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The Architecture of Fear

 | 
Tunde Agbola

Appendices

Appendix Three

Survey questionnaire

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1The Architecture of Fear: A pilot study of planning, urban design and construction reaction to urban violence in Nigeria

Section A: By Observation

  1. House Location Code No. (e.g., Census Code or PHC No.)
  2. Location of House:
  3. House No Street
  4. Locality
  5. Local Government Area
  6. Residential District: High ( ) Medium ( ) Low ( )
  7. Type of House:
  8. Rooming apartments ( ) No. of floors ( )
  9. Flats ( ) No. of flats ( )
  10. Bungalow ( )
  11. Duplex ( )
  12. Others (Specify)
  13. Type of Street: Major road ( ) Access road ( ) Close ( )
  14. Characteristics of Street; which of the following are present in street?
  15. Gates ( )
  16. Bumps ( )
  17. Security check point(s) ( )
  18. Warning signs on restrictions ( ) (Types of restriction)
  19. Others (specify)
  20. Are there functional street lights? Yes ( ) No ( )

28. (a) Burglary proof

  1. Absent ( )
  2. Present on windows only ( )
  3. Present on windows and doors ( )
  4. Doors made of metal or steel bars ( )
  5. On all openings including balcony, etc. ( )

38. (b) Materials for burglary proof (if present);

  1. Planks ( )
  2. Wire mesh ( )
  3. Iron/steel work ( )
  4. Concrete mullion
  5. Others (specify)
  6. Fencing/wall
  7. Type of fence
  8. Hedges ( )
  9. Bamboo/wood ( )
  10. Barbed wire/Electrified barbed wire ( )
  11. Concrete walls ( )
  12. None ( )
  13. Others (specify)
  14. If concrete walls
  15. Height in metres (approx.) ( )
  16. Materials on wall:

4Broken bottles ( )

5Spikes and net of barbed wire ( )

6Spiral layer(s) of barbed wire ( )

7Others (specify)

  1. Distance of fence to house on the

8Right hand side ( ) metres (approx.)

9Left hand side ( ) metres (approx.)

10Rear ( ) metres (approx.)

11Front ( ) metres (approx.)

  1. Are there commercial activities between fence and road?

12Yes ( ) No ( )

  1. Security Lighting:
  2. Colour
  3. Type: Bulbs ( ) Fluorescent tubes ( )

13Flood lights ( ) Search lights ( )

  1. Which of these security facilities are available in house?

14i.Guard dogs ( ) ii. Security dogs ( ) iii. Security guard(s) ( )

15iv. Alarm system ( ) v. Closed circuit television system ( ) vi. Others (specify)

1612 What is the house used for?

  1. Commercial/Residential ( )
  2. Educational/Residential ( )
  3. Recreational/Residential ( )
  4. Residential only ( )

Section B: Household Questionnaire

  1. Residential Address:(As in Section A)
  2. Sex: i. Male ( ) ii. Female ( )
  3. Age: i. Below 20 yrs. ( ) ii. 21 - 40 yrs ( )

17(iii) 41 - 60 yrs ( ) (iv) Above 60 yrs ( )

  1. Educational level: i. None ( ) ii. Primary school ( )

18iii. Secondary school ( ) iv. Post secondary ( )

19v. Others (specify)

  1. Occupation
  2. For how long have you been residing here?
  3. When was this building completed?
  4. Have you remodelled this building in any way because of burglary? Yes ( ) No ( )
  5. If yes,
  6. When
  7. How
  8. At what monetary cost? N
  9. Do you have a functional electric generator?

20Yes ( ) No ( )

  1. What type of safety strategies do you have in this house?

21a. Burglary proof ( ) b. Fencing ( )

22c. Surveillance ( ) d. Alarm system ( )

23e. Guard dogs ( ) f. Security dog(s) ( )

24g. Human guard ( ) h. Lighting ( )

25i. Closed circuit television ( )

26j. African traditional preventive measures (charms, etc.) ( )

27k. Others (specify)

  1. How much did it cost you to put up the security devices? N
  2. If you use guard or security dogs, how much does it cost you to feed them per month? N
  3. If you use an alarm system, what do you do in case of electricity failure?
  4. Is the security measure put in place inconveniencing to you in any way? Yes ( ) No ( )
  5. If yes, in what way(s)?
  6. Do you think the police is adequately or evenly distributed in the city to curb urban violence? Yes ( ) No ( )
  7. What should the police do in this regard?
  8. Do you have a telephone? Yes ( ) No ( )
  9. If no, how do you contact the police?
  10. If yes, what number would you call?
  11. How do you see the intermittent crack-down on crime in the city?
  12. Is the police doing enough on crime? Yes ( ) No ( )
  13. If yes, how?
  14. If no, what do you mean?
  15. If the police have been of little help to you and this neighbourhood, how have you been taking care of your security?

28a. Night-watchmen b. Bumps c. Gates

29d. Charms and amulets f. Vigilante groups

  1. What types of violence or disorderly behaviour can you identify in this city? (list them):

30(a) Burglary (b) Armed robbery (c) Loitering (d) Drug dealing

31(e) Prostitution (f) Fighting (g) Gambling

  1. Have you been a victim of any of them?

32Yes ( ) No ( )

  1. If yes,
  2. Which one(s)?
  3. When?
  4. How?
  5. Did you report to the police? Yes ( ) No ( )
  6. If no to (iv), why?

3330 What improvements do you think are necessary to make this street or neighbourhood safer?

  1. Is there a difference between day and night disorderly conduct in this neighbourhood? Yes ( ) No ( )
  2. What would you generally recommend to reduce burglary in Lagos?
  3. a. Do you have a landlord or neighbourhood association?

34Yes ( ) No ( )

35b If no, why

36c If yes, what security measures do you normally discuss?

  1. How has this been helpful in preventing urban violence in this area?
  2. Does your association or neighbourhood have vigilante groups?
  3. How are they organized?
  4. What are their functions?
  5. Who supervises them?
  6. a. Have they been helpful to the neighbourhood? Yes ( ) No ( )

37b. If no, why?

38c. If yes, how?

3940. a. Do you have to register the vigilante group(s) with the local or state government? Yes ( ) No ( )

40b. If yes, what are the benefits?

© IFRA-Nigeria, 1997

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