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France, Europe and Development Aid. From the Treaties of Rome to the Present Day

Gérard Bossuat
Gordon D. Cummings

Questioning the European Approach to Development (1995-2010)

Can we talk of a Europeanisation of French Development Cooperation Policy?

Corinne Balleix

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Extrait du texte

Having once been a great European colonial power,1 France was able to shape the development policy set up in 1958 within the framework of the European Community. As its global influence has declined, France has seen its development policy “normalised” since the end of the 1990s. To what extent are these efforts, which aim at making this policy more transparent, easy to understand and effective, part of a movement towards Europeanisation? France’s growing involvement in European aid, which increased from 19% to 23.1% of its official development aid (ODA) between 2002 and 2008, and represented 56.85% of its multilateral aid in 2008, means that France inevitably comes up against the European dynamic, its logic and its debates.2

This article will try to answer the following questions:

Can we identify any “pressure to adapt”, exerted by the European project on French development policy? To what extent might this Europeanisation represent a resource in fostering national reforms?

Who are the...


Corinne Balleix is attached to the Conseil d’État, as Rapporteur at the National Asylum Court. At present she is working on asylum and immigration in Europe. As a part-time lecturer, she runs a seminar on European development aid at the Paris Institut d’Études Politiques (IEP). She is also involved in the Masters Degree in Development Studies at the Institut d’Étude du Développement Économique et Social (IEDES) at the University of Paris I, and in the Certificate of Sustainable Development (in-service training) of the IEP of Aix-en-Provence. Specialising in European public policies, she runs courses on European questions for the Masters in Public Affairs at IEP Paris. She has worked as an officer at France Permanent Representation to the European Union in Brussels. In December 2010 she published a book on L’aide européenne au développement (La Documentation française) and in 1999 another one on La France et la Banque centrale européenne (PUF). She has a doctorate in political sciences from the University of Paris II-Panthéon-Assas.

© Institut de la gestion publique et du développement économique, 2013

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