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Movilidad, elementos esenciales y riesgos en el distrito metropolitano de Quito

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Florent Demoraes

Abstract

Texte intégral

1The objective of this book is to offer reflections on the risks incurred by the Metropolitan District of Quito -DMQ-(Ecuador) regarding the people’s daily mobility and accessibility issues. The analysis is based on a method elaborated in the framework of a research programme called “Information System and Risks within the Metropolitan District of Quito” carried out by the Municipality of Quito in partnership with the Development Research French Institute (IRD).

2In order to prevent efficiently the risks incurred by the Ecuadorian capital due to usual or exceptional mobility problems, it is essential to focus the analysis on the critical urban road infrastructures and on the critical urban transportation facilities. Indeed, the loss of their serviceability is likely to hamper interchanges and to limit severely the accessibility of certain zones, which could be highly detrimental to the metropolitan territory. The situation may be even worse if the critical infrastructures are vulnerable and even more problematic if the concerned zones gather strategic urban functions (important urban facilities, such as large hospitals, main electricity factories...).

3The first part presents the current daily interchanges and movements of people in the District and also an analysis of the transport system. In the second part the critical infrastructures of transportation are identified and localised. In the third part the vulnerabilities of these critical infrastructures, predisposing them to failures and damages, are analysed. The fourth part puts forward an assessment of the risks incurred by the District, taking into account the limitations of accessibility resulting from possible disruptions of the critical roads.

4Taking a preventive planning perspective, this book suggests reflections that could be useful to different urban stakeholders; it provides ways of reducing vulnerabilities and presents orientations toward crisis preparedness. While intended for the authorities in charge of transportation and risk management, this book is also meant for urban planners and for any of the public interested in understanding the organisation of people’s mobility and the vulnerability of the Ecuadorian capital.

5Key words: urban transportation, people’s mobility, critical infrastructures, vulnerability, accessibility, risks, urban preventive planning, Quito.

6A more detailed version of this research (in French) is downloadable at the following website:

7http://www.univ-savoie.fr/​labos/​edytem/​membres/​demoraes/​pub.html

© Institut français d’études andines, 2006

Conditions d’utilisation : http://www.openedition.org/6540

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