studied official documents of the Polish government; publications issued by non-governmental organizations (NGOs), energy companies, and scientific institutions; resolutions and communications of the relevant local governments in Poland; Polish national and local newspapers; Polish and international websites related to CCS; informational brochures, promotional folders, and leaflets issued by stakeholders; as well as reports of international organizations specializing in energy and environmental issues.


3Finally, for the purpose of obtaining data directly from the stakeholders themselves, I prepared a survey3 which I sent to over one hundred recipients including Polish politicians, political parties, ministries of economy and of the environment, NGOs, labor unions from coal and energy industries, scientists, educational and research institutions, energy companies and local governments (of voivodeships, counties and boroughs) in Poland.

4I selected the recipients on the basis of their knowledge of CCS or their involvement in the process of CCS implementation in Poland. Selected politicians were either the main political figures in Poland that have a say in most matters in the country, or members of various parliamentary commissions dealing with environmental or energy issues. Political parties included only those that currently have their representatives in the Parliament as it is only these that actually participate in the decision-making process in the country. Selected NGOs were singled out on the basis of their involvement with the issue in question, either through publications or active participation in public consultations concerning CCS projects in Poland. Scientists were chosen on the basis of their area of expertise or affiliation. Educational and research institutions included only those which specialize in coal, mining, energy, geology or air pollution issues. Selected energy companies were the main electricity producers in the country, all utilizing coal-fired power plants. Finally, local governments that I approached were all from the localities were CCS projects were at some point either being developed or have been planned for development in the future.

5Unfortunately, due to the very limited number of responses (16), the results obtained through my survey are not statistically significant. Nevertheless, they still provide an interesting insight into particular stakeholders’ attitudes and factors by which those attitudes are determined


3 Survey questionnaire is available from the author upon request


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