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France, Europe and Development Aid. From the Treaties of Rome to the Present Day

Gérard Bossuat
Gordon D. Cummings

Towards New Horizons

Final Round Table

Sylviane Guillaumont Jeanneney, Tertius Zongo, Omar Kabbaj, Philippe de Fontaine Vive, Dov Zerah, Dieter Frisch et Bernard Petit

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Moderator: Sylviane Guillaumont Jeanneney

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Sylviane Guillaumont Jeanneney
Our final session is devoted to Europe’s new horizons concerning development aid. There were two key events in 2011: the G20 Development Working Group and, as already mentioned, the High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness, which took place in Busan. In the light of these events, it is interesting to see how European development or cooperation policy should be positioned. The final Declaration of the High Level Forum contained two conclusions which I consider important. The first is that, to make aid more effective, it is vital to revert to an essential principle of the Paris declaration, the “principle of alignment” of donors on the development strategy of beneficiary countries, in order to enable them to acquire ownership of their policy; ownership is considered a pre-condition for an effective policy. To that end, we need to implement a conditionality based on policy results and not on policy instruments. That proposal has long been promoted by Europe, ...


Sylviane Guillaumont Jeanneney is emeritus professor at Auvergne University, a researcher at the Centre d’Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International (CERDI), consultant at the Fondation pour les Études et Recherches sur le Développement International (FERDI), and a fellow of the Oxford Centre for Studies on African Economies. She is a member of the board of directors of the French Development Agency. She has chaired the French Association of Economics and is a member of the Conseil d’analyse économique (CAS). She has published numerous books and articles in international journals. Her main interests centre on economic development, international cooperation, monetary, fiscal and exchange rate policies and environmental questions.

Tertius Zongo is the founder and Director of Skylimit Consulting Group. He was Prime Minister of Burkina Faso from June 2007 to April 2011. He was Ambassador to Washington (2002-2007), Minister for the Budget and the Plan, then Minister of Economic and Financial Affairs (1995-2000), Head of the Multilateral Cooperation Department, and then Director General of Cooperation at the Ministry of Economic and Financial Affairs (1988-1995). Former Secretary General of the Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Small Businesses of Burkina Faso and former Director General of the National Cereals Office, he was Governor of the World Bank and the IMF and Director of the Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO) and the West African Development Bank (BOAD). With a Master’s degree in economics and business management from Dakar University and a DESS degree in business administration from the IAE, Nantes, Tertius Zongo is a “Grand Officer” of the National Order of Burkina Faso and has an honorary doctorate from Florida LOGOS Christian University. He has contributed to the production of Perspectives économiques en Afrique : 2002-2003 (African Development Bank and the OECD), The Macro-economic Management of Foreign Aid: Opportunities and Pitfalls (IMF, 2006), Budget Support as more effective Aid: Recent experiences and emerging lessons (World Bank, 2006).

Omar Kabbaj has been an Adviser to King Mohammed VI since 2006. He is a member of the UN Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation (UNSGAB) and of the board of directors of the French Development Agency (AFD). He has served successively as Head of the Ore Marketing Service at the directorate of shareholdings (1963-1966), attached to the credit control department and then Head of the Finance Department at the National Economic Development Bank (BNDE, 1966-1970), Managing Director of the Tadla National Sugar Company (SUNAT, 1970-1974), Managing Director of the Sebou National Cane Sugar Company (SUNACAS) and assistant to the Minister for Trade, Industry, Mines and the Merchant Navy (1974-1977). Chief of Staff to the Finance Minister (1977-1979), he later joined the board of directors of the World Bank group. In 1980, he became a member of the executive board of the IMF, representing Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Iran, Ghana, Oman and Afghanistan. In 1993 he was appointed as Minister with special responsibility for economic incentives, reporting to the Prime Minister. Elected in 1995 as President of the African Development Bank (AfDB), he was re-elected in 2000, and later appointed Honorary President. A graduate of the Toulouse Business School, he was awarded the Order of the Throne (Ouissam El Arch). The US House of Representatives passed a motion congratulating him and encouraging him in his work as head of the African Development Bank (AfDB).

Philippe de Fontaine Vive is first Vice-President of the European Investment Bank, having been appointed in 2003. He is in charge of innovation, corporate accountability and relations with civil society, as well as activities in France and in the Mediterranean partner countries. He pursued his career at the French Treasury where he last held the post of Head of Public Finances and the Economy. He has also been Deputy Director in charge of State Shareholdings, Deputy Director for Debt, Development and Emerging Markets, Head of the Transport and Urban Planning Office, International Affairs Adviser to the Minister for Economic and Financial Affairs and Head of the Damages Insurance Office. Vice-Chairman of the Paris Club (1996-2000) and Secretary General of the management board of the Economic and Social Development Fund (ESDF) between 1995 and 1996, Philippe de Fontaine Vive was Alternate Director of the World Bank (1990-1992) and a member of the supervisory board of the AFD (1996-2000). He graduated from the Paris Institut d’Études Politiques, with a degree in econometrics and is a former student of the École Nationale d’Administration.

Dov Zerah has been Director General of the French Development Agency (AFD) from June 2010 to May 2013. A former student of the École Nationale d’Administration (1980), he began his career at the French Treasury, where he became Deputy Director in 1991. In 1993, after having been Head of the Cabinet to the Minister for Cooperation, he joined the AFD as Deputy Director. From 1995 to 1997, he was Head of the Cabinet to the Minister for the Environment before becoming Chef de Cabinet to the European Commissioner Édith Cresson until 1999. From 1999 to 2002, Mr Zerah was Chairman of DAGRIS (Development of the Agro-Industries of the South) and the Cotton Company (COPACO). He was appointed Director of Monnaies et médailles (Mint and Medals) in 2002 before becoming a counsellor at the Cour des Comptes (Court of Auditors) in 2007.

With degrees in economics from Bonn University and in modern languages from Heidelberg University, Dieter Frisch served at the European Commission from 1958 to 1993, during which time he spent 24 years in various jobs relating to development cooperation policy. Director General of development from 1982 to 1993, he negotiated the Lomé III and IV Conventions. He is the author of numerous articles and in particular of a pamphlet on La politique de développement de l’Union européenne : un regard personnel sur 50 ans de coopération internationale, ECDPM, 2008. He is on the board of governors of the European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM, Maastricht) and chairs the planning committee. Dieter Frisch is also a co-founder of Transparency International and is a member of its advisory board and special adviser on European affairs.

Bernard Petit is an Honorary Director General of the European Commission, a consultant for the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Chairman of the board of directors of the Tuberculosis Vaccine Initiative Foundation (TBVI) and a member of the board of directors of the Fondation pour les Études et Recherches sur le Développement International (FERDI). He worked at the European Commission for 37 years (1971-2008), dealing exclusively with development questions. His duties included working as Director of Global and Sectoral policies, responsibility for various divisions dealing in particular with funding, planning, macroeconomic policy, fiscal support and forecasting. In charge of the “Task force”, he was responsible for negotiating the Cotonou agreement (1998-2000) and was the chief negotiator of the first revision of that agreement (2004-2005). He was a Deputy Director General at the Directorate General of Development until December 2008. Bernard Petit holds a doctorate in European law from the University of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne, a degree from the European Communities Research Centre of the Paris Faculty of Law and a degree from the Marseille Business School. He is a chevalier de l’Ordre national du mérite [Knight of the National Order of Merit].

© Institut de la gestion publique et du développement économique, 2013

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