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Atlas of Lebanon

Part 5 - Major Environmental Issues

Part 5 Major Environmental Issues

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1When one examines climate change, it is clear that Lebanon has been experiencing significant but contrasted trends. An increase in average temperature has been recorded on the national scale as well as in some urban areas such as Beirut. The average rainfall does not seem to decline but torrential rains have become more and more frequent. These phenomena contribute to increased hazards and risks, which have already been documented across the country, and have reached high levels over the past years because of poorly controlled patterns of urban growth: forest fires, mass movements and floods are some of them. Recent studies have also shown the danger which the seismic activity represents for the country, including for its capital city. These trends have been more and more studied in recent years, among others by the National Council for Scientific Research. Programs have been launched to better understand them and set up adapted mechanisms of prevention and response. However, still being developed, these appear to only partially involve local actors and do not all benefit from sufficient financial resources, while most of the regulatory and legal texts prepared on these issues have not yet been officially adopted nor been implemented.

Figure V-1 : Mass movement and rock falls near built structures in Kfar Nbrakh, Mount Lebanon

Figure V-1 : Mass movement and rock falls near built structures in Kfar Nbrakh, Mount Lebanon

(© C. Abdallah, March 2015)

Table des illustrations

Titre Figure V-1 : Mass movement and rock falls near built structures in Kfar Nbrakh, Mount Lebanon
Crédits (© C. Abdallah, March 2015)
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© Presses de l’Ifpo, 2019

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