Version classiqueVersion mobile

Calcutta 1981

 | 
Jean Racine

List of maps and charts

Texte intégral

1.1.

The living Organization of Calcutta as a black box

22

2.1.

Four stages of growth of Calcutta

30

2.2.

Calcutta in 1756-57

32

2.3.

Calcutta in 1792

35

2.4.

Calcutta at the beginning of the Twentieth Century

37

2.5.

Location map for chapter 2

39

2.6.

Location map of Bengal for chapter 2

41

2.7.

The growth of the Hooghly towns: 1901-1961

43

3.1.

Calcutta's approximate hinterland

53

3.2.

Population density by district in 1971

53

3.3.

The major natural regions of Calcutta's hinterland

54

3.4.

The two tribal strongholds of Eastern India

55

3.5.

The economic weight of Eastem India

59

3.6.

Per capita annual average income, by State, in 1979-80

61

3.7.

Population below the poverty line, 1977-78

61

3.8.

An unevenly cultivated hinterland

65

3.9.

Calcutta's hinterland: the most dense rural population of India

65

3.10.

Calcutta's hinterland: an average farm size smaller than the national average

65

3.11.

Calcutta's hinterland: the poorest rice yields

65

3.12.

Calcutta's hinterland: the lowest value of crops

67

3.13.

Calcutta's hinterland: the lowest agricultural incomes

67

3.14.

Calcutta's hinterland: the lowest food grains consumption

67

3.15.

Calcutta's hinterland: the most overloaded with primary sector workers

67

3.16.

The image of urbanized Bengal: the Hooghlyside conurbation in 1971

68

3.17.

Cities and urban agglomerations in the Indian hinterland of Calcutta in 1971

70

3.18.

Cities and urban agglomerations in the Indian hinterland of Calcutta in 1981

71

3.19.

The imbalances of West Bengal urban network in 1971: the size of towns and cities

72

3.20.

The imbalances of West Bengal urban network in 1971: the status of towns and cities

73

3.21.

Place of birth of urban population having migrated to Calcutta, Howrah and 24 Parganas districts according to 1961 Census

76

3.22.

Place of birth of urban population having migrated to Calcutta, Howrah and 24 Parganas districts according to 1971 census

77

3.23.

The flow of immigrants enumerated in 1961 and 1971 amongst the urban population of Calcutta, Howrah and 24 Parganas districts

78

4.1.

Calcutta in 1785: an image of the double past. "Europeans and Natives" on a British map of the XVIIIth Century

95

A. 1.

The Bengali population of Calcutta in 1961

108

A.2.

The two main religious communities of Calcutta in 1961

109

A.3.

Hindi and Bihari speaking population in 1961

110

A.4.

Wards with highly concentrated minorities, 1961

110

A.5.

Religions and mother tongues in Calcutta in 1961

111

5.1.

Calcutta land use, 1981

134

5.2.

Calcutta central district

136

5.3.

Land use in a residential locality: Bhowanipore, Ward 73

138

5.4.

Eastem Calcutta: bustees and industries

140

5.5.

An urban fringe in the Corporation: Garia, Ward 100

141

6.1.

Ward-wise density of population in Calcutta in 1971

159

6.2.

Calcutta's age pyramid in 1971

159

6.3.

Densities of population of the towns and cities within Calcutta urban agglomeration in 1971

161

6.4.

The growth of the population of the municipal towns and cities within the present Calcutta Metropolitan District Area, 1951-1961

166

6.5.

The growth of the population of towns and cities within the present Calcutta Metropolitan District Area, 1961-1971

167

6.6.

The growth of the population of towns and cities within the Calcutta Metropolitan District, 1971-1981

170

6.7.

The sex ratio in Calcutta urban agglomération in 1981

172

C.l.

The Lower Hooghly

190

C. 2.

Calcutta Port

191

C.3.

Yearly cargo traffic of the Calcutta Port, 1950-51 to 1981-82

193

C. 4.

Commodities handled at the Calcutta Port, 1950-51 to 1981-82

193

D. 1.

Electricity shortage in Calcutta: A case study of September 1981

199

D.2.

The power plants near Calcutta in 1983

199

F. 1.

Calcutta pavement dwellers, ward-wise distribution, 1971

232

9.1.

Thefts, robberies and murders in five Indian metropolises, 1967-1975

243

9.2.

Riots and man-days lost in five Indian metropolises, 1961-1975

245

9.3

Thefts, robberies, murders, riots and man-days lost in Calcutta, 1961-1975

245

10.1.

The urban development strategy of the CMDA: from binodal to multinodal

283

10.2.

The major transportation axis in the Metropolitan District

293

10.3.

A new town adjacent to Calcutta: Salt Lake

298

H. 1.

The bustees of Calcutta and Howrah

314

H. 2.

Manicktala Bustee: the dwellings

318

H.3.

Manicktala Bustee. Physical improvements: water supply and lighting

322

H.4.

Manicktala Bustee. Physical improvements: sewerage and adrain System

323

I.1.

Traffic flow in Calcutta: problems and improvements

330

12.1.

Haldia dock complex master plan

355

12.2.

Looking for a new regional balance: urban network and possible growth centres

358

12.3.

A new town: Kalyani-Gayespur

360

12.4.

Growth centres near Calcutta

363

REFERENCE MAPS

Reference map 1: The Metropolitan District and the Urban Agglomeration of Calcutta in 1981.

Reference map 2: Calcutta localities, wards and major roads in 1981.

© Institut Français de Pondichéry, 1990

Conditions d’utilisation : http://www.openedition.org/6540

Cette publication numérique est issue d’un traitement automatique par reconnaissance optique de caractères.
Rechercher dans OpenEdition Search

Vous allez être redirigé vers OpenEdition Search