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France, Europe and Development Aid. From the Treaties of Rome to the Present Day

Gérard Bossuat
Gordon D. Cummings

Enlargements and New Aid Paradigms (1975-1995)

The New Context of Relations between North and South, and between the EEC and Developing Countries from the 1960s to the 1980s

Giuliano Garavini

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The European Economic Community (EEC) and the Global South – here I will use the terms Global South and Third World as synonyms – both had their roots in the same era of decolonisation, an era marked by a process of decolonisation that was developing with increasing speed by the middle of the 1950s.The very fact that the EEC and the Global South emerged more or less at the same time does raise more than one argument regarding the nature of the special link between the two.

In the case of the Global South, while the Cold War was certainly instrumental in generating the need for a coalition of weaker nations able to promote peace against the threat of nuclear Mutually Assured Destruction, it is quite obvious that only the end of European colonial empires allowed for the possibility of autonomous action by the newly independent countries in the international arena.

In the case of the EEC the link with decolonisation is possibly les straightforward, but hardly les stringent. W...


Giuliano Garavini is a post-doctoral researcher in international history at Padova University. He is the author of Dopo gli imperi. L’integrazione europea nello scontro Nord-Sud, Le Monnier, Florence, 2009, published in 2012 by the Oxford University Press under the title: After Empires: European Integration, Decolonization and the Challenge from the Global South (1957-1986). Giuliano Garavini is working on a book about the 1973 oil shock and coordinating a three-year research project (FIRB), funded by the Italian Ministry of Education, on the subject of conflict between oil and renewable energy in the 1970s and 1980s.

© Institut de la gestion publique et du développement économique, 2013

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