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The Asian side of the world - II

Jean-François Sabouret

Part Two. National challenges and strategies

Radicalisation & resilience: should Indonesian Islam be considered as an example to be followed in the Muslim world?

Gwenaël Njoto-Feillard

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December 2013

When the “Arab spring” began in 2011, it resembled more and more like a long and harsh winter; the compatibility of Islam and democracy is finding itself once again at the centre of debates among academics and chancelleries. They were not the only ones who to have observed, been puzzled by, and undoubtedly disappointed by the political instability and the economic crisis stemming from the recent events in Egypt, Syria, Tunisia or Libya. Often glued to their television sets, the news of chaos that the Indonesians were watching was reminiscent of the events in 1997 and 1998 that led to the fall of President Suharto, under the pressure of the public and notably courageous students.

Many Indonesians undoubtedly realised the extent of the progress made since this historic period after being under an authoritarian regime for more than 30 years. Others undoubtedly understood the importance of the national ideology, “Pancasila”, adopted in 1945, establishing the religious neutra...

© CNRS Éditions, 2015

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