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Calcutta 1981

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Jean Racine

Index

Texte intégral

Administration of Calcutta:
- Deficiency of 149-150, 433-441
- Lottery Committee 47, 48, 125
- Royal Charters 47

See Corporation.

Agriculture (and agrarian structure of the hinterland) 64-67, 343, 365-366, 370, 409, 415

Ahmad, Saiyid 93

Akra 34, 299

Allahabad 40

Amenities 94-96, 117, 125, 285-306, 386-387, 425-426, 444-446

Anchals 281

Anglo-Indians 109, 421

Anthropology 16 Sec culture, society, communities, castes.

Armenians 31, 45

Asansoi 69, 357

Asiatic Society 122

Assam 38, 54-58, 63

Ayodhya 18, 26, 127

Babus 91, 426, 434

Baden Powell, B. H. 38

Baishabghata 296, 418

Bangkok 86

Bangladesh 56

Banians 91, 93

Banks and financial institutions 81, 84-85, 176, 178, 303, 341-342, 430,

See World Bank.

Barabazar or Burrabazar 45, 132, 142

Basu, Jyoti 116, 238, 274, 347, 411

Bateson, Gregory 21-23

Benares 38

Bemier, François 378

Bhadralok 91, 93, 97

Bhattacharya, Mahasweta 118

Bhattacharya, Mohit 433

Bhowanipore or Bhowanipur 45, 135, 138, 145

Bhumiputras 119

See sons of the soil.

Bihar 38, 55, 63, 66, 76, 106, 400

Birlas 81, 349

Biswas, Ashih. K. 433

Blockman, H. 31, 33, 45

Bombay 36, 40, 47, 52, 119, 127, 176-184, 242-255, 393, 395, 413, 445

Bose, Buddhadev 17, 25, 115, 117, 427

Bose, Netaji Subhas Chandra 74, 116

Bose, Ninnai Kumar 105, 421

Bose, Sameresh 118

Brahmaputra 55, 57, 63

Brahmo Samaj 74

Burma 38, 78, 410

Bustees 91, 123, 138, 142, 152, 223-228, 297, 301-302, 313-325

Calcutta:
- Age pyramid 159
- Competition between C and other cities; disparities between C and other towns or cities 379-381, 385, 388-390, 418-419
- Corporation: See Corporation of Calcutta
- Crisis: see Crisis
- Images 15-27, 427, 445
- Metropolitan District 87 (definition), 279-311
- Morphology 131-150
- Origins and genesis 29-48, 89-102, 428
- Rurality of Calcutta 18, 106-107, 382
- Society and social groups: see society, communities, classes, castes
- Urban Agglomeration (definition) 87
- Densities, energy, employment, housing, industries, infrastructures, migrations, planification, population, poverty: see these words.

Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation 198-202

Calcutta Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA) 87, 123, 125, 279-311, 313-325, 333, 375-377, 385, 387, 414, 416, 429, 443-446
- Budgets and Investments 284-285, 307-311, 429-430, 444-445

Calcutta Metropolitan Planning Area Control Act 280

Calcutta Metropolitan Planning Organisation (CMPO) 116, 282, 334, 375, 384, 416, 430, 444

Calcutta Municipal Act 319, 389

Calcutta Municipal Corporation Bill 436

Canning, Lord 34

Capital, capitalism 12, 106, 272, 411, 413-414

Castes 106-107, 428

Central Government:
See relationships.

Centre-States relationships:
See relationships.

Chandemagore 31, 42, 281

Charnock, Job 29, 31, 33, 62, 131, 428

Chatterji, Bankim Chandra 118

Chatterji, Sarat Chandra 118

Children at work 211

Chineses 110, 268

Chinsurah 31, 42, 125

Christians:
See Anglo-Indians.

Chunder, Babu Bholonath 31, 44

Classes: 426

See society, middle classes, working class, poverty.

Climate 63

Clive, Robert 17, 428

Colonial cities (structure of) 119-120, 121

Colonialism: 11, 58
See exploitation.

Communalism 249, 270

Communities 88, 106-111, 421

Corporation of Calcutta 87, 123, 281, 388-389, 433-436, 439-441
- Budget 435

Corruption 152, 402, 434, 439

Criminality 237-254, 258, 262-263

Crisis of Calcutta, causes and nature 127, 183-185, 187-195, 197-208, 270-273, 345, 348-349, 407-408, 444-445

Culture 12, 99, 116-118, 428-429
- protestant culture 124, 127

Curzon, Lord 237

Dalhousie, Lord 34

Damodar 82

Damodar Valley Corporation 203, 207

Decentralization
- within the Metropolitan District 305-306
- within West Bengal 341

Delhi, New Delhi 38, 40, 83-84, 106, 125, 242-255

Demographic Growth 52, 90-91, 155, 157-174, 269-270, 353

Densities:
- of households 133
- of population 133, 159, 161, 317

Disparities:
- between Calcutta and other towns: See Calcutta (competition)
- urban-rural disparities 120, 385, 416-420

See Migrations.

District headquarters 69, 361, 380-381,, 383, 380, 418-420

Durgapur 70, 117, 122, 356-357, 417

East India Company 40, 45, 52, 91

Education 216-218, 275, 393

Electricity: 197-208, 335-337, 369, 377-378

See energy.

Eliade, Mircea 17

Employment 209-220, 223-228, 231-235, 303-304, 342-343, 364-365

Energy (penury of) (See Electricity) Enterprises (small) 303-304, 317, 341

See informal sector, industries

Exploitation (colonial) 11, 58

Factories (colonial): 120, 121
See settlements

Farakka Dam 188, 192, 359-364

Floods 63, 288-289, 415

Fort William 31, 36, 40, 44

Gandhi (Mahatma) 378

Ganges 40, 55, 57, 63

Garbage clearance 289-290, 425, 439, 440

Garden Reach 33

Gladstone 93

Gobindapur or Govindapur 29-32, 44-45

Guillebaud, Jean-Claude 25

Gujarat 106, 275-276, 348, 381-382, 394, 413

Haldia 122, 192, 349, 354-356, 417

Hasan, Nurul 392

Hastings, Warren 237

Health 304, 417, 440, 446

Hinduism 107

Hinterland: 36, 38-41, 51-86, 383-384, 392-393, 418-419
See migration, decentralization, urban network, agriculture.

Hogg, Stuart 116

Homeless people 160, 229-235, 416, 417

Hong Kong 393-394, 408

Hooghly (the city) 31, 42, 125

Hooghly-Bhagirati (the river) 29-36, 42, 62, 68, 69, 187-190, 192, 362, 363

Housing 96, 133-144, 151-155, 422
- housing market 153-155, 160, 162, 422
- penury 152, 158, 416-417
- real estate speculation 154, 324-325
- urban land ceilings 154

See bustees, homeless people.

Housing and Urban Development Corporation 153, 296

Howrah (the city) 89, 223, 281, 287-297, 301, 303, 314

Hunter, W.W. 47

Industrial Development Bank of India 81, 430

Industrial Finance Corporation 81, 430

Industries 140, 147, 149, 177-184, 223-228, 268, 270-276, 337-339, 366-368, 411-413
- industrial policy 337-338, 378, 387-388, 410-411
- small-scale and ancillary industries 340-341, 429-430
See informal sector.

Inertia
- bureaucratie inertia 433-434, 437 438
- popular inertia 48, 100, 102, 121, 127, 426

Informal sector 209-220, 268-269, 272, 397-404

Infrastructures: 94-96, 116, 123, 184, 286-305, 386-387, 420, 425-426, 444

See amenities, planning.

Investments 185, 267, 270-273, 409-411, 413, 418, 429, 445
capital exodus 80

Jains 109

Jamshedpur 69

Jayawardane 394

Jute 42, 60, 347-348

Kalikata 29, 62

Kalyani 122, 359, 417-418

Kanpur 38, 242-255

Kapoor, R.M. 154

Kasinath, Dewan 46

Kennedy, J.F. 384

Kharagpur 69, 357

Kidderpore 34, 135, 187

Kipling, Rudyard 31, 64, 427

Labour:
See working class.

Labour force: 177-178
See employment.

Lake Town 153

Land use 134, 136, 138, 140, 141, 144, 147

Latrines 291, 414-415

Left Front:
See political parties.

Lelyveld, Joseph 17

Levi-Strauss, Claude 17

Lucknow 52

Madhya Pradesh 58

Madras 36, 47, 52, 83-85, 242-255

Maharashtra 178-180, 270-271, 275-276, 348-349, 381-382, 393, 410

Maidan 19, 45-46, 132

Malle, Louis 17, 157, 480

Malta River 34

Manicktala bustee 315-318, 322, 323

Metro railway 125, 328

Middle class 153, 251, 420-422, 424
See babu, bhadralok.

Migrants, migrations 74-79, 91, 106, 164-169, 230-231, 343, 379-380, 390, 400, 416, 418, 419, 423

See refugees.

Mitra, Ashok 115

Mohanjodaro 118

Mumford, Lewis 42, 46

Municipalities 280, 281, 302, 385, 388, 389
See Calcutta (competition), suburbs.

Murphey, Roads 62

Murshidabad 69, 90

Muslims 109, 421, 422
See communalism, communities. Mutiny (of 1857) 93

Narayan, Jaya Prakash 378

Naxalite movement 257

Network (urban) 69-74, 380, 381, 419
See district headquarters.

New Delhi: see Delhi

New towns and townships 296-300, 417, 444

Orissa, Oriyas 38, 55, 66, 76, 94, 203

Participation (popular) 100, 102, 123, 125, 395, 427

Particularisai (bengali) 74-75

Partition 75, 82, 257, 445
See Refugees.

Patna 69

Pavement dwellers: see homeless people

Perceptions of urban environment 21, 426, 427

Peri-urban growth 44, 169, 170
See suburbs.

Pilkhana bustee 223-228

Planning (regional) 357-367, 370, 388, 393-394

Planning (urban planning) 96, 305, 306, 375-376, 382, 387, 391, 404, 414, 422-424, 443-446
- Basic Development Plan 282, 334, 335, 343, 384
- Detail Development Plan 333, 334
- Development Perspective Plan 1976: 284, 296, 342
- For whom does one plan for? Sec Poverty

Plassey (baule of) 17, 428

Political parties (See trade unions):
- Congress, Congress U, Congress I 122, 257-263
- Communist Party of India, Marxist (CPI-M) 79, 259, 261, 263
- Forward Block 74

Population:
See demographic growth, anthropology, castes, classes, communities, migrations

Port: (see Haldia) 187-195
- History 34-36
- Traffic 84, 85, 176, 178, 181, 187-195, 339
- Calcutta Port Trust 36

Poverty and the poor 214-216, 229-235, 268, 420, 421

Poverty line 61
- To plan for the poor (or not) 12, 126, 382, 395, 397, 402-404, 414-415, 418, 424

See: Planning (for whom does one plan for).

Quasimbazar 31

Rajasthan 99, 106

Ramakrishna74

Ray, Siddharta Shankar 116, 377

Refugees 74-75, 100, 102, 109, 297

Relationships
- Centre-States relationships 79, 81-82, 270n, 349, 430
- Urban-rural relationships: see towns

Rickshawallahs 233, 327, 331, 397-404

Roy, Bidhan Chandra 116, 274, 377, 384

Roy, Ram Mohan 74

Roy, Ranajit 270

Salaries 212, 225

Salt Lake 153, 298, 299, 417

Santaldih 201-205, 359

Satgaon 31, 45

Schools 304, 440
See education, training.

Selbourne, David 25

Sen, Profulla Chandra 116

Serampore 42, 125

Settlements (colonial) 120, 121

Sewage, sewerage 288-289

Siddiqui, M.K.A. 421

Siliguri 361

Singapore 393, 408, 412

Singh, Citaran 410

Sinha, Surajit 16, 420

Sivaramakrishnan, K.C. 124

Society 105-111, 269-270, 382-383, 424
See castes, classes, communities.

Sons of the soil 119
See Bumipatras.

Strikes (see workers) 97-100

Suburbs 42-44, 125, 169-174
See municipalities, new towns, disparities between Calcutta and other towns.

Sur, Prasanta Kumar 124, 439

Surat 36

Sutanuti 29-31, 44, 47, 62

Swift, Jonathan 117

Tagore, Rabindranath 74, 118, 237-238

Taxes 388-390, 419, 439

Tea 60, 346-347

Technical education:
See education, training.

Technology 218, 410

Thika Tenancy Act of 1981: 324

Trade-unions 97, 106-107, 201, 257
See strikes.

Training (see education)

Transport 40-42, 292-296, 327-331, 368-369, 397-404

Unemployment:
See employment, poverty.

Urban Land Ceiling and Regulations
Acts of 1976: 154

Urban land (control of) (see land use)

Urban-rural disparities:
See disparities

Urban-rural relationships:
See relalionships

Uttar Pradesh 106

Vidyasagar, I.C. 74

Violence 237-255, 257-263

Wahabi (movement) 93

Water supply 286-288

West Bengal Comprehensive Area Development Corporation 366, 409

West Bengal Housing Board 153

West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation 342

West Bengal State Electricity Board 199-205

West Bengal State Finance Corporation 430

West Bengal Town and Country (Planning and Development) Act, 1979: 306

Wilden, Anthony 21-24

Wilson, C.R. 33

Workers, working class: 94, 96, 248, 250, 255, 257

See trade unions, strikes.

World Bank 82, 117, 285, 377, 444-445

Yeats, W.B. 117

Yew, Lee Kuan 394

Zamindars 93

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