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The Asian side of the world - II

Jean-François Sabouret

Part One. Regional dynamics and globalization

The Chinese periurban environment and globalisation

Thierry Sanjuan

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January 2012

Chinese cities1 underwent profound changes during the period of reforms in the late 1970s. The creation of special economic zones in the south in 1980 and areas of economic and technical development on the outskirts of major towns in coastal areas in 1984 were memorable moments. The real turning-point, however, was at the beginning of the next decade, with the creation of the New Pudong Area in 1990 and the return to reforms initiated by Deng Xiaoping in 1992. At the time, political decisions, such as work contracts, creating a housing market and the reform of State companies, had a major impact on the economic and social fabric of cities, as well as refocusing development, which was previously based in the free-trade zones and the coast, in the cities themselves. These had previously been bypassed by Chinese reforms but now became actors, leaders and models.

Urban areas were thus modernized into megacities in the process of globalisation: extension of built-up areas, red...

© CNRS Éditions, 2015

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