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Ibn al-Faqīh al-Hamaḏānī

Index général

Texte intégral

Aaron, 171.

āb, 39.

‘abā’, 287.

ābān, 319.

Abān, 292.

Abār / Ibar, 102.

Abārkat, 382.

Abarquwayh, 247.

Abarsīḥān, 318.

Abarvīz b. Sāsān, 193, 259, 260, 261, 262, 277, 292, 293.

‘Abbād b. Ḥusayn, 203.

‘Abbādān, 19.

al-’Abbās b. Mirdās as-Sulamī, 209.

al-’Abbā b. Muhḥmmad b. ‘Alī, 373.

‘Abbāsides, 44, 93, 99, 204, 237, 350, 372.

‘Abd Allāh (dans un vers), 145.

‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Abbās, voir Ibn ‘Abbas.

‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Abd al-Malik, 137.

‘Abd Allāh b. Ahtam as-Sa‘dī, 199.

‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Alī, 134.

‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Āmir b. Kurayz, 364.

‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Amr b. al-‘Āṣ b. Wā’il as-Sahmī, 5, 18, 21, 71, 72, 79, 88, 91, 113.

‘Abd Allāh b. Budayl b. Warqā’, 315, 378.

‘Abd Allāh b. Ḥātim b. an-Nu‘mān b. ‘Amr al-Bāhilī, 348.

‘Abd Allāh b. Ḥuḏāfa as-Sahmī, 378.

‘Abd Allāh b. Idrīs, 53, 54.

‘Abd Allāh b. Mas‘ūd, 71, 201, 208, 377.

‘Abd Allāh b. al-Mubārak, 276, 277, 376, 381.

‘Abd Allāh b. Muḥammad b. Ḫurradāḏbih, 131, 247.

‘Abd Allāh b. Muḥammad b. Zanğūya b. Mihrān, 295.

‘Abd Allāh b. Salām, 126.

‘Abd Allāh b. Ṭāhir b. al-Ḥusayn b. Muṣ‘ab, 68, 85, 137, 366, 367, 369, 376, 388.

‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Umar, 200.

‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Uṯmān b. Abī 1-‘Ᾱs, 228.

‘Abd Allāh b. al-Zubayr, 287.

‘Abd Allāh Abād, 269.

‘Abd al-’Azīz b. Abī Dulaf, 66.

‘Abd al-’Az īz b. Mu’āwiya, 348.

‘Abd al-Ğabbār b. ‘Abd ar-Raḥmān, 367.

‘Abd al-Ḥamīd, 237.

‘Abd al-Malik b. Marwān, 26, 56, 65, 108, 109, 112, 124, 137, 199, 200, 202, 232.

‘Abd al-Malik b. ‘Umayr, 212.

‘Abd al-Qāhir b. Ḥamza al-Wāsiṭī, 275, 277, 281.

‘Abd al-Qays, 34, 207, 230.

‘Abd ar-Raḥmān b. Abī Bakra, 228.

‘Abd ar-Raḥmān b. al-Azhar, 311.

‘Abd ar-Raḥmān b. Bašīr al-’Iğlī, 213.

‘Abd ar-Rahmān [b. Ğumāna] al-Bāhilī, 343.

‘Abd ar-Raḥmān b. Muḥammad b. al-Aš‘aṯ al-Kindī, 210.

‘Abd ar-Raḥmān Qaṭīfa, 210.

‘Abd aṣ-Ṣamad b. ‘Alī, 373.

abdāl, 136, 203.

‘Abğasī, 254.

Abğad, 334.

al-Abğard, 247,

Abhar, 235, 335, 336.

‘Abīd b. al-Abraṣ al-Asadī, 218.

Abidūs, 174.

Abīward, 371.

al-Ablaq al-Fard, 63, 137, 214, 297, 308.

Abnūḏah (pnūti), 95.

Abraham, 22, 25, 26, 33, 115, 116, 117, 120, 124, 142, 170, 211, 212, 240, 247, 317, 358.

Abraq al-’Azzāf, 37.

Abraq al-Ḥannān, 37.

Abraq an-Na“ār, 37.

Abraq ar-Rawḥān, 37.

Abū ‘Abbād Muḥammad b. Salama al-Baṣrī, voir Ibn al-‘Allāf al-Qāri’.

Abū l-’Abbās as-Saffāḥ, 2, 26, 44, 45, 47, 126, 202, 204, 205, 207, 210, 211, 222, 350, 365, 373.

Abū l-‘Abbās aṭ-Ṭūsī, 368.

Abū ‘Abd Allāh al-Ğadalī, 211.

Abū ‘Abd ar-Raḥmān, 381.

Abū Arṭāt al-Ḥağğāğ b. Arṭāt an-Naḫa’ī, 323.

Abū l-‘Atāhiya, 63, 267, 268.

Abū ‘Awn (général), 367.

Abū l-’Aynā’, 237.

Abū 1-Baḫtarī, 28, 378.

Abū Bakr al-Huḏalī, 204-210, 230.

Abū Bakr aṣ-Ṣiddīq, 29, 46, 201, 374.

Abū Bakr ibn Muḥammad b. al-Aš‘aṭ al-Kindī, 365.

Abū Bakra, 227, 228.

Abū Ḏarr, 188.

Abū d-Dawānīq, voir al-Manṣūr.

Abū Dulaf al-Qāsim b. ‘Isā b. Idrīs b. Ma’qil al-’Iğlī, 135, 282, 315.

Abū Ğa‘far, 26, 350.

Abū Ḫafṣ ‘Umar b. Mudrik, 381.

Abū Ḫalaf, 6.

Abfl Hammām, 53.

Abū 1-Ḥasan al-’Iğlī, 135.

Abū 1-Ḫaṣib Marzūq, 222, 367, 368 ; son château, 222.

Abū Ḥātim al-Siğistānī, 198.

Abū 1-Ḫaṭṭāb, 72, 80.

Abū 1-Hayyāğ al-Asadī, 198.

Abū Ḥumrān, 144, 145, 147, 148.

Abū Hurayra, 143, 339.

Abū Isḥāq, 151.

Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm II, 97.

Abti Isḥāq aṭ-Ṭālaqānī, 381.

Abū l-Malīh, 57.

Abū Mālik Ḥanẓala b. Ḫālid, 339.

Abū Manṣūr al-Ḫannāq, 224.

Abū Maysara, 209.

Abū Miḥğān aṯ-Ṯaqafϊ, 209.

Abū Mihrān, 132.

Abū Muğāhid aṣ-Ṣan‘ānī, 339.

Abū Muḥammad ‘Abd Allāh b. Muḥammad b. Zanğuya, 292.

Abū Muḥammad al-’Abdī, 260, 321.

Abū Muḥammad ibn Muslim b. Qutayba, 373.

Abū l-Munḏīr, voir al-Kalbī.

Abū Mūsā al-Aš‘arī, 228, 229, 247, 315, 317.

Abū Muslim, 367.

Abū n-Nu’mān al-Anṭākī, 137.

Abū Nuwās, 69, 147.

Abū Rabī‘a ibn Ḏuhl b. Šaybān, surnommé Fāris Ḥalīma, 214.

Abū Sa‘īd aḍ-Ḍarīr, 36.

Abū Ṣālih al-Ḥaḏḏā’, 270.

Abū Sufyān, 311, 374.

Abū Sufyān ibn ‘Urwa b. al-Muġīra b. Šu‘ba, 203.

Abū Ṭālib, 73, 91.

Abū Tammām aṭ-Ṭā’ī, 64, 67, 129, 334.

Abū Turāb, 216.

Abū ‘Ubayda, 36, 40, 137, 155, 197.

Abū Umāma al-Bāhilī, 127.

Abū Yazīd ibn Abī Ġiyāṯ, 369.

Abyan ‘Adan, 155.

Abydos, voir Abidūs.

Abyssinie, 9, 80, 93, 98.

Abyssins, voir Ḥubšān.

Abzar, 246.

acacia, voir umm ġaylān, sanṭ.

Acre, voir ‘Akkā.

‘Ād, 42, 89, 189, 257, 293.

adab / ādāb, 1, 2, 211.

Adam, 12, 23, 24, 117, 118, 170, 171, 176, 177, 322.

Ādam b. ‘Abd al-‘Azīz, 327.

Aḏana, 63, 141, 308.

Āḏarbāḏ b. Bīwarāsf (voir le suivant).

Āḏarbāḏ b. Irān b. al-Aswad b. Sām b. Nūḥ, 340.

Āḏarbayğān, 151, 201, 235, 241, 254, 255, 289, 290, 298, 311, 324, 338, 340-342, 343, 349, 352.

‘Adasa bint Mālik b. ‘Awf al-Kalbī, 222.

Aden, 8, 11, 33, 41, 133, 283, 305.

‘Adī b. Ka‘b, 115.

‘Adī b. Zayd at-Tamīmī, 71, 156, 215, 231, 268.

‘Ādites, 33.

Aḏkūtakïn b. Sātkīn, 335.

al-’Aḏrā’, 28.

Āḏurğušnasf, 297, 298, 342.

Āḏurḫurrah, 297.

‘Adwān, 36.

Aétius, voir Yāṭis.

‘Affān, 326.

Aflaḥ b. ‘Abd al-Wahhāb b. ‘Abd ar-Raḥmān b. Rustam, 98.

Aflāṭūn, 75, 389.

Afrāharūḏ, 341.

al-Afrāḥūn, 90.

Afraq, 379.

Afrīdūn / Farīdūn, 329-334.

al-Afšīn, 334, 341, 342.

‘Ağa’, 113.

al-Ağām-le-Haut, 289.

Agar, voir Hāğar.

Aġfaṭūs, 251.

Aġlabides, 97.

‘Ağlaz, 31.

ağrizana, 62.

Ağyād, 24.

āhandāl, 93.

‘ahd, 42.

Aḥmad b. Baššār, 279.

Aḥmad b. aḍ-Ḍaḥḥāk al-Tikakī, 245.

Aḥmad b. Ḫālid b. Yazīd b. Mazyad aš-Šaybānī, 323.

Aḥmad b. al-Mu‘āfā, 59.

Aḥmad b. Muḥammad, 261, 262.

Aḥmad b. an-Naḍr b. Sa‘īd, 336.

Aḥmad b. Wāḍiḥ al-Iṣbahānī, 347.

Aḥmad b. Yūsuf, 237.

aḥmar, 152.

al-Aḥnaf b. Qays, 1, 200, 202, 203, 206, 207, 224, 229, 231, 315.

Ahnās, 90.

al-Aḫnas b. Šihāb, 214.

al-Aḥqāf, 33.

aḥrār, 376.

al-Ahsā’, 385.

al-Ahwāz, 64, 91, 141, 152, 197, 243, 256, 281, 282, 305, 306.

ā’in, 17.

‘Ā’iša, 30, 206.

‘Akkā, 141.

Akṯam b. Ṣayfī, 60.

Āl Ḏī 1-Ğaddayn, 209.

Āl al-Ğārūd, 230.

Āl Qays b. Ma‘dīkarib az-Zabīdī, 209.

Āl Zayd, 209.

Alains, voir al-Lān.

Alanğān, 317.

Alep, voir Ḥalab.

Alexandre, voir al-Iskandar et Ḏū l-Qarnayn.

Alexandrette, 136.

Alexandrie, voir al-Iskandariyya.

Algésiras, voir al-Ğazīra al-Ḫaḍrā’.

‘Alī b. Abī Nāšir, 144, 148.

‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib, 6, 41, 46, 69, 91, 131, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 208, 209, 210, 211, 212, 223, 225, 271, 311, 317, 340, 349, 364, 377.

‘Alī b. Ḥamza al-Kisā’ī, 323.

‘Alī b. Hišām, 376.

‘Alī b. Muḥammad, voir al-Madā-’inī.

‘Alī b. Muḥammad al-‘Alawī, 217.

‘Alī b. Rabban, 334.

‘Alides, 204, 205.

alose, voir šabbūf.

‘Alqama, 209.

‘Alūk, 388.

alun, 41, 298, 299.

‘Alwā, 94, 95.

Amalécites, 33.

amān, 156, 360.

Āmid, 66, 83, 158, 159, 160, 162.

‘Āmir b. ‘Abd Qays, 203.

‘Āmir b. Ismā‘īl, 350.

‘Āmir b. Šarāḥil aš-Ša‘bī, 209.

‘Āmir b Ṣa‘sa‘a, 23, 208.

‘Āmir aš-Ša‘bī, 108.

‘Amlū, 136.

‘Ammān, 128.

‘Ammār, 29.

‘Ammār b. Abī 1-Ḫaṣīb, 322.

‘Ammār b. Yāsir, 201, 223, 263, 322.

‘Ammūriyya, 65, 174.

Amorium, voir ‘Ammūriya.

‘Amr, voir Hāšim b. ‘Abd Manāf.

‘Amr b. ‘Adī, 220.

‘Amr b. al-‘Ās, 27, 69, 71, 74, 75, 80, 81, 97.

‘Amr b. Aws, 225.

‘Amr b. Baḥr, voir al-Ğaḥiẓ.

‘Amr b. Barmak, 385.

‘Amr al-Ğuhanī, 53.

‘Amr b. Hind, 221.

‘Amr b. Kulṯūm, 145.

‘Amr b. al-Layṯ aṣ-Ṣaffār, 66, 247, 370, 371.

‘Amr b. Ma‘dīkarib, 209, 323.

‘Amrb. Mas‘ūd, 217, 218.

‘Amr b. Muḥammad b. Ḥamza, 203.

‘Amr ar-Rūmī, 338.

‘Amr b. ‘Utba b. Farqad, 203.

Amram, 351.

amšāğ, 153.

amṣār, 72, 82, 139, 229, 232, 374 ; voir égalt miṣr.

amṯāl, 3.

Āmul, 307, 358, 359, 360, 361, 368, 369, 382, 385, 386.

‘Amwās, 126.

‘Ana, 197.

Anārmarğ, 289.

Anas b. Mālik, 41, 146, 208, 209, 229, 239.

‘Ānāt, 159.

al-Anbār, 144, 201, 220, 222, 244, 256.

Anbarğī, 320.

‘Anbasa, 311.

Anbiya, 80, 99.

Anbūrān, 246.

Andalous, 102, 174.

Andalousie, voir al-Andalus.

al-Andalus, 9, 83, 89, 97, 98, 99, 100, 108, 163, 174, 304 ; voir égalt Espagne.

Andarāba, 382.

al-Andiyān, 247.

anğada, 31.

anğuḏān, 308.

‘anqā’, 261.

Anṭākiya, 9, 10, 31, 42, 63, 136, 137, 140, 141, 149, 160, 163, 173, 174, 324, 351.

Anṭarṭūs, 135.

Antéchrist, 28, 117, 127, 175, 322, 355.

Antioche, voir Anṭākiya.

Anūḏikat, 387.

Anūširwān, voir Kisrā.

Apamée, voir Fāmiya.

Apulie, 163, 174.

‘Aqarqūf, 239, 254.

‘aqd al-ğummal, 40.

‘aqīd, 154.

al-’Aqil, 31.

‘aqīq, 41.

al-‘Aqīq, 31, 195.

‘aqqa, 31.

Aqsās Mālik, 221.

al-Āqṣur, 90.

al-Āra, 35.

‘Arābān, 159.

Arabes, 6, 7, 10, 18, 22, 23, 37, 42, 44, 45, 46, 54, 72, 101, 108, 114, 133, 139, 140, 156, 163, 178, 199, 200, 207, 208, 209, 214, 216, 219, 239, 240, 241, 243, 255, 261, 267, 297, 304, 327, 340, 366, 376, 377, 383, 388.

non-Arabes, 22, 239, 261, 327, 373, 377.

Arabie, voir péninsule Arabique.

‘Arafāt, 27, 29.

Arāk, 201.

Ararat, voir al-Ğūdī.

Araxe, voir ar-Rass.

Arbān, 369.

Arbinğan, 386.

arbre de fer, voir āhandāl.

Arbūna, 100.

al-Arḍ al-Bayḍā’, 159, 162.

arḍ al-Hind, 228.

Arḍ Nūh, 35.

Ardabīl, 254.

Ardašīr b. Bābak b. Sāsān, 220, 241, 242, 243, 299, 310, 379.

Ardašīr Ḫurrah, 243, 246, 247, 255.

Ardistān, 317.

Arfaḫšaḏ, 127.

al-‘Arğ (mont), 30, 32, 351.

al-‘Arğa, 36.

Arğam b. Ḫawānğāh (zumm d’—), 247.

Arğīš, 344.

Arīs, 31.

al-‘Arīš, 772.

Aristote, 193, 194.

Arkuš, 388.

Armā’īl, 329-331.

Armant, 90.

Arménie, 9, 62, 151, 235, 241, 254, 255, 283, 311, 324,341, 342-357, 362.

Arméniens, 347, 350, 351, 353.

Armīnī b. Lanṭī b. Yūnān b. Yāfiṯ, 342.

Aron, 269.

‘Arqa, 129.

al-Arqam, 33.

Arrağān, 243, 244, 247, 254, 255.

Arrān, 343, 344, 347, 349, 352, 375.

Artawā, 255.

‘Arūḍ, 32.

Arūfa, 9.

Arūma, 31.

arunds, voir daqs (diss).

Arwand (mont), 266, 269, 271, 272, 273, 274, 286, 290, 291, 292, 295.

‘Arwānī, 41.

‘Arzam (cimetière de —), 220.

Arzan, 158, 159, 160, 162.

Arzanān, 317.

A‘šā Hamdān 202.

‘asab, 41.

aṣdbi‘, 46.

As‘ad (roi), 42.

Asad b. ‘Abd Allāh al-Qaṣrī, 222.

Asadābāḏ, 277, 289.

Asadites, 218.

asal / asala, 32.

ama, 113.

al-Aš‘aṯ b. Qays, 342, 349.

al-Asbān, 101.

Ašbaq, 358.

asbāṭ, 124.

al-ašbat, 383.

Asbīğāb, 388.

Ascalon, voir ‘Asqalān.

al-aṣfar, 178.

‘asğadiyya, 43.

‘Āṣim, 31.

‘Āṣim b. Murra, 290.

‘Āṣim b. Ṯābit b. Abī 1-Aqlaḥ, 44.

Āsiya, 74, 119.

aškan, 308.

Aslān, 247.

Asmā’ b. Ḫāriğa al-Fazārī, 203, 206.

al-Aṣma‘ī, 31, 32, 41, 127, 128, 155, 161, 197, 248, 387.

‘Asqalān, 119, 126, 127, 149, 339.

Asrā, 255.

asrabb, 576.

Assouan, voir Uswān.

Āst, 269.

al-Aštar, 203.

al-Aštar an-Naḫa‘ī, 210.

Astārābāḏ, 389.

‘āšūrā’, 18.

al-Aswad b. Yazīd, 209.

‘Aṭā’ b. Abī Ḫālid al-Maḫzūmī, 88.

athama. 32.

Atlantique (océan), voir mer des Ténèbres.

aṭmar, 12.

Aṭrābulus (d’Ifrīqiya), 98, 174.

Aṭrābulus (de Syrie), 9, 128.

aṭrāf al-’aḏārā, 151.

Atrīb, 90.

‘Attāb b. Warqā’, 208.

‘attābī, 62, 307.

Avares, voir Abar / Ibar.

a‘wād, 303.

al-‘awāṣim, 136, 145.

Awdites, 341.

‘Awf b. Miskīn, 50.

Awrās, 98.

Aws, 231.

al-Awṣiya, 90.

‘Awwās, 126.

A‘yan, 220.

ayāriğāt, 154.

Ayla, 72, 85, 113.

aylūl, 39.

‘ayn, 46.

al-‘Ayn, 35.

‘Ayn Ğamal, 226.

‘Ayn ar-Raḥba, 226.

‘Ayn Šams, 63, 87, 89, 90, 308.

‘Ayn aṣ-Ṣayd, 226.

‘Ayn Sulwān, 124.

‘Ayn at-Tamr, 157, 201.

‘Ayn Zarba, 138.

Ayrağ, 247.

‘Ayrayn (Pic d’al —), 330.

Ayyām al-‘Arab, 2, 209.

‘Ayyāš, voir Ḏū 1-Qarnayn.

al-‘Ayyūq, 79.

Ayzarğ, 98.

azāḏ, 35, 203, 213.

Azārī, 323.

Āzarmīduḫt, 227.

Azd, 148, 219, 341.

Azdān, 326, 361.

‘Azf, 37.

al-‘Azīz (roi d’Égypte), 72.

Aznāwah, 284.

Ba‘aḏrā, 158.

Baalbek, voir Ba‘labakk.

Ba‘Arbāyā, 161, 162.

al-Bāb, 343.

Bāb al-Abwāb, 10, 31, 174, 235, 343, 344, 347, 349, 351, 353, 362, 363.

al-Bāb wa-l-Abwāb, 347 ; voir égalt Muraille.

Bāb ‘Ātika, 30.

Bāb al-’Aṭṭārīn, 107.

Bāb Fayrūz Qubāḏ, 343.

Bāb al- Ğihād, 347.

Bāb al-Ḥadīd, 382, 387.

Bāb al-Karağ, 289.

Bāb al-Lān, 343, 344, 350.

Bāb Makka, 383.

Bāb an-nadwa, 27.

Bāb aṣ-Ṣafā, 27.

Bāb aš-Šām, 222.

Bāb al-Yūn 8, 75, 82, 86 ; voir égalt Porte.

Bābaġīs, 158.

Bābak, 65, 334, 341, 363, 364, 367.

Babel, voir Bābil.

Bābil, 263, 373, 375, 379.

Babr, 253, 337, 338, 357.

Babylone, voir Bāb al-Yūn.

Baḏaḫšān, 382.

al-Baḏḏ, 342.

al-Baḏḏāḫ, 45.

Bāḏġīs, 382.

al-Badī, 36.

Badr, 201, 203, 228, 339.

Bādurāya, 254, 255, 256.

Bāġ al-Ḥasan, 350.

Bağalī, 158.

Bāğarmā, 158.

Bāğarmaq, 156.

Bāğarwān, 344.

Baġdād, 27, 64, 65, 72, 152, 159, 191, 201, 222, 269, 274, 285, 288, 289, 293, 305, 311, 323, 324, 330, 370, 371, 387 ; voir égalt Madīnat as-Salām.

Bagdadiens, 281.

Bağla / Bağīla, 220.

Bağlān, 382.

baġlī, 364.

Bağnāk, 388.

Bāġrawand, 343.

Bāğunays, 344.

Bahandif, 255.

Bāḫarz, 378.

Bāhila, 208.

Baḥīr, 95.

Bahman Ardašīr Ḫurrah, 243.

al-Bahnasā, 90.

al-Baḥra, 36.

Bahrā’239.

Bahrām Ğūr b. Yazdağird b. Sābūr Ḏū 1-Aktāf, 216, 222, 261, 309, 310, 312 ; son château, 309.

Bahrān, 247.

al-Bahrayn, 32, 33, 34, 35-36, 43, 72, 114, 143, 306.

Bahrazīr, 322.

Baḥruf, 255.

al-baht, 88.

al-Baht, 88, 103, 108-112.

Baḫzīr, 329.

al-Ba‘īt, 341.

Bakka, 21, 32.

Bakr b. Hawāzin, 221.

Bakr b. al-Hayṯam, 335.

Bakr b. Wā’il, 145, 148, 208, 230.

Bakrites, 207.

Bākusāya, 254, 255, 256.

Bāla b. Ba‘ūr, 166.

Balaam (ânesse de —), 175.

Ba‘labakk, 143.

Balad, 155, 160, 162.

al-Balāḏurī, 359, 382.

Balahūt, 308.

Balanğar (fils de Japhet), 345.

Balanğar, 343, 344, 345, 349.

Bal‘aq, 35.

al-Balāsğān, 349.

balḥ, 150.

Balḫ, 8, 254, 255, 275, 285, 316, 371, 375, 382, 383-385.

Balḥāriṯ b. Ka‘b, 44.

Ba‘lī / Ba‘lā, 104.

al-Baliḫ, 142, 152, 213.

Balīnās ar-Rūmī, 256, 258, 259, 290, 291, 297, 318, 320, 328, 351.

Bālis, 113, 136.

Baloutchistan, voir al-Balūṣ.

Balqīs, 40, 57, 129.

balsān, 82.

al-Balūṣ, 62, 250.

Bamm, 250, 253.

Bāmyān 382.

Bān (moringa), 30.

Banākān, 319.

Banākat, 382.

Bānaqyā, 201.

Bān‘ās, 158.

Banāt Na‘š, 7, 184, 257.

Bandāḏ Hurmuzd, 360, 362.

al-Bandanīğān, 254, 255, 258.

Bandarhamān, 246.

Bandāsfağān, 362.

banğas, 251.

Banhā, 84.

Banīḥnā, 315.

Baniyyat al-Amīn, 21.

Bank, 382.

Bānqalī, 158.

Banū l-‘Abīd, 157.

Banū ‘Adī b. aḏ-Ḏumayl, 221.

Banū ‘Ᾱmir b. al-Ḥāriṯ b. ‘Amr b. Wadī‘a, 36, 38, 54.

Banū ‘Ammār b. ‘Abd al-Masīḥ, 222.

Banū ‘Anz (mosquée des —), 221.

Banū ‘Anz b. Wā’il b. Qāsiṭ, 221.

Banū Asad, 37, 217.

Banū 1-Aṣfar, 178.

Banū Bahrā’ b. al-Ḥāf b. Quḍa‘a, 221.

Banū 1-Bakkā’, 220.

Banū Dārim, 37.

Banū Fazāra, 37.

Banū Ğa‘da, 36.

Banū Ğādima, 221.

Banū Ġāḍira, 36.

Banū Hānīfa, 34.

Banū Hāšim, 312.

Banū Hilāl, 36.

Banū ‘Iğl, 224.

Banū Mas‘ūd, 35.

Banū Misma‘, 230.

Banū l-Muhallab, 230.

Banū Muḥārib b. ‘Amr b. Wadī‘a, 36.

Banū Muslim b. ‘Amr al-Bāhilī, 230.

Banū 1-Qayn b. Ğisr b. Šay‘ Allāh b. Wabara, 221.

Banū Riyāḥ, 339.

Banū ṣ-Ṣaffāq, 14.

Banū Šayba, 27.

Banū Šaybān, 231.

Banū Šayṭān, 221.

Banū Sulaym, 36.

Banū Taġlib, 34.

Banū Tamīm, 37, 38, 194, 228.

Banū Ṯaqīf, 36, 185.

Banū Umayya b. Ḥuḏāqa, 221.

Banū Yuqṭān, 37.

Banū Zuhra, 29.

Bānuhadrā, 156, 158.

Ban‘ūn, 104.

Banwā, 104.

Bāqarhā, 275, 285.

baqirānī, 41.

al-Bāqiya, 28.

Baqqa, 32, 155.

bār Makka, 383.

al-Barā’ b. ‘Ᾱzib, 336, 337.

Barā’ān, 317.

Barada, 125.

Baradān, 141.

Barahūt, 308.

bārang, 381.

barastūğ, 12, 352.

Barbarie, 304.

Barḏa‘a, 254, 342, 343, 344, 348, 350, 353.

al-Bardaḫt, 221.

al-Bardaḫt aḍ-Ḍabbī, 221.

Bardīğ, 349.

Bārğāḫ, 387.

al-Barğān, 246.

Barhūt, 212.

al-Bāriz, 250.

Barkarī, 342.

Barkūb, 387.

Barmak, 383, 384.

Barmakides, 64, 190, 376, 383.

Barmécides, voir Barmakides.

barnī, 232.

Barqa, 72, 97.

Barqubāḏ, 243.

Barūn at-Turkī, 298.

Barwağ, 65.

Barza, 290, 341, 342.

Barzand, 341, 342.

basbāsa, 13.

baṣra, 226.

al-Baṣra, 12, 14, 19, 35, 41, 53, 58, 63, 72, 77, 83, 114, 133, 139, 144, 145, 146, 148, 152, 161, 189, 197, 199, 200, 202-208, 210, 211, 213, 226-233, 253, 254, 269, 275, 281, 283, 285, 305, 306, 311, 313, 336, 352, 364.

baṣrī, 286.

Baṣriens, 63, 144, 201, 202, 204-211, 229, 233, 281, 312.

Baššār, 231.

Bāštarūḏ, 252.

Baṭā’iḥ, 281.

Bāṭān, 326.

Baṯaniya, 128.

Baṭīḥa, 204.

Batīl Ḥağr, 34.

Baṭn Ğūḫā, 256.

Baṭn Māstar, 254.

Baṭn Naḫl, 133.

Baṯq al-Ḥīrī, 230.

al-Batrīq b. Bakā, 125.

baume de Judée, voir balsān.

ba’ūneh, 80.

Bāward, 254, 285, 382.

al-Bayḍā’, 247, 346.

al-Bayḍā’ (palais d’—), 189, 231.

Bayhaq, 378.

Baykand, 386.

al-Baylaqān, 342, 343, 344, 349, 350, 352.

Baynūn, 39, 40.

al-Baynūna, 35.

Baysān, 141, 147.

al-bayt al-‘atīq, 21.

Bayt ḏahab, 194.

Bayt Ğibrīn, 126, 133.

Bayt Laḥm, 124.

al-Bayt al-Maqdis, 115-126, 127, 131, 149, 173, 174, 263, 312 ; voir aussi Īliyā’.

Bazabdā., 158, 162.

Bāzalīt, 348.

al-Bāzanğān, 247.

bāzğank, 152.

Bazīn, 269.

bazyūn, 62, 176, 304.

Bedja, voir Buğa.

Berbéra, 9.

Berbères, 74, 95, 98, 101, 102, 103, 107, 182, 241.

Berbérie, 62.

Bethléem, voir Bayt Laḥm.

Beyrouth, 128.

bi-l-kifāya, 289.

Bī‘a, 136.

Bī’at ‘Adī, 221.

Bihistūn, 309.

Bīl, 385.

Bilād al-Bahlawiyyīn, 253.

Bīlān b. Iṣbahān b. Fallūğ b. Sām b. Nūḥ, 322.

Binkat, 387.

bint mā’ as- samā’, 268.

al-Biqā‘, 128.

Bi’r Uṯmān, 385.

birāq, 37 ; voir égalt burqa.

bīrūzī, 152.

bir, 226.

Bišr, 201.

Bišr b. Abī Qabīṣa, 53.

Bišr b. Mayrnūn, 222.

biṣri, 226.

Bīwarāsf, 329-333.

Bīward, voir Abīward.

bois de cannelle, voir dārṣīnī.

Bourguignons, voir Burğān.

Brahmanes, 104, 106.

Buḍā‘a, 31.

al-Būdanğān, 247.

al-Buğa, 74, 93, 94, 95.

Buġa, 348.

al-Buhā, voir al-Baht.

Buḫārā, 62, 231, 308, 375, 380, 382, 385, 386.

al-Buḥayra al-Muntina, 143.

Buḥayrat at-Ṭirrīḫ, 348.

buhra, 37.

Buḫt Naṣṣar, 120, 125, 263, 264, 315.

al-Buḥturī, 64, 129, 256.

Bulbul (canal de —), 231.

Bulgares, voir Burğān.

Bulunyās, 135.

bunk, 41.

būqāl, 79.

Buqrāt, 183, 288, 356, 357.

Buqrāṭīs, voir Buqrāṭ.

Buranğīr, 322.

al-Burāq, 124.

Burayda, 375.

burd, 220.

burdī, 35.

Burğān, 102, 324.

Burhūt, 63.

Burḫuwār, 317.

Burnamaḏ, 387.

Burqat Dāḥik, 37.

Burqat Munšid, 37.

Burqat Ṯahmad, 37.

Burūğird, 314.

Burzāwand, 507.

Būšanğ, 380, 382.

al-Busfurrağān, 343, 344.

Būṣīr, 90.

Buṣrā, 128, 20 !.

bussāḏ, 102, 176.

Bust, 252.

Buzurgmihr, 1.

Byzance, 133, 164, 168, 239, 324.

Byzantins, 97, 130, 132, 133, 136, 137, 138, 167, 349.

Cachemire, voir Qašmīr.

Eahar ṭāq, 220.

Cananéenne, 120.

Canope, voir Suhayl.

Canton, voir Ḫānfū.

Carthage, voir Qarṭāğinna.

Caspienne, voir mer ḫazarienne.

castor, voir ḫazz.

Caucase, voir ğabal al-Qabq.

cédrat, voir utruğğ.

César, 39, 164.

Césarée, voir Qaysāriyya.

Ceuta, voir Sabta.

Ceylan, voir Sarandīb.

Chalcédoine, voir Ġaḏqadūniya / Ḫalqadūniya.

Chaldéens, voir Ğārāmiqa.

Chameau (bataille du—), 204,205, 206, 210.

chameaux, 43.

Chèvre (la), voir al-‘Ayyūq.

Chine, 5, 8, 9, 10, 11,15, 16,16-19, 62, 163, 197, 262, 284, 304, 310, 312, 324, 343, 352, 375, 382, 383, 385, 387, 388.

Chinois, 7, 16-19, 183, 303.

Chiraz, voir Širāz.

Chosroès, voir Kisrā.

Chrétiens, 94, 130, 156, 163, 251, 374.

cirque, voir dāra.

civette, 91.

climats, 7-9.

Clysma, voir Qulzum.

Colonnes d’Hercule, voir ṣāḥib aṣ-ṣuwar.

Constantinople, 8, 42, 89, 163, 173, 174, 176, 178, 312.

construction (éloge et blâme de la —), 181-196.

convolvulus, voir ‘aṣab.

Coptes, 40, 74, 91, 92, 94, 95, 170, 241.

corail, voir bussaḏ.

Coran, 5, 11, 22, 23, 24, 28, 38, 46, 47, 53, 54, 57, 62, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 86, 90, 106, 111, 115, 117, 120, 124, 125, 126, 127, 130, 140, 141, 142, 143, 150, 153, 159, 188, 189, 211, 224, 232, 236, 239, 240, 268, 280,287, 303, 317, 344, 353, 354, 379.

Cordoue, voir Qurṭuba.

cornaline, voir ‘aqīq.

crabe, voir saraṭān.

création du monde, 5-19.

crocodiles, 76-77, 304, 308.

Ctésiphon, 214, 374.

ḍabb, 82.

Ḍabba, 145, 208.

Dabīl, 343, 344, 348, 350.

Dabīq, 304.

Dabūsī, 387.

ad-Dabūsiyya, 386.

Dāḏīn, 246.

ad-Dafīna, 31.

Daġfal, 373.

Dahān-i Šīr, 346.

dahaq, 279.

aḍ-Ḍaḥḥāk (l’homme aux deux serpents), 351.

aḍ-Ḍaḥḥāk b. Muzāḥim, 71.

aḍ-Ḍaḥḥāk [b. Qays], 33, 216, 333, 334.

Dāhir, 262.

ad-Dahnā’, 33, 228.

Damas, voir Dimašq / Dimišq.

Dāmġān, 378.

Damiette, voir Dimyāṭ.

Damindān, 250.

damšaqūhā, 127.

Damsīs, 90.

dānaq, 351.

Daniel, 171.

daqs (diss), 81.

Daqūqā, 158.

dār, 34.

Dār al-Aš‘aṯ b. Qays, 221.

Dār Fīn, 269.

Dār Hazzān, 34.

Dār Ḥukaym, 220.

Dār ‘Iğlān, 231.

Dār Nabhān, 269, 294.

Dār al-Qaṭan, 231.

Dār Qumam, 221.

Dār ar-Rizq, 231.

dāra (pl. dūr), 37.

Dāra, 158, 162.

Dar‘a, 98.

Dārā b. Dārā, 62, 265, 266.

Dārābğird, 239, 243, 247, 252, 381, 387, 394.

aḏ-Ḏarā’ib, 36.

Darādnik, 306.

Dārat al-‘Alīq, 37.

Dārat ad-Dūr, 37.

Dārat al-Ğa’b, 37.

Dārat Ğulğul, 37.

Dārat al-Ğumūd, 37.

Dārat al-Ḫarğ, 37.

Dārat Ḥayqūr, 37.

Dārat al-Kūr / Kawr, 37.

Dārat Makman, 37.

Dārat Ma’sal, 37.

Dārat Qiṭqiṭ, 37.

Dārat Rafral, 37.

Dārat Rahba, 37.

Dārat Ṣulṣul, 37.

Dārat Wašğā, 37.

Darġad, 36.

ad-Dārhūnd, 246.

Dārih, 293.

ad-Dārik, 317.

Dārīn, 35.

ḏarīra, 142, 313.

dāriš, 305.

Ḍarīsa, 101.

Dārius, voir Dārā b. Dārā.

Ḍāriyya, 31.

dārṣīnī, 251.

ad-Dāsin, 156, 158.

ad-Daskara, 191.

Dašt Bārīn, 246.

Dast-i Maysān, 254, 306.

Dastabā, 254, 322, 323, 335, 336, 337, 338, 339.

Dastabā. (de Hamadan), 335.

Dāstabā (de Rayy), 335.

Ḍāt al-Ḥawāfir, 299-302, 309.

Ḏāt al-Ḥumām, 6.

Ḏāt ‘Irq, 32.

Ḏāt al-Maṭāmīr, 255.

Ḏāt an-Nusū‘, 34.

ad-Daṯīna, 31.

dattes, 34-35 ; voir égalt palmier.

dauphin, voir duḫas.

David, 33, 38, 40, 42, 89, 101, 111, 112, 115, 116, 117, 120, 121, 124, 125, 130, 134, 137, 171, 211, 265, 334.

dawālī, 151.

ad-Dāwar, 235, 252.

Dawma, 201.

ad-Dawraq, 246, 254.

ad-Daww, 33.

dawwāra, 10.

dayādiba, 227.

ad-Daybul, 9.

Daylam, 197, 210, 253, 307, 311, 327, 333, 334, 335, 336, 337, 338, 342, 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 364, 365, 368.

Daylamite (s), 240, 312, 322, 327, 335, 339, 366.

Dayr al-A‘war, 161, 221.

Dayr al-Ğamāğim, 161, 221.

Dayr Hind, 221.

Dayr Ka‘b, 221.

Dayr Qurra, 161, 221.

Dayr as-Sawā’, 221.

aḍ-Ḍayzan b. Ğayhala, 156, 157.

Ḍayzan b. Mu‘āwiya b. al-‘Ubayd as-Salīḥī, 221.

Ḍaẓaġ, 334.

Derbend, voir Bāb al-Abwāb.

Dharma, 18.

di’b, 46.

Diğla, 32, 79, 114, 117, 155, 156, 157, 161, 205, 212, 223, 227, 243, 254, 255, 267, 275, 285, 306, 352.

Diğla al-‘Awrā’, 229.

digue, 42, 47, 345, 346.

Digue (la), 235.

Dihistān, 359.

dihqān, 231, 295, 375.

dil babardah, 386.

Dilāṣ, 90.

Dimašq (fils de Fānī), 127.

Dimašq / Dimišq, 42, 72, 113, 127-134, 136, 137, 140, 148, 149, 201, 274, 285, 312, 327, 349, 351 ; sa mosquee, 129, 130-133.

Dimyāṭ, 80.

Dīn, 175.

Dīnārbandah, 231.

Dīnārzāḏ, 231.

ad-Dīnawar, 201, 289, 290, 312, 313, 319.

Dinḥab, 166.

ḏirā‘ mukassar, 27.

aḍ-Ḍirgam, 385.

dīwān, 18, 144, 228, 350.

ad-Dīwān, 385.

Diyār Muḍar, 145, 159, 162.

Diyār Rabī‘a, 34, 145, 159, 160, 162.

diz, 323.

Djedda, voir Ğudda.

Dongola, voir Dumqula.

Dorothée [de Sidon ?], 7.

dragon, voir ejdehā et tinnīn.

Ḏū l-‘Amaq, 280.

Ḏū n-Nār, 35.

ḏū l-qarn, 79, 93, 303.

Ḏū 1-Qarnayn, 63, 64, 87, 88, 108, 171, 351, 353, 354, 355, 356, 375, 383 ; voir aussi al-Iskandar.

ḏū-rang, 306.

Ḏū r-Rumma, 34, 43.

Dūdān b. Asad b. Ḫuzayma, 344.

Dūdāniyya, 344, 348.

Dufayl, 275.

duhas, 12, 78.

duḫn, 107.

duḫn al-fağl, 82.

duhn al-ḫardal, 82.

duhn al-ḫaṭṭāra, 161.

dukkān, 262, 309.

ad-Dukkan (palais d’—), 63.

Dūmat al-Ğandal, 31, 140.

Dumqula, 90, 94, 95.

Dunbāwand, 250, 322, 329-335, 364, 365, 366.

durdūr, 14.

ḍurū‘, 151.

Durzūqiyya, 344.

dūšāb, 151.

Dūzaḫ-Dar, 277.

eau (traditions relatives a 1’—), 266-275.

Edesse, voir ar-Ruhā.

Église, voir Bī‘a, Kanīsa.

Égypte, voir Miṣr.

Égyptiens, 75, 79, 82, 84, 85, 90, 91, 182, 304, 312, 340.

ejdehā, 334.

éloignement (du pays natal), 57-70.

émeraude, 7.

Emesse, voir Ḥimṣ.

Enfer (1’), 117.

Équateur, 7, 80.

esclaves, 102.

Espagne, 62, 100, 101, 102, 107, 108, 109 ; voir égalt al-Andalus.

étourneau, voir sūdāniyya.

eunuques, 102.

Euphrate, voir al-Furāt.

Europe, voir Arūfa.

Évangile, 94, 163.

Ève, 322.

Fadak, 31.

al-Fadān, 120.

faddān, 118.

al-Faḍl b. Sahl, 377.

al-Faḍl b. Yaḥyā b. Ḫālid b. Barmak, 1, 350, 385.

Fādūrayā, 244.

Faġfūr, 262.

Faḫḫ, 99.

Faḥl, 141.

Fahrabaḍ (Bārbud), 192.

Faḥs al-Ballūṭ, 107.

Falğa, 31.

al-Falīsān, 326.

Fallūğa, 201.

Falṯūm, 39.

falūḏağ, 23.

Fāmiya, 214.

fanak, 286, 308, 387.

Fanğābā, 255.

al-Fanğahīr, 308, 387.

Fānī, 127.

Fankūr, 98.

Fanṣūr, 19.

al-Farādīs, 21, 71, 74, 116, 117, 118, 119, 130, 146, 150, 175, 212, 266.

Farağ b. Sulaym, 138.

al-Farāḥān, 289, 298, 318 ; sa saline, 297, 318.

al-Faramā, 75, 80, 324.

faras / faras nahrī, 78-79, 308.

Farāwār, 289.

al-Farazdaq, 130.

farḍ, 35.

Fardağān, 297, 298.

Farġāna, 63, 382, 387, 388.

Farġāna (Extrême —), 232, 260.

Farḫaṭšā, 90.

Farīdīn, 317.

Farīdūn, voir Afrīdūn.

Fāris b. Ṭahūmart / Ṭahmūraṯ, 239.

fārisī, 152.

al-Farruḫān, 323.

Fārs, 8, 10, 11, 62, 95, 143, 197, 198, 235, 239-248, 249, 252, 255 275, 285, 293, 306, 307, 309, 310, 311, 312, 316, 335, 344, 376, 377.

farvardīn, 319.

al-Fāryāb, 382.

Fās, 98.

Fasā, 239, 247, 254, 307.

faṣīḥ, 313.

al-faṣīl, 323.

Fāsqīn, 335.

al-Fastağān, 247.

Fasṭūs, 183.

Fāṭima, 311.

al-Fattāḥ, 45.

Fatṭṭūs, 259, 261.

Fayrṭūz b. Kisrā Yazdağird, 253.

al-Fayyūm, 84, 90.

Fès, voir Fās.

Festus, voir Fasṭūs.

Feu (la ḥarra du —), 36.

Fīl, 228, 231.

Fīlān, 343, 353.

Filasṭīn, 101, 113, 125, 126, 127, 133, 134, 136, 139, 141, 143, 149.

Fīlifūs, 87.

fils, 108.

Filsīn, 126.

Firabr, 386.

Firanğa, 8, 9, 100, 102, 324.

firdaws, 150 ; voir aussi farādīs.

Firīm, 362.

Fīrūz b. Yazdağird b. Bahrām, 319, 372.

Fīrūzsābūr, 244.

Fiṭr b. Ḫalīfa, 203.

Fleuve des Slaves, 324.

France, Francs, voir Firanğ.

Fuḍayl b. ‘Iyāḍ 118.

Fūlād, 326.

Fūq, 167.

fūqiyya (dinars), 167.

al-Furāt, 32, 79, 80, 117, 134, 136, 139, 155, 156, 159, 161, 199, 203, 205, 212, 213, 215, 221, 241, 254, 285, 293.

Furāt al-Baṣra, 243.

Furū‘, 17.

fuṣṭāṭ, 75.

al-Fusṯāṯ, 64, 75, 83, 86, 87, 91, 95, 97.

al-Ġāba, 35.

ğābadaq, 297.

Ğabal, 66, 152, 235, 255-312, 315, 317, 318 ; voir égalt Ğibāl.

ğabal an-nār, 16.

Ğabal al-Qabq, 31, 343, 351.

Ğabala, 135.

Ğabala b. al-Ayham, 168.

Ğabbanat Maymūn, 222.

Ğabbanat Sālim, 221.

Ğabès, voir Qābis.

Ğābir (descendant de Zimmām b. Taym Allāh b. Ṯa‘laba), 323.

Ğābir b. ‘Abd Allāh, 29.

al-Ğābiya, 128, 129.

Ğabrawān, 342.

Ğabriel (1’ange), 41, 124, 159, 317.

Ğabulta, 213.

ġaḍā, 32.

Ġaḍbān, 141.

Ğaḏīma al-Abraš, 219, 220.

Ğaḏīs (tribu), 33.

Ğadqadūniya / Ḫalqadūniya, 175.

Ğa‘far, 32, 190.

Ğa‘far b. Abī Ṭālib, 46.

Ğa‘far le Kurde, 65.

Ğa‘far b. al-Manṣūr, 341.

Ğa‘far b. Muḥammad, 266.

Ğa‘far b. Yaḥyā, 237.

Ğafsa, voir Qafṣa.

Ğāhiliyya, 208, 225.

al-Ğāḥiẓ, 141, 237, 238, 306.

al-ğaḥma, 46.

Ğahram, 247.

Ğahwar b. Marrār al-‘Iğlī, 366.

ğalāğil, 35.

Ğalūlā, 97, 201, 210.

Ğālūt, 101.

ğamāğim, 221.

Ğāmāsf, 243.

Ğamm, 239.

ğammā’, 31.

ğamra, 277.

Ğamšīd, 297.

ğān, 378.

Ġāna, 84, 95, 107.

Ġanī (mosquée de —), 212.

Ğannābā, 239, 254.

Ğannaḥān, 246.

Ğanza, 342.

al-Ğār, 95.

Ğarāğima, 40.

Ğarāmiqa, 40.

Ğaraš, 141.

al-Ğardamān, 344, 348.

Ğarğarāyā, 254.

Ğarğistān, 308.

Ġarī, 217-219.

ğarīb, 334, 386.

ğarīb, 30.

Ğarīr b. ‘Abd Allāh al-Bağalī, 263, 336.

Ğarīr b. Yazīd, 360.

Ğarm Qāsān, 317.

Ğarrā-Sū, 318.

ğarrāra, 256, 259.

Ġars, 31.

ğaršī, 16, 78.

Ğarūd, 255.

Ğarwiyya, 360.

Ġāṣib al-Baḥr, 44.

Ğasīl al-Malā.’ika, 44.

Ġassān, 33, 37.

ğāwāl, 284.

ğawars, 300.

ğawf, 87.

Ğawf, 87.

al-Ğawf al-Ġarbī, 90.

al-Ğawf aš-Šarqī, 90.

Ğawlān, 128.

al-Ġawr, 128.

Ğawsaq (de Rayy), 361.

Ğaww, 33.

Ğaydat ar-Raḥmān, 353.

Ğayḥān, 79, 80, 117, 141.

Ğayhūn, 141, 385, 386.

Ğayrūn, 137.

Ğayy, 316, 317, 320.

Ğayyān, 107.

Ğaza, voir Ġazza.

Ğazā’ir as-Sa‘āda, 9, 10, 108, 174.

ğazīra, 32.

al-Ğazīra, 32, 34, 40, 134, 143, 144, 155-162, 163, 243, 281, 348, 349, 350, 374.

al-Ğazīra (ville de Mésopotamie), 72, 318.

al-Ğazīra al-Ḫaḍrā’, 98.

Ğazīrat al-‘Arab, 155.

Ğazīrat Ibn ‘Umar, 159.

Ġazza, 113, 126, 148.

Géhenne (la), 117, 124.

Gémeaux (signe des —), 10, 11.

génies, 42-43, 111, 112.

ği‘āb, 35.

ğibāl, 14.

Ğibāl, 128, 197, 263, 279, 282, 297, 311, 349, 364 ; voir égalt Ğabal.

Ğibrīn, 128.

ğihād, 18.

Ğīlān, 197, 337, 338, 342, 344, 357, 359.

Ğīlbāyā, 341.

ġilmān, 102.

girafe, voir zarāfa.

Ğīruft, 250, 253.

Ğīrum, 176.

Ğisr Abī ‘Ubyad, 201.

ğizya, 349, 368.

Gog et Magog, voir Yāğūğ et Māğūğ.

golfe Persique, 12.

Goliath, voir Ğālūt.

gomme mastic, voir muṣṭakā.

ğrāf, 352.

Grecs, 24, 39, 72, 86, 102, 126, 136, 139, 163, 167, 174, 240, 242, 243 ; voir égalt Rūm.

Grégoire (Patrice), voir Ğurğir (malik).

groseiller, voir rībās.

Ğubayl, 128.

Ğubayr b. Muṭ‘im, 178.

Ğubayr b. Nufayr al-Ḥaḍramī, 113.

Ğubbā’, 307.

Ğuḏām, 145.

Ğūḏamah, 290.

ğudāmiyya, 35.

Al-Ġudayr, 159.

al-Ğudayy al-Quḍā‘ī, 157.

Ğudda, 27, 95, 322.

al-Ğūdī, 25.

guépard, 94.

Ğu‘fī (mosquée de —), 212.

Ğuhastah, 309.

Ğuhayna, 311.

Ğuilan, voir Ğīlān.

ğulāhiq, 310.

al-Ğulandā, 44.

al-Ğūma, 136.

Ġumdān, 39, 40, 214, 297, 308, 374.

Ġumīra, 98.

al-Ğunayd, 340.

Ğunaydiyya, 340.

al-Ğunbaḏ, 246.

ğund, 108, 125, 133, 134, 159, 341.

Ğunday Sābūr, 254, 274, 285, 306.

Gūr, 243, 246, 247, 248, 254, 307.

Ğurāḫ, 348.

ğurašī, 151, 152.

al-Ğurašī, 360.

Ğurğān, 8, 10, 66, 197, 201, 244, 253, 254, 274, 307, 317, 324, 325, 328, 338, 346, 352, 353, 358, 359, 360, 364, 366, 367, 369, 371, 389.

Ğurğāniyya, 380.

Ğurğir, 97.

Ğurhum, 33.

ğurmuqāniyya, 94, 163.

ğurūb, 39.

Ğurzān, 343, 344.

ğušāna, 308.

Gustasp, voir Kuštāsf.

ġūṭa, 128.

Ġūṭa (de Damas), 128, 168, 275, 285.

Ğuwānaq, 314.

Ğuwāniq, 254, 319.

ğuwānkark, 16, 78.

ğuwārišn, 165.

Ğuwāṯā, 35.

Ğuwaym, 247.

Ğuwayn, 378.

al-Ğuzğān, 380, 382.

Ġuzz, 388.

Ġuzza, 98.

Ḥabīb b. Maslama, 343, 348, 349.

Ḫābīṣ, 251.

habitations, 184-188.

Ḥabna, 135.

Ḫabr, 246.

Ḫabr Iṣṭaḫr, 247.

habṭāri’ān, 154.

Ḫābūr, 157, 159, 161.

ḫabūt, 35.

Haddad b. Badad, 167.

ḥaḍarī, 35.

ḥadd, 71.

al-Hādī (calife), 99.

al-Ḫaḍir, voir al-Ḫiḍr.

al-Ḥadīṯa, 156, 158, 159.

al-Ḥadr, 156, 157, 161, 243.

al-Ḫadrā’, 33, 98, 133, 188.

Ḥaḍramawt, 39, 42, 155.

Ḥafar Abī Mūsā, 155.

Hāğar, 73, 74.

Hağar, 35, 71, 139.

ḥağaz, 32.

ḥağğ, 21.

al-Ḥağğāğ b. Yūsuf, 25, 114, 139, 199, 200, 208, 220, 253, 339, 340.

Ḥāğib b. Zurāra, 207, 209.

al-Ḥāğir, 98.

Ḥağr, 35.

Ḥā’iṭ al-‘Ağūz, 75.

al-Ḥakam b. al-Ğārūd, 207.

Ḥalab, 136, 140, 145, 149.

Ḫalaf b. Tamīm, 54.

ḫalā’if, 101.

ḫalanğ, 308, 353.

ḥalāwā, 152.

ḫald, 77.

Ḫālid, 29, 347.

Ḫālid b. ‘Abd Allāh al-Qaṣrī, 132, 222, 230, 340.

Ḫālid b. ‘Attāb, 203.

Ḫālid b. Barmak, 368, 372, 373, 376, 384, 385.

Ḫālid b. Ma‘dān, 175.

Ḫālid b. Mu‘ammar, 208.

Ḫālid b. Naḍla, 217, 218.

Ḫālid b. Ṣafwān, 44, 45, 46, 47, 146, 152, 213, 232.

Ḫālid b. Ṯawwāla al-Kinānī, 24.

Ḫālid b. al-Walīd, 46, 129, 135, 136, 201.

Ḫālid b. Yazīd b. Mazyad aš-Šaybānī, 323, 350.

ḫalīğ, 9, 10.

Ḫālīğ al-Qusṭanṭīniyya, 174.

al-Ḫālīl b. Aḥmad, 146, 231.

Ḫālīl an-Nāsik, 51.

Ḫalqāya, 98.

ḫalūq, 25.

al-Hām, 41.

Ḥām, 126.

Hāmaḏān, 63, 235, 253, 254, 255, 262-312, 315, 319, 335, 336, 338.

Hāmaḏān b. al-Fallawğ b. Sām b. Nūḥ, 262.

Hāmān, 334.

Ḥamd b. Muḥammad, 293, 294.

Hamdān, 210.

Ḥamdānides, 341.

Ḥāmī d-dabr, 44.

ḥamma, 258.

Ḥammām A‘yan, 220.

Ḥammām Minğāb, 229.

Ḥammām aṣ-Ṣawābī, 142.

al-Ḥamrā’ (mosquée d’—), 212, 231.

ḫamrī, 152.

Ḥamza, 46, 123.

ḫān, 58.

al-Ḥanāya, 158.

ḫanbadiyya, 62.

Ḫānfū, 16.

Ḫāniqīn, 216.

ḥanūṭ, 313.

Ḥanẓala (des Ṭayyi’), 219.

Ḥanẓala b. Abī ‘Ᾱmir, 44.

Ḥanẓala b. Zayd al-Ḫayl, 336.

Ḫāqān, 262, 349, 388.

Ḫāqān al-Ḥāriṯī as-Suġdī, 290.

ḫarāğ, 93, 127, 129, 134, 136, 141, 158, 159, 160, 162, 176, 247, 248, 288, 290, 313, 316, 317, 318, 323, 350, 353, 361, 368, 388.

ḫarā’if, 35.

ḥarām, 21, 101, 116, 130.

Harāt, 62, 252, 316, 380, 382.

ḫarāṭīm, 12.

Wārazm / ḪWārazm, 10, 254, 276, 286, 297, 353, 358, 370, 380, 382, 385.

ḫarğağ, 152.

Ḫaribtā, 90.

ḫāriğī, 306.

Ḥāriğites, 98.

ḥarīr, 23.

al-Ḥārīš, 323.

al-Ḥārīš [b. Hilāl], 203.

harīsa, 23.

al-Ḥāriṯ b. al-Ḥubāb, 58.

al-Ḥāriṯ al-A‘war, 209.

Harkand, 12, 13, 14.

Ḫarluḫ, 388.

ḥarra, 28, 31, 36.

Ḥārrān, 158, 159, 162.

Ḫarraqān, 289.

Harṯama b. ‘Arfağa al-Bāriqī, 156.

Harṯama b. A‘yan, 138.

Hārūn al-Ḫariğī aš-Šarī, 66.

Hārūn ar-Rašīd, 2, 63, 99, 100, 128, 136, 141, 151, 202, 290, 323, 327, 330, 338, 341, 360, 361.

al-Hārūniyya, 138.

Ḥarūrites, 374.

Hārūt, 63.

ḫarza, 93.

al-Ḥasan [al-Baṣrī], 11, 72, 86, 185, 203, 209, 231, 232.

al-Ḥasan b. ‘Alī, 46, 66, 202, 205, 223, 225, 364.

al-Ḥasan b. ‘Alī al-Bāḏġīsī, 350.

Ḥasan b. ‘Aṭiyya, 178.

al-Ḥasan b. Barmak, 384.

al-Ḥasan b. Hāni’, voir Abū Nuwās.

al-Ḥasan b. al-Ḥusayn, 367.

al-Ḥasan b. Qaḥṭaba aṭ-Ṭā’ī, 137, 138, 139, 350.

al-Ḥasan b. Zayd al-‘Alawī, 66, 205, 207, 369, 370.

Ḥasaniyya, 350.

Hāšim b. ‘Abd Manāf, 23.

Hāšimites, 211.

al-Hāšimiyya, 222.

Ḥasnūn, 104.

Ḥassān, 134.

šassān b. al-Munḏir b. Ḍirār, 208.

Ḫast, 382.

al-Ḫašt, 246.

Ḥašwada, 145.

Ḥātim, 380.

al-Ḫaṭṭ, 35.

Haut-Ṣa’īd, voir Marīs.

Haute-Égypte, 75, 93.

Haute-Mésopotamie, voir al-Ğazīra.

al-Ḫawarnaq, 214-217, 222, 259, 285.

al-Ḫawārūstān, 246.

al-Ḥawğar, 36.

ḥawr, 229.

Ḥawrān, 128.

ḥawṣal, 283.

Hawwāra, 101.

Hawwaz, 334.

Hayāṭila, 63, 373.

Ḫaybar, 31, 143, 306.

ḫayl, 35.

hayrūn, 213, 305.

ḫayš, 82, 108.

Haysūm, 252.

Hayṭal b. ‘Ᾱlim b. Sām b. Nūḥ, 373.

al-Hayṯam b. ‘Adī, 161, 216, 316.

Ḫayzān, 349.

al-Hazār, 247.

al-Ḫazar, 6, 8, 9, 10, 31, 62, 174, 235, 325, 344, 345, 346, 347, 350, 351, 353, 389.

Ḫazarān, 344.

Ḫāzim b. Ḫuzayma at-Tamīmī, 365, 366.

ḥazīrān, 39.

ḥazn, 36.

ḫazz, 102, 233, 324.

Ḥazza, 158.

Hébron, 214.

Hedjaz, voir Ḥiğāz.

Hélène, voir Hīlāna.

Hephtalites, voir Hayāṭila.

hérisson, 252.

Hermès, voir Hirmis.

ḫibb, 16.

Ḥibtūn, 158.

al-Ḫiḍr, 12, 64, 65, 111, 124, 212.

Ḫifğāḫ, 388.

ḥiğārāt al-wāḥāt, 82.

Ḥiğāz, 6, 31-32, 33, 39, 55, 92, 137, 139, 161, 199, 203, 204, 288, 305, 379.

Ḥiğāziens, 183.

ḥiğr, 25, 26.

al-Hiğra, 33.

Hilāl b. ‘Attāb, 203.

Hīlāna, 160.

Ḫilāṭ, 344 ; son lac, 351.

Ḥimṣ, 31, 127, 133, 134, 135-136, 140, 160, 214, 349, 351.

Himyarites, 63, 110.

Hind bint al-Ḫuss, 278.

Hind al-Affaka, 224.

Hinda, 39.

al-Hindīğan, 246.

hindiyya, 43.

Hindmīḏ, 252.

Hippocrate, voir Buqrāt.

hippopotame, voir faras.

Ḥīrā’, 25, 292.

al-Ḥïra, 197, 201, 219, 220, 232, 254, 316.

hirbeḏ, 261.

ḥirḏūn, 78.

Ḫirḫīz, 388.

Hirmās, 161, 275.

Hirmis, 9.

al-Ḫirṣān, 36.

Hišām b. ‘Abd al-Malik, 146, 147, 315.

Hišām b. al-‘Āṣ, 168.

Hišām b. al-Kalbī, 228.

Ḥiṣn (cimetière de —), 231.

Ḥiṣn Manṣūr, 139.

al-Hīt, 33, 159, 197, 226.

ḫiṭr, 41.

Hommes de la Caverne, 175.

Homs, voir Ḥimṣ.

Hôtel des Teinturiers, 125.

Hū, 90.

al-Hūbaḏān, 246.

Hubayra b. Yarīm, 209.

Ḥubayš b. ‘Abd Allāh, 340.

Ḥubšān, 7, 24, 75, 79, 94, 178, 197, 311.

Hūd, 21.

Ḥuḏayfa b. al-Yamān al-‘Absī, 167, 312, 336, 349.

al-Ḥuḍayn b. al-Munḏir ar-Raqāšī, 208,’387.

Ḫuğanda, 382, 386, 388.

huğna, 35.

al-Ḥuğurāt, 79.

huile de moutarde, voir duhn al-ḫardal.

huile de raifort, voir duhn al-fağl.

Ḥukaym b. Sa‘d b. Ṯawr al-Bakkā’ī, 220.

al-Ḥūla, 128, 135.

Ḫulm, 382.

Ḥulwān (d’ Égypte), 87.

Ḥulwān (du Ğabal), 201, 243, 254, 255, 311.

Ḥulwān al-‘Imlīqī, 351.

Ḥumayd aṭ-Ṭawīl, 41.

ḫumaysiyya, 267.

Ḫummayğān-le-Bas, 246.

Ḫummayğān-le-Haut, 246.

Ḥumrān, 176.

ḥums, 23.

Ḫūnağ, 342.

Ḫunān, 348.

Hunayda, 39.

Ḫurāsān, 9, 62, 63, 64, 91, 114, 137, 138, 159, 184, 197, 230, 235, 238, 252, 253, 254, 255, 285, 308, 311, 312, 317, 323, 324, 328, 336, 338, 357, 358, 359, 360, 362, 364, 365, 366, 367, 370, 372, 373-389.

Ḫurāsān b. ‘Ālim b. Sām b. Nūḥ, 373.

al-Ḫurayba, 228.

Ḥurayṯ b. Ğābir, 208.

Hurmūz, 250.

Ḫurrah, 246.

Ḫurrin, 193, 261.

al-Ḥūs, 35.

ḥūš, 43.

Ḫušāf, 136.

Husam, 190.

Hūšam, 167.

Hūšank, 89.

Ḥuṣayd, 201.

al-Ḥusayn b. Abī Sarḥ, 275, 277, 281, 286.

al-Ḥusayn b. Aḥmad al-’Alawī, 325.

al-Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī, 46, 52, 210, 223, 225, 325, 364.

al-Ḥusayn b. ‘Ammār, 128.

al-Ḥusayn b. Ğīlawayh (zumm d’—), 247.

al-Ḥusayn b. Ṣāliḥ (zumm d’—) 247.

Ḫusfağīn, 299.

ḥūšiyya, 43.

al-Ḥuṭay’a, 60, 236.

Ḫuttal, 382, 385.

Ḥuṭṭī, 334.

ḫutū, 308, 388.

al-Ḫuwār, 254, 323, 329.

Ḫuwāš, 250.

Ḫuwayy, 342.

Ḫūz, 139, 281.

Ḫuzā‘a, 23.

Ḫuzayma b. Ḫāzim, 341, 350.

Ḫūzistān, 63, 232.

ḥuzūn, voir ḥazn.

hydromel, voir šarāb al-‘asal.

Ibāḍites, 98.

Ibères, voir Abar/Ibar.

Iblīs, 5, 322.

Ibn ‘Abbās, 6, 11, 39, 117, 118, 127, 208, 240, 339, 356.

Ibn ‘Abdūs, 70.

Ibn Abī Mālik, 53, 54.

Ibn Abī Nāšir, voir ‘Alī b. Abī Nāšir.

Ibn Abl ‘Uyayna, 146, 230.

Ibn al-Aġlab, 97.

Ibn al-Ahtam al-Baṣrī, 231.

Ibn al-’Allāf al-Qāri’, 144.

Ibn ‘Ᾱmir, 230 ; voir égalt ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Ᾱmir b. Kurayz.

Ibn ‘Ammār, 231.

Ibn al-A‘rābī, 32, 113, 155.

Ibn ‘Ayyāš, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211.

Ibn Da’b, 168.

Ibn Ḥabīb, 37.

Ibn al-Ḥāğib, 257.

Ibn al-Ḥanafiyya, 211.

Ibn Ḫurradāḏbih, voir ‘Abd Allāh b. Muḥammad.

Ibn Ḫuzayma, 368.

Ibn Idrīs, 54.

Ibn Kalada, 184.

Ibn al-Kalbī, 32, 81, 126, 199, 248, 297, 322.

Ibn Karbūya, 325.

Ibn Kāwān (île d’-), 14.

Ibn al-Kawwā’, 161.

Ibn Kunāsa, 220.

Ibn Lahī‘a, 74, 239.

Ibn Mā’as-Samā’, voir al-Munḏir b. Imri’ al-Qays.

Ibn al-Masmuġān, 330.

Ibn Mas‘ūd, voir ‘Abd Allāh b. Mas‘ūd.

Ibn al-Muqaffa‘, 237, 340, 377.

Ibn Qārin, 359.

Ibn al-Qirriyya, 114.

Ibn Šawḏab, 141.

Ibn aš-Šayḫ, 66.

Ibn as-Sikkīt, 71.

Ibn Sīrīn, 209, 230, 231.

Ibn Šubruma, 219, 316.

Ibn Ṣufayr, 98.

Ibn ‘Ufayr, voir Sa‘īd b. Kaṯīr b. ‘Ufayr.

Ibn ‘Uyayna, 211, 219, 316.

Ibn az-Ziba‘ra, 23.

Ibn az-Zubayr, 25, 211, 239, 240.

Ibrāhīm (fils de Marie la Copte), 73.

Ibrāhīm b. al-‘Abbās, 237, 373.

Ibrāhīm b. Abl 1-Muhāğir, 21.

Ibrāhīm Ibn al-Aġlab, 99, 100.

Ibrāhīm b. ‘Alqama, 377.

Ibrāhīm b. al-Farağ, 51.

Ibrāhīm [ibn al-Mahdī], 373.

Ibrāhīm b. Maḫrama al-Kindī, 44, 46, 47.

Ibrāhīm b. Muḥammad b. Maḥmūd, 98.

Ibrāhīm b. Šammās, 381.

Ibrāhīm al-Mawṣilī, 146.

Ibrāyīn, 379.

ibrīsim, 307.

ichneumon, voir nims.

Idrīs b. ‘Abd Allāh b. Ḥasan aṭ-Ṭālibī, 99, 100.

Idrīs b. Idrīs b. ‘Abd Allāh b. Ḥasan b. Ḥasan b. ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib, 98, 99, 100, 103.

Idrīs b. ‘Imrān, 241.

Idrīs b. Ma‘qil, voir Abū Dulaf al-Qāsim.

ifāḍa, 23.

Ifrīqiya, 8, 83, 97, 99, 174, 312, 387.

Ifrīqiya (ville), 97.

Ifriquš b. Abraha ar-Rā’iš, 97.

Iġārān1, 315.

‘Iğl, 318.

iḥtisābāt, 318.

ikrām, 150.

‘Ikrima b. Rib‘ī al-Fayyāḍ, 208, 209.

îles Fortunées, voir Ğazā’ir as-Sa‘āda.

‘Ilğšakaš, 107.

Īliyā’, 42, 118, 140, 315, 316 ; voir égalt Bayt al-Maqdis.

‘illa, 287.

Ilyān 98.

Immara, 31.

impôt foncier, voir ḫarāğ.

‘Imrān, 57.

Imru’ al-Qays, 34.

Inde, 5, 9, 12, 14, 15, 16-19, 62, 65, 118, 194, 197, 241, 259, 262, 303, 310, 312, 322, 379, 385.

Indiens, 7, 16-19, 163, 240, 242.

indigo, voir ḫiṭr.

Indus, voir Mihrān.

iqlīm, 235.

‘irāfa, 138, 139.

Īrağ b. Afrīḏū, 241.

Irak, voir ‘Irāq.

Irakiens, 183, 197, 213.

Iram aux Colonnes, 149.

Īrānšahr, 244, 258, 382.

‘irāq, 197,

‘Irāq, 6, 16, 27, 32, 33, 39, 87, 92, 113, 125, 127, 130, 137, 139, 140, 143, 158, 184, 197-234, 244, 253, 256, 269, 275, 279, 282, 283, 285, 305, 315, 324, 372, 377.

‘Īsā b. Idrīs, 315.

Isaac, 117, 120, 124, 240.

‘Iṣāba al-Ğarğarā’ī, 374.

Isaïe, voir Ša‘yā.

Iṣbahān, 243.

Iṣbahān b. al-Fallūğ b. Sām b. Nūḥ, 262, 314.

iṣbahbaḏ, 360, 364, 365, 366, 367, 368, 372.

al-Iṣbahbuḏān, 359, 367.

iscancor, voir išqanqūr.

Iṣfahān, 8, 62, 63, 101, 192, 197, 201, 235, 253, 254, 255, 262, 274, 275, 276, 283, 285, 307, 312, 313, 314-317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 322, 329.

Isfandiyār, 346.

Isfīḏahān, 255, 313.

Isfīḏğān, 289.

isfiḏmišk, 152.

Isḥāq (château d’—), 326.

Isḥāq b. Muḥammad b. ‘Abd al-Ḥamīd, 103.

Isḥāq b. Suwayd, 188.

Iskāf-le-Bas, 254.

Iskāf-le-Haut, 254, al-Iskandar, 62, 86, 87, 88, 103, 104, 106, 193, 194, 265, 294, 295, 316, 386 ; voir égalt Ḏū l-Qarnayn.

al-Iskandariyya, 9, 86-89, 90, 133, 214, 285, 304 ; son phare, 63, 87, 88, 129, 143, 214, 308.

Islam, 26, 29, 38, 80, 94, 137, 138, 168, 198, 199, 203, 204, 208, 209, 210, 228, 239, 240, 349, 364, 375, 377, 384.

Ismaël, 73, 120.

Ismā‘īl, 33.

Ismā‘īl b. Aḥmad, 370, 371, 389.

Ismā‘īl b. Muḥammad, 372.

Isnā, 90.

Ispahan, voir Iṣbahān et Iṣfahān.

išqanqūr, 82, 304, 308.

Israël, 115, 121.

Israélites, 103, 104.

Iṣṭaḫr (fils de Fāris), 239, 241.

Iṣṭaḫr, 38, 242, 247, 252, 254, 311.

Istān al-’Ᾱl, 243.

istār, 151.

itāwa, 337.

īwān, 256, 257, 374.

‘Iyāḍ b. Ġanam, 158.

Iyādite(s), 161, 221.

Iyās b. Qatāda, 203.

Izā, 313.

Jacob, 17, 120, 124, 351.

Jacobites, 94.

Jaén, voir Ğayyān.

Jaffa, voir Yāfā.

jais, 92-93.

Japhet, 248, 345.

Jâvaga, voir az-Zābağ.

Jean-Baptiste, 115, 117, 131, 132.

Jérusalem, voir Īliyā’ et al-Bayt al-Maqdis,

Jésus, 115, 117, 124, 171, 173, 251, 317, 355.

Jonas, voir Yūnus b. Mattā.

Joseph, 33, 58, 72, 84, 90, 124, 351.

Jourdain, voir al-Urdunn.

journées des Arabes, voir Ayyām al-‘Arab.

Juifs, 156, 176, 315, 321, 324, 353.

Julien, voir Ilyān.

Jupiter, 7.

Ka‘b [al-Aḥbār] / Ka‘b al-Ḥabr, 12, 74, 117, 118, 119, 127, 132, 133, 159, 174, 226, 311.

Ka‘b al-Quraẓī, 92.

Ka‘ba, 21, 22, 23-27, 38, 45, 47, 113, 115, 118, 119, 383.

al-Kabīra, 361.

Kabrāṯā, 136.

Kābul, 8, 197, 241, 382, 383.

Kafarbayyā, 137.

Kafarḥağar, 159.

Kafar’izzā, 158.

Kafartūṯā, 158.

Kağğah, 361.

al-Kahrağān, 246.

Kairouan, voir al-Qayrawān.

Kāl b. Barmak, 385.

Kalah, 19.

Kalah-Bār, 14, 15.

Kalaman, 334.

Kalār, 358, 369, 370.

al-Kalbī, 22, 37, 40, 42, 71, 79, 83, 127, 178, 216, 253, 258, 262, 312, 313, 315, 342, 351.

al-Kaltāniyya, 254.

Kalwāḏā, 239, 254.

Kām Fīrūz, 246.

kamānikiyya, 74.

Kamḫ, 213.

Kanām, 18.

Kan‘ān, 126.

Kanduranğ, 15.

Kanğ Bāḏāward, 167.

Kanḫawāst, 314.

al-Kanīsa as-sawdā’, 138.

kannab, 352.

Kanz, 103.

al-Karağ, 67, 286, 287, 315.

karam, 150.

karāma, 150.

Kārazīn, 246.

Kardabīl, 346.

Karḫ Maysān, 243.

karkabīs, 284.

Karkara, 344.

Karkūyah, 252.

karm, 150.

Karmāniya, 387.

Karmīnya, 386.

Karwān, 317.

al-Kāryān, 297.

Kasfā Bīs, 348.

Kasfar, 348.

al-Kāsikān, 247.

Kaskar, 226, 239, 253, 254, 316.

Kaslūḫīm, 126.

kaštağ, 294.

Kašvīn, 335.

al-Kaṯīb al-Akbar, 35.

al-Kaṯīb al-Aṣġar, 35.

Kawkaw, 84.

Kay-Ḫusraw, 297, 298.

Kay Marzubān, 380.

Kaymak, 388.

Kayqāwus, 252.

Kaysān, 129.

Kāzarūn, 246, 307.

Kedah, v.

Kalah et Qal‘at al-Hind.

kermès, 353.

Khodjend, voir Ḫuğanda.

Khorassan, voir Ḫurāsān.

Khorassaniens, 183, 367, 374, 375, 376, 377, 380.

Kilāb, 344.

kīlakān, 308.

Kīlān, 313.

al-Kīmārağ, 246.

kimḫār, 164.

al-Kinānī, 159.

al-Kindī, 36.

Kindites, 342.

Kīr, 246.

Kirmān, 197, 235, 248-252, 253, 254, 299, 306, 312, 319.

Kirmān b. Falawğ, 248.

Kirmānšāh, voir Qirmāsīn.

al-Kiryawn, 87.

Kisāl, 348.

kišmiš, 308.

Kisrā Abarwīz, voir Abarvīz.

Kisrā Anūširwān, 39, 63, 140, 141, 172, 173, 186, 191, 192, 198, 202, 204, 214, 240, 256, 257, 262, 297, 298, 310, 320, 344, 345, 346, 347, 358, 360, 378, 379.

Kisrā b. Qubāḏ b. Hurmuz, 373.

kūfa, 198.

al-Kūfa, 35, 58, 62, 72, 83, 113, 114, 117, 133, 139, 145, 152, 161, 197, 198-226, 228, 230, 231, 232, 253, 254, 259, 263, 269, 285, 306, 311, 312, 315, 322, 336, 337, 338, 349, 364, 374.

kūfān, 198.

Kūfiens, 202, 204-211, 223, 224, 225, 281, 305, 312, 314.

al-Kulāb, 321.

Kulāf, 151.

kulāfī, 151.

Kūlsarah, 342.

Kūlū-Malay, 14.

Kumārī, 354.

kundur, 41.

kunya, 374, 384.

kūra (pl. kuwar), 128, 135, 141, 243, 246, 247, 290, 318, 336, 339, 344, 359, 361, 388.

Kūrad, 247.

Kurān, 246.

Kurdes, 156, 247, 289, 297, 349.

a-Kūriyān, 247.

Kurkān, 259.

Kurm, 247.

kurr, 121.

Kurr, 349, 352.

Kūš b. Ḥām b. Nūḥ, 351.

Kūšak, 120, 125.

Kušān, 386.

Kusayr, 14.

Kušmahān, 308, 385.

Kustağ, 284.

Kuštāsf, 297.

al-kuta‘, 46.

kuwar, voir kūra.

Lābān, 120.

Labīd b. Rabī‘a, 208.

al-Lāḏiqiya, 135.

Laflaf, 36.

al-Lağğūn, 141, 142.

Laḫm, 145, 221.

al-Lāhūn (canal d’ —), 90.

lakā’, 305.

al-Lakz, 343, 353.

Lamaklujlu, 95.

Lambri, 13.

La Mecque, 6, 21-27, 30, 33, 34, 36, 40, 42, 45, 60, 95, 99, 101, 114, 127, 130, 131, 232, 239, 284, 311, 351, 374, 375, 383, 384 ; voir egalt Makka.

Lamṭa, 99.

al-Lān, 344, 347, 351, 353.

Lanğ [abālūs]/Lankabālus, 14, 19.

Lanṭā, 248.

Laodicée, voir al-Lāḏiqiya.

laque, voir lakā’.

Lār, 12.

al-Lāriz, 359.

laṣaf, 35.

laṯṯa, 57.

Laylā, 36, 54, 321.

Layṯ b. Abī Sulaym, 211.

lézard, voir ḍabb et ḥirḏūn.

Liban, voir Lubnān.

Libye, voir Lūbiya.

Līğarūḏ, 318.

liḥya, 46.

lion, 346, 347.

lion (de Hamaḏān), 290-294, 309.

logothète, voir luġuṭif.

Loth, voir Lūṭ.

loup-cervier, voir wašaq.

Lūbiya, 9, 90.

Lubnān, 25, 31, 136, 142, 149, 351.

Lūḏarīq, 101.

Ludd, 125, 126, 142.

luġuṯiṭ, 176.

al-Lukkām, 31, 351.

Lumrāsak, 389.

Lūndān, 269.

Lune, 7.

Luqmān (digue de —), 39.

lūr, 306.

Lūṭ, 115, 159, 317.

Lydda, voir Ludd.

lys blanc, voir sūsan āzāḏ.

mā’, 268.

al-Ma‘āfir, 74.

Macédoine, voir Maqaḏūniya.

al-Madā’in, 63, 201, 253, 254, 255, 256, 275, 277, 285, 309, 316, 320.

al-Madā’inī, 44, 128, 139, 197, 213, 232, 378.

Ma‘dān, 370.

Madaniyyūn, 167.

al-Maḏār, 255.

Maḏīkaš, 95.

Ma‘din al-Buram, 36.

Ma‘din al-Ḥasan, 31.

madīna, 323.

al-Madīna al-Hāšimiyya, 222.

Madīnat al-Manṣūr, 222.

Madīnat as-Salām, 66, 222 ; voir égalt Baġdād.

Madyanites, voir Madaniyyūn.

Māğān, 274, 285, 381.

Mağāza, 33.

Mages, 297, 298.

Maġīla, 101.

mağma’, 248.

Mağnūn (des Banū ‘Ᾱmir), 54.

Mağrāğrā, 98.

Maġrib, 6, 9, 11, 62, 63, 87, 92, 95, 97-112, 137, 182, 241, 304, 308.

māh, 243, 319.

Māh, 157, 265, 319.

Māh al-Baṣra, 253, 254, 313.

Māh Dīnār, 312.

Māh al-Kūfa, 253, 254, 259, 313.

maḥalla, 221.

Māhān, 246, 250.

Mahdī, 200.

al-Mahdī (calife), 25, 99, 137, 138, 202, 289, 322, 323, 330, 366, 372, 373.

al-Mahdī b. Zayd b. Muḥammad, 371.

Maḥdūg al-Maḫzūmī, 208.

al-Maḥfūfa, 28.

Mahīmān, 275.

Māhīrūbān/Mahrubān, 139.

Mahra, 305.

mahrāğ, 18, 19.

mahriyya, 43.

makā, 352.

Makḥūl aš-Šāmī, 42, 342.

Mākisīn, 159.

Makka, 21, 32 ; voir égalt La Mecque.

makman, 31.

Makrān, 114, 241, 254.

maktūba, 211.

al-Ma‘lah, 158.

Malaṭya, 31, 138, 139, 149, 213,351.

Malay, 14, 19.

malban, 308.

malḥama, 312.

al-Malīdas, 90.

al-Māliḥa, 35.

malik, 97.

Mālik, 127.

Mālik b. Dīnār, 231.

Mālik b. Fahm b. Ġanm b. Daws, 219, 220.

Mālik b. al-Ḥāriṯ, 210.

Mālik b. Misma’, 207, 208.

Mālik b. Qays, 221.

Mālik b. Ṯa’laba, 220.

Malsāna, 84.

Ma‘mar, 29.

Mamaṭīr, 358, 361.

al-Ma’mūn, 26, 65, 85, 137, 193, 237, 251, 290, 323, 331, 333, 350, 366, 381.

al-Ma’mūnī, voir al-Ḥasan b. ‘Alī al-Bāḏgīsī.

Ma‘n b. Zā’ida, 219.

al-manāra, 87.

Manbiğ, 136, 140, 142, 160.

Mandān, 330.

Manf, 73, 87, 89, 90, 214.

mānī, 152.

Manichéens, 94.

mann, 19, 36, 381.

manne, voir turanğubīn.

al-Manṣaf, 385.

Mansak, 354.

Manšak, 6.

al-Manṣūr, 2, 25, 99, 137, 138, 159, 166, 193, 202, 222, 289, 322, 350, 365, 366, 367, 372, 373.

Manṣūr b. ‘Ammār, 49.

Manṣūr b. Bādān, 321.

al-Manṣūra (du Sind), 253.

al-Manṣūra (du Ṭabaristān), 373.

al-Manṣūrī, 356.

Manūf as-Suflā, 90.

Manūf al-‘Ulyā, 90.

Manūšihr, 368.

manẓara, 87.

Maqaḏūniya, 72.

maqām, 21, 26, 45.

maqāni’, 308.

Ma‘qil b. Yasār al-Muzanī, 228.

maqṣūra, 30, 123, 133, 134.

Mārabīn, 317.

al-Marāga, 341, 342.

Marand, 341, 342.

Maranda, 84.

Maraqiyya Kāsira, 135.

Mārbin, 318.

marbre, voir ruḫām.

Marcionites, 94.

Mardaites, voir Ğarāğima.

Mardīn, 158, 162.

al-Marğ, 156, 158.

Marğ Ğuhayna, 158.

marğān, 102.

Ma’rib, 39, 47, 214.

Mārid, 297.

Marie, 35, 115, 117, 124.

Marie la Copte, 73, 74.

Marīs, 62, 85, 90, 304.

marīsiyya, 90.

marmar, 84.

Mars, 7.

martre-zibeline, voir sammūr.

Marw, 62, 87, 254, 274, 283, 285, 305, 307, 308, 316, 372, 375, 376, 378-383, 385.

Marw ar-Rūḏ, 379, 380, 382.

Marw aš-Šāhiğān, 378, 382.

Marwaḥ, 39.

Marwān b. Muḥammad b. Marwān b. al-Ḥakam, l34, 340, 341, 348, 349, 365.

Marwānides, 374.

al-Marwazī, 193.

al-Marzā, 36.

marzubān, 364.

Marzūq b. Abī 1-Hasīb, 365, 366.

al-Marzūqa, 28.

Mas‘ā, 27.

Māsabaḏān, 201, 253, 254, 255, 256, 258, 285.

māsabaḏī, 152.

Māšak, 6.

maṣāni‘, 191, 232.

Maš‘ar, 45.

Mascate, voir Masqaṭ.

masğid al-Asāwira, 231.

masğid Banī ‘Adī, 231.

masğid Banī Mugāši‘, 231.

masğid Ğuddān, 231.

masğid al-qurā, 212 ; voir égalt Mosquée.

Maṣīl, 90.

Maskin, 243, 244.

Maslama b. ‘Abd al-Malik, 174, 232.

maṣmuġān, 331, 333, 334, 368, 372.

Maṣqala b. Hubayra b. Šibl, 208, 364, 365.

Masqaṭ, 14, 344, 349, 353.

Masrūq, 209.

Masruqān, 275.

al-Masryān, 349.

al-Maṣṣīṣa, 9, 31, 137, 141, 143, 149, 351, 356.

maṣṭaka, 176, 304.

mastic, voir maṣṭaka.

Mas‘ūd (château de —), 39.

maṭārim, 283.

maṭāriq, 283.

al-Maṭda’, 36.

Matrūka, 98.

Maurice, voir Mawriq.

mawālī, 108, 231, 336, 341, 349.

mawlā, voir mawālī.

Mawriq, 167.

al-Mawṣil, 32, 51, 137, 143, 155-156, 158, 160, 161, 201.

may’a, 102, 176, 304.

al-Mayān Rūḏān, 247.

Mayāniğ, 341, 342.

Māyanmarğ/Māyanharğ, 290, 342, al-Maydān, 246.

mayḏar, 46.

Maymūn, 222.

Maymūn b. Mihrān, 57.

Maymūna, 118.

Maysān, 243, 254, 306, 322.

maysānī, 306.

Maysūn, 287.

Mayyāfāriqīn, 158, 159, 160, 162.

mayyaza, 253.

Mazdaq, 298.

Mazdéens, 17, 176, 297, 341, 342.

al-Māziḥīn, 159, 162.

Mazūn, 40.

al-Māzyār b. Qārin, 65, 362, 363, 366, 367, 368.

Médie, voir al-Ğabāl.

Médine, 22, 27, 28-31, 32, 34, 42, 47, 72, 95, 101, 114, 130, 131, 203, 230, 232, 284, 306, 311, 351, 374.

Médinois, 30.

Méditerranée, 80, 324.

Melkites, 94, 163.

Memphis, voir Manf.

mers (les), 9-16, 184.

mer de Fars, 10, 11.

mer (la grande —), 9.

mer Ḫazarienne, voir mer (troisième —).

mer du Ḫurāsān, 385.

mer Indienne, 10, 11.

mer Khorassanienne, voir mer (troisième —).

mer du Lār, 12.

mer Morte, voir al-Buḥayra al-muntina.

mer Occidentale, 9.

mer Orientale, 319.

mer (la quatrième—), 10.

mer des Rūm, 11, 173.

mer des Slaves, 324.

mer du Sud, 9.

mer de Syrie, 174.

mer des Ténèbres, 88.

mer (la troisième —), 10, 351.

mer Verte, 204.

mer des Zanğ, 352.

mercure, 353.

Mercure, 7.

Merv, voir Marw.

merveilles, 11-16, 76-84, 143.

Mésopotamie, voir al-Ğazīra.

Messie, voir Jésus.

miḫlāf, 41.

mihr, 331, 333.

miḥrāb, 30, 117, 124, 133.

mihrağān, 331, 333.

Mihrağānqaḏaq, 253, 254, 255, 275, 285.

Mihrān, 76, 77, 201.

miḫrāq, 81.

al-Mihrawān, 284, 359, 360.

Mihrawānī, 285.

al-Mihrğilyān, 349.

Milādğard, 318.

millet, voir duḫn et ğāwars.

al-Milṭāt, 199.

Mīmand, 246.

Minā, 79.

minbar, 29, 47, 91, 123, 250, 340, 359, 360, 361, 362, 368.

Minğāb b. Rāšid aḍ-Ḍabbī, 229, 231.

mi‘rāğ, 124.

Mīqyārāt, 104.

al-Miskīna, 28.

Misma‘, 148.

miṣr, 156, 222, 228, 338, 341 ; voir égalt amṣār.

Miṣr (fils de Miṣrāyim), 71.

Miṣr, 6, 8, 9, 33, 40, 62, 63, 69, 71-95, 99, 100, 117, 133, 203, 214, 252, 272, 281, 285, 297, 303, 304, 305, 306, 308, 311.

miṯqāl, 244, 365.

Moïse, 33, 57, 72, 75, 85, 103, 106, 116, 119, 127, 149, 170, 211, 317, 344, 351, 379.

memecylon tinctorium, voir wars.

Mont d’Émeraude, 74.

Mopsueste, voir al-Maṣṣīṣa.

Mosquee de Jérusalem, 116, 121-124, 145.

Mosquée de Kūfa, 198, 211-212.

Mosquée de la Mecque, 23-27, 116, 130, 131, 211.

Mosquée de Médine, 29-30, 116, 130, 131, 211 ; voir égalt masğid.

Mosquée de Simāk, 221.

Mosquée d’At-Ṭūṯ, 340.

Mosquée de Ẓafir, 212.

Mossoul, voir al-Mawṣil.

Mu’āb, 138.

al-Mu’allā b. Hilāl al-Kufl, 356.

Mu‘annaq, 30.

Mu‘arraq, 41.

Mu‘assal, 41.

Mu‘āwiya b. Abī Sufyān, 1, 25, 29, 58, 69, 97, 126, 133, 139, 140, 161, 188, 202, 220, 287, 313, 348, 349, 364.

mūbaḏ, 261, 262.

al-Mubārak at-Turkī, 338.

al-Mubāraka, 29.

al-Mubarrad, 244.

Muḍar, 44, 209, 224.

al-Mudaybir, 159, 162.

al-Muḍayyaḥ, 201.

mudd, 28.

al-Mudīr, 142.

Mudrika, 98.

mudy, 176.

muğaddar, 93.

Muğāhid, 24, 25, 38, 39, 224.

al-Mugira b. Su’ba, 198, 223, 228, 230, 263, 336, 340, 349.

al-Muhallab, 148.

Muḫallad, 51, 238.

Muḥammad, voir Prophète.

Muḥammad b. ‘Abd ar-Raḥmān b. al-Ḥakam b. Hišām b. ‘Abd ar-Raḥmān b. Mu‘āwiya b. Hišām b. ‘Abd al-Malik b. Marwān b. al-Ḥakam b. Umayya, 100.

Muḥammad b. Abī Maryam, 318.

Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-Ḥāğib, 291.

Muḥammad b. ‘Ali b. ‘Abd Allāh, 222, 374.

Muḥammad b. ‘Amr, 338.

Muḥammad b. al-Aš‘aṯ al-Kindī, 206, 365.

Muḥammad b. al-Ba‘īṯ, 341.

Muḥammad b. Baššār, 266.

Muḥammad b. al-Faḍl, 335.

Muḥammad b. Ḥabīb aḍ-Ḍabbī, 189, 190.

Muḥammad b. al-Ḥağğāğ, 340.

Muḥammad b. Ḫālid b. Yazid b. Mazyad aš-Šaybāni, 323.

Muḥammad b. Hārun b. Ziyād, 260, 371.

Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan, 155, 323.

Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm b. Muṣ‘ab, 331, 367.

Muḥammad b. Isḥāq, 275, 324.

Muḥammad b. Marwān b. al-Hakam, 155, 348.

Muḥammad b. Maysara, 336.

Muḥammad b. Mūsā al-Ḫwārizmī,6.

Muḥammad [al-Amīn] ibn ar-Rašīd, 290.

Muḥammad b. Rustam al-Kalarī, 370.

Muḥammad b. Sahriyar ar-Rūyānī, 370.

Muḥammad b. Ṭāhir, 369.

Muḥammad b. ‘Umayr b. ‘Uṭārid b. Hāğib b. Zurāra b. ‘Udus, 199, 200, 207.

Muḥammad b. Yazīd b. Mazyad, 350.

Muḥammad b. Zayd al-‘Alawī, 66, 369, 370, 371.

Muḥammadiyya, 323.

al-Muḥarrama, 28.

muḫattam, 151, 152.

al-Muḥraqa, 7.

al-Muḫtār b. Abī ‘Ubayd, 206, 223, 224.

Mukallim aḏ-ḏi’b, 44, 45.

mukassar, 26.

mukrā, 35.

Mukrān, 235, 253.

al-Muktafī bi-llāh, 293, 323.

mulāḥī, 152.

Mulayka, 30.

mulāzama, 17.

mulḥam, 62, 307, 308.

al-Mūltān, 9, 253.

mulūk aṭ-ṭawā’if, 220, 242.

mūmaqis, 81.

Munḏir, 44, 45.

al-Munḏir b. Imri’ al-Qays, 217, 219.

al-Munḏir b. Mā’ as-Samā’, 268.

Mu‘niq, 34.

al-Munsalaḫ, 36.

al-Muqaddasa, 28.

Mūqān, 10, 338, 342.

al-Muqanna’, 382.

muqāṭa‘a, 290.

Muqātil, 22.

Muqātil b. Ḥassān b. Ṯa‘laba, 220.

Muqātil b. Sulaymān, 115, 355.

muqaṭṭa‘a, 108.

al-Muqaṭṭam, 74.

Muqawqis, 74.

Muqrā, 41.

Mur de la Vieille, voir Ḥā’iṭ al-‘Ağūz.

al-Murāğ, 250.

Muraille (la), 347, 353-355.

muraqqib, 176.

Murāwa, 84.

Murr b. ‘Amr al-Mawṣilī aṭ-Ṭā’ī, 341.

Murra (canal de —), 231.

Murra b. Abī Murra ar-Rudaynī al-’Iğlī, 290.

Murrān, 31.

murrī, 351.

Mūsā [al-Hādī], 2, 338.

Mūsā b. Buġā, 323.

Mūsā b. Ḥafṣ b. ‘Umar b. al-‘Alā’, 366.

Mūsā b. Ḥafṣ aṭ-Ṭabarī, 331, 333.

Mūsā b. ‘Īsā, 93.

Mūsā b. Nuṣayr, 100, 109, 112.

Mūsā b. ‘Uqba, 168.

Muṣ‘ab b. az-Zubayr, 206, 208.

225, 231.

Musabbal, 123.

Muṣallā, 118.

Mušān, 203, 213, 305.

al-Mušaqqar, 33, 35, 297, 308.

Musaqqaṭ, 131.

Mušayl, 350.

Muslim b. Abī Bakra, 228.

Muslim b. ‘Aqīl, 223.

al-Muslima, 28.

musnad, 40, 84.

al-Musquwān, 349.

mušraf, 27.

muṣtakā, 102.

musta’min, 301.

al-Muštarī b. al-Aswad, 80.

mustašraf, 275.

Musulmans, 6, 25, 65, 127, 159, 174, 178, 312, 337, 343, 349, 355, 360, 363, 364, 365, 366, 374, 375.

muṣūr, 71.

al-Mu‘taḍid bi-llāh, 66, 323, 370, 371.

Mutāli‘, 190.

al-Mu‘tamid, 370.

mutaqabbil, 337.

mutarrak, 8.

al-Mu‘taṣim bi-llāh, 64, 126, 137, 305, 306, 336, 349, 350, 366, 367.

al-Mutawakkil, 350, 372.

al-Mutawakkilī, 298.

al-Mutawakkiliyya, 349.

Mu‘tazilites, 98, 103.

al-Mu‘tazz bi-llāh, 144.

al-Muṭī’, 231.

al-Muwaffaq bi-llāh, 267.

al-Muwaffiya, 28.

muwallada, 34, 103.

muwarraqī, 152.

Mūz, 246.

Muzāḥim b. Biṣtām, 382.

al-Muzdalifa, 23, 45.

uzn, 362, 363.

Na‘ām, 34.

Nabatéens, 40, 281, 379.

nabīḏ, 53.

Nabuchodonosor, voir Buḫt Naṣṣar.

Nābulus, 126.

Nādimah, 263.

nadīr, 284.

an-Naḍīra, 157.

Nāfi‘ b. al-Ḥāriṯ b. Kalada, 227, 228.

Nafīs, 240, 241.

Nağaf, 199, 215, 226.

an-Nağāšī, 223, 224.

Nağd, 31, 32, 35, 36, 197.

Nāğiya, 311.

Nağrān, 34, 42, 155.

an-Naḫa‘ (tribu), 206.

Nahd, 53.

Naḫğīrān, 192.

Nāhik, 327.

nahr Abī Fuṭrus, 128.

nahr Abī Mūsā, 230.

nahr Balḫ, 79, 117, 128, 141, 241, 255, 328, 373, 382.

nahr Dayṣan, 213.

nahr al-Ğāmi‘, 222.

nahr al-Ḫandaq, 213.

nahr al-Ḥasan, 350.

nahr al-Ḥīra, 226.

nahr Ibn ‘Umar, 146.

nahr al-Iğğana, 229.

Nahr‘Īsā, 213.

nahr Kaysūm, 213.

nahral-Kūfa, 213.

nahr Kūṯā, 213.

nahr al-Malik, 213.

nahr Ma‘qil, 231.

nahr S‘īd, 152.

nahr Sağa, 213.

nahr Sarṣar, 213.

nahr Šayṭān, 231.

nahr Sūrā, 213.

nahr al-Ubulla, 128, 230, 231.

nahr al-Urdunn, voir al-Urdunn.

nah Wālis, 231.

an-Nahrawānāt, 255.

Naḫšab, 387.

Nāmiya, 201, 359, 364, 389.

Narbonne, voir Arbūna.

Naplouse, voir Nābulus.

Narīz, 341, 342.

Narūbān, 275.

an-nās, 22.

Nasā, 289, 297, 336, 371, 380, 382.

Nasaf, 382, 386.

an-Našawā, 254, 343, 344, 350.

Naṣībīn, 158, 159, 160, 275, 282.

nāšiqīnī, 152.

an-Nāṣir, 248.

Nāšir Yun’im, 107.

Naṣrābāḏ, 327.

Naṣrides, 220.

Nāssa, 21.

nastar, 284.

Nātil, 358.

Nā‘ūra, 136.

Nawbahār, 190.

al-Nawbandağān, 244, 246, 247.

nāwukiyya, 62.

nāwūs aẓ-ẓabya, 309-311.

Nayrīz, 247.

nayrūz/nawrūz, 334.

Nāzik-Ṭarḫān, 384.

Nestoriens, 94.

Nibāğ (qaṣr), 214.

Nicobar, voir Lanğ [abālūs].

Nicolaïtes, 94.

Nuffar, 254.

Nihāwand, 62, 63, 142, 143, 201, 210, 254, 255, 263, 275, 276, 284, 285, 309, 312-314, 316, 322, 336.

an-Nīl, 63, 71-95, 117, 212, 272, 297, 304.

Nimīwar/Nīmvar, 320.

nims, 76, 252.

Nīnawā, 158.

Ninive, voir Nīnawā.

nīrsiyān, 35, 213, 305.

Nīsābūr, 252, 274, 283, 298, 308, 336, 378, 380, 382.

Nīšāpūr, voir Nīsābūr.

nisnās, 43-44, 305.

Nistar, 201.

Noé, voir Nūḥ.

Noirs, 6, 73, 74, 84, 95, 139, 144, 198, 241, 377.

Nu’Aym b. ‘Abd Allāh, 168.

Nūbahār, 383, 384, 385.

Nubie, 90, 93.

Nubiens, 10, 75, 79, 93, 94, 95, 304.

Nūḥ, 71, 126, 127, 170, 211, 223, 248, 312, 373.

Nūḥ Ᾱwand, 312.

an-Nuḫayla, 198.

Nūkat, 387.

Nu‘mān, 44, 45, 257.

an-Nu‘mān b. Imri’ al-Qays, 214, 215, 216, 222.

an-Nu‘mān b. al-Munḏir, 38.

an-Nu‘mān b. Muqarrin, 207.

Nūšağān-le-Haut, 388.

Nūškat, 387.

nuṭfa, 268.

occus paphica, 353.

océan Indien, 12.

Oman, voir ‘Umān.

onagres, 43, 299.

onyx, 41.

Ostia Tiberis, voir Wuṣṭītābiris.

Ourse (constellation de l’—), voir Banāt Na‘š.

Oxus, voir Ğayḥūn et nahr Balḫ.

Pahlavis, voir Bilād al-Bahlawiyyīn.

Palestine, voir Filasṭīn.

palmier, 35, 144-154.

Palmyre, voir Tadmur.

panka, voir ḫayš.

papyrus, voir qirṭās.

Paradis, voir al-Farādīs.

Parviz, voir Abarwīz.

pays natal (amour du —), 287-288.

pays natal (éloignement du —), 57-70.

pélican, voir ḥawṣal.

Péluse, voir al-Faramā.

péninsule Arabique, 21-47.

Pentateuque, 94, 163, 324.

perroquet, 7, 13.

Persans, 6, 24, 139, 239, 383.

Perse, 33, 120, 125, 155, 248, 255, 263, 277, 291, 345, 364, 367, 368, 372, 373.

Perses, 39, 198, 216, 220, 239, 257, 276, 329, 334, 375.

Petchénègues, voir Bağnāk.

Pharaon, 33, 72, 73, 74, 76, 83, 87, 89, 140, 214, 334.

phénix, voir ‘Anqā’ et banğas.

Philippe, voir Fīlifūs.

Phocas, voir Fūq.

Pierre Noire, 21, 24, 25, 26.

Platon, voir Aflāṭūn.

Pléiades, 11, 240.

plumes [d’autruche], voir rīš.

pluvier, voir ṭīṭawā.

Poisson (qui soutient la terre), 12.

Poissons (signe des —), 10, 11.

pôle Nord, 7, 184.

pôle Sud, 7, 184.

porphyre, voir marmar.

Portes (les), 15, 19.

Porte (la petite —), 129.

Porte des Alains, voir Bāb al-Lān.

Porte de la Cité 124.

portes d’Ad-Dūdāniyya, 344.

portes de Durzūqiyya, 344.

Porte de 1’Est, 129.

Porte de Fer, voir Bāb al-Ḥadīd.

Porte d’Al-Gāiya, 129.

Porte de Ḥarb, 326.

Porte de 1’Hôtel d’Umm Ḫālid, 124.

Porte d’Al-Iṣfahānī, 231.

Porte de Kaysān, 129.

Porte de Kiss, 382.

Porte de la Miséricorde, 124.

Porte du Paradis, 130.

Porte du Prophète, 124.

Porte de la Rémission, 124.

Porte du Repentir, 124.

portes de Šakkī, 344.

Porte de Samsaḫī, 344.

Porte de Thomas, 129.

Portes des Tribus, 124.

Porte d’Usrūšana, 382.

Porte de ‘Uṯmān, 231.

Porte de la Vallée, 124.

Prophète (le), 5, 11, 21, 22, 25, 28, 29, 30, 31, 38, 41, 45, 47, 57, 71, 73, 79, 84, 86, 91, 93, 102, 116, 118, 123, 124, 126, 127, 131, 152, 159, 170, 171, 188, 205, 208, 209, 211, 225, 229, 232, 239, 240, 269, 327, 339, 343, 375, 377, 378, 389.

Pyram, voir Ğayḥān.

Pyramides (les), 63, 84-85, 214, 308.

pyrée, 297-298, 342.

qabā’, 130.

qabāla, 289, 337.

Qabala, 343, 355, 349.

qabbala, 288.

Qābis, 97.

al-Qabq, voir ğabal al-Qabq.

Qābūs, 44, 45.

Qadas, 141.

qaddasa, 30.

al-Qādisiyya, 201, 209, 212.

Qāf (mont), 19.

qafīz, 165.

Qafṣa, 97.

Qahanduz, 128.

Qahfā, 90.

Qahqūr, 255.

Qaḥṭaba, 376.

Qaḥṭaba b. Sabib, 374.

Qaḥṭān, 374.

Qalansuwa, 141.

Qalarğīt, 348.

Qal‘at al-Hind, 141.

Qalawḏiya, 139.

Qālīqalā, 31, 213, 254, 276, 344, 348, 351, 353.

qalqand, 353.

al-Qāmdār, 317.

al-Qamībarān, 349.

Qamūniya, 101, 102.

qāmūs al-baḥr, 11, 12.

qanāt, 269.

Qānbūs, 351.

Qandīl (Mont), 158.

Qanwā, 104.

al-Qa‘qa‘ b. Šawr ad-Dihlī, 208.

qa’qā‘ī, 35.

Qāqizān, 338.

Qarašat, 334.

Qarayāt al-Furāt, 162.

Qardā, 158, 162.

al-Qarḥā’, 36.

Qārin, 362.

qarīṯā’, 35, 232.

Qarmāsīn, 255.

al-Qarnīn, 252.

Qarqīsiyā’ (fils de Fāris), 239.

Qarqīsiyā, 158, 159.

Qarṭāğinna, 97.

Qarṭasā, 90.

Qārūn, 334.

Qaryat Abī Ṣalāba, 221.

Qaryat al-Marāġa, 341.

al-Qaryatān1, 128.

Qaṣaba, 35.

qasb, 213.

qasb al-‘anbar, 213, 305.

Qaṣī, 27, 28.

al-Qašīb, 41.

qaṣīda, 235, 236, 293.

Qāsim [Abū Dulaf], 67.

al-Qāsim b. Rabī‘a aṯ-Ṯaqafī, 349.

al-Qāsim b. ar-Rašīd, 338.

al-Qāsim b. Šahriyār (zumm d’ —), 247.

al-Qāsim b. Sulaymān, 334.

Qasmlr, 384.

Qaṣr al-‘Adasiyyīn, 221.

Qaṣr Anas, 229.

Qaṣr al-Aswad b. al-Hayṯam, 98.

Qaṣr Ğābir, 323.

Qaṣr Ḫālid, 222.

Qaṣr al-Luṣūṣ, 63, 262, 309, 320.

Qaṣr Muqātil, 220.

Qaṣr-i Šīrīn, 63, 255, 320.

Qaṣrān, 327.

Qaṣṭīliya, 97.

Qatāda, 25, 203, 379.

al-Qaṭīf, 35.

qaṭīfa, 210.

Qaṭrabbul/Quṭrabbul, 152, 244, 254.

Qayrawa, 98.

al-Qayrawān, 97, 98, 101, 102, 109, 112, 174, 297.

Qays, 90, 148, 208, 209, 230, 342.

Qayṣar, 262.

Qaysāriyya, 126.

Qaysites, 207.

Qazwīn, 62, 152, 235, 253, 254, 255, 270, 289, 307, 325, 326, 335-340, 363, 364, 370.

qibla, 118, 123, 124, 232.

Qifṭ, 90.

Qihistān, 317.

Qimār, 18.

Qina, 90.

Qinnasrīn, 113, 134, 136, 139, 140.

Qirmāsīn, 235, 253-262, 285.

qirqis, 81.

qirṭās, 82, 303, 305.

Qubā, 31, 130.

Qubāḏ, 164, 298.

Qubāḏ b. Fīrūs/Fayrūz, 243, 253, 255, 256, 258, 259, 285, 290, 318, 328, 343, 344.

Qubād Ḫurra, 243.

Qubāqib, 139.

Quḍā‘a, 145, 157.

Quds (mont), 30, 257.

al-Qufṣ, 250.

quhandiz, 386.

Quhandiz, 378, 379, 381.

Qūhī’ābāḏ, 289.

Qūhistān, 382.

Quilon, voir Kūlū-Malay.

qulquṭār, 353.

Qulzum, 9, 80, 85, 95, 324.

Qumām bint al-Ḥāriṯ b. Hāni’ al-Kindī, 221.

Qūmis, 253, 362, 366, 367.

Qumm, 62, 253, 254, 255, 298, 317-318.

Qumsār, 317.

Qurāqir, 201.

Qurayš, 53, 161, 217, 224, 239, 316, 383.

Qurra, 221.

Qurṭuba, 98, 99, 100, 101, 107, 108.

Qūrus, 136.

Qusās, 41.

al-Quṣayr, 74.

Quss b. Sā‘ida, 61.

al-Qusyān (église d’—), 160.

al-Quṭāmī, 267.

Qutayba b. Muslim, 148, 207, 208, 253, 267.

Quṭquṭāna, 226.

Quṭrabbul, voir Qaṭrabbul.

Quṭrub, 198.

al-Quwādyān, 382.

ar-Rabī‘ b. Ḫuṯaym, 50, 209.

Rabī‘a, 36, 209.

Rabī‘a b. ‘Uṯmān, 263.

Rab‘ūn, 104.

Racosites, 94.

raḍiya, 30.

Raḍwā (mont), 30, 257.

Rafaḥ, 72.

Rāfi‘ b. Harṯama, 66, 323, 370.

ar-Rāfiqa, 145, 155, 159, 162.

Rāğīl, 36.

ar-Rağrāğa, 36.

ar-Raḥba, 159.

Raḥbat Banī Hāšim, 228.

raḫbīn, 308.

Rāhdāniyya, 324.

Rahmā.

(Royaume de —), 18.

rāḫtağ, 308.

raisin, voir vigne.

Rak‘a, 116, 119.

ar-Rām, 33.

Rām Ardašīr, 243.

ramād as-sanṭ, 81, ar-Ramğān, 246.

Rāmhurmuz, 201, 243, 255.

Rāmīn, 158.

ar-Raml/Raml ‘Ᾱliğ, 33.

ramla, 125.

ar-Ramla, 113, 125, 126, 141, 149.

ar-Rammāḥ, 45.

ar-Ramnī, 13.

Randak, 136.

ra‘qā, 94.

ar-Raqīm, 176.

ar-Raqmatan, 64.

Raqqa, 145, 155, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 213, 327.

Ra’s al-‘Ayn, 159, 160, 161, 162.

Ra’s Kayfa, 159, 162.

Rāšid al-Hağarī, 224.

ar-Rass, 349, 352, 353.

Rāšt, 385.

raṭl, 192, 266, 381.

ar-Rawābī, 159, 162.

Rāwand d’Al-Mawṣil, 155.

Rāwand b. Biyūrāsf, 155.

Rawḥ b. Ḥātim b. Māhawayh, 368.

Rawh b. Ḥātim al-Muhallabī, 350, 365, 366.

Rawḥ b. Zinbā‘ al-Ğuḏāmī, 131.

ar-Rawwād al-Azdī, 341.

Rāyīn, 271.

ar-Rayy, 39, 62, 128, 152, 197, 201, 235, 253, 254, 255, 270, 274, 276, 285, 307, 311, 322-329, 330, 335, 338, 360, 361, 369, 370, 378.

ar-Rayyān b. al-Walīd, 33.

Razīq, 274, 285, 381.

rāziqī, 152.

rhinocéros, voir ḏū l-qarn.

ar-Ribāb, 206.

rībās, 284.

rībāṭ, 339.

ar-Ribāṭ, 250.

Ribāṭ Ḥafṣ, 389.

ar-Riḍā. (l’imam), 317, 380.

Rīf (mésopotamien), 161, 199.

rīš, 82.

ar-Riyāsa, 363.

ar-Riyāšī, 155.

Roboam, 125.

Rodéric, voir Luḏarīq.

Rome, voir Rūmiya.,

ar-Rubāb, 321.

Rūbistān, 382.

Rūḏa, 326.

Rūḏah, 289.

Rūḏarāwar, 254, 285.

ar-Rūḏbār, 318.

ar-Ruhā, 63, 129, 159, 160, 162 ; son église, 160, 297, 308.

ruḫām, 84.

ar-Ruhayma, 226.

ar-Ruḫḫağ, 252.

Rūm, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 62, 66, 93, 94, 100, 132, 139, 141, 144, 155, 160, 163-179, 182, 198, 213, 240, 241, 256, 262, 304, 343, 344, 351, 377, 389.

Rūma, 31.

rumāt al-ḥadaq, 304, 388.

ar-Rumayla, 36.

Rūmiya, 10, 63, 89, 102, 140, 141, 309.

Rūmiya ad-dāḫila, 178, 179.

ar-Ruṣāfa, 159, 222.

Ruṣāfat Hišām, 136.

Rustam, 252.

Rustam Ᾱbāḏ, 338.

Rustamides, 98.

rustāq, 289, 317, 318, 329.

Ruway, 322.

Ruwaydašt, 317, 318, 320.

ar-Ruwayḥān, 246.

ar-Rūyān, 235, 307, 359, 361, 364, 365, 370.

ruzdāq, 383.

Ryāmyārūs, 7.

Sā, 90.

ṣā‘, 28.

Šā‘ā, 159.

Saba (reine de —), 47.

Sabām, 104.

aš-Šab‘ān, 35.

Šabās, 90.

Sabasṭya, 126.

Sabāṭ, 388.

Šabaṯ b. Rib‘ī at-Tamīmī, 206, 208.

šabbūṭ, 233.

Šabdīz, 63, 214, 259-262, 285, 292, 293, 309, 320.

Sabéens, 94.

aš-Ša‘bī, 2, 155, 267, 316, 373.

Sābir, 62.

aš-Šābirān, 344, 349.

sābirī, 35.

Sabta, 98.

sabu‘ 75.

Sābūr (fils d’Ardašīr), 241, 293, 295, 299, 300, 301, 302.

as-Sābūr, 35, 243, 247, 248, 254, 255, 285, 306.

Sābūr ḏū l-Aktāf, 157, 158, 336.

Šābūr Ḫuwašt, voir Baṭn Māstar.

Sāburḫāst, 342.

Sa‘d, 206.

Sa‘d b. Abī Waqqāṣ, 198, 209, 220, 223, 228.

Sa‘d b. Mu‘āḏ b. an-Nu‘mān, 44.

Sa‘d b. Qays al-Hamdānī, 210.

Šāḏamihr, 190.

as-saḏaq, 281.

ṣadaqa, 144, 349.

Ṣadaqa b. ‘Alī, 341.

Ṣadaqya, 126.

šaḏarwān, 26.

Ṣadḫān, voir Sīsar.

sadīr, 216.

as-Sadīr, 216, 217, 226.

aš- Šāḏiyāḫ, 189, 190.

Šāḏqubād, 243.

as-Sādūr, 246.

aṣ-Ṣafā, 35.

Sa’faṣ, 334.

ṣafāyā, 35.

ṣaff, 63.

as-Saffāḥ, voir Abū l-’Abbās.

aš-Šāfiya, 28.

ṣafrā’ 35.

ṣafraqān, 35.

Safsān, 289.

Ṣafwān b.al-Mu‘aṭṭal as-Sulamī, 343.

aṣ-Ṣağāniyān, 382, 384, 385.

aš-Šağaratāni, 72.

Sagittaire (le), 10, 286.

šāh, 378.

Šahad, 269.

Šahār Sūğ, 220.

Saḥārān, 254, 318.

Šahbūš, 244.

Šāhfirind, 253.

Ṣāḥib as-Sarīr, 343, 347, 353.

ṣāḥib aṣ-ṣuwar, 88.

aš-Šāhīğān, 246.

Šahl b. Hārūn, 237.

as-Sahla, 36 ; sa mosquée, 212.

Ṣaḫr, 334.

Ṣaḫra, 116, 117, 118, 119, 121, 123, 124.

Ṣaḥrā’ (d’Al-Bardaht), 221,

Ṣaḥrā’ (de Qiraṭ), 289.

Saḥrā’ (d’Umm Salama), 222.

Šahraqubāḏ, 224.

Šahrastān, 389.

Šahrazūr, 156, 157, 244, 254, 275.

Šahrbarāz, 167.

as-Sā’ib b. al-Aqra‘, 198, 315.

Sa‘īd, 305.

Sa‘īd b. al-‘Ᾱṣ, 223, 338, 364.

Sa‘īd b. Da‘lağ, 368.

Sa‘īd b. Ğubayr, 39, 209.

Sa‘īd b. Kaṯīr b. ‘Ufayr, 85.

Sa‘īd b. Mas‘ūd al-Māzinī, 203.

Sa‘īd b. al-Musayyab, 316.

Sa‘īd b. Salm, 350.

Sa‘īdābāḏ, 358.

sa‘īdiyya, 62, 307.

Šakāsik, 132.

Šakīna, 117.

Šakkan, 349.

Šakkī, 344.

Šakla, 373.

Ṣalāba b. Mālik b. Ṭāriq al-‘Abdī, 221.

Ṣalāh, 21.

Šalāhiṭ, 11, 13, 19.

Salam aṭ-Ṭayfūrī, 289.

Salama, 98.

Salamās, 342.

Salamiya, 98, 134.

Šalanba, 329, 359.

as-Salaq, 342.

Ṣalḥīn, 39, 40.

ṣālib, 291.

Ṣāliḥ, 21.

Ṣāliḥ b. ‘Alī b. ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Abbās, 99, 126, 138.

Sālim b. ‘Ammār, 221.

šalīṯā, 154.

salix, voir šalīṯā.

Sallam (l’interprète), 357.

Salma, 113, 280.

Salmān b. Rabī‘a, 199, 343, 348, 349.

Salomon, 38, 39, 40, 42, 89, 111, 112, 115, 116, 117, 119, 120, 121, 122, 125, 130, 134, 137, 142, 171, 211, 265, 266, 317, 334 ; Table de —, 100, 101 ; Temple de —, 116, 119.

Salqānrūḏ, 289, 336.

Salūq, 63.

Šālūš, 358, 359, 361, 362, 369.

Sām, 39, 127, 373,387.

Šām, 6, 8, 22, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 40, 64, 92, 113-154, 155, 161, 163, 167, 168, 175, 199, 200, 201, 203, 214, 215, 226, 278, 311, 312, 349, 351, 374, 377.

Šamām, 145.

samandal, 251.

Samandar, 344, 353.

Samarcande, voir Samarqand.

Samarqand, 128, 254, 255, 285, 297, 303, 308, 328, 371, 380, 381, 382, 386-387, 388.

Samarra, 144, 152, 305, 357, 367.

šāmāt, 113.

Samāwa, 155.

Šamḫ, 44.

Sāmīr, 269.

Šamir b. Ifrīqīs, 386.

as-Sāmira, 141.

Samīrān, 246.

Šamirkand, 386.

Šamkūr, 348.

Samkūš, 324.

Saml b. Masriq, 167.

Šamm, 382.

aš-Šammāḫ, 99, 100.

sammūr, 102, 388.

Samosate, voir Sumaysāṭ.

šamsa, 26.

Samsaḫī, 344, 348.

aš-Šamsāniyya, 159.

Samšuldā, 344.

samūm, 86.

samur, 32.

Sāmurān, 41.

Ṣan‘ā’, 33, 36, 38-40, 41, 42, 151, 285, 387.

Ṣan‘ā’ b. Azāl b. Yuqṭān, 38.

Sanam, 382.

san‘āna, 35.

aṣ-Ṣanāriyya, 348, 350.

aš-šanātir, 46.

Sandān, 19.

Ṣandarfūlāt, 15, 19.

aṣ-Ṣanf, 9, 11, 15.

Sanğa, 63, 129, 308.

Ṣanḫay, 15, 19.

Sanīr, 128, 351.

sanṭ, 81.

saqanqūr, 63.

saqf, 40.

saqīfa, 137.

Šaqīq b. Ṯawr as-Sadūsī, 208.

aš-Šaqīqa, 214.

ṣaqlabī, 152.

as-Saqy, 135.

Sara, 117, 124.

ša‘rā’, 158.

šarāb al-‘asal, 82.

ṣarafān, 35.

Sarāḥa, 318.

aš-Šarahayn, 284.

Saraḫs, 378, 380, 382.

Ša‘rān, 158.

Sarandīb, 7, 12, 19, 62, 322.

Sarāt, 342.

as-Sarāt (mont), 32.

Ṣarāt (rivières), 213.

aš-Šarāt, 128.

saraṭān, 86.

sarawāt, 36.

as-Sarbān, 274, 285, 324, 326, 327.

Sard Qāsān, 317.

sardonyx, voir baqirānī.

ṣarḥ, 85.

Šarīk b. ‘Abd Allāh, 373.

Šarīk b. ‘Amr b. Šarāḥīl Abū 1-Ḥawfazān, 219.

as-Sarīr (royaume d’—), 343.

Sāristān, 199 ; voir égalt Kūfa.

Sāriya, 358, 359, 360, 362, 363, 368.

Saros, voir Sayḥān.

aš-Šarqī b. al-Quṭāmī 157.

Šarrah-le-Haut, 289.

Šarrah al-Mayāniğ 289.

Sarūğ 159, 162.

Sārūq (château), 265, 291, 295.

Sarwaī, 343, 344, 345, 349.

Šarwīn, 335, 359, 362, 366.

Šarwīn b. Šahriyār, 193, 261, 359, 360, 362, 363.

Šarwīn-Bandād Hurmuz, 360.

Šāš, 62, 382, 383, 385, 387, 388.

Ṣa‘ṣa‘a b. Ṣūḥān al-‘Abdī, 139, 140.

Sāsān, 374.

Sāsān (avenue), 327.

Sasīn, 335.

Šaṭā, 304.

as-Sāṭirūn, 156, 243.

aš-Šaṭṭ, 36.

Saturne, 7.

Sāvah/Sāwah, 289, 318.

sawā’, 221.

Sawād, 40, 64, 139, 157, 201, 216, 243, 249, 281, 306, 374, 379.

ṣawāfī, 360.

Sāwah, voir Sāvah.

Sāwardiyya, 348.

Šawšit, 348.

Sawwār b. Zayd al-‘Ibādī, 221.

Sawwāriyya, 221.

Saya, 318.

Ša‘ya, 120, 125.

Sayābiġa, 40.

Sayāsīğiyya, 344.

Ṣaydā, 128, 149.

Sayf b. ‘Umar, 166.

Sayḥ al-Ġamr, 33.

Sayḥ Na‘ām, 34.

Sayḥān, 79, 80, 117, 141.

aṣ-Ṣaymara, voir Mihrağānqaḏaq.

Šayṭān b. Zuhayr, 221.

sayyid, 208.

Sbeitla, voir Subayṭila.

Scorpion, voir ğarrāra.

Scythie, voir Usqūṭya.

Sébaste, voir Sabāsṭya.

Sem, voir Sām.

serpents, 75, 76, 252, 318.

serpillière, voir ḫayš.

sévère (le) et le plaisant, 49-56.

šēz, 93.

Ši‘b Bawwān, 244, 245, 246, 275-285.

as-Sibṭāni, 46.

Sicile, voir Ṣiqilliyya.

Sidon, voir Ṣaydā.

sierras, voir sarawāt.

Ṣiffīn, 210, 271.

siğğīl, 5.

Siğistān, 62, 76, 197, 235, 252, 253, 282, 307, 312, 317, 328, 387.

aš-Šiḥr, 95.

Ṣihrīğ Ma‘rūf, 348.

sikak, 243.

sikka, 343.

Sikkat al-Barīd, 22.

Sikkat al-Buḫāriyya, 231.

Sikkat Isṭifānūs, 231.

šīm, 233.

Simāk b. Ḥarb, 212.

Simāk b. Maḫrama b. Ḥumayn al-Asadī, 221.

Simāk b. ‘Ubayd al-‘Absī, 312.

aṣ-Ṣīmakān, 246.

Siminğān, 382.

Simmar, 254.

simnān, 285.

Šimšāṭ, 31, 343, 344, 351.

aṣ-Ṣīn, voir Chine.

Sinaï, voir Ṭūr Sīnā et Ṭūr Sīnīn.

Sinān b. ‘Alawān, 33.

Sind, 8, 9, 11, 13, 18, 19, 40, 74, 76, 78, 197, 303, 310, 312, 389.

Sindabāya, 342.

Sindān, 78.

Sinğār, 156, 158, 162.

singes, 42, 305.

Sinimmār ar-Rūmī, 214, 215, 259.

Sīnīz, 246, 307.

sinn, 46.

as-Sinn, 158.

aṣ-ṣinnāra, 46.

sinnawr, 353.

Ṣiqilliyya, 163, 174.

Sīrāf, 11, 14, 128, 246, 248, 283, 307.

as-Šīrağān, 250, 252.

Ṣirāṭ, 117, 124.

as-Sīrawān, 256.

Šīrāz (fils de Fāris), 239.

Šīrāz, 143, 246, 247, 248, 250, 252, 253, 254.

Sīrāz Ṭayr, 343.

Šīrīn, 192, 193, 261, 262, 310, 320.

aš-Širriz, 333, 359.

Sirwā, 201.

Ṣirwāḥ, 39.

as-Sīsağān, 343, 344.

sī-sar, 289.

Sīsar, 289, 290, 349.

Siyāh, 231.

as-Siyāh Maṣṣ, 246.

Siyāsīkīn, 247.

Šīz, 284, 298, 342.

Slaves, 9, 94, 102, 163, 174, 324, 351, 389.

Sogdiane, voir Suġd.

Soleil, 7, 10, 11.

S.r.k., 387.

style (remarques sur le —), 235-238.

styrax, voir may‘a.

Šu‘ayb, 21.

Šu‘ba, 263.

Subayṭila, 97.

Su‘dā, 267.

sūdāniyya, 89.

Sudd al-Laban, 344.

Sufetula, voir Subayṭila.

ṣufr, 35.

Ṣufrites, 98.

Sufyān b. Mu‘āwiya, 228.

Sufyān aṯ-Ṯawrī, 50, 51, 58, 381.

Suġd, 8, 62, 285, 344, 382, 387.

Ṣuġdabīl, 343, 344.

suḥāla, 284.

Ṣuḥār, 14.

Suhayl, 7, 40, 184.

Sukayna bint al-Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī, 225.

as-Sukayr, 159.

sukkar, 151, 306.

Sulaymān (le marchand), 14.

Sulaymān b. ‘Abd Allāh b. Ṭāhir, 368, 369, 370.

Sulaymān b. ‘Abd al-Malik, 27, 55, 125, 126, 203.

Sulaymān b. Abī Karīma, 11.

Sulaymān b. Barmak, 385.

Sulaymān b. Qīrāṭ, 289.

Šulayr, 108.

sulfate de cuivre, voir qalqand.

ṣulḥ, 263.

sumarā’, 168.

Sumaysāṭ, 155, 159, 162, 213.

summāqī, 152.

sunāyā, 152.

Sūq al-Ahwāz, 243, 246.

Sūq Asad, 213, 222.

Sūq Kinda, 224.

Sūq Yūsuf, 220.

Ṣūqlāb, 263, 264.

Sūr (royaume de —), 353.

Ṣūr, 121, 129, 141, 149.

Sūrā.(source de —), 255.

Sūrā (pont de —), 222.

as-Sūrān, 247.

Šūrayḥ b. ‘Ubayd, 58, 208, 209, 216.

šūrmāhī, 352, 353.

as-Surmaqān, 252.

as-Surr, 274, 285, 323, 324, 326.

as-Surrī (général), 363.

Surūšana, voir Usrūšana.

Sūs, 62, 253, 256, 275, 285, 306.

as-Sūs al-Adnā, 9, 63, 80, 98, 99, 101, 102, 103, 174.

as-Sūs al-Aqṣā, 9, 63, 80, 98, 99, 101, 102, 103, 232, 260.

sūsan āzāḏ, 284.

Suse, voir Sūs.

Susiane, 285.

šustānak, 307.

Suwān, 90.

Suwayd b. Manğūf, 208.

Suwayqat Wardān, 75.

aṣ-Ṣuwwār, 159.

syāwašk, 152.

syriaque, voir ğurmuqāniyya.

Syrie, voir Šām.

Syriens, 94, 144, 182, 201, 233, 281, 340.

Ṭābān, 159.

Ṭabanābar, 294, 297, 309.

Ṭabar-zanān, 358.

Ṭābarān, 382.

ṭabarhā, 358.

Ṭabaristān, 10, 65, 66, 197, 201, 235, 253, 274, 307, 311, 317, 324, 331, 334, 338, 357-373, 389.

at-Ṭabariyya, 141, 149 ; son lac, 143.

Ṭabarsarān, 343.

Ṭabas, 378, 382.

Ṯabīr, 25.

ṭablī, 108.

Tabrīz, 341, 342.

tabukku, 21.

Tadmur, 124-135, 201, 214, 293.

ta‘ḍūḍ, 35.

aṭ-Ṭaff, 226.

Taġlīb, 239.

Ṭaḥā, 90.

Ṯaḫaḏ, 334.

Tāhart, 98.

Ṭāhirb. ‘Abd Allāh b. Ṭāhir, 367, 369.

Ṭāhir b. al-Ḥusayn, 336, 369.

Ṭāhirides, 190, 370.

ṭāhiriyya, 62, 308.

Ṭahmūraṯ, 318, 379.

Ṭahrah Mardūm, 320.

taḫt, 63.

Taḫt-i Šīrūyeh, 158.

tāḫtağ, 308.

aṭ-Ṭa’if, 22, 27-28, 32, 36.

takarrum, 150.

Takna, 95.

Takrīt, 156.

at-Ṭālaqān, 357, 361, 382.

ṭalḥ, 32.

Ṭalḥa, 29, 133, 206.

Ṭalḥa b. ‘Abd Allāh b. Ḫalaf, 203, 231.

Ṭālib b. Mudrik, 109.

Ṭālibites, 99.

talisman, 88, 136, 157, 173, 256, 257, 259, 290, 291, 293, 297, 313, 314, 318, 320, 328, 332, 348, 351.

Tall Māstar, 254, 285.

Tall Mawzan, 159.

tamarraġa, 341.

Tamīm, 145.

Tamīm b. Sinān, 369.

Tamīmites, 45, 146, 207, 208, 209, 339.

Ṭamīs/Ṭamīš, 201, 358, 359, 360, 364, 389.

tammūz, 39.

Ṯamūd, 42.

Ṭamyaṯ, 251.

Tanbūk, 246.

Ṭanğa, 9, 98, 99, 101, 103.

Tanger, voir Ṭanğa.

Ṯaniyyat ar-Rikāb, 142, 313.

tannā’, 288.

aṭ-Ṭāq, 367, 368.

Ṭāq-i Bustān, 63, 261.

Ṯaqafites, 152.

Ṭāqāt, 222.

Ṯaqīf, 23, 27, 152, 225.

ṯarā, 5.

taranğabīn, 353.

Ṭarāristān, 258.

Ṭarfarğīl, 97.

ṯarīd, 23.

Ṭāriq b. Ziyād, 100.

Tārīs, 354.

Tarkāš, 388.

Ṭarm, 342.

Tarmān, 258, 259.

Ṭarqala, 99, 103, 107.

Tarse, voir Ṭarsūs.

Ṭarsūs/Ṭarasūs, 9, 58, 136, 137, 138, 141, 149, 174.

Ṯarṯār, 156, 161.

Ṭasm (tribu), 33, 34.

Ṭasm b. Murra, 33.

tassūğ, 152, 243, 244, 318.

taṭawwu’, 211.

tatbī’, 307.

taupe, voir ḫald.

Ṭā’ūs, 39.

Ṭawāwīs, 386.

Tāwīl, 354.

Tawwağ, 246.

Ṭayābā, 28.

Tayāḏūs, 269.

tayamman, 37.

Ṭayba, 28.

Tayfūr, 289.

ṭaylasān, 307.

Ṭaylasān, 253, 337, 338, 357.

Taymā’, 31.

at-Tayman, 167.

at-Taymara al-Kubrā, 317.

at-Taymara aṣ-Ṣuġrā, 317.

Tayūma/Tiyūman, 15.

Ṭayyi’, 37, 113, 219.

Tchampa, voir aṣ-Ṣanf.

Tchang-khaï, voir Ṣanḫay.

thériaque, voir tiryāq.

Thomas, voir Tūma.

Thulé, voir Tūlya.

Tibériade, voir Ṭabariyya.

Tibet, 26, 62, 308, 312, 382, 388.

Tīdah, 90.

Tiflīs, 343.

Tigre (le), voir Diğla.

at-Tīh, 85.

Tihāma, 9, 11, 31-32, 33, 36.

Ṭiḫfa, 31.

Tikrīt, 94.

Tilimsīn, 98.

tinnīn, 7, 346, 355, 356, 357.

Tinnīs, 304.

aṭ-Ṭīrahān, 156, 158.

ṭirāzī, 307.

aṭ-Ṭirbāl, 36.

Tīrmardān, 246.

Tirmiḏ, 382, 385.

tiryāq, 154

tišrīn, 270.

ṭīṭawā, 77.

tiyāḏarīṭus, 154.

Ṭīzanābāḏ/Ḍayzanābāḏ, 221.

Tlemcen, voir Tilimsīn.

Tobna, 97.

Tolède, voir Ṭulayṭula.

Tombeau de la Gazelle, voir nāwūs aẓ-ẓabya.

topaze, 95, 304.

Tripoli, voir Aṭrābulus.

Tubba‘, 25, 219, 257.

Tubba‘ al-Aqran, 386, 387.

Tuḍāru‘, 31.

Tudmīr, 107.

Tuġuzġuz, 388, 389.

aṭ-Ṭūh, 87.

Ṭuḫāristān, 241, 382, 383, 385.

Tukkat, 387.

Ṭulayḥa b. Ḫuwaylid al-Asadī, 209, 337.

Ṭulayṭila, 100.

Tūlya, 10, 163, 174.

Tūma, 129.

Ṯumāma, 375.

Tunaynīr-le-Bas, 159.

Tunaynīr-le-Haut, 159.

Tūnis, 97.

Tūnkat, 387.

aṭ-Ṭūr, 90.

Ṭūr ‘Abdīn, 158, 162, 193.

Ṭūr Sīnā, 25, 85, 127, 128.

Ṭūr Sīnīn, 193.

Ṭūr Zaytā, 25, 124.

turāb mūhaṭ, 27.

turanğubīn, 41.

Ṭurārband, 382.

Turcs, 7, 8, 62, 163, 235, 240, 241, 242, 262, 308, 327, 343, 355, 360, 375, 382, 385, 387, 388, 389.

aṭ-Ṭurmuliyya, 34.

Turquie, 283.

Turunğa, 358.

Ṭūs, 364, 380, 382.

Tustar, 62, 201, 254, 255, 256, 275, 285, 306.

aṭ-Ṭuwāna, 42.

Tūzīn, 136.

Tyane, voir aṭ-Ṭuwāna.

Tyr, voir Ṣūr.

‘Ubāda b. aṣ-Ṣāmit, 168.

‘Ubayd Allāh ibn al-Mahdī, 350.

‘Ubayd Allāh b. Sulaymān, 288.

‘Ubayd Allāh b. Ziyād b. Abï Sufyān, 2, 189, 231, 365.

‘Ubayd b. Ṯa‘laba, 34.

al-Ubulla, 95, 128, 145, 228, 243, 248, 285, 324.

Ūḏ, 349.

Uḍāḥ, 41.

‘udār, 42.

al-‘Uḏayb, 155.

uḏn, 46.

Uhbān b. al-Akwa‘, 45.

Uḥud, 25, 30.

‘Ukāẓ, 200.

‘Ukbara, 254.

‘ulūğ, 40.

‘Umān, 9, 11, 14, 19, 32, 33, 35, 40, 62, 95, 114, 128, 139, 148, 162, 241, 248, 283, 286, 306, 352.

‘umānī, 35.

‘umāniyya, 43.

‘Umar b. ‘Abd al-‘Azīz, 86, 132, 133, 137.

‘Umar b. al-‘Alā’, 361, 363, 366, 368, 369.

‘Umar b. al-Faḍl aš-Šīrāzī, 65.

‘Umar b. al-Ḫaṭṭāb, 26, 30, 46, 51, 52, 57, 72, 74, 81, 120, 124, 126, 129, 136, 137, 155, 156, 158, 168, 200, 201, 208, 223, 225, 228, 229, 263, 276, 278, 311, 314, 322, 349, 374.

‘Umar b. Hubayra, 222.

‘Umar b. Sa‘d b. Abī Waqqāṣ, 325.

‘Umāra (moulin de —), 221.

‘Umāra b. Ḥamza, 164, 166.

‘Umāra b. ‘Uqba b. Abī Mu‘ayṭ, 221.

Umaym (tribu), 33.

‘Umayr al-Ma’mūnī, 91.

Umayyades, 101, 107, 108, 126, 341, 373, 374, 377.

‘umirat, 74.

Umm al-‘Alā’, 224.

Umm Ğa‘far Zubayda, 341.

umm ġaylān, 41.

Umm Ḫālid, 31, 124, 385.

Umm al-Qāsim, 385.

Umm Salama bint Ya‘qūb b. Salama b. ‘Abd Allāh, 222.

Umm Yazīd al-Ḫawlāniyya, 75.

‘umra, 21, 22, 211.

‘umra (pl. ‘umr), 35.

univers, 6.

‘Uqba b. Nāfi‘ b. Qays al-Fihrī, 97.

Uram, 362.

Uram-Ḫast inférieur, 359.

Uram-Ḫast supérieur, 359.

al-Urdunn, 79, 113, 129, 133, 134, 141, 147, 155.

Urm, 342.

Urmiya, 341, 342.

‘Urwa b. Zayd al-Ḫayl aṭ-Ṭa‘ī, 210, 322.

‘Urwa b. az-Zubayr, 31.

Ūš, 388.

Usāma b. Ma‘qil, 2.

Ušmunayn, 90.

Usqūṭya, 9.

Usrūšana, 62, 382, 387, 388.

ustūr, 352.

uštur-gāv-palang, 94.

ušturġaz, 308.

Ustūrkat, 387.

Uswān, 72, 75, 90, 95.

Usyūṭ, 90.

‘Utba b. Farqad as-Sulamī, 156.

‘Utba b. Ġazwān, 203, 227, 228.

u‘tiqa, 21.

‘Uṯmān b. Alī l-‘Āṣ, 247.

‘Uṯmān b. ‘Affān, 25, 29, 30, 40, 46, 72, 91, 93, 133, 136, 203, 315, 338, 348, 349, 364, 374, 383, 384.

‘Uṯmān b. ‘Umāra, 350.

‘Uṯmān al-Awdī, 290.

‘Uṭrawt, 104.

utruğğ, 83, 84.

‘Uwayr, 14.

Uways al-Qaranī, 209.

‘ūyūn al-baqar, 151, 152.

‘Uyūn al-‘Irq, 226.

‘Uzayr, 375.

Ūzkand, 288.

varan, voir waral.

Vénus, 7.

Vierge (signe de la —), 10, 11.

vigne, 144-154.

Village des Forgerons, 329, 331.

villes, 181-184.

ville du Soleil, voir Aġfaṭūs.

vipère, 252.

Volga (la), 324.

Volubilis, voir Walīla.

wabar, 102.

Wabār, 42, 43.

Waddān, 97.

wādī l-’Aqīq, 146.

wādī Arrağān, 244.

wādī l-Qaṣr, 146.

wādī l-Qurā, 9, 31.

Wādī r-Raml, 98, 103, 107, 293.

Wādī z-Zaytūn, 98.

Wāḍiḥ, 99.

wqfrabāy, 152.

Wağğ, 27.

al-Wāğīr, 36.

al-Wağnā’ [b. ar-Rawwād] al-Azdī, 341.

Wahb b. Munabbih, 23, 24, 28, 39, 119, 120, 239, 355.

Wahb aḏ-Ḏimārī, 113.

Wahb al-Hamaḏānī, 273, 277, 278.

Wahb al-Mu‘āfirī, 91.

Waḫš, 382.

wahṭ, 27, 28.

Wakī‘, 53, 54.

al-Walīd b. ‘Abd al-Malik, 26, 100, 125, 130, 131, 132, 137, 253.

al-Walīd b. Muṣ‘ab, 33.

al-Walīd b. ‘Uqba b. Abī Mu‘ayt, 223, 338.

Waliğ, 382.

Walīla, 98, 99.

Wandāḏ-Hurmuz (monts), 359.

Wandāšūrağ, 359.

Wanğar, 299.

Wāqid, 340.

al-Wāqīdī, 137, 228.

Wāqim, 36.

Wāqiṣa/Wāqiṣat al-Ḥuzūn, 36.

Wāq-wāq, 5, 9.

waral, 82.

al-Ward, 137.

Wardāna, 386.

Warfağūma, 101.

Warkrūḏ, 318.

wars, 41, 305.

Warṯān, 340, 341, 342, 343, 352.

al-Warṯānī, 341.

waṣā’il, 25.

waṣal, 32, 155.

wašāq, 283, 353.

waṣī, 211.

Waṣīf (eunuque), 66.

Wasīğ, 387.

Wasīm, 90.

Wāsiṭ, 83, 114, 275.

waṣiyya, 41.

Wastan, 261.

al-Wāṯiq bi-llāh, 357.

Wayṣ, 344.

Wāzwāz al-Ballā‘a, 313.

Wīma, 329.

Wusṭīṭābirīs, 179.

Yabrīn, 33, 155.

al-Yadqūn, 90.

Yafā, 126.

Yāğūg et Māğūğ, 6, 7, 87, 117, 128, 235, 353-356.

al-Yaḥmūm, 74.

al-Yahūdiyya, 315, 316.

Yaḥyā b. Akṯam, 128.

Yaḥyā. b. Ḫālid al-Barmakī, 163, 185, 190, 191.

Yaḥyā b. Kaṯīr, 119.

Yaḥyā b. Maḥfūẓ, 92.

Yamāma, 11, 32, 33-35, 35, 87, 114, 306.

Yaman, 9, 25, 27, 32, 36, 37-47, 62, 64, 84, 85, 92, 95, 114, 139, 151, 155, 214, 226, 285, 298, 304, 305 ; langue du —, 46-47.

Yamḥūn, 104.

yamīn, 38.

yamm, 73.

Yarbū‘, 36.

Yāṭis, 65.

Yaṯrib, 33 ; voir égalt Médine.

Yazdağird, 216, 316.

Yazīd b. Hārūn, 41.

Yazīd b. Mazyad aš-Šaybānī, 350.

Yazīd b. al-Muhallab, 238, 365.

Yazīd b. Ruwaym aš-Šaybānī, 208.

Yazīd b. Sam‘ān, 132.

Yazīd b. ‘Umar b. Hubayra, 213, 222.

Yazīd b. Usayd as-Salamī, 348, 350.

Yazīd an-Nāqiṣ, 253.

al-Yazīdī, 237.

Yémen, voir Yaman.

Yéménites, 41, 43, 183, 209, 224.

Yūbab b. Zaraḥ, 167.

Yubnā, 126.

Yunus b. Mattā, 212.

Yuqṭān b. ‘Ᾱbai b. Šālaḫ b. Ar-faḫšad b. Sām b. Nūḥ, 37.

Yūsuf b. Muḥammad b. Yūsuf al-Marwazī, 350.

Yūsuf b. ‘Umar b. Muḥammad b. al-Ḥakam b. ‘Aqīl aṯ-Ṯaqafī, 220, 315.

Zāb (grand et petit), 97, 114, 158.

az-Zāb (ville), 159.

az-Zābağ, 13, 15, 16, 18, 19.

Zābulistān, 8.

Zacharie, 117, 124, 131, 132.

Zādān Farrūḫ b. Pīrī, 139, 211, 253.

Zāġī b. Zāġī, 98.

Ẓāhir al-Balqā’, 128.

az-Zahrā’, 317.

Zāliq, 252.

Zam/Zamm, 378, 382.

Zāmīn, 387, 388.

Zamzam, 21, 24, 45, 141, 269.

zanān, 358.

Zanān, 279.

Zanāta, 101.

zandaqa, 388.

Zandḫusra, 140.

Zanğ, 16, 62, 78, 95, 143, 197, 304, 352, 389.

Zanğān 235, 254, 326, 337-338, 342.

Zaqqūr, 98.

az-Zāra, 35.

zarāfa, 93, 94.

zarağūn, 152.

Zaran-rūḏ, 285, 319.

Zaranğ, 197, 252, 253.

az-Zarasbīḏ, 172, 173.

zarāwī, 152.

zardāl, 284.

Zarduhušt, 297, 298, 341, 342.

az-Zāribān, 275.

zarqā’, 35.

az-Zarrād, 371.

Zarūd, 97.

zawānī, 279.

az-Zawrā, 370.

Zayd, 369.

Zayd b. Abī Ziyād, 377.

Zayd b. ‘Alī, 223, 224.

Zayd b. Muḥammad b. Zayd, 371.

Zayd b. Ṯābit, 133.

Zayd b. Wāqid, 131, 132.

Zayd Manāt b. Tamīm, 221.

Zaynabdī, 323.

Zimmān b. Taym Allāh b. Ṯa‘laba, 323.

Ziyād, 201, 202, 227, 228, 230, 231, 343.

Ziyād b. ‘Abd Allāh al-Ḥāriṯī, 45.

Zīz, 98.

Zodiaque, 7.

Zoroastre, voir Zarduhušt.

Zubāla, 36.

az-Zubayr b. al-‘Awwām, 29, 57, 133, 206.

az-Zubayr b. Bakkār, 31.

az-zubb, 46.

zubb rubāḥ, 35.

Ẓufār (du Yémen), 133.

zuġarī, 35.

Zuhayr b. Abī Sulmā, 236.

Zuhra b. Ḥawiyya, 337.

Zuhra b. Ma‘bad al-Qurašī, 86.

az-Zuhrī, 112, 158.

zumm, 247.

Zurāra, 220.

Zurāra b. Yazīd b. ‘Amr b. ‘Udas, 220.

Zuṭṭ, 65.

Zuwān, 383.

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