Version classiqueVersion mobile

The Darfur Refugees’ Plight

Anna Praz


Texte intégral

1Arcury, T. A. and Quandt, S. A., 1999. Participant Recruitment for Qualitative Research: A Site-Based Approach for Community Research in Complex Societies, Human Organization, Vol. 58, No. 2, pp. 128–133.

2Black, R. and Koser, K.,1999. The End of the Refugee Cycle? Refugee Repatriation and Reconstruction, edited by Richard Black and Khalid Koser. Oxford: Berghahn Books.

3Bradley, M., 2007. Return in Dignity: a Neglected Protection Challenge, Refugee Studies Centers, Working paper series, No. 40.

4Cassarino, J.P., 2004. Theorising Return Migration: the Conceptual Approach to Return Migrants Revisited, International Journal on Multicultural Societies, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 253–279.

5Commission Nationale d’Accueil et de Réinsertion des Réfugiés et des Rapatriés (CNARR), 2011. Rapport Annuel d’Activités : Janvier – Décembre 2011.

6Connolly, W., E., 1990. Democracy and Territoriality, Millennium Journal of International Studies, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 163–184.

7Crisp, J., 2003. No Solution in Sight: The Problem of Protracted Refugee Situations in Africa, New Issues in Refugees Research, No. 75, Geneva.

8Decalo, S.,1987. Historical dictionary of Chad – African Historical Dictionaries No.13, the Scarecrow Press Incl., Metuchen, N.J & London.

9Degomme, O. and Guha Sapir, D., 2010. Patterns of Mortality Rates in Darfur, Lancet, Vol. 375, pp. 294–300.

10Davenport, C., Moore, W., and Poe, S., 2003. Sometimes You Just Have to Leave: Domestic Threat in Forced Migration, 1964-1989. International Interactions, Vol.  29, pp. 27–55.

11Ghanem, T., 2005. When Forced Migrants Return “Home”: The Psychosocial Difficulties Returnees Encounter in the Reintegration Process, Refugee Studies Center Working Paper No. 16.

12Goodhand, J., 2000. Research in Conflict Zones: Ethics and Accountability, Forced Migration Review, Issue No. 8, pp. 12–15.

13Hammond, L.C., 2004. This Place Will Become Home: Refugee Repatriation to Ethiopia. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

14Hanggi, H. and Bryden, A., 2005. Approaching Security from a Security Governance Perspective. In: Security Governance in Post-Conflict Peacebuilding, eds. London: Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), Ch. 1.

15Hashim, J. M., 2006. Islamization and Arabization of Africans as a Mean of Power in the Sudan: Contradictions of Discrimination Based on the Blackness of Skin and Stigma of Slavery and Their Contribution to the Civil Wars, Respect: Sudanese Journal for Human Rights, Culture and Issues of Cultural Diversity, No. 3. International Commission of Inquiry on Darfur, 2006. Report to the Security Council, New York: United Nations.

16Jacobsen, K., 2003. The Dual Imperative in Refugee Research: Some Methodological and Ethical Considerations in Social Science Research on Forced Migration, Disasters, Vol. 27, Issue 3, pp. 185–206.

17Jacobsen, K., 2005. Economic Life of Refugees, Bloomfield: Kumarian Press.

18Kulatunga S. and Lakshman R., 2010. Livelihood Under Protracted Conflict: the Case Study of Sri-Lanka, Refugee Studies Centre, Working Paper Series No. 62.

19Kaun, A., 2008. When the Displaced Return: Challenges to Reintegration in Angola, New Issues in Refugee Research, No. 152.

20Kibraeb, G., 1996. Ready and Willing, but Still Waiting: Eritrean Refugees in Sudan and the Dilemma of Return, Uppsala: Life and Peace Institute.

21Kibreab, G., 2000., Revisiting the Debate on People, Place, Identity and Displacement, Journal of Refugee Studies, Vol. 12, Issue 4, pp. 384–428.

22Koser, K. and Black, R., 1999. The End of the Refugee Cycle? Refugee Repatriation and Reconstruction, New York: Berghahn Books.

23Kreutz, J., 2010. How and When Armed Conflict End: Introducing the UCDP Conflict Termination Dataset, Journal of Peace and Research, Vol. 47, No. 2, pp. 243–250.

24Kunz, E., 1981. Exile and Resettlement: Refugee Theory, International Migration Review, Vol. 15, No. ½, pp. 42–61.

25Lambourne, W., 2004. Post-Conflict Peacebuilding: Meeting the Human Needs for Justice and Reconciliation, Peace Conflict and Development , Issue 4.

26Lewis, A. C., 1961. The Termination of Conflict, Journal of Conflict Resolution, No. 5(4), 1961, pp. 347–353.

27Long, T., 2008. Market Anarchism as Constitutionalism, In: R. Long et T. Machan ed. 2008., Anarchism/Minarchism: Is a Government Part of a Free Country?, Ashgate, Ch. 9.

28Miall, H., Ramsbotham, O. and Woodhouse, T. 1999. Contemporary Conflict Resolution, The Prevention, Management and Transformation of Deadly Conflicts, Polity Press, Cambridge.

29Lippman, B. and Malik, S., 4Rs: The Way Ahead? Forced Migration Review, No. 21, pp. 9–11.

30Malkki, L. H., 1995. Purity and Exile: Violence, Memory and National Cosmology among Hutu Refugees in Tanzania. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

31Malkki, L. H., 1992. National Geographic: the Rooting of Peoples and the Territorialization of National Identity among Scholars and Refugees, Cultural Anthropology, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 24–44.

32Millner, J., 2009.Refugees and the Regional Dynamics of Peacebuilding, Refugee Survey Quarterly, Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 13–30.

33Mollica, R., 2009. Healing Invisible Wounds: Paths to Hope and Recovery in a Violent World. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press.

34Mollica R. F. and R. R. Jalbert, 1989. Community of Confinement: the Mental Health Crisis in Site Two, Committee on Refugees and Migrants – The World Federation of Mental Health.

35T. Allen and H. Morsink, eds.1994, When Refugees Go Home. London: James Currey Publisher.

36Moulin, C., and Nyers, P., 2007. “We Live in a Country of UNHCR” – Refugee Protests ad Global Political Society, International Political Sociology, Vol. 1, pp. 356–372.

37Muggah, R. F, 2007. No Magic Bullet: A Critical Perspective on Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) and on Weapons Reduction in Post-Conflict Contexts, The Round Table, 94 (379), pp. 239–252.

38Mundt, A., 2011. Addressing the Legacy of the Conflict in Darfur: Shifting Land Tenure Patterns and Humanitarian Action, Middle East Institute, (c).

39OAU Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, adopted September 10, 1969 (UNTS no. 14691).

40Olsen, W., 2004. Triangulation in Social Research: Qualitative and Quantitative Methods Can Really Be Mixed? in: M.Holborn Omskirk, ed. 2004. Development Sociology, Causeway Press.

41Omata, N., 2012. Liberian Refugees in Ghana: Cessation and Voluntary Repatriation, New Issues in Refugee Research, No. 2.

42Organization of the African Union, 1969. Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, UNTS No. 14691.

43Perouse de Montclos M. A. and Kagwaja P. M, 2000. Refugee Camps or Cities The Socio-Economic Dynamcs of the Dadaab and Kakuma Camps in Northern Kenya, Journal of Refugee Studies, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 205–221.

44Phuong, C., 2005. Forcible Displacement in Peace Agreements, the International Council on Human Rights Policy.

45Portes, A. and Böröcz, J., 1989. Contemporary Immigration: Theoretical Perspectives on Its Determinants and Modes of Incorporation, International Migration Review, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 606–630.

46Reisman, M.,1998. Allocating Competences to Use Coercion in the Post-Cold War World: Practices, Conditions, and Prospects, in Law and Force in the New International Order , eds. 1991. Damrosch & Scheffer.

47Roberts, D., 2008. Post Conflict State-building and State Legitimacy: From Negative to Positive Peace?, Development and Change, Vol. 39, No. 4, pp. 537–555.

48Rogge, J E., 1991. Repatriation of Refugees: a Not-So simple “Optimum” Solution in: T. Allen and H. Morsink, eds.1994, When Refugees Go Home. London: James Currey Publisher, pp. 14–49.

49Shacknove, A. E., Who is a Refugee? Ethics, Vol. 95, No. 2, pp. 274–284.

50Schirch, L., 2006. Linking Human Rights and Conflict Transformation: A Peacebuilding Framework, in: Mertus, J. and Helsing, J. eds. Human Rights and Conflict: Exploring the Links Between Rights, Law and Peacebuilding. Washington: United States Institute of Peace Press, pp. 63–96.

51Stamm, S., 2006. Social Networks in Post-War Return Migration to Lebanon, Center for Comparative and International Studies, No. 9.

52Stein, B., 1981. The Refugee Experience: Defining Parameters of a Field of Study, Migration Review, Vol. 15, No. ½, Refugees Today, pp. 320–330.

53Stein, B. and Cuny, F., 1994. Repatriation during Conflict: Protection and Post-Return Assistance, Development in Practice, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 173–187.

54Turton, D., 2003. Conceptualizing Forced Migration, RSC Working Paper Series, No. 12.

55Tubiana, J., 2011. Renouncing the Rebels: Local and Regional Dimensions of Chad-Sudan Rapprochement, Geneva: Small Arms Survey.

56Unite Nations Commission on Human Rights, 1998. Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, UN Doc. E/CN.4/1998/53/Add.2.

57United Nations General Assembly, 1951. Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 189.

58UNHCR. 1996. Handbook on Voluntary Repatriation. Geneva: UNHCR.

59UNHCR. 2001. UNHCR’s Protection Mandate, Global Report, pp. 51–54.

60UNHCR. 2003. Framework for Durable Solutions for Refugees and Persons of Concern, Core Group on Durable Solutions, Geneva: UNHCR.

61UNHCR, 2011. Global Trends Report, Geneva: UNHCR.

62United Nations Sudan – Office for the Resident and Humanitarian Coordination, 2010. Key facts and figure of Sudan with a Focus on Darfur, United Nations: 2010.

63United States Institute of Peace, 2011. Refugees and IDPs After Conflict: Why They Do Not Go Home, Special Report No. 268.

64United States Institute of Peace and Brookings Institutions, 2010. Integrating Internal Displacement in Peace Processes and Agreements. Washington: The Peace Making Tool Series.

65Voutira, E. and Harrel-Bond, B., 1995. In Search of the Locus of Trust: the Social World of the Refugee Camp, in: E.V. Daniel and J. C. Knudsen, eds. 1995. Mistrusting Refugees, Los Angeles: University of California Press, pp. 207–224.

66Warner, D., 1994. Voluntary Repatriation and the Meaning of Return to Home: A Critique of Liberal Mathematics, Refugee Studies Journal, Vol. 7, No. 2/3, pp. 160–174.

67Waltzer, M.,1980. The Moral Standing of States: A Response to Four Critiques, Philosophy and Public Affairs, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 209–229.

68Weiner, M., 1996. Bad Neighbors, Bad Neighborhoods: An Inquiry into the Causes of Refugees Flows, International Security, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 5–42.

69Williams, H. A., 1990. Families in Refugee Camps, Human Organization, Vol. 49, No. 2, pp. 100–107.

Selected Internet Sources

70Amnesty International, 2008. Sudan: Displaced in Darfur: a Generation of Anger, AFR 54/001/2008, available through​en/​library/​info/​AFR54/​001/​2008, accessed June 2, 2012.

71OCHA Sudan, 2011. Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin – 21 to 27 January 2011. Available through​sites/​​files/​resources/​37CE0E8AFBB4F40D8525782800743797-Full_Report.pdf, accessed July 13, 2012.

72Overseas Development Institute, 2009. Agency Expulsion in Sudan. Available through​resources/​docs/​4190.pdf, accessed April 9, 2012.

73Heleta, S., 2008. Negotiating Peace in Darfur: Failure and Prospects, available through​file/​Negotiating_Peace_in_Darfur_by_Savo_Heleta.pdf, accessed March 2, 2011.

74Institute for War and Peace Reporting, 2012. Has the ICC Lost Touch with Darfur Refugees?. Available through​report-news/​has-icc-lost-touch-darfur-refugees, accessed July 9, 2012.

75International Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), 2012. Sudan: Durable Solutions Elusive as Southern IDPs Return and Darfur Remains Tense. Available through​countries/​sudan, accessed June 2, 2012.

76Parmar, S., 2012. An Overview of the Sudanese Legal System and Legal Research. Available through​globalex/​sudan.htm, accessed July, 3, 2012.

77Reuters, 2009. “Darfur is now a low-intensity conflict” – UN, available through:​article/​2009/​04/​27/​idUSN27541224._CH_.2400, accessed July 12, 2012.

78Small Arms Survey, 2010 a. Facts and Figures: SLA-AW, available through​pdfs/​facts-figures/​armed-groups/​darfur/​HSBA-Armed-Groups-SLA-MM.pdf, accessed July 7, 2012.

79Small Arms Survey, 2010 b, Facts and Figures: SLA-MM. Available through​IMG/​pdf/​HSBA-Armed-Groups-SLA-AW.pdf, accessed July 7, 2012.

80Small Arms Survey, 2012a. Darfur Peace Process. Available through​facts-figures-darfur-peace-process.php, accessed June 5, 2012.

81Small Arms Survey, 2012b. Darfur Armed Opposition Groups and Coalitions. Available through​facts-figures-armed-groups-darfur.php, access June 5, 2012.

82Sudan Tribune, 2007, UN Shows Concern Over Forced Relocation of Darfur Displaced. Available through​UN-shows-concern-over-forced,24507, accessed July 12, 2012.

83Sudan Tribune, 2011. Doha Depends on Closure of IDP Camps in Darfur – Sissi. Available through​Doha-deal-depends-on-closure-of,40924, accessed July 10, 2012.

84Sudan Tribune, 2012. Sudan’s Capital Gripped in Nuptials of Chad’s Deby, Daughter of Darfur Militia Leader. Available through​Sudan-s-capital-gripped-in,41358, accessed July 3, 2012.

85Sudan Vision Daily, 2011. Darfur: Voluntary Return without Security Procedures. Available through​modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=50835, accessed July 13, 2012.

86Uppsala Conflict Dataset Program, 2010. Combatants Battle-Related Deaths in Darfur 2003-2010. Available through​research/​ucdp/​datasets/​ucdp_battle-related_deaths_dataset/​, accessed July 12, 2012.

87Waging Peace, 2011. Sudanese Refugees in Eastern Chad Voice Concerns Over Repatriation. Available through​index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=403:sudanese-refugees-in-eastern-chad-voice-concerns-over-repatriation&catid=33:blog&Itemid=64, accessed July 13, 2012.

88World Food Program, 2011. Libya Unrest Cuts "Critical" Aid Route. Available through​report-news/​has-icc-lost-touch-darfur-refugees accessed, July 12, 2012.

Rechercher dans OpenEdition Search

Vous allez être redirigé vers OpenEdition Search