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Portes et murailles de Damas de l'Antiquité aux premiers mamlouks

 | 
Jean-Michel Mouton
, 
Jean-Olivier Guilhot
, 
Claudine Piaton

Index général

Texte intégral

A

1al-‘Abbās b. Yazīd, 140.

2‘Abbās b. Zafar, 121.

3Abbassides, 12, 16, 31, 34, 48, 93, 132, 166, 200, 203, 210, 212, 217, 222.

4‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Alī, 72, 82, 108, 202.

5‘Abd el-Kader, 68, 178, 179, 183, 186.

6‘Abd al-Malik (calife umayyade), 199, 220, 224.

7‘Abd al-Raḥman b. al-Darrāǧ, 123.

8‘Abd al-Ṣamad b. ‘Alī, 132.

9Abū ‘Awn (émir abbasside), 93.

10Abū l-Baqā' al-Badrī, 21, 72, 82, 132.

11Abū l-Ḥasan al-Rūzbahārī, 142.

12Abū l-Hayḏām, 123.

13Abū l‐Ḥusayn al‐Rā’iq, 167.

14Abū l-Qāsim Aḥmad b. ‘Abd al-Ṣamad, 142.

15Abū l-Qāsim Tammām b. Muḥammad al-Rāzī, 93.

16Abū l-Qāsim Yahyā b. Zikrawayh, 221.

17Abū Šāma, 142, 152, 165, 200, 204, 214.

18Abū ‘Ubayda b. al-Ǧarrāḥ, 72, 93, 108, 223, 224.

19Abū l-‘Umayṭar, 93, 203, 217, 224.

20Acre, 22, 71, 195, 223.

21Afāmiyya (Apamée/Qal‘at al-Muḍīq, Syrie), 42, 177.

22Afrique, 41.

23Aǧlūn (Jordanie), 177.

24aḥdāṯ (milices urbaines), 82, 109, 203, 217.

25Aḫlāṭ (Turquie), 305.

26Aḥmad (maître-artisan), 321.

27Aḥmad b. ‘Abd al-Salām, 313.

28Aḥmad b. ‘Asākir, 202.

29Aḥmad b. Riḍwān, 213.

30Aigues-Mortes, 183.

31Alep, 12, 41, 61, 82, 121, 123, 132, 151, 157, 173, 192, 193, 197, 203, 206, 219-221, 223-225, 321.

32Alexandre, 42.

33Alexandrie (Égypte), 107.

34Algérie, 41.

35‘Alī Bay (gouverneur mamlouk de la citadelle de Damas), 226.

36Aliquot (Julien), 42.

37al-‘Alliqayn, 213.

38amān (garantie de la vie sauve), 223-226.

39‘Amārat al-Ǧuwāniyya (rue de Damas), 140.

40American Colony, 102, 103.

41‘Amr b. al-‘Āṣ, 95, 121.

42Anatolie, 179, 305.

43al-Andalus, 16.

44Anti‐Liban (massif de l’), 195.

45Antioche (Turquie), 41, 42, 43, 48.

46Apamée, voir Afāmiyya.

47Aqbā’ī (émir), 152.

48Aqqūš al-Afram, 313, 314.

49al-Aqṣā (mosquée de Jérusalem), 269.

50‘arādāt (balistes), 221.

51Arculfe (moine irlandais), 22, 48.

52Arvieux (Laurent d’), 23, 27, 67, 70, 106.

53Ascalon (Israël), 206.

54al-Ašdaq, 199, 220, 224.

55Asie, 42.

56al-Ašraf Ḫalīl (sultan mamlouk), 165, 168, 214.

57al-Ašraf Ša‘bān (sultan mamlouk), 95, 308.

58Athlit, voir Chastel-Pèlerin.

59Atsiz (émir), 214, 215, 223.

60Auguste, 42.

61al-‘Awābid (Mīlād), 15, 139.

62al-Awzā‘, 140.

63‘Ayn Ǧālūṭ, 17.

64Ayyoubides, 61, 65, 177, 199, 202, 204, 206, 215, 216, 265.

B

65Baalbek (Liban), 124, 176, 181, 195, 203, 218, 225.

66Bāb al-‘Amāra (Damas), 167, 209, 229, 295.

67Bāb al-Arwām (Damas), 169, 223.

68Bāb al-Barīd (Damas), 167.

69Bāb al‐Barqiyya (Le Caire), 189.

70Bāb al-Bawwābǧiyya (Damas), 151.

71Bāb dār al-Sa‘āda (Damas), 168.

72Bāb al-Farādīs (Damas), 16, 24, 26, 39-41, 44, 54, 55, 57, 60, 61-64, 67-69, 80, 92, 112, 120, 123, 132, 134, 137, 139-150, 154, 157, 159, 164-166, 171, 174, 175, 177-179, 183, 184, 186, 187, 190, 197, 206, 210, 213, 215, 217, 222, 223, 225, 229-232, 267, 268, 293, 295, 296.

73Bāb al-Faraǧ (Damas), 27, 31, 34, 44, 53-55, 57, 58, 60-64, 66, 68-70, 105, 120, 123, 134, 137, 142, 145, 151-165, 167-169, 171, 173, 174, 176-184, 186, 190, 197, 199, 200, 204, 207, 209, 210, 214-217, 228, 267, 268, 291-293, 297, 314, 319-325.

74Bāb al-Futūḥ (Le Caire), 187.

75Bāb al-Ǧābiya (Damas), 16, 21, 27-29, 32, 34, 39, 41, 43-46, 49, 51-54, 57, 58, 60, 67-82, 92, 107-109, 113, 114, 124, 128, 141, 152, 166, 168, 171-173, 175, 177, 178, 183, 187-190, 192, 195, 197, 204, 207, 210, 213-219, 222, 223, 226, 228, 243, 245-249, 251, 252, 257-261, 263-265, 273, 283-285, 311, 312, 325.

76Bāb Ǧayrūn (Damas), 167.

77Bāb al-Ǧinān (Damas), 34, 166-168, 209, 228, 233, 235.

78Bāb al-Ǧīnīq (Damas), 21, 132, 134, 207.

79Bāb al-Ḥadīd (Damas), 27, 44, 57, 69, 123, 141, 151, 164, 166, 203, 209, 215, 218.

80Bāb al-‘Imāra (Damas), 166, 167.

81Bāb Kaysān (Damas), 16, 21, 22, 25-28, 32-34, 36, 37, 41, 44, 45, 47, 50–53, 56, 67-69, 80, 93-106, 119, 121, 166, 171, 174, 175, 177-179, 187, 188, 190-192, 197, 206, 207, 209, 210, 213, 215, 222, 223, 228, 253, 254, 271, 272, 307-310.

82Bāb al‐Maḥrūq (Le Caire), 173, 189.

83Bāb al-Manāḫliyya (Damas), 151.

84Bāb al‐Muḥāmiliyyīn (Damas), 140.

85Bāb al-Nahr (Damas), 132, 134, 141.

86Bāb al-Naṣr (Damas), 21, 27, 58, 70, 166, 168, 169, 197, 202, 204, 207, 210, 213-215, 228, 233, 235, 314.

87Bāb al-qiblī (Damas), 73, 95.

88Bāb Qiyān (Damas), 93.

89Bāb al-Sa‘āda (Damas), 168.

90Bāb Ṣaġīr (Damas), 16, 21, 26-28, 32, 33, 36, 39-41, 44, 45, 47, 51-54, 56, 57, 67, 69, 70, 72, 73, 80, 82-91, 93, 102, 109, 112-114, 124, 128, 145, 166, 171, 174-178, 187-191, 197, 209-211, 213, 216, 217, 219, 222, 225, 228, 237, 238, 240, 253, 254, 257, 258, 273, 279-281, 285.

91Bāb Šāġūr (Damas), 82, 307.

92Bāb al-Salām, voir Bāb al-Salāma.

93Bāb al-Salāma (Damas), 16, 25, 26, 31, 34, 44, 45, 54, 55, 58-65, 68, 69, 120, 123, 132-139, 142, 145, 154, 157, 159, 165, 171, 173, 174-181, 183, 184, 186, 190, 197, 199-201, 210, 215, 216, 219, 224, 228, 275, 293, 299-301, 327-329, 331, 333, 334.

94Bāb Šarqī (Damas), 11, 16, 20, 21, 25-28, 30, 32, 37, 39, 41, 53-57, 65-67, 71-73, 80, 82, 92, 94, 102, 105-120, 123, 124, 166, 171, 173-175, 177-181, 184, 187, 188, 190-192, 197, 205-207, 210, 222-224, 226, 228, 241, 243, 246, 271-273, 275-277, 281, 303, 304, 307.

95bāb sirr (poterne), 124, 218.

96Bāb sūq al-Arwām (Damas), 169, 228, 233.

97Bāb al-Tawfīq (Le Caire), 180.

98Bāb Tūmā (Damas), 16, 25, 26, 30, 32, 35, 41, 43-45, 48, 49, 54, 57-59, 63, 65, 66, 68, 70, 73, 81, 92, 105, 108, 109, 113, 118-132, 134, 141, 157, 166, 171, 174-176, 178-181, 183, 184, 187, 190, 191, 197, 206, 208, 210, 215, 216, 218-220, 222-225, 228, 273, 287-289, 303, 304, 315-317, 331, 333, 334.

99Badr al-Ǧamālī (pont de Damas), 240.

100Badrān (‘Abd al‐Qādir), 83, 247, 249, 299, 301.

101Bagdad (Iraq), 16, 123, 197, 212.

102al-Balāḏurī, 19, 200, 220.

103Baradā, 21, 26, 28, 30, 33, 60, 62-65, 69, 121, 123, 132, 134, 138-143, 145, 150-152, 157, 159, 164-167, 178-180, 186, 190, 199, 205, 212, 213, 220, 223, 267, 293.

104Barqūq (sultan mamlouk), 67, 68, 70, 95, 106, 165, 169, 182, 205, 207, 210, 215, 221, 225, 226, 228, 314, 321, 323, 325.

105Barsbāy (al-Malik al-Ašraf, sultan mamlouk), 228, 329.

106Barzé, 86.

107Bassām b. Ibrāhīm, 82.

108bāšūrā (barbacane), 12, 53, 69, 70, 73, 76, 80, 81, 83, 86, 92, 95, 106, 109, 116, 118, 143, 152, 165, 177, 178, 193, 204, 207, 209, 210, 228, 243, 246, 247, 249, 285, 325.

109Bauernfeind (Gustav), 145.

110Baybars (sultan mamlouk), 214.

111Baydamur (gouverneur mamlouk de Damas), 225.

112Bayn al-Sūrayn, 33, 60, 65, 69, 140, 141, 143, 212.

113Bel (temple de Palmyre), 186.

114Belon du Mans, 57, 70, 106.

115Belvoir (Israël), 173.

116Bibliothèque nationale de France, 24.

117Bilāl (muezzin du Prophète), 83, 253.

118Bišr b. ‘Ibāda b. Ḥasān al-Kalbī, 93.

119al-Bīṭār (Ḥassān), 295, 297.

120Bonfils (frères), 25, 37, 66, 101-103, 178.

121Bosra (Bostra, Syrie), 43, 173, 186, 193, 225.

122Boulad (Salma Sélim), 97.

123Bourgoin (Jules), 69, 157.

124Bourides, 17, 21, 82, 134, 231.

125Braune (Michael), 34, 35, 48.

126Burāq (village du Hawran), 197.

127burǧ (tour), 313.

128Burǧ al-Maḥrūq (Le Caire), 183.

129Bustān Sukkar (Damas), 34, 36, 47, 49, 53, 56.

130Buzān (Muǧāhid al-Dīn), 141, 142, 167, 231-235.

131Byzance, 11, 16.

132Byzantins, 72, 140, 222, 224.

C

133Caracalla, 29, 118.

134Carcassonne (France), 182.

135Césarée (Israël), 11, 42, 48, 171, 173, 175, 177, 180, 192.

136Chastel-Pèlerin (Athlit, Israël), 182.

137Château-de-la-Mer (Sagette/Ṣaydā’, Liban), 177.

138Chevedden (Paul), 26, 323.

139citadelle d’Alep, 157, 173.

140citadelle de Damas, 25, 28-30, 41, 44, 46, 49, 53-58, 60, 64-66, 79, 83, 123, 151, 152, 164, 166-169, 173, 176, 177, 181-183, 185, 190, 192, 193, 197, 203-205, 207, 209, 215, 217, 218, 222, 223, 225, 226, 235, 294, 297, 314, 322, 329.

141citadelle de Jérusalem, 178.

142Constantinople, 37.

143Corinthiens, 33, 41.

144coudées qāsimī, 53, 54, 74.

145coudées al-naǧǧārīn, 151.

146Crac des Chevaliers (Syrie), 173.

147Creswell (Keppel Archibald Cameron), 154, 161.

148Croisade, 17, 21, 73, 199, 219, 222, 224, 226.

D

149Dabbour (Yamen), 35-37, 48, 49, 56, 192, 253.

150dabbūs (masse d’arme), 26, 210.

151Daǧǧāl, 112.

152al-Ḏahabī, 21, 124.

153Damas passim.

154dār al-‘adl (palais de justice), 168.

155dār al-islām, 17, 19.

156Dār al-Sa‘āda (Damas), 168.

157Darāǧiyya (tour de Damas), 123.

158Dārayyā, 219.

159darb al‐ḥaǧǧ, voir route du Pèlerinage.

160darb Mustazim, 247.

161Dayoub (Bassam), 34, 134.

162Décapole, 42.

163DGAM (Direction générale des Antiquités et des Musées de Syrie), 9, 12, 17, 26, 35-37, 57, 61, 119, 120, 139, 178, 273.

164Dimitrios Cadi, 97.

165Dioclétien, 28, 29, 41, 48.

166Direction générale des Antiquités et des Musées de Syrie (DGAM), 9, 12, 17, 26, 35-37, 57, 61, 119, 120, 139, 178, 273.

167dirkāh (galerie voûtée à l’arrière d’une porte), 57, 58, 62, 88, 114, 122, 127, 138, 144, 163, 168, 171, 172, 208.

168Dodinet (Marianne), 41.

169Donohue (John), 265.

170Doucet (Jacques), 69, 157.

171Duqāq (prince saljoukide de Damas), 82.

172durūb (vantaux des portes de la ville), 220.

E

173Écochard (Michel), 127, 143.

174église de Marie (Damas), 109, 123.

175église Saint-Paul (Damas), 34, 35, 309.

176église de Thomas (Damas), 123, 219.

177Égypte, 17, 121, 168, 197, 224, 225, 308, 317.

178El-Hage (Badr), 127.

179Élisséeff (Nikita), 23, 109, 124, 241, 242, 247, 249, 261, 275, 277.

180Europos (Syrie), 42.

F

181Faḫr al-Dīn (cadi de Tripoli), 206.

182Faraǧ b. Barqūq, 168, 215, 220, 226.

183faṣīl (braie), 12, 36, 53, 55, 56, 69, 73, 80, 102, 179, 187, 190, 192, 193, 259, 261.

184Fatimides, 16, 31, 48, 49, 82, 214, 217.

185Flavius Josèphe, 42, 43.

186Forum Julii (Fréjus, France), 39.

187Francs, 151, 181, 186, 199, 200, 214, 221, 222, 224.

188Fréjus (Forum Julii, France), 39.

189Freyberger (Klaus S.), 29, 118.

190Frith (Francis), 25, 37, 106.

191Fusṭāṭ (Égypte), 207.

192Futū al-buldān, 19.

193Futū al-Šām, 19.

G

194al-Ǧābiya (ville-camp), 72, 82.

195Gabriel (Albert), 11.

196Ǧa‘far b. Falaḥ, 221.

197Ǧalālī (clan kurde), 231, 232, 235.

198Galien, 212.

199Galilée, 199.

200Ǧamāl al‐Dīn Muḥammad (prince bouride de Damas), 224

201ǧāmi‘ al-Qalbaqǧiyya, 234.

202ǧanawiyya (huchette), 220.

203Ǧardamur (gouverneur mamlouk de Damas), 169, 204, 225.

204Ġassānides, 72.

205Ǧasūra, 225.

206Gatier (Pierre-Louis), 48.

207Ǧayrūn, 167.

208Ġāzān (Ilḫān), 123, 202, 225, 314.

209al-Ǧazarī, 21.

210Ǧazīra, 126, 210.

211Gerasa (Jerash, Jordanie), 41, 42, 48.

212Ghouta, 107, 109, 151, 195, 197, 203, 205, 206, 212, 214, 226.

213Giblet (Jbail, Liban), 182.

214Ǧisr al-qiblī, 141, 232.

215Ǧisr al-Ṣafī, 165.

216Golan, 72.

217Graham (James), 25.

218grande Mosquée de Damas, 23, 25, 51, 73, 82, 109, 112, 123, 140, 151, 152, 167, 195, 204, 205, 209, 214, 216, 220, 227, 231, 232, 240, 261, 277, 325.

219Gros (Pierre), 41.

220Gucci (Giorgio), 70, 179.

221Guérin (Victor), 26.

222Guillaume de Tyr, 21, 49, 192, 219.

223Guillaume II, 28.

H

224al‐Ḫaḍrā’ (palais des califes à Damas), 218.

225Hadrien, 41, 42.

226Ḫalaf b. Ḍirġām b. Ḫalīfa al-Miṣrī al-Mu‘aẓẓamī, 269.

227Ḫālid b. al-Walīd, 72, 93, 107, 108, 222, 224.

228Ḫālid b. Yazīd, 217.

229al-Ḥalmawiyyah (moulin de Damas), 267.

230Hamdi Bey Gallad, 44.

231ḥammām de Bāb al-Faraǧ, 157.

232ḫān d’Ibn al-Muqaddam, 142, 143.

233Hanauer (James Edward), 26, 40, 144.

234hanbalites, 223.

235ḫandaq (fossé), 56, 281, 297.

236Hanisch (Hanspeter), 58.

237Hanna (Joseph), 15.

238Ḥaram, 265.

239Ḥarastā, 214.

240al-Harawī, 109, 142, 232.

241Hartmann-Virnich (Andreas), 166.

242ḫaṭārāt (balistes), 221.

243Haut-Empire, 33, 130, 145, 147.

244Haute-Mésopotamie, 17.

245Ḫawārizmiens, 73, 83, 219, 220, 225.

246Hawran, 50, 142, 197, 232.

247Héraclius, 121.

248Hérode, 42, 43.

249Herzfeld (Ernst), 137, 157.

250Ḥiǧāz, 197.

251Homs, 151, 197, 203, 214.

252Hulagu, 123, 225.

253Ḥumayd b. Qaḥṭaba, 121, 140.

254Ḥusayn b. Abī Ṭālib, 142, 217.

255Ḫūš Qadam (sultan mamlouk), 333.

256ḫuṭba (sermon du vendredi), 301.

I

257Ibn Abī l‐Ǧinn (cadi de Damas), 220

258Ibn al-Akfānī, 83.

259Ibn ‘Asākir, 20, 21, 27, 72, 73, 80, 82, 83, 93, 94, 109, 121, 124, 130, 132, 134, 151, 166, 167, 202, 209, 212, 222, 231, 243.

260Ibn al-A‘ṯam al-Kūfī, 19.

261Ibn Baṭṭūta, 20.

262Ibn Bayhas, 49, 93, 218, 222, 224.

263Ibn al-Faqīh al-Ḥamaḏānī, 20, 72, 82, 93, 140, 166.

264Ibn al-Furāt, 181.

265Ibn al-Ǧazarī, 73, 76.

266Ibn Ǧubayr, 20, 112, 132, 151, 168.

267Ibn Kaṯīr, 21, 69, 94, 107, 142, 165.

268Ibn al-Maqdisī (cadi), 73, 143.

269Ibn al-Mārūd, 82.

270Ibn al-Muqaddam, 142, 143, 222.

271Ibn al-Naǧǧār, 213.

272Ibn Qā

273ī Šuhba, 21, 325.

274Ibn al-Qalānisī, 21, 142, 206, 231, 234.

275Ibn Šaddād, 21, 72, 93, 123, 151, 192, 200, 212.

276Ibn al-Šahrazūrī (Kamāl al-Dīn), 51, 204.

277Ibn Šākir al-Kutubī, 21, 72, 73, 109, 132, 168, 179, 243.

278Ibn Sal‘ūs, 73, 204.

279Ibn Ṣaṣrā, 21.

280Ibn Šukr (vizir d’al-Malik al-‘Ādil), 109.

281Ibn Taġrībirdī, 94, 152.

282Ibn Taymiyya, 210.

283Ibn Ṭūlūn, 21, 69.

284Ibn Wāṣil, 192.

285Ibn Yaġmūr (gouverneur de Damas), 225

286Ibn Zafar al-Irbilī, 69.

287Ibrāhīm Bāšā, 27, 107.

288Ibrāhīm b. Mūsā, 294.

289Ibrāhīm al-mutawallī, 313.

290al-Idrīsī, 20, 72, 132, 134.

291‘Imād al-Dīn Ismā‘īl b. Mazrū‘ al-Fawa‘ī, 83.

292‘imāra (remise en état), 243, 285.

293Indus, 16.

294Institut de France, 23.

295Institut français (Damas), 10, 15, 23, 28, 29, 95.

296Iraq, 83, 216, 239, 240.

297‘Īsā (Jésus), 20, 112, 210, 217.

298isfahsalār, 231.

299Israël, 181.

300Istanbul, 25.

301īwān, 95, 114, 145, 147, 150, 231.

302‘Izz al-Dīn Aybak, 94, 308.

303Izz al‐Dīn b. al‐Ḥumṣī, 223.

304‘Izz al-Dīn b. al-Munaǧǧā’, 152.

J

305Jacques de Vitry, 22.

306Jbail, voir Giblet.

307Jerash, voir Gerasa.

308Jérusalem, 22, 42, 61, 178, 181, 190, 192, 193, 197, 199, 204, 205, 223, 265, 269.

309Jésus, voir ‘Īsā.

310Johns (C. N.), 182.

311Jordanie, 41, 177.

312Julien, 48.

313Jupiter (temple de Damas), 28, 30, 41-43, 140, 141.

K

314al-Kāmil b. Šihāb al-Dīn Ġāzī, 217.

315Kayqubāḏ, 214.

316Kaysān b. Ḥarīz, 93.

317Kennedy (Hugh), 181.

318Kérak (forteresse de, Jordanie), 224, 313.

319Kitāb al-Futū, 19.

320Kitbuġā (sultan mamlouk), 169.

321Korn (Lorenz), 279, 281, 283, 287.

322Kremer (Alfred von), 12, 23, 26, 27, 34, 37, 233, 235, 253, 255, 275, 303, 305.

L

323Laborde (Léon de), 20, 116.

324Lāǧīn (sultan mamlouk), 169.

325Lambaesis (Lambèse-Tazoult, Algérie), 41.

326La Mecque, 20, 232.

327Laodicée-sur-Mer (Lattaquié, Syrie), 41.

328Lattaquié, voir Laodicée-sur-Mer.

329Le Caire, 16, 17, 73, 134, 151, 168, 173, 180, 181, 183, 186, 189, 205, 207, 212, 214, 227, 301, 305, 333.

330Lehoux (Pierre-François), 20, 116.

331Liban, 28, 46, 176, 177, 181, 182, 232.

332Lorey (Eustache de), 95.

333Louis IX (saint Louis), 175, 177, 180, 192.

334Louis XIV, 23.

M

335Ma’arrat al‐Nu‘mān (Syrie), 167.

336madrasa ‘Ādiliyya (Damas), 57, 58, 164.

337madrasa Muǧāhidiya extra muros (Damas), 64, 141, 142, 145, 147, 150, 210, 229, 232, 233, 234.

338madrasa Muǧāhidiyya intra muros (Damas), 231, 233, 234.

339madrasa al-Nūriyya al-kubrā (Damas), 132.

340madrasa Sibā'iyya (Damas), 240.

341al-Malik al-‘Ādil, 17, 21, 24, 55–57, 69, 109, 123, 134, 142, 151, 164, 165, 167, 168, 183, 199, 204, 213, 218, 223, 224, 261, 269, 273, 277, 281, 285, 289, 294.

342al-Malik al-Afḍal, 123, 134, 142, 223, 224, 226.

343al-Malik al-Awḥad, 305.

344al-Malik al-‘Azīz, 123, 224.

345al-Malik al-Kāmil, 65, 182, 200, 217, 220, 224-226, 273.

346al-Malik al-Mu‘aẓẓam ‘Īsā, 17, 21, 36, 56-58, 73, 83, 94, 104, 106, 109, 118, 124, 151, 164, 171, 190, 199, 202-204, 213, 215, 224, 228, 269, 273, 277, 281, 285, 289.

347al-Malik al-Muǧāhid (prince ayyoubide de Baalbek), 124, 151, 214, 218.

348al-Malik al-Muġīṯ ‘Umar, 293.

349al-Malik al-Nāṣir Dāwūd, 17, 57, 73, 124, 130, 171, 199, 224, 228, 285, 289.

350al‐Malik al‐Nāṣir Yūsuf, 214, 225.

351al-Malik al-Sa‘īd, 214.

352al-Malik al-Ṣāliḥ Ismā‘īl, 17, 60, 123, 134, 142, 152, 162, 199, 202-206, 219, 220, 222, 225, 293, 297, 301, 305.

353al-Malik al-Ṣāliḥ Naǧm al-Dīn Ayyūb, 17, 35, 48, 123, 134, 138, 181, 187, 190, 191, 225, 228, 301, 305.

354al-Malik al-Ẓāhir (prince ayyoubide d’Alep), 142, 223, 224.

355Mamlouks, 17, 66, 69, 73, 105, 120, 142, 168, 177, 178, 189, 193, 197, 204, 215, 314.

356manǧāniq (mangonneaux), 221.

357Manǧū Takīn, 167.

358Manklībuġā al-Šamsī, 95, 209.

359Manṣūr Muḥammad (sultan mamlouk), 225.

360Manṣūra (Égypte), 11.

361maqbarat Bāb al‐Farādīs, 140.

362maqbarat Bāb Tūmā, 123.

363al-Maqdisī (Michel), 271.

364Maqrīzī, 94, 152, 168.

365al-Maqsallāṭ (quartier de Damas), 83, 209.

366Marǧ, 195, 205.

367Marǧ Dābiq (Syrie), 17.

368Margat (Qalʿat al-Marqab, Syrie), 177.

369Marie, 151.

370Mars, 71, 72, 82.

371masǧid al-Bāšūra (Damas), 86.

372masǧid al-Qadam (Damas), 168, 214.

373masǧid al-Ra’s (Damas), 142, 217.

374mašhad, 231, 269.

375Matthieu Paris, 95, 96.

376Mayāfāriqīn, 142, 217, 305.

377Maydān al-aḫḍar (Damas), 166, 205.

378Mercure, 71, 140.

379Mesqui (Jean), 181.

380Messadié, 97.

381Michaudel (Benjamin), 165.

382Mīdān (faubourg, Damas), 212, 269.

383Minṭāš (émir mamlouk), 95, 169, 204, 210, 215, 225, 226, 321.

384Moaz (Khaled), 259.

385Mongols, 17, 123, 124, 142, 199, 205, 218, 223, 225, 314.

386mont Thabor (Ṭūr, Israël), 199, 269.

387mosquée al-Naḫla (Damas), 325.

388mosquée al-Sādāt (Bāb al-Farādīs, Damas), 145, 183, 229, 231.

389mosquée al-Sādāt (Bāb al-Ǧābiya, Damas), 79, 81, 145, 210.

390mosquée Sayyida Ruqayya (Damas), 141, 145, 147.

391mosquée al-Sināniyya (Damas), 76, 79, 81, 86, 178, 247, 251.

392mosquée Sitt Rabī‘a al-Šāmiyya (Damas), 273.

393mosquée de Šuǧā‘ (Damas), 83.

394Mossoul, 204.

395moulin de Bāb al-Faraǧ (Damas), 57, 61, 64, 70, 151, 152, 156, 157, 159, 162, 164, 165, 178, 186, 190, 200, 291.

396moulin de Bāb al-Salāma (Damas), 65, 159, 200, 201.

397Mu‘āḏ b. Ǧabal, 79-81, 210.

398Mu‘āwiya (calife umayyade), 82, 124.

399Mubārak al-Awḥadī, 305.

400Mubāriz al-Dīn (gouverneur de Damas), 207.

401muǧāhid, 249, 277, 281.

402Muǧīr al-Dīn Abaq (prince bouride), 224, 240.

403Muḥammad (Prophète), 142, 232, 273, 277, 281.

404Muḥammad b. Abī Ṭālib (chef des aḥdāṯ), 109, 217.

405Muḥammad b. Qarsaq al-Mu‘aẓẓamī, 56, 73, 81, 83, 92, 109, 118, 124, 204, 273, 277, 281, 285, 289.

406al-Munaǧǧid (Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn), 23, 239, 241, 249, 258, 279, 281, 283, 285, 287, 289, 301, 305, 313, 317.

407al-Munḏirī, 142.

408muqaddam (chef militaire), 94, 206, 207.

409al-Muqaddasī, 20, 49, 72, 93, 132, 134, 140, 203.

410al-Murabba‘a (quartier de Damas), 124, 130.

411musée National de Damas, 247, 271, 325.

412Muslim, 112.

413Muslim b. Qurayš, 204, 218, 224.

N

414Nafīsa (bint al-rasūl), 210, 211.

415Naǧm al-Dīn Ayyūb, voir al-Malik al-Ṣāliḥ Naǧm al-Dīn Ayyūb.

416nahr ‘Aqrabānī (Damas), 30, 54, 55, 58, 63, 65, 134, 138-141, 159, 190, 232.

417nahr Bānyās (Damas), 65, 70, 219, 223.

418nahr al-Maǧdūl (Damas), 65.

419nahr Ṯawra (Damas), 203.

420nā’ib (gouverneur), 329.

421nā’ib al‐qal‘a (gouverneur de la forteresse), 329.

422Nāṣir Muḥammad (sultan mamlouk), 67, 68, 126, 204, 215, 308, 317.

423Nawrūz al-Ḥāfiẓī (gouverneur mamlouk de Damas), 205, 226.

424Nayrab (faubourg, Damas), 226.

425Nu‘aymī, 168.

426nuqab (brèche), 202.

427Nūr al-Dawla ‘Alī b. Qarsaq, 273.

428Nūr al-Dīn, 12, 17, 20, 21, 23-25, 27, 33, 34, 37, 49-51, 53-55, 57, 67-69, 71, 73, 80, 83, 92, 94, 104, 105, 109, 116, 118, 121, 123, 130, 132, 134, 139, 151, 154, 164, 167, 168, 176-178, 180, 187-190, 192, 193, 197, 199, 202-207, 209, 210, 212, 214-217, 219, 222-224, 227, 228, 231, 235, 237, 239, 240, 242, 243, 246, 247, 249, 252, 255, 258, 261, 277, 279, 308, 313.

O

429Ottomans, 17, 222, 226.

P

430Palmyre (Syrie), 121, 123, 151, 177, 186, 197.

431Papiers de Damas, 25, 94, 206, 207, 232.

432Perdiccas, 42.

433Perse, 16, 42.

434Persépolis (Iran), 265.

435Plutarque, 42.

436Pompée, 42.

437Porter (Josias Leslie), 27, 28, 34, 44, 45, 95, 101, 106, 114, 144, 190.

438pseudo-Julien, voir Julien.

439Ptolémée, 16, 71.

Q

440Qadmūs (Syrie), 321.

441Qalʽat Marqab, voir Margat.

442Qal‘at al-Muḍīq, voir Afāmiyya.

443Qalāwūn (sultan mamlouk), 207, 225, 308, 313, 317.

444qanṭara (arc, arche, pont), 95, 107.

445Qarmates, 203, 207, 221.

446Qaṣr al-Ḥaǧǧāǧ, 226.

447al-Qaṣṣā‘īn (quartier de Damas), 69.

448Qassām al-Ḥarīṯī al-Tarrāb, 199, 202, 203.

449Qāsyūn, 213.

450Qaysites, 123, 200, 224.

451qill (braie), 261.

452al-Quṭayyifa, 214.

R

453al-Raba‘ī, 20, 112.

454Rabwe, 240.

455Raslān (šayḫ soufi), 123.

456rawšan masqūf (bretèche), 169.

457Recueil Schefer, 23, 94, 109, 167, 232, 233, 241-243, 245-247, 249, 257, 273, 303, 305, 307, 308, 311, 313, 315, 327, 329, 331.

458Reverdy (lieutenant), 45.

459Rhodes, 16.

460Richard Cœur de Lion, 204.

461Riḍwān, 82, 220, 221.

462riǧāla (fantassins), 207.

463Riḥla, 20.

464Rome, 16.

465Rostovtzeff (Mihail Ivanovič), 43.

466route du Pèlerinage, 71, 82, 197, 214, 265.

467rue Darwichiea (Damas), 45.

468rue Droite (Damas), 28, 31, 42, 43, 71-73, 82, 83, 107-109, 112, 114, 152, 265.

469rue al-Šallāḥa (Damas), 134, 139.

470rue Sīdī ‘Amūd (Damas), 45, 58, 183.

471rue du souk al-Sukkariyya (Damas), 76, 81.

472Rūm, 214.

S

473Saad (Houmam), 15, 35.

474Sabinos (médecin), 212.

475Sack (Dorothée), 33, 41.

476Ṣadr (forteresse du Sinaï), 11, 173, 177, 181.

477Ṣafadī, 212.

478Safed (Saphet, Israël), 181.

479Sagette (Ṣaydā’, Liban), 177.

480Šāġūr (quartier de Damas), 83, 226, 228.

481Saḥyūn (Liban), 165.

482saint Jean Damascène, 223.

483saint Louis, voir Louis IX.

484saint Paul, 16, 22, 23, 27, 33, 41, 97, 103, 105.

485Saladin, 17, 21, 55, 58, 109, 123, 134, 142, 151, 167, 168, 189, 197, 204, 206, 212-214, 228, 235, 242, 261, 265.

486Ṣalībī (Nasīb), 37.

487Ṣāliḥ b. ‘Alī, 72.

488Ṣāliḥiyya (faubourg de Damas), 58, 212.

489Salīm (sultan ottoman), 226.

490Saljoukides, 21, 82, 151, 203, 209, 218.

491Saphet, voir Safed.

492šarafāt (créneaux), 49.

493Ṣarḫad (forteresse de Syrie), 232.

494Sassanides, 16.

495satā’ir (hourds), 181, 182, 220.

496Saturne, 71, 93, 104.

497Sauvaget (Jean), 12, 15, 18, 23, 24, 29-33, 41, 58, 60, 68, 80, 119, 132, 140, 141, 144, 145, 147, 162, 181-183, 191, 227, 232, 234, 237, 239-243, 255, 257, 279, 287, 289, 291, 293, 294, 303, 311, 312, 315, 319, 323, 327, 329.

498Sauvaire (Henri), 247, 275, 281.

499Ṣaydā’, voir Sagette.

500Sayf al-Dīn Qiǧlīs, 83.

501Sébasté (Israël), 42.

502Séleucides, 42.

503Septime Sévère, 29.

504Sérapion, 48.

505Shayzar (Syrie), 203.

506Sīdī ‘Amūd, voir rue Sīdī ‘Amūd.

507Sīdī Ṣuhayb (mašhad, Damas), 269.

508Sigoli (Simone), 70, 179.

509Šihāb al-Dīn Maḥmūd (prince bouride Damas), 224, 232.

510al-Šihābī (Qutayba), 239, 317.

511šiḥna (préfet), 232.

512Sinān b. al-Bannā’, 220.

513Sindī b. Šāhik, 200, 202, 203, 212, 224.

514Sinǧar (forteresse de), 217.

515Sitt al-Ṣafiyya, 210.

516īwām (pavillon), 215.

517souk ‘Alī (Damas), 325.

518souk al-Arwām (Damas), 169, 228, 233.

519souk Ḥamīdiyyeh (Damas), 44, 70, 169.

520souk kabīr (Damas), 247.

521souk Midḥat Bāšā (Damas), 70, 81, 251, 259.

522Sourdel (Dominique), 12, 15, 18, 24, 227, 251, 279, 319.

523Sourdel-Thomine (Janine), 12, 15, 18, 24, 227, 251, 279, 319.

524Sunqūr al-Ašqar, 165, 225.

525Sunqur b. Murābā, 206.

526Sūq Sārūǧa, 212.

527sūr, ṣūr (rempart), 199, 200, 203, 206, 214, 281, 285, 289, 297.

528Šuraḥbīl b. Ḥasana, 121, 140.

529Syrie, 12, 16, 17, 19, 23, 26, 28, 34, 42, 46, 66, 72, 82, 177, 197, 199, 253, 308, 317.

T

530Ṯābit b. Sinān, 203.

531Tāǧ al-Mulūk Būrī (prince bouride de Damas), 197, 224, 232.

532taǧdīd (réfection complète), 83, 109, 277, 281.

533al‐ṭāḥūna al‐mustaǧidda (le moulin neuf), voir moulin de Bāb al-Faraǧ.

534Ṭāḥūn al-Za‘īm, 200.

535Ṭalass (As‘ad), 231.

536Tamerlan, 66, 73, 169, 202, 213, 215, 219-221, 223, 226.

537tamġa (marque tribale), 126.

538Tankiz (gouverneur mamlouk de Damas), 66, 68, 124, 126, 130, 168, 317.

539Ta’rī, 66, 68, 124, 126, 130, 168, 317.

540ṭārima (belvédère), 168, 215.

541Tibère, 42.

542ṭīn (brique crue), 49, 203.

543Tortose, 173.

544Trajan, 42.

545Tripoli (Liban), 71, 206, 321, 333.

546Tuġtakīn (prince bouride de Damas), 200.

547Tūmās, 239, 240.

548al-Ṭūr, voir mont Thabor.

549Tūrānšāh (prince ayyoubide d’Égypte), 225.

550Tutuš (prince saljoukide de Damas), 206, 214, 215, 218, 224.

551Tyr (Liban), 71, 195.

U

552‘Umar al-tāǧir, 94, 206.

553Umayyades, 48, 108.

554Unur (atābak de Damas), 186, 224, 232.

555al-‘Uqayba (faubourg de Damas), 219.

V

556Van Berchem (Max), 23, 24, 234, 239, 249, 253, 255, 257, 275, 279, 281, 283, 287, 289, 291, 293, 295, 297, 299, 303, 305, 311, 315, 323, 327, 331.

557Vénus, 71, 121.

558via Recta, voir rue Droite.

559via Septimania, 41.

560Von Kremer (Alfred), 12, 23, 26, 27, 34, 37, 233, 235, 253, 255, 275, 303, 305.

W

561Waddington (William Henry), 23.

562Walī al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Farfūr, 140.

563al-Walīd b. Mu‘āwiya, 199, 202.

564waqf, 73, 132, 152, 204, 205, 261.

565al-Wāqidī, 19, 93, 132, 134, 140.

566Watzinger (Carl), 28-31, 41, 44, 45, 104, 112, 118, 132, 187, 258, 275, 313, 321.

567Weber (Thomas), 33.

568Wiet (Gaston), 234, 331.

569Will (Ernest), 33, 41, 43.

570Wulzinger (Karl), 28-31, 41, 44, 45, 104, 112, 118, 132, 187, 258, 275, 313, 319, 321.

Y

571Yaḥyā b. Ǧa‘far, 132.

572Yalbuġā (gouverneur mamlouk de Damas), 226.

573Yalbuġā (Sayf al-Dīn), 207, 225.

574Ya‘qūb b. Ibrāhīm b. Mūsā, 61, 134, 142, 204, 293, 294, 297, 301.

575Yazīd b. Abī Sufyān, 82, 93, 121.

576Yazīd b. al-Walīd, 217.

577Yovitchitch (Cyril), 120, 181, 182, 305.

578Yūsuf b. ‘Abd al-Hādī, 73.

Z

579Zankī, 205, 219, 222, 224.

580ziyāra, 210, 232.

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