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Essays on population and space in India

 | 
Christophe Z. Guilmoto
, 
Alain Vaguet

List of Tables and Figures

Texte intégral

Tables

Table 1.1 Changes in fertility over the last century 26
Table 1.2. Total fertility rates in the Indian states (number of children per woman) 30
Table 1.3. Age specific fertility rates (per 1 000 women) 31
Table 1.4. Changes in mortality over the last hundred years 31
Table 1.5. Fertility differentials according to place of residence, level of education and religion of women (total fertility rate in 1990-91) 32
Table 1.6. Fertility by religion and educational level of women (number of children per woman in 1990-91) 33
Table 4.1. Activities of outside residents 71
Table 4.2. Towns and topics selected for the LEDRA programme on urbanization 73
Table 4.3 Comparison of activities exercised by residents and by migrants (Kankipadu) 77
Table 6.1. District level census data 98
Table 6.2. Derived averaged district variables 100
Table 6.3. % Urban and Z-scores. Average % urban = 25, standard deviation = 11 Table 104
Table 6.4. Rank correlations between 15 variables, 449 districts, 1991 108
Table 6.5. Correlation tables, class 1 cities, 296 cases, 35 variables 109
Table 6.6. Correlation between class I city, 16 variables, and 17 local district variables 116
Table 10.1. Evolution of the expenses for public health 173
Table 10.2. Cardiology packages 176
Table 11.1. Selected sex ratios : females per 1000 males 188
Table 11.2. The Indian sex ratio, 1901-91 188
Table 11.3. Sex ratios by state and union territory, 1991 195

Figures

Figure 1.1. Changes in indian fertility 27
Figure 1.2. Variation in fertility by age-group 28
Figure 1.3. Total fertility rates, 1990-92, by state (NFHS) 29
Figure 1.4. Life-expectancy at birth 32
Figure 1.5. Fertility and infant mortality in 1992-93, by state (NFHS) 34
Figure 1.6. Fertility and women’s education in 1992-93 by state (NFHS) 36
Figure 2.1. Distribution of district fertility estimates for longer states, 1991. 42
Figure 2.2. Region and cities mentioned in the text 45
Figure 2.3. Fertility estimates for 1981 due to Mari Bhat 47
Figure 2.4. Fertility estimates for 1991 due to Mari Bhat 51
Figure 4.1. Krishna district (Andhra Pradesh) 96
Figure 4.2. Origin of workers from outside in Kankipadu and Kalidindi 72
Figure 4.3. Workplace of Kankipadu residents working outside 72
Figure 4.4. Origin of vendors on Kalidindi market 72
Figure 5.1. Urban population and total population (1901-1991) 80
Figure 5.2. Components of urban growth (1971-91) 81
Figure 5.3. Population density (inhabitants per sq. km.) in 1991 82
Figure 5.4. Rates of urban population in 1991 83
Figure 5.5. Urban-rural growth differential 1981-1991 84
Figure 5.6. Migration between 1971 and 1981 85
Figure 6.1. Proportion of district population in urban areas 102
Figure 6.2. Proportion of the district rural population below the age of 7 years 102
Figure 6.3. Variation in rural sex ratio, by district 102
Figure 6.4. Variation in male/female urban literacy rates, by district 102
Figure 6.5. Variation in male/female rural literacy rates, by district 103
Figure 6.6. (Male urban participation rate) / (female urban participation rate), by district 103
Figure 6.7. (Proportion of tribal population in rural areas) / (proportion of tribal population in urban areas), by district 103
Figure 6.8. Q-analysis structure of table 6.4 district correlations 103
Figure 6.9. Figurative diagram of correlations of Table 6.4 105
Figure 6.10. Q-analysis structure of table 6.4 city correlations 106
Figure 6.11. Figurative diagram of correlations of table 6.5 110
Figure 6.12. Variations in proportion of males in construction industry in cities 112
Figure 6.13. Variations in proportion of males in agriculture labour in cities 112
Figure 6.14. Variations in sex ratio of cities 112
Figure 6.15. Variations in degree of employment specialization by city 112
Figure 6.16. Variations in females in other services 113
Figure 6.17. Residual variation of male participation rate in cities from local predicted values 113
Figure 6.18. Residual variation of female participation rate in cities from local predicted values 113
Figure 7.1. Localization of scheduled castes in Amaravathi (Andhra Pradesh) 123
Figure 7.2. Localization of agricultural castes (Naidus and Yadawas) in Amaravathi 124
Figure 7.3. Localization of upper castes in Amaravathi 125
Figure 7.4. Spatial distribution of castes in the Tatabad quarter (Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu) 126
Figure 7.5. Distribution of households in the N’Kunta slum in Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh) 128
Figure 7.6. Distribution of Scheduled Caste households, N’Kunta, Hyderabad 129
Figure 7.7. Distribution of service castes, N’Kunta, Hyderabad 130
Figure 8.1. Annual growth rate of the population from 1981 to 1991 in different census charges of the National Capital Territory of Delhi 135
Figure 8.2. The Delhi metropolitan area : the central urban agglomeration and its peripheral towns 141
Figure 9.1. Prevalence of HIV in India (1986/1998), by state and territory 156
Figure 9.2. Prevalence of HIV in Maharashtra (1991/1995), by district 158
Figure 9.3. Urban morphology and population : Central and South Mumbaï 160
Figure 9.4. Number of HIV positive detected cases in Mumbai, by ward (1988/1994) 161
Figure 9.5. Main HIV testing centres in Mumbai (1994) 161
Figure 9.6. Diffusion of HIV in “pathogenic” wards 162
Figure 9.7. Kamathipura : a red-light area in the heart of Mumbai 164
Figure 9.8. HIV diffusion in Kamathipura (by lane) 165
Figure 9.9. The spatial dynamic linked with HIV in Kamathipura 166
Figures 10.1 & 10.2 . Changes in the hospital landscape : 1986 and 1996 171
Figure 10.3. Different types of spatial organization of the private health-care sector 178
Figure 10.4. Attraction area of a hospital in Hyderabad : Andhra Pradesh 180
Figure 10.5. Attraction area of a hospital in Hyderabad : India 181
Figure 11.1. The sex ratio of deaths at age 3, 1981, females per thousand males 191
Figure 11.2. The sex ratio of deaths at age 5, 1981, females per thousand males 193
Figure 11.3. The sex ratio at all ages, 1991, females per thousand males 198
Figure 12.1. Map of locations of Tibetan settlements in India and Nepal 203
Figure 13.1. Rural population. Numbers 221
Figure 13.2. Rural population. Overall rural densities 222
Figure 13.3. Increase in rural population 1961-1991 224
Figures 13.4 & 13.5 . Rural populations—Dalits and Tribals 226
Figure 13.6. Rural population 1991. Proportion of Dalits 227
Figure 13.7. Rural population 1991. Proportion of Tribals 227
Figure 13.8. Dalits, growth 1961-1991 229
Figure 13.9. Scheduled Tribes growth 1961-1991 229
Figure 13.10 I. Rural population 1991. Dalits : literacy 230
Figure13.11. Rural population 1991. Tribals : Literacy 231
Figure 13.12. Rural population 1991. Overall literacy 231
Figure 13.13. Rural population 1991. Proportion of children below 7 232
Figure 13.14. Rural population 1991. Dalits : proportion of children below 7 233
Figure 13.15. Rural population 1991. Tribals : proportion of children below 7 233
Figure 13.16a.
b
Rural population 1991. Sex ratio : changes 1901-1991 by state 234
Figure 13.16b.
Ma
Rural population 1991. Sex ratio : changes 1901- 1991.
Map of profiles in figure 13.16a
234
Figure 13.17. I Rural population 1991. Typology of sex-ratios 236
Figure 13.18. R Rural population. Typology of occupations by social category 237
Figure 13.19. 1 Rural population. Dalits : general typology of occupations 239
Figure 13.20. R Rural population. Tribals : general typology of occupations 239
Figure 13.21. R Rural population. Other castes : general typology of occupations 240

© Institut Français de Pondichéry, 2000

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