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The legacy of French rule in India (1674-1954)

An investigation of a process of Creolization

Creolization can be defined as an interaction of heterogeneous cultures leading to a new and unexpected reality. This book is an attempt to investigate whether or not nearly three centuries of French presence (1674- 1954) in the former French territories of India (Pondicherry, Karaikal, Mahé, Yanam and Chandernagore) have led to creolization. Can one say that there are traces of French colonization, language and culture in the former enclaves? If so, what is their significance with respect...

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Editor's note

© 2008, Animesh Rai

  • Publisher : Institut Français de Pondichéry, Henri Peyre French Institute The Graduate Center of the City University of New York
  • Series : Mondes Indiens/South Asia
  • Place of publication : Pondichéry
  • Year of publication : 2008
  • Published on OpenEdition Books : 14 avril 2020
  • EAN (Print version) : 9788184701678
  • Electronic EAN : 9791036549892
  • DOI : 10.4000/books.ifp.3369
  • Number of pages : 265 p.
Animesh Rai
Edouard Glissant

Les comptoirs de l’Inde

Edouard Glissant

The Comptoirs (trading posts) of India


Acculturation, Creolization, Indianization

Chapter 1. The Beginnings

A special case of colonization: the commercial occupation of Pondicherry

Chapter 2. The Nineteenth Century

Towards “francisation” or back to Indianization?

Chapter 3. The Twentieth Century

Identity and the French patterns

Chapter 4. The Contemporary Period

One language or a multitude?


Acculturation, Creolization or real Indianization?

Appendix 1

Treaty Documents: 1954 De facto Treaty,1956 Cession Treaty, 1963 Supplementary Agreement

Appendix 2


Appendix 3

Chronology of Outstanding Events

© Institut Français de Pondichéry, 2008

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