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State Cash Resources and State Building in Europe 13th-18th century

Katia Béguin
Anne L. Murphy

Table des matières

Katia Béguin et Jean-Philippe Genet

Taxation and the Rise of the State: Introductory Remarks

Imposing Taxation
Debt, from Cities to States
A Mosaic of Experiences, and Some Common Questions

Tax or Borrow or Borrow and Tax?

Denis Menjot et Fausto Piola Caselli


José Damián González Arce

Monetary, Fiscal and Financial Reform of the Castilian State (Thirteenth–Seventeenth Century)

I. Monetary Policy and Deflationary Measures
II. Fiscal Policy
III. Public Debt
Rodrigo da Costa Dominguez

The Real Thing: the Pedidos of Portugal and the Demands for Extraordinary Revenues in the Later Middle Ages

Portugal: the Need for a Fiscal Orientation and the New Historiography
Credit and Extraordinary Revenues: Definitive and Constant Needs
Loan or Tax? Tax and Loan?
Matteo Di Tullio

Fiscal Redistribution, War and State-Building in Sixteenth-Century Lombardy

I. Milanese Finances in the First Half of the Sixteenth Century
II. The Estimo Generale and Fiscal Reforms during the Second Half of the Sixteenth Century
Peter Rauscher

Tax Systems, Debts and Loans: the Case of the Habsburg Monarchy (Sixteenth–Eighteenth Centuries)

I. The Invention and Development of Tax Systems under the Habsburg Monarchy
II. The Creditors of the Habsburg Monarchy
III. The Problem of Institutions, or the Limits of Austrian State-Building
IV. The Groups and Authorities Involved in Decision-Making Processes
Carlo Taviani

The Paga Floreni. Political Uses of a Dividend Tax in Genoa (Late Fifteenth Century)

I. The Acquisition of the Paga Floreni by the Casa di San Giorgio
II. A Sovereignty Divided

Political Construction and the Management of Public Resources

Christine Lebeau


Adrian R. Bell, Chris Brooks et Tony K. Moore

Credit Finance in the Middle Ages: Loans to the English Crown 1272–1345

I. The Ricciardi of Lucca, 1272–1294
II. The Frescobaldi of Florence, c. 1294–1312
III. Antonio Pessagno of Genoa
IV. The Bardi of Florence, c. 1315–1336
V. The Bardi and Peruzzi, 1336–1345
VI. Research Findings
A. Profits
B. Financing
VII. The End of the Affair
Luciano Pezzolo

No Debt without Taxation. Fiscal Policy, Institutions and Politics in Italy 1350–1700

I. The Duchy of Savoy-Piedmont
II. The Kingdom of Sicily
III. The Florentine State
IV. The Venetian Republic
V. Analogies and Differences
VI. Institutions, Consent and Taxation
Mauro Carboni

From Communal to State Finance: a New Fiscal Pact in the Early Modern Papal States

I. An In-Depth Transformation of Finance
II. The Path of Cooperation and Its Limits
III. Borrowing, Another Consensual Solution
Regina Grafe

Distant Tyranny: Polycentric State-Building and Fiscal Systems in Spain 1650–1800

I. The Construction of Polycentric States: a Historiographical Revision
II. Fragmented Sovereignty and Stability: the Government of Spain
III. The Restraints to Economic Growth

Markets for Public Debt Securities

Laurent Feller et Dominique Margairaz


I. Social and Political Logic of Debt: the Examples of Genoa and Castile
II. Public Credit in Time and Space
Jeffrey Miner

The Social Logic of Genoese Public Debt Before the Casa di San Giorgio (Thirteenth–Fifteenth Century)

I. The Social and Moral Valence of Genoa’s Public Debt
II. The Market for Shares
David Chilosi

Revisiting Notes on the History of the Interest Rate: Bond Markets in the Republic of Genoa

I. Cipolla’s and Later Warnings
II. Reliability
III. A Tale of Two Markets
IV. The Republican Mark-Up
Claudio Marsilio

A Wise Man Is Always Ready to Face a Disaster’. The Professional Skill of Genoese, Florentine and Portuguese Financial Operators in Seventeenth-Century Exchange Fairs

I. The Exchange Fairs: a Brief History
III. The Exchange Fairs: Deeper Insights
IV. The Professional Skills of the Exchange Fairs’ Brokers
V. The Florentine Operators: Some Examples
VI. A Genoese ‘Big Company’ Trading at the Fairs: the Spinola Firm
VII. Giorgio and Giovanni Giorgio Sanguineti: a Genoese ‘Medium Enterprise’ at the Fairs (1634–1656)
VIII. Giovanni Antonio Sauli: a Single ‘Entrepreneur’ at the Fairs (1618–1622)
IX. The Portuguese Hombres de Negocio: the Asientos (1626–1647)
Anne L. Murphy

Compromised Credibility: the Problems of Trading Debt at the Eighteenth-Century Bank of England

I. Managing the Space within the Bank
II. How Did the Bank Support the Transfer and Registration of Securities and the Payment of Dividends?
III. Managing the Clerks
Pierre-Cyrille Hautcœur


I. Political Construction: the Result of War?
II. Financial Markets and Parliaments: an English Model?
III. Centralization or Decentralization?
IV. Politics Versus the Markets
V. Construction of Fiscal and Financial Authorities: According to Weber