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France, Europe and Development Aid. From the Treaties of Rome to the Present Day

Gérard Bossuat
Gordon D. Cummings

Beginnings of European Development Aid (1957-1975)

National Strategies and International issues at the Inception of Community Development Aid: France, sub-Saharan Africa and the Yaoundé Conventions

Guia Migani

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Extrait du texte


This chapter aims to analyse France’s role in relation to the development cooperation of the European Economic Community (EEC) during the 1960s. At that time, the EEC’s development aid policy was centred on French-speaking Africa, a region at the heart of French political and economic interests. We therefore need to understand the terms of the relationship between Paris and the European Community in Africa.

The first part of this paper will concentrate on the origins of the EEC’s development cooperation policy and the entry into force of the system of association linking the EEC to a number of African countries. The second part will examine the results of the Yaoundé Convention (1963), the EEC’s agreements with Nigeria and the countries of the East African Community, and the second Yaoundé Convention (1969). The paper will conclude with some points to consider when taking stock of European cooperation and assessing the role played by France throughout the period.

I. Establ...


Guia Migani has a doctorate in history from Florence University and a doctorate in Politics from the Paris IEP; she is a post-doctoral researcher at Padova University. Her work relates to European development cooperation policy, Euro-African relations, the Cold War and European integration. Her latest research project concerns the history of European aid from 1973 to 1986. She is a specialist in Euro-African relations, and her publications include La France et l’Afrique subsaharienne, 1957-1963. Histoire d’une décolonisation entre idéaux eurafricains et politique de puissance, Brussels, Peter Lang, 2008, and “Les accords de Lomé et les relations eurafricaines : du dialogue Nord-Sud aux droits de l’homme” in E. Robin-Hivert, G.-H. Soutou (ed.) L’Afrique dans la mondialisation, Paris, PUPS, 2012. With Antonio Varsori, she co-edited the book Europe in the International Arena during the 1970s, Peter Lang, 2011.

© Institut de la gestion publique et du développement économique, 2013

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