Version classiqueVersion mobile
OpenEdition Books

Géopolitique de la nouvelle Asie centrale

 | 
Mohammad-Reza Djalili
, 
Thierry Kellner

Index

Texte intégral

Abkhazie 282

Achkhabad 110, 119, 138, 155, 163, 180, 189-191, 193, 219, 250-252, 255, 256-258, 261, 263, 264, 266, 267, 270-273, 289, 379, 412-418, 484, 489

Afghanistan 11, 17, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 42-44, 57, 74, 80, 86-89, 94, 96, 103, 107, 112, 130, 138, 140, 148, 149, 152, 153, 156-158, 162, 167, 174-177, 180, 182, 185, 204, 208, 210, 211, 231, 231, 237, 244, 249, 254, 258-260, 261, 265, 273, 284-286, 385-389, 392-399, 402, 405-407, 412, 414-418, 420, 424, 426, 429, 431, 434, 438,442, 451-458, 460-464, 466-470, 472, 476-478, 480483, 487, 488, 489, 491, 492, 494, 496-499, 501, 504, 506-509, 512, 514-516, 520, 521, 525, 526, 528, 529, 534-537, 542, 543, 545-547, 549, 551

Afrasiab 13

Akaev 56, 57, 418-422, 424-426, 429, 430, 434-436

Almaty 40, 92, 119, 120, 140, 155, 156, 163, 169, 248, 338, 339, 378, 382, 443, 490, 500

Allemand (s) 36, 37, 338

al-Qaïda 176, 211, 322, 414, 465, 498, 513, 528

Amou Darya 21, 22, 42

Ankara 79, 133-139, 172, 226, 228, 242, 266, 269, 479, 546, 552

Arabie Saoudite 122, 123, 143, 175, 176, 194, 199-202, 229, 230, 238, 253, 258, 304, 311, 312, 332, 394, 405, 455, 457, 460, 464, 489, 512

Aral 18, 41, 341, 347, 350, 353, 354

armée(s) 11, 16, 42, 45, 46, 47, 82, 87, 90, 101, 115, 147, 156, 158, 174, 178-183, 192, 206, 277, 279, 282, 283, 286, 314, 336, 337, 363, 392, 394, 395, 404, 406, 407, 419, 429, 430, 445, 447, 453, 455, 457, 459, 465, 472, 473, 475, 476, 477, 480, 497, 502, 508, 516, 529, 535, 537,547

armes 91, 94, 150, 155, 156, 161, 275, 277, 280, 286, 292, 295, 344, 378, 406, 419, 446, 447, 480, 489, 505, 507, 510

Astana 62, 68, 75, 76, 89, 109, 131, 132, 173, 179, 191, 206, 208, 229, 239, 240, 242-246, 249, 250, 272, 338, 344, 357, 379, 413, 436447, 449451, 485-487

Azerbaïdjan 17, 59, 60, 63, 64, 68, 69, 78, 79, 92, 96, 102, 126, 131, 134, 136, 138, 139, 143, 144, 145, 157, 162, 167, 171, 185-187, 189-193, 195-199, 201-204, 206, 209, 212, 213, 215-223, 226, 227, 229, 231, 232, 235, 236, 240, 242, 244, 250, 255, 256, 266, 268, 271, 272, 397, 413, 483, 484, 487, 546

Badakhshan 292, 305, 307, 362, 365, 367, 371, 372

Bakou 100, 131, 132, 135, 138, 139, 143, 186, 189-193, 206, 208, 212-222, 226, 228, 229, 231, 232, 234, 235, 237, 242, 243, 251, 255, 268, 271, 272, 281, 283, 413, 440, 441, 448, 449, 484, 486, 511, 546

Bakou/Tbilissi/Ceyhan 212, 243, 486, 511, 546

Basmatchis 46, 47

Ben Laden Oussama 86, 94, 175, 176, 229, 230, 291, 292, 296, 297, 307, 311, 315, 322, 385, 394, 462, 492-495, 514

Bichkek 57, 65, 85, 87, 110, 119, 179, 180, 279, 291, 294, 314, 317, 334, 357, 372, 418, 420- 427, 429- 434, 438, 442, 490

Boukhara 26, 34, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 151, 287, 297-299, 350, 372, 393, 476

Bush Georges 208, 209, 211, 243, 315, 396, 405, 410, 416, 423, 440, 446, 469, 471, 476, 478, 479, 486, 493, 495, 496, 505, 508, 509, 512, 515, 518, 519, 522, 527, 549

Cachemire 28, 147, 150, 260, 331, 386, 462, 463, 464, 468, 470-476, 499-502, 521-523, 525-534, 536, 537, 548

Caspian consortium pipeline (CPC)

Caucase 17, 21, 35, 36, 43, 51, 60,74, 84, 89, 90, 96, 99, 100, 102, 132, 135, 139, 174, 176, 186, 189, 204, 219, 222, 226, 230, 231, 275, 280-284, 354, 386, 480, 483, 485, 487, 543, 546, 547

CEI 16, 28, 63, 75, 82, 83, 84, 85, 97, 118, 154-159, 168, 256-258, 402, 424, 426, 427, 432, 438

Chine 13, 16, 25, 28-31, 35, 70, 73, 90, 97, 98, 99, 104-105, 109, 111-117, 119-127, 131, 134, 143-145, 149, 150, 153, 172, 174, 176, 178, 181, 182, 237, 246-249, 254, 264, 265, 266, 270, 284, 292, 362, 386, 410, 411, 420, 421, 425-429, 433, 435, 442, 445, 446, 448, 452, 455, 476, 488-491, 493-495, 497-509, 519, 522, 525, 526, 531, 537, 538, 540, 541, 543, 544, 547

CNPC 124, 245, 247-249, 254, 264

colonisation 14, 38, 43, 44, 47-49, 58, 128, 147, 337, 539, 540

constitution 56, 172, 183, 264, 272, 326

Daghestan 158, 186, 214, 221, 283

défense 49, 75, 76, 82, 84, 85, 109, 110, 112, 155, 181, 182, 289, 306, 316, 328, 390, 392, 394, 395, 403, 404, 407, 409, 411, 421, 445, 468, 496, 514, 524, 535, 536, 537

djadidisme 45

Dostom Rashid 288, 290, 291, 390, 407

Douchanbé 85, 87, 110, 125, 130, 150, 169, 180, 279, 288, 292, 295, 305, 307-309, 317, 358, 368, 372, 387-399, 470, 490, 537

drogue 18, 80, 93, 94, 114, 115, 149, 150, 156, 163, 180, 275, 277, 280, 286, 325, 337, 360-363, 365-384, 396, 398, 399, 407, 419, 434, 476, 481, 489

eau 18, 169, 177, 189, 336, 341, 342, 347, 348, 350-359, 394

ECO 16, 129, 147, 154, 162, 163, 164, 167, 168, 375

élites 14, 16, 4649, 53-56, 58, 67, 80, 82-84, 88, 137, 147, 159, 275, 302, 305, 323, 326, 417

émirat(s) 42, 46, 143, 198, 201, 311, 366, 464, 539

Empire russe 43, 48, 92, 105

enclavement 14, 16, 18, 31, 32, 203, 240

environnement 18, 71, 80, 88, 91, 103, 104, 118, 129, 144, 163, 173, 185, 232, 297, 340, 341, 345, 346, 348, 359, 405, 409, 411, 425, 430, 467, 482, 483, 497, 500, 502, 506, 524, 541, 542

États-Unis 69, 71, 73, 74, 88-95, 97, 98, 105, 111, 122, 125, 127, 132, 133, 137, 139, 143, 144, 150, 151, 153, 159, 162, 176, 178, 194, 196, 200, 206-208, 210, 211, 226, 229, 230, 231, 236, 246, 249, 266, 267, 270, 281, 292, 309, 318, 322, 324, 331, 345, 372, 380, 384, 385, 388, 389, 394, 398400, 402405, 408-411, 415, 418426, 428, 430433, 435, 438, 442, 443, 446448, 450-452, 458, 462, 464, 465, 470, 472, 473, 476, 478, 479, 486, 490, 493, 495, 500-505, 507-512, 515-517, 520-526, 530, 531, 533, 541, 543-545, 547-549

Eurasie 15, 23, 32, 44, 89, 90, 92, 142, 428, 517, 539, 542, 543, 544

Europe 18, 19, 23, 40, 51, 70, 73, 74, 78, 88, 89, 92, 95, 99, 105, 119, 120, 122, 127, 159, 160, 168, 172, 176, 178, 200, 217, 221, 226, 233, 234, 254, 266, 267, 270, 271, 272, 293, 309, 318, 320, 322, 362, 369-372, 380, 381, 399, 479, 485, 510, 511, 519, 520, 539, 542, 548

Ferghana 17, 34, 40, 42, 47, 87, 105, 112, 146, 291, 303, 304, 310, 311, 315, 318, 321, 325, 328-330, 333, 334, 336, 337, 344, 347, 348, 352, 353

Ferdowsi 22

FMI 60, 423

fondamentalisme 74, 110, 301, 328, 336, 540

frontières 29, 31-35, 42, 49, 75, 83, 88, 103, 105, 106, 113, 115, 135, 147, 152, 155, 157, 175, 177, 179, 180, 284, 336, 362, 367, 368, 373, 374, 376, 386, 389, 392, 414, 418-420, 442, 447, 451, 457, 473, 507, 517, 542

gaz 62, 68, 78, 122, 127, 132, 138, 143, 144, 148, 151, 167, 168, 186, 187, 195-197, 199, 202, 204, 209, 210, 213, 215-217, 223, 224, 238, 250-266, 268-273, 294, 356, 358, 402, 412, 414417, 450, 477, 487, 512, 546, 547

golfe Persique 32, 95, 122, 123, 126, 127, 130, 143, 145, 175, 176, 201, 202, 230, 231, 237, 244, 245, 248, 386, 413, 453, 455, 479, 485, 487, 512, 540, 541, 547

Groupe de Shanghai 87, 109, 110, 114, 125, 150, 154, 401, 402, 421, 490

guerre 21, 24, 44, 45, 51, 61, 62, 69, 70, 71, 74, 84, 90, 94, 104, 105, 108, 133, 141, 147, 149, 151, 155, 160, 173, 180, 192, 204, 260, 275-277, 279-284, 288, 294, 295, 305, 306, 308, 309, 314, 321, 322, 352, 362, 363, 367, 368, 377, 385-387, 391, 392, 394, 405, 407, 426, 453, 454, 456460, 462, 477, 478, 480, 489, 499, 512-514, 527, 529, 544, 546, 549

Hazara(s) 131, 285, 286, 390, 407, 480

Haut-Karabagh 281

Hizb ut-tahrir 309, 311, 318-321, 323, 433, 547

hydrocarbures 17, 66-69, 78, 79, 90, 92, 94, 122, 126, 127, 131, 135, 142, 143, 148, 151, 167, 185-187, 194, 197, 203, 204, 208, 209, 211, 216, 219, 226, 240, 241, 246, 250, 283, 439, 440, 441, 444, 448, 490, 485487, 489, 503, 538, 540, 546, 547

identité 134, 170, 172, 176, 299, 300, 302, 339, 393

Inde 16, 21, 25, 27-29, 31, 35, 51, 120, 126, 127, 146-153, 174, 176, 182, 254, 259, 260-263, 286, 289, 361, 369, 386, 395, 448, 453, 454, 458, 460462, 464, 466469, 471-477, 485, 490, 499, 500-502, 506, 509, 514, 519-527, 529-537, 541, 544, 547

Indépendance 11, 14, 32, 34, 35, 38, 44, 46, 49, 51, 54-56, 58, 59, 63, 76, 78, 81-83, 90, 91, 94, 100, 113, 121, 129, 136, 147, 157, 170, 171, 177, 178, 183, 186, 189, 197, 203, 204, 209, 226, 236, 240, 250, 252, 257, 273, 281, 282, 290, 297, 301, 304, 322, 323, 326, 327, 337, 338, 340, 351, 355, 360, 362, 367, 393, 400-402, 405, 408, 445, 454, 488, 503, 542, 545

Iran 16, 22, 23, 29, 35, 38, 42, 45, 73, 92, 96, 116, 123, 126-135, 137, 138, 148, 149, 153, 162, 164, 165, 167, 172, 174, 177, 182, 183, 186, 187, 189, 190, 192-198, 200-202, 204, 210, 211, 214, 219, 223, 226, 231, 235, 237, 238, 243-247, 249, 251, 253, 256-258, 261-263, 267, 269, 270, 276, 283, 289, 291, 292, 297, 298, 311, 312, 361-363, 369, 371, 372, 381, 284, 386, 391, 396, 397, 412, 413, 416, 418, 428, 433, 441, 449, 453455, 457, 458, 461, 462, 466, 475- 487, 490, 509, 514, 519, 537, 538, 540, 541, 542, 546

islam 21, 22, 36, 49, 58, 86, 87, 93, 129, 130, 141, 145, 149, 153, 176, 177, 181, 275, 290, 297-303, 305, 307, 309-311, 315, 319, 321, 323, 326-329, 331, 333, 336, 337, 401, 402, 460, 463, 489, 540, 548

Islamabad 147, 148, 153, 163, 260-263, 395, 415, 416, 455, 457, 458-462, 464477, 487, 488, 491, 497, 499-502, 521, 522, 523, 526, 527, 529-535, 537

Islamisme 17, 74, 275, 322-324, 329, 332, 406, 547, 548

ismaélien(s) 36,129, 305, 362

Israël 174, 175, 226, 501

Japon 16, 45, 77, 99, 127, 137, 139-145, 246, 254, 258, 259, 264, 374, 509

Kaboul 11, 146, 285, 288, 307, 312, 359, 366, 387, 389, 390, 392, 407, 418, 454, 455, 457, 458, 461, 466-469, 476, 477, 479-483, 487, 488, 490, 491, 497, 498, 499, 514-516, 534, 535, 549

Kandahar 87, 112, 113, 289, 290, 291, 293, 315, 389, 401, 403, 412, 414, 439, 453, 462, 464, 465, 478, 490492, 526

Karimov Islam 85-88, 93, 130, 131, 141, 145, 149, 157, 181, 290, 291, 295, 311, 312, 315, 321, 326, 329, 331, 337, 393, 400-406, 408-411

Karzaï Hamid 260, 383, 384, 392, 415, 466-469, 480-483, 497, 498, 535

Kazakh (s) 34, 37, 41, 47, 75, 78, 92, 134, 158, 172, 173, 175, 179, 183, 186, 209, 227, 232, 238, 239, 241, 242, 244, 245, 247-249, 272, 299, 300, 310, 337-340, 347, 357, 361, 376, 382, 436, 437450, 452, 456

Kazakhstan 17, 25, 26, 28-31, 34-36, 44, 56, 58, 60-66, 68, 70, 75-78, 80, 82, 84, 88, 92, 93, 97-99, 102, 106, 109, 111-114, 116-121, 124, 126, 131, 140-143, 145, 151-153, 157, 158, 160, 162-167, 169, 170, 172, 173, 175, 177, 178, 179, 182, 183, 185-187, 189-191, 193, 195-199, 201-204, 206, 208, 209, 215, 221, 226, 228, 232, 235-242, 244, 246-248, 250, 253, 254-256, 264, 272, 289, 291, 296, 324, 326, 331, 333, 337-340, 343, 344, 346, 349, 352-355, 357, 360, 361, 370, 371, 374, 376, 378-382, 386, 399, 401, 402, 410, 418, 420, 436452, 483, 484, 487, 511, 517, 538, 545, 546

Khanat(s) 38-42, 44, 58, 336, 539

Khatami Mohammad 210, 396, 413, 478, 482, 484, 485

Khiva 27, 4042, 44, 46

Khorezm 27,40, 46, 347, 350, 358, 453

Kirghize(s) 34, 37, 57, 102, 179, 296, 300, 314, 344, 356, 380, 386, 398, 401, 402, 410, 418-427, 429-435, 437-440, 448, 480, 502, 517

Khokand 4042, 336

langues 33, 36, 44, 57, 134, 164, 304, 318

Livre des Rois 22

Manas 58, 425, 427, 430, 443

Marwarah-al-nahr

Massoud (Ahmad Shah) 87, 112, 113, 288, 290, 292, 293, 295, 306, 313, 390, 439, 453, 462

Mazar-i Sharif 86, 288, 312, 388, 407, 461, 478

Mer Caspienne 16, 17, 23-25, 27, 79, 80, 84, 126, 144, 177, 185-187, 189-191, 193, 196, 197, 204, 210, 215, 226, 227, 238, 245, 251, 266, 272, 283, 348, 349, 413, 447, 483, 486, 540-542, 546, 547

Mer Noire 32, 168, 208, 220, 221, 231, 232, 241, 242, 282

mollah (s) 47, 290, 297, 300, 305, 316, 366, 398, 412, 472, 491

mollah Omar 290, 297, 316, 336, 367, 412, 491

mongole (s) 38, 298, 299

Mongolie 24, 25, 27-29, 31, 99, 145

Moscou 15, 21, 46, 49, 59, 73-80, 83-90, 93, 97, 101-103, 113-115, 124-126, 132, 133, 135, 137, 138, 143, 150, 151, 154, 155, 157-159, 180, 182, 185, 190-193, 203, 204, 206, 209, 212, 219-221, 226, 229, 231, 232, 240-244, 257, 267, 271-273, 276, 277, 281, 283, 289, 291-296, 300, 303, 327, 337, 340, 355, 356, 369, 372, 374, 378, 387, 389, 397-402, 410, 411, 413, 414, 417, 420-422, 424, 426- 428, 430-433, 438-442, 444, 448-450, 452, 454, 455, 465, 483, 485, 486, 488, 504- 520, 522, 523, 546, 547

Moscovie 48

Mouvement islamique d'Ouzbékistan (MIO) 86, 279, 289, 290, 291, 293, 308-314, 317, 319, 322, 329, 336, 377, 383, 393, 406, 407, 410, 419, 420, 424, 434, 437, 495, 547

Moyen-Orient 19, 21, 27, 51, 67, 70, 90, 92, 95, 105, 123, 143, 153, 171, 173-176, 194, 196, 200, 229, 249, 250, 306, 503, 525, 541-543

Moucharraf Pervez 153, 395, 415, 439, 464, 465, 467-469, 472-476, 499-501, 521, 526, 528-532

Namangani Juma 86, 289, 290, 293, 294, 308, 311, 312, 314-317, 377

nation(s) 33, 58, 108, 139, 154, 160, 164, 177, 286, 292, 293, 318, 346, 348, 360, 361, 365-367, 369, 370, 375, 381, 382, 384, 389, 391, 406, 412, 415, 454, 456, 463, 490, 491, 495, 515, 523, 527, 530, 532, 544

nationalisme 15, 55, 57, 87, 107, 112, 287, 288, 302, 340, 393, 537

Nazarbaev Nursultan 81, 92, 141, 154, 170, 293, 241, 243, 338, 340, 401, 440, 442, 444, 445, 446, 449-452, 484

New Delhi 147-151, 153, 261-263, 395, 448, 458, 464, 465, 468, 469, 472, 473, 475, 476, 488, 499-503, 521-523, 525-532, 534-538, 544

Niyazov Sapurmurad 61, 110, 153, 180, 191, 252, 257, 265, 267, 268, 273, 326, 413-415, 417, 469

nomenklatura 14, 54, 62, 66

Occident 15, 49, 80, 87, 89, 94, 101-105, 126, 135, 157, 159, 176, 332, 431, 438, 509, 510, 512, 518-520, 547, 548

ONU 282, 292, 457

opium 114, 312, 361-370, 372, 374, 376-378, 380, 383, 384, 467, 481

Organisation de coopération de Shanghai 154, 410, 411, 426, 429, 446, 502, 504, 537, 543

OSCE 16, 90, 154, 159-161, 267, 281, 450, 451

Otan 73, 74, 76, 94, 96, 101, 102, 135, 176, 229, 297, 397, 399, 415, 429, 438, 446, 455, 489, 505, 517, 518

Ottomans 51

Ouïgour(s) 107, 108, 112, 115, 310, 314, 490, 492, 494, 495, 498, 499, 503

Ouzbékistan 25, 29-32, 34-37, 57-65, 68, 70, 75, 77, 82, 83, 85, 86, 89, 92, 93, 98, 102, 109, 110, 113, 116, 117, 119, 120, 130, 140, 141, 142, 145, 146, 152, 157, 158, 160, 162, 165, 166, 168, 169, 172, 173, 175, 177-182, 195, 197-199, 201, 202, 209, 253, 256, 276, 277, 279, 284, 287-296, 298, 308-314, 317, 319-322, 324, 326-334, 336, 343, 344, 346, 348, 350, 352, 354, 355, 357, 358, 361, 370-372, 374, 377, 378, 380, 381, 383, 386, 388, 392-394, 399410, 419, 420, 424, 425, 432, 434, 435, 437, 439, 442, 443, 451, 458, 476, 480, 495, 502, 508, 516, 517, 537, 544, 547, 548

Oxus 20, 22,-24, 353

Pachtoune(s) 285-287, 306, 307, 362, 390, 443, 453, 454, 457, 459, 460, 463, 466, 468, 476, 477, 497, 537

Pakistanv 16, 28, 29, 35, 73, 110, 112, 116, 120, 121, 127, 129, 146-153, 162, 166, 168, 174-176, 182, 183, 237, 249, 254, 258-262, 284, 286, 288, 292, 293, 304, 311, 312, 316, 332, 362, 363, 369, 371, 381, 394-396, 399, 412, 414-417, 439, 454, 455, 457477, 483, 487-489, 491, 492, 497-502, 521, 523, 525-538, 542, 547

panturquisme 172

Parti Islamique du Renouveau (PIR) 305-311, 315, 317, 328, 398

Pékin 16, 41, 89, 106-115, 117, 119-125, 144, 149-151, 181, 246, 247, 249, 264, 265, 396, 402, 410, 425, 427-430, 432, 445, 446, 452, 488-508, 519, 522, 523, 525, 543, 544

persan 24, 57, 58, 128, 134, 174, 520

Perse 22, 25, 27, 38, 44, 45, 361, 453, 476, 539

pétrole 62, 68, 78, 95, 96, 118, 121-123, 131, 132, 143, 148, 167, 168, 185, 186, 194, 195, 197-199, 201, 204, 206, 208-210, 213, 215, 216, 219-226, 228, 230, 232-234, 238, 239, 241-249, 250, 251, 256, 283, 449, 450, 477, 487, 505, 511, 512, 525 546

pipelines 17, 92, 187, 203, 204, 206, 235, 237, 286

PNUCID 365, 375, 383, 384

politique étrangère 16, 81, 83, 84, 108, 129, 139, 140, 150, 153, 164, 340, 388, 425, 475, 497, 503, 508, 516

Powell Colin 243, 405, 431, 444, 449, 465, 533

Poutine Vladimir 84, 89, 126, 150, 156, 193, 206, 207, 271, 295, 340, 400, 403, 413, 418, 428, 429, 431, 437, 438, 450, 504, 505, 508, 509, 512, 516-520, 544

Rakhmonov Imamoli 278, 388, 389, 391-395, 397, 398

relations internationales 14, 18, 69, 491, 517, 526, 541

régionalisation 16, 152

régionalisme 154, 305, 306

République kirghize 29, 30, 34, 56-58, 60-62, 65, 66, 70, 75, 84, 86, 88, 94, 98, 102, 106, 109, 111-114, 116, 118-121, 131, 140, 152, 153, 157, 158, 160, 162, 169, 170, 173, 179, 180, 279, 289, 291, 293, 294, 296, 308, 313, 314, 317, 318, 320, 321, 324-326, 330, 333, 334, 336, 344, 353, 354, 356-358, 360, 361, 368, 371, 372, 374, 376, 378, 380-382, 352, 355, 386, 398, 399, 401, 402, 410, 418, 420-427, 429-435, 437-440, 448, 480, 502, 517

Rumsfeld Donald 211, 388, 403, 405, 410, 415, 430, 443, 479, 480

Russie 15, 25, 30, 33, 35, 38, 40, 42-49, 51, 55, 57, 62, 70, 71, 73-90, 92-103, 105, 106, 108-111, 113, 114, 117, 119, 125, 126, 132, 133, 135, 138, 140, 143, 144, 148-150, 155-159, 164, 167, 169, 170, 172, 176-182, 186, 187, 189-191, 193, 195-198, 203, 204, 206-209, 212-214, 217, 219-221, 228, 229, 231, 232, 234, 236, 237, 239-242, 244, 246, 253-259, 261, 264-273, 276, 277, 281-283, 287, 289-292, 294-296, 300, 303, 304, 308, 310, 312, 336-340, 344, 349, 354, 361, 632, 371, 372, 374-376, 379, 381, 386-389, 391, 394, 397, 398, 400-402, 407, 410, 411, 413, 414, 416418, 420-422, 424428, 430-433, 437-448, 450, 452454, 461, 462, 466, 483-487, 494, 504, 505, 508-520, 522, 531, 538, 541, 543, 544, 546, 547

Safavides 38, 297, 453

Samarkand 13, 34, 42, 130, 146, 151, 287, 297, 298, 361, 393, 476

Shahnamé 22

shî'isme 297, 298, 476

shî'ite 129, 137, 477, 539

Sibérie 23, 25, 28, 78, 145, 186, 264

Sida 114, 115, 325, 381, 382

soviétisme 15, 55

sunnisme

sunnite 36, 129, 137, 197, 298, 460

Syr Darya 23, 41,333

Tachkent 25, 41, 42, 82, 85, 93, 112, 113, 119, 120, 130, 131, 155, 157, 160, 169, 173, 180, 181, 277, 279, 288, 290-295, 312, 314, 315, 317, 321, 327, 331, 334, 345, 350, 357, 358, 392, 393, 399-410, 421, 424, 438, 440, 443

Tadjik(s) 34, 36, 37, 74, 83, 87, 94, 112, 128, 158, 160, 175, 276-278, 285-288, 294, 305-308, 310-314, 320, 334, 337, 358, 367, 368, 373, 378, 387-390, 392,-398, 407, 425, 442, 443, 466, 468, 469, 536, 537

Tadjikistan 17, 25, 28-30, 34, 37, 57, 58, 60, 61, 63-65, 70, 74, 75, 77, 83, 84, 86, 88, 94, 98, 101, 106, 107, 109, 111, 114, 116, 129, 130, 140, 142, 152, 153, 155, 157, 158, 160, 162, 165, 166, 168, 169, 172, 173, 177, 179, 180, 182, 275, 276-280, 284, 287-292, 294-296, 305-311, 313, 316, 320, 322, 324-328, 333, 337, 343, 344, 346, 348, 350, 352-356, 359-361, 367-374, 376-378, 380, 381, 386-399, 402, 406, 407, 418, 420, 424, 425, 438440, 458, 469, 476, 502, 517, 537, 540, 541, 547

taliban 11, 85-87, 94, 110, 112, 113, 129, 131, 148, 158, 183, 211, 259, 260, 286-297, 306, 307, 310, 312, 313, 315, 316, 322, 364-367, 370, 383-385, 387-389, 390, 401, 403, 412, 414, 415, 424, 434, 439, 440, 460-466, 469, 470, 472, 475-479, 489492, 495, 497, 498, 508, 512, 514, 515, 521, 534, 535, 543, 544, 547

Tamerlan 32, 58, 453

Tatar(s) 21, 36, 37, 45, 48, 172, 338

Tartarie 23, 25, 26

Tchétchénie 90, 132, 158, 186, 213, 214, 221, 222, 280, 283, 284, 494, 513

Téhéran 87, 96, 97, 113, 127-135, 137, 138, 143, 160, 162, 163, 190-193, 204, 211, 212, 214, 219, 226, 244-246, 251, 255, 256, 258, 261-263, 267, 270, 283, 289, 290, 378, 387, 396, 412, 413, 416, 447, 465, 467, 468, 476-487, 546, 547

Timourides 453

Touran 22,23

Transoxiane 21,40, 41, 128, 298, 540 Tsar 42, 44, 48, 49

Turc (s) 22-24, 32, 45, 128, 133-139, 164, 171, 172, 192, 217, 226, 232, 243, 266-268, 299, 334, 453, 540, 546

Turkestan 22-28, 42, 44, 46, 134, 172, 299, 315, 410, 427, 494, 496, 498

Turkménistan 16, 25, 28-31, 37, 55, 57, 58, 60-65, 68, 70, 75, 77, 78, 82, 84, 88, 92, 94, 99, 112, 116, 124, 126, 127, 130, 132, 138, 140, 142, 144, 145, 148, 152, 153, 155-157, 160, 165, 166, 168, 169, 173, 177, 180, 182, 185-187, 189-191, 193, 195-199, 201, 202, 204, 206, 209, 218, 221, 226, 237, 246, 250-259, 261, 263-267, 269-273, 284, 287, 289, 292, 326, 327, 343, 346-348, 352, 354, 355, 358, 361, 370-372, 374, 379-381, 386, 392, 395, 399, 410, 412418, 439, 451, 467, 469, 470, 476, 484, 487, 492, 517, 536, 547

Turquie 16, 27, 45, 73, 90, 94, 97, 116, 126, 127, 130, 131, 133-139, 144, 162, 164, 165, 168, 171, 172, 174-178, 181, 192, 204, 206, 212, 213, 216, 217, 226, 229, 231, 232, 242, 255, 266-268, 271, 272, 282, 283, 289, 304, 311, 363, 369, 378, 413, 420, 454, 458, 478, 487, 490, 540, 542, 546

wahhabites 311,329, 336

Xinjiang 24, 27-29, 105, 107, 108, 114-120, 122, 137, 145, 153, 172, 247, 254, 265, 386, 427, 429, 448, 488-491, 494, 497, 503

Yoldoshev Tohir 290, 311, 312, 316

Zoroastrisme 13, 58