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Les travailleurs chinois en France dans la Première Guerre mondiale

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Li Ma

Index

Texte intégral

A

art des tranchées, 33, 431, 432, 433, 434, 436, 437, 439, 440, 441

association, 55, 60, 84, 89, 314, 330, 347, 359, 370, 373, 493, 500, 504, 505, 507, 511, 517

Athos, 73, 82, 115, 339

B

bataillon, 78, 315, 359, 383, 514

Belgique, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 21, 22, 36, 79, 84, 125, 161, 166, 171, 176, 305, 388, 397, 400, 427, 438, 440, 459, 461, 467, 468, 472, 474, 490, 491

Boulogne-sur-Mer, 7, 8, 12, 157, 159, 222, 238

Boxers, 20, 65, 122, 440, 516

C

Cai Yuanpei, 255, 256, 264, 307, 311, 315, 329, 330, 336, 337, 346, 516, 517

Calais, 7, 8, 11, 31, 36, 59, 78, 79, 86, 89, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 172, 174, 175, 176, 203, 204, 206, 209, 211, 214, 215, 216, 218, 219, 220, 222, 223, 225, 226, 227, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 235, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 261, 299, 309, 370, 417, 419, 478, 489, 491

camp, 26, 29, 31, 107, 151, 158, 159, 160, 166, 171, 176, 177, 178, 180, 181, 182, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 191, 192, 193, 212, 214, 217, 218, 220, 233, 234, 239, 249, 252, 260, 264, 274, 288, 289, 290, 293, 296, 297, 300, 334, 341, 354, 360, 446, 452, 454, 455, 456, 463, 466, 468, 478, 489

campement, 234, 334, 489

Canada, 8, 14, 31, 36, 51, 73, 74, 75, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 143, 144, 251, 263, 354, 366, 446, 466

Canton, 21, 61, 62, 103, 313, 394, 455, 486, 487, 496, 498, 510, 511

Chambers, 112, 113, 114, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 126, 127, 129, 130

champs de bataille, 72, 125, 144, 147, 172, 217, 279, 325, 403, 416, 430, 431, 433, 434, 435, 440, 459, 460, 467, 469, 481, 489

Chatelle, Albert, 159, 160, 168, 169, 175

chemin de fer, 78, 91, 92, 106, 109, 120, 124, 128, 143, 291, 507, 510

Chen Sanjing, 11, 23, 27, 37, 53, 54, 55, 56, 59, 61, 63, 65, 66, 67, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 80, 81, 87, 188, 306, 308, 309, 310, 311, 313, 314, 315, 317, 321, 324, 342, 495

Chinese Labour Corps (CLC), 7, 30, 65, 77, 111, 249, 305, 325, 428

cimetière, 30, 41, 45, 82, 83, 84, 85, 157, 249, 415, 440, 468, 482

coloniaux, 33, 44, 52, 89, 158, 167, 168, 172, 173, 174, 175, 181, 191, 203, 204, 211, 227, 228, 229, 236, 250, 251, 252, 255, 259, 266, 272, 274, 275, 276, 280, 292, 293, 295, 296, 297, 301, 305, 369, 370, 371, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381, 382, 385, 386, 389, 390, 392, 393, 394, 404, 405, 416, 420, 422, 485, 487, 490, 491, 497, 500

colonie, 102, 267, 298, 392

communiste, 29, 42, 54, 60, 86, 88, 248, 311, 319, 320, 322, 336, 343, 487, 505, 506, 507, 508, 516, 519

compagnie, 54, 67, 86, 117, 123, 137, 169, 177, 229, 233, 234, 236, 280, 290, 331, 332, 468, 514

contrat, 30, 44, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 67, 68, 71, 81, 84, 86, 115, 120, 123, 127, 177, 181, 182, 184, 191, 204, 211, 213, 227, 228, 232, 249, 250, 259, 273, 275, 290, 291, 292, 294, 295, 297, 301, 310, 324, 331, 333, 334, 374, 380, 416, 485, 488, 492, 493, 494, 495, 502, 503, 515

Coolies, 113, 140, 141, 144, 147, 148, 153, 306, 322

Croix-Rouge, 131, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 139, 142, 150, 151, 153

D

Debove, abbé, 173

Demarque, Mme, 169

Deng Xiaoping, 60, 248, 517

destruction, 19, 137, 171, 205, 210, 222, 489

Ditte, général, 159, 167

Dunkerque, 8, 36, 78, 79, 158, 164, 167, 169, 175, 293, 302, 499, 504, 509

E

éducation, 8, 32, 60, 257, 307, 311, 314, 315, 323, 324, 329, 330, 333, 336, 337, 338, 339, 341, 343, 346, 347, 348, 349, 351, 353, 356, 357, 358, 364, 366, 472, 497, 499, 501, 504, 506, 514, 515, 516, 517

effort de guerre, 28, 30, 31, 32, 78, 119, 133, 134, 135, 136, 141, 142, 145, 150, 157, 175, 247, 248, 249, 292, 295, 298, 302, 308, 313, 319, 320, 381, 384, 387, 392, 404, 488, 513

embarquement, 30, 31, 57, 58, 74, 91, 92, 102, 117, 291, 492, 509

émigration, 104, 105, 107, 108, 126, 308, 324, 333, 485, 498, 500, 509, 510, 515

émotion, 418, 430, 473

épidémie, 105, 118

exécution, 171, 221, 270, 294, 296, 488

F

Foch, 170

front, 8, 45, 51, 53, 55, 68, 72, 76, 78, 125, 133, 134, 137, 141, 151, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 165, 167, 172, 176, 180, 205, 248, 305, 309, 312, 325, 333, 383, 395, 396, 401, 406, 427, 430, 438, 446, 449, 450, 451, 452, 455, 456, 457, 459, 460, 462, 465, 466,467, 469, 470, 471, 474, 481, 484, 517

G

Gaillard, Mme, 169

graffiti, 418

Grenelle, Pierre, 169

grève, 166, 183, 259, 280, 293, 295, 333, 339, 401, 402, 502, 512

H

habitant, 232, 239, 392

Hong Kong, 13, 21, 24, 61, 62, 66, 70, 83, 87, 88, 92, 94, 96, 97, 101, 102, 103, 110, 117, 127, 309, 321, 331, 455, 475, 479, 486, 496

hôpital, 158, 161, 164, 359, 434 Huagong zazhi, 32, 256, 257, 258, 259, 264, 311, 323, 326, 327, 328, 332, 333, 335, 337, 339, 340, 341, 348, 493, 500

Huagong zhoubao, 32, 336, 345, 349, 366

Huimin, 44, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 63, 67, 69, 71, 76, 86, 331, 332, 333, 514

hygiène, 76, 209, 235, 277, 283, 356, 359, 360

I

illettré, 508

Imperial War Graves Commission, 85, 435, 482

indemnité, 57, 183, 378, 509, 516

indochinois, 388, 389, 390, 393, 394, 395, 396, 397, 398, 399, 400, 403, 404, 406, 407, 422

interprète, 78, 89, 184, 188, 253, 254, 288, 295, 300, 405, 416, 476, 478, 479, 502, 503

J

Japon, 8, 19, 20, 21, 22, 25, 26, 29, 30, 31, 35, 42, 43, 54, 64, 74, 93, 95, 97, 98, 117, 122, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 142, 143, 145, 146, 148, 150, 151, 153, 154, 268, 271, 284, 307, 313, 361, 362, 384, 446, 506, 513

K

Kabyle, 297

Kitchener, général, 159

L

La Rochelle, 13, 14, 31, 81, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 193, 401, 420

Le Havre, 79, 401, 407, 492

Li Shizeng, 255, 307, 315, 329, 330, 332, 336, 343, 481, 493, 499, 502, 503, 504, 505, 513, 514, 515, 516, 519

Liang Shiyi, 25, 27, 53, 54, 64, 308, 513, 514

M

Marseille, 58, 73, 177, 186, 188, 231, 259, 280, 288, 295, 300, 302, 331, 391, 395, 397, 402, 487, 491, 492, 496, 503

médaille, 108

migration, 263, 324, 325, 517

missionnaires, 67, 93, 96, 117, 149, 151, 325, 355, 356, 497

Moutet, 44, 330, 493, 494, 513

mouvement Travail-Études, 307, 314, 315, 316, 319, 348

munition, 234, 416

mutinerie, 167, 168, 445, 448

N

Noyelles, 8, 30, 41, 45, 79, 158, 208, 231, 233, 249, 262, 440, 475, 477, 478, 479

O

ouvrier, 57, 62, 140, 183, 184, 287, 288, 295, 332, 333, 335, 340, 373, 468, 481, 486, 501, 502, 503, 511, 514, 518

P

Pas-de-Calais, 7, 8, 11, 31, 36, 59, 78, 79, 80, 83, 86, 89, 157, 158, 160, 161, 162, 163, 167, 169, 170, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 203, 204, 206, 209, 210, 211, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 222, 223, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 261, 283, 370, 417, 419, 491

Port Arthur, 93, 95

Pukou, 59, 62, 73, 252

Purdon, colonel, 170, 171

Q

Qingdao, 21, 25, 42, 53, 59, 62, 67, 69, 73, 74, 93, 133, 139, 140, 143, 144, 145, 147, 151, 248, 252, 258, 331, 446, 492, 497

R

racisme, 122, 131, 134, 299, 302

rapatriement, 57, 80, 107, 146, 231, 282, 288, 312, 364, 481, 484, 488, 489, 491, 492, 493, 494

reconstruction, 8, 30, 31, 62, 80, 89, 161, 176, 201, 203, 204, 205, 209, 210, 211, 216, 217, 218, 222, 223, 225, 226, 227, 236, 237, 239, 241, 261, 262, 325, 413, 414, 415, 416, 430, 488, 489

recrutement, 30, 32, 45, 51, 52, 54, 55, 56, 58, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 69, 71, 76, 86, 102, 103, 104, 106, 109, 115, 123, 126, 127, 131, 135, 140, 143, 144, 146, 151, 165, 177, 180, 183, 219, 248, 251, 252, 253, 255, 261, 262, 266, 267, 269, 272, 280, 283, 295, 306, 323, 325, 330, 331, 332, 339, 370, 372, 377, 378, 379, 380, 383, 384, 385, 392, 483, 485, 486, 502, 509, 514, 515

réfugié, 207

révolte, 70, 167, 183, 218, 233, 240, 292, 445

rixe, 218, 275, 297

Rodgers, caporal, 168

Ruminghem, 8, 79, 160, 161, 163, 440

Russie, 20, 21, 22, 27, 28, 38, 39, 42, 65, 93, 95, 125, 133, 136, 137, 139, 149, 153, 228, 449, 483, 512, 519

S

Saint-Omer, 8, 79, 159, 160, 164

salaire, 56, 58, 59, 67, 81, 173, 183, 184, 187, 214, 228, 255, 258, 309, 373, 486, 501, 509, 514

Sevrin, Pierre, 169

Shandong, 26, 28, 29, 38, 39, 42, 62, 67, 69, 80, 88, 91, 92, 97, 106, 121, 131, 133, 135, 139, 140, 143, 144, 145, 146, 151, 253, 258, 313, 324, 342, 361, 362, 366, 428, 432, 441, 442, 460, 474, 476, 497, 508, 510, 520

Shanghai, 21, 22, 24, 37, 39, 58, 61, 62, 68, 72, 73, 76, 86, 92, 96, 99, 120, 125, 258, 259, 264, 271, 313, 320, 321, 322, 377, 476, 484, 486, 487, 496, 497, 498, 500, 502, 511, 520

sinistré, 236

Somme, 7, 8, 64, 78, 79, 157, 159, 161, 170, 203, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 213, 214, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 249, 261, 279, 283, 324, 342, 419, 428, 435, 441, 447, 448, 458, 489, 490

Summerskill, 64, 65, 66, 67, 69, 71, 72, 74, 76, 89, 115, 121, 127, 130, 160, 161, 164, 165, 166, 167, 176, 178, 188, 189, 324, 343, 346, 366, 395, 482, 488, 492, 496, 497, 509, 519

syndicat, 44, 124, 308, 313, 314, 319, 379, 501, 507, 514

T

témoignage, 33, 34, 166, 168, 288, 358, 420, 462, 469, 470, 496, 498, 499, 516

tombe, 129, 163, 422

traité, 22, 53, 87, 173, 320, 467

Tranchées, 421

transport, 49, 55, 66, 73, 111, 113, 114, 117, 121, 123, 124, 131, 143, 144, 145, 151, 160, 251, 287, 288, 377, 378, 383, 393, 397, 483, 486, 509

troupes coloniales, 52, 139, 172, 181, 182, 183, 227, 228, 234, 390, 406, 467, 485, 486, 497, 500, 514

Truptil, 30, 44, 51, 53, 54, 55, 58, 60, 64, 85, 177, 180, 181, 182, 191, 203, 315, 369, 377, 379, 380, 486, 497, 502, 514

typhus, 105

V

Vancouver, 74, 111, 112, 115, 116, 117, 119, 120, 121, 123, 124, 128, 365

voyage, 31, 44, 80, 108, 111, 116, 119, 141, 177, 248, 309, 415, 446, 447, 450, 453, 477, 481, 496, 510

W

Weihai, 21, 30, 37, 65, 66, 67, 69, 73, 74, 75, 91, 92, 93, 94, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 102, 104, 105, 106, 108, 109, 248, 249, 253, 308

Wimereux, 79, 160, 166, 491, 492

Wou, 166, 167, 176

Y

YMCA, 32, 37, 149, 310, 312, 316, 324, 325, 334, 336, 341, 343, 345, 346, 347, 348, 353, 354, 355, 356, 357, 358, 359, 361, 363, 365, 366, 392, 485, 497, 498, 499, 511, 516

Ypres, 7, 8, 247, 434, 438, 448, 459, 460, 461, 462, 464, 466, 468, 469, 470, 471, 474, 497

Yuan Shikai, 20, 25, 26, 27, 38, 42, 53, 330

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