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L'idéologie omeyyade

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Gabriel Martínez-Gros

Index des personnages et des notions

Texte intégral

Abān b. ‘Abd Allāh (oncle d’al-Nāsir), 126

Abān b. Mu‘āwiya, 91

Abbadides, 249, 256, 273, 274-275, 285-286, 288, 299

al-Mu‘tamid b. ‘Abbād, 253, 255, 282, 286, 288-289, 294-295, 298-300, 302-304, 306-307

al-‘Abbās, Ibn al-‘Abbās, Abbassides, 23, 30, 31, 48, 53, 59, 63, 66, 77, 81-84, 85, 86, 88, 92, 93, 97, 100, 101, 102-103, 105, 109, 110, 111, 114, 130, 151, 153, 158, 159, 165, 192, 202, 221, 227-228, 246, 248, 249-250, 251

al-‘Abbās b. al-Ahnaf, 102-103

al-‘Abbās b. al-Walīd, 79, 96

‘Abd Allāh (fils de Tarūb), 105

‘Abd Allāh al-Laythī, 141

‘Abd Allāh b. Muhammad (émir), 32, 33, 100, 103, 107-109, 115, 117-120, 122, 126, 235, 246

‘Abd Allāh b. Zīrī, 251, 253-310, 311-312, 325

‘Abd al-‘Azīz b. ‘Abd al-Rahmān b. al-Mansūr, 237, 271, 274, 284

‘Abd al-‘Azīz b. Mūsā b. Nusayr, 60, 61, 64, 76-77

‘Abd al-Mālik (calife), 54, 83, 127

‘Abd al-Mālik b. Qahtān al-Fihrī, 70-72, 78

‘Abd al-Rahmān Ier l’Immigré, 21, 32, 41-42, 43, 44, 53, 54, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 66, 69, 70, 72, 73, 76, 77, 78, 79, 82-99, 103, 109, 111-112, 114, 115, 118, 122, 123, 233, 248, 309

‘Abd al-Rahmān II, 42, 46, 76, 100, 102-105, 106, 248

‘Abd al-Rahmān III al-Nāsir, 19, 20, 21, 24, 28, 29, 32, 33, 41, 47, 49, 53, 72, 100, 107, 109, 112, 113-128, 141, 157, 231, 235, 236-237, 238, 245, 246, 248

‘Abd Al-Rahmān al-Ghāfiqī, 65

‘Abd al-Rahmān b. Habīb, 60, 61, 83

‘Abd al-Rahmān b. al-Mansūr (Sanchuelo), 158

Banu Abī ‘Abda, 76, 97, 108-109, 123-124

Abū-l-‘Abbas, secrétaire de Habūs le Ziride, 266, 269, 270

Abū-l-‘Alā’, 63, 93, 96-97, 103, 108

Abū Bakr, 33, 66, 151, 192-193

Abū-l-Khattār, 79, 81-85, 99

Abū Muslim, 221

Abū Nuwās, 97, 98, 102

Abū-l-Rabī‘, secrétaire de Bādīs de Grenade, 278-279, 284, 292

Abū Sabbāh, 91, 92, 96

Abū Sufyān, 22, 23, 112, 228

Abū ‘Uthmān, 89, 90, 99

Abū Ya‘qūb al-Mansūr, 164-165

Banū Aflah, 133, 134, 1s38-140, 152, 154

Banū Aftās, 288-289, 294, 295

Aghlabides, 153

Ahmad b. Faraj b. Montel, 34-38

‘Ā’isha, 190, 192

‘Ajam,‘ajamiya, 38

‘Alī, Alides, 20, 22, 83, 85, 110, 131, 153, 190-195, 227

Almoravides, 24, 165, 253-254, 256, 278, 283, 284, 287-289, 291, 294-300, 301, 302, 303, 305-308, 309, 311, 312, 318

Almohades, 65

Alphonse VI de León, 281-287, 289-290, 294-296, 297, 299-300, 302-303, 304, 307, 308, 309

Álvar Fanez, 302

Amirides, al-Mansūr ibn Abī ‘Āmir, 139, 141-142, 147-150, 153, 157-158, 232, 267, 281-283, 296, 308-309

‘Amr b. al-‘Ās, 193

Banū ‘Amrūs, 102, 124-125, 237-241, 243

Banū Andalusī, 130, 140, 143, 146, 148-152

Ansār, 9, 70, 72, 75, 90, 111, 261

al-Ansārī, 94-95, 238, 240

‘Antara b. Fellāh, 34, 36, 38-39, 41

Banū al-A‘rabī (ou ‘Arabī), 94, 238-240

‘Arīb b. Sa‘d, 19, 127

Artobas, 74, 98-99

Asharites, 164, 186-189, 195-197

al-‘Asī, 120., 121, 123

Atomistes, 197

Averroès, 165, 225

‘Ayshūn, 94-95, 239-240, 243

Bādīs b. Buluggīn, émir d’Ifriqiya, 264

Bādīs b. Habūs, 258, 265-279, 281, 282-284, 286, 291-293, 294, 297-298, 300, 301

Badr, affranchi de l’Immigré, 74, 83, 86, 93, 103

Badr, affranchi d’al-Nāsir, 108, 121-127

Bahlūl, 239, 240-2412, 245

Bakrī, 231, 232-233

Balj, 55, 67-72, 77-78, 81, 83, 85, 86, 87, 90, 94, 107, 111, 112, 122

Baqi b. Makhlad, 32

Banu Basil, 227, 229-230, 240

Berbères, Berbérie, 53, 55, 59, 66, 67-70, 71, 72, 77-78, 79, 83, 88, 91, 92-94, 96, 97, 111, 130, 131, 133, 134, 139, 141, 143, 144, 146-149, 152-153, 157, 158, 159, 163, 231, 236, 249, 253-254, 259, 260-261, 264, 265, 268-269, 271, 273-275, 277, 278, 279, 289, 290, 293-294, 296, 298, 300, 306-307, 309, 318, 319, 321, 326

Banū Birzāl, 305

Brahmanes, religion de l’Inde, 174-176, 287

Buluggīn b. Habūs, 267, 269-270

Buluggīn b. Zāwī, 264

Byzance, Byzantins, 58, 63, 151-152

Castille, Castillans, 145-146, 154-155, 282-285, 286, 294-296, 297, 309

Charlemagne, 239-240, 243

Chrétiens, Christianisme, 45-46, 53, 58, 62, 67, 69, 75, 76, 111, 116, 124-125, 127, 134-135, 145, 151, 152, 153-155, 163, 169-172, 176, 177-181, 182, 188-189, 198, 201, 207, 226, 227, 232, 235, 236, 245-247, 250, 254-256, 257, 259, 271, 278-279, 282-283, 284, 286, 288, 291, 293, 295, 296, 299, 300, 304, 306, 321

Cid, 284, 309

Compagnons du Prophète, Muhājirūn,, 18, 29, 33, 76, 78, 94, 111, 189-195 221, 228, 251

Constantin, 180, 232-233

Banū Dhī-l-Nūn, 114, 143, 278, 285-287, 295

Elvira, régente du León, 154

Esclavons, 134, 142-144, 146, 150, 157, 158, 159, 212-213, 231, 236-237, 249, 269-271

Fātima, Fatimides, 23, 114, 130, 146, 148, 149, 152, 159, 192, 202, 241, 251

Firqān, 266-268, 269, 272, 277, 292, 298

Francs, 65, 152, 239-240, 242, 243, 271

Banū Futays, 138, 140

Garūr, général almoravide, 254, 289, 300-301, 303, 308

Ghālib, général d’al-Hakam al-Mustansir, 130, 134, 141, 143-154

Gómez b. Antonian, 47-48

Habūs al-Zīrī, 261-262, 263-267, 270, 272-273, 275, 279, 295, 297, 304-305, 306-307

Banū Hafsūn, 153, 163, 165

‘Umar b. Hafsūn, 20, 35, 76, 97, 107-109, 114, 118, 120-122, 124-125, 127, 158

al-Hajjāj, 127

Banu Hajjāj, 126-127, 142

al-Hakam Ie b. Hishām, 100-102, 104, 239, 242

al-Hakam II al-Mustansir, 28, 29, 35, 52, 119-122, 129-155, 157, 159

Hārūn al-Qarnī, 68-70

Hārūn al-Rashīd, voir «  Abbassides »

Hashīm, favori de l’émir Muhammad, 33, 47

Hishām b. ‘Abd al-Mālik, calife de Damas, 74, 82-83, 96, 115

Hishām Ier b. al-Dākhil, 41-42, 97, 100-102, 104, 233-234

Hishām II al-Mu’ayyad, 131-133, 136, 151, 157

Banū Hūd, 284-287, 295

al-Husayn b. ‘Alī b. Abī Tālib, 83, 191, 192-193

Ibn ‘Abd Rabbihi, 19, 115

Ibn ‘Ammār, 275, 282, 284-287, 299

Ibn Bashkuwal, 229

Ibn al-Dajn, 71, 87, 88

Ibn Faradī, 18, 19, 115

Ibn Hawqal, 159, 230

Ibn Hayyān, 19, 114-120, 127, 129, 131, 146, 157

Ibn Hurayth, 84

Ibn ‘Idhārī, 19

Ibn Ifrān, 277

Ibn Khaldūn, 139, 157, 288, 309, 319, 321

Ibn al-Khatīb, 254, 256, 291

Ibn al-Khayr, 164

Ibn al-Khayyāt, 285

Ibn Juljul, 18, 19, 115

Ibn Masarra, 34

Ibn Nasr, 136, 138

Ibn Qulay‘ī, 301-302

Ibn Rashīq, 275, 288, 299-301, 303

Ibn Rawīsh, 236

Ibn Rizq, 152

Ibn Rumāhis, révolté d’Algésiras, 93, 248

Ibn Rumāhis, amiral de la flotte d’al-Nāsir, 145-146, 152, 236-237

Ibn Sahl, 301, 307

Banu Sawāda, 120-122

Ibn Shihāb, 87-88

Ibn Tufayl, 165, 225

Ibn Ziyād, 120, 124

Idrissides, Hammudides, Banū Guennūn, 131, 139, 140, 144-151, 152-153, 154, 274, 283, 284, 298

Ishbān b. Titus, 246-247, 249

Izrāq b. Montel, 106-107

Jacobites, 172

Ja‘far b. ‘Uthmān al-Mushafi, Banū ‘Uthmān, 134, 137-139, 150, 152

Jāhiliya, 19, 85, 86

Jahwar b. ‘Abd al-Mālik, 127

Jihād, 38, 40, 41, 43-45, 48, 65, 139-140, 234, 262, 265, 275, 288-289, 296-299, 309, 316, 323

Juifs, Israel, 55, 60-61, 63, 158, 169, 171, 175-181, 182, 185, 188, 189, 201, 207, 215-216, 220, 226-227, 246-247, 257, 268-279, 291, 301, 302, 303, 305-306, 307, 307-309

Juien (comte), 54-56, 58, 59, 60-62, 65, 75, 78, 93

Jund, 139, 247, 260. Voir en outre «  Syrie, Syriens »

Kabbāb b. Tāmīt, 293-294

Khalaf b. Rashīd, Banū Rashīd, 242

Banū Khaldūn, 142

Kharijites, 23, 35, 54, 59, 67-69, 78, 183, 190-195, 228

Kulthūm, 60, 68-72, 77, 83, 96

Kutāma, 147, 152

León, Léonais, 124, 145, 153-155, 163. Voir en outre «  Castille, Castillans »

Mahdī b. Muslim, 30, 34, 36-39, 41, 43, 48, 49

Māksān b. Bādīs, 272-273, 278-279, 292

Mālik b. Anas, 22, 44, 97, 100, 164

Manichéens, 170-172

Banū Marwān, Marwān, b. al-Hakam, 53, 73, 118

Banū Marwān al-Jilliqī, 107, 109, 116-118

Maslama b. ‘Abd al-Mālik, grand-oncle de l’Immigré, 60, 82-83

Maslama b. Zur‘a b. Rūh, 36-37

Mawardī, 313

Maximus, évéque de Bobastro, 127

Mu’ammal, 305-307

Mu‘āwiya b. Abī Sufyān, 22, 23, 44, 79, 110, 131, 158, 190-191, 194, 227-228, 309

yade, 262-263, 270-271, 293, 295

Mujāhid de Dénia, 271, 278

al-Mughīra, neveu de l’Immigré, 95

Mughīth al-Rūmī, 53, 55, 57-61, 62, 65, 67, 68-72, 76, 84, 85, 89, 90, 117

Muhājir b. Nawfal al-Qurāshī, 34, 36, 38-41

Muhammad b. ‘Abd Allāh, père d’al-Nāsir, 246-248

Muhammad b. ‘Abd al-Rahmān, émir, 32, 33, 47-48, 100, 105-107, 109, 122

Mukhtār, 83

al-Mu‘izz Zīrī, émir d’Ifriqiya, 264, 273

al-Mu‘izz Tamīm, émir de Málaga, 291, 293-294, 297-299, 300, 308

al-Mundhir b. Muhammad, émir, 32, 100, 115

Banū Mundhir, 142

al-Muqaddassī, 159, 230

Murjites, 183, 190-195

al-Murtadā, calife omeyyade, 262-263, 270-271, 293, 295, 306-308

Musā b. Nusayr, 53-64, 65-70, 71, 72-74, 76-77, 82-83, 88, 89, 93, 100, 111, 246, 261

al-Mustansir : cf al-Hakam

Mu‘tazilites, 183-185, 190-195

Muwallad, mawālī, 34, 38, 46, 55, 102, 138-139, 142-143, 149, 151, 158, 242-247, 248

Nafza, tribu berbère, 77, 83

Banū Nagrela, 290-293, 301, 302, 305, 306

al-Nāsir : cf ‘Abd al-Rahmān III

Nasrides, 254

Navarre, Navarrais, 56, 66, 87, 146, 154, 244

al-Nāya, 274-279, 290, 292-293, 305

Normands (Majūs), 103, 134, 154, 247-248

Ordoño, prince de Galice, 116, 117, 119, 125

Pelage, 67, 69

Perse, Persans, 38, 52, 54, 111, 158, 179, 215-216, 249

al-Qādir b. Dhī-l-Nūn, 286-287, 295

Banū Qarāwī, 270-272, 278, 292, 302

Banū Qāsī, 103, 106-107, 237, 242-245

Qaysites, 79, 83, 84-88, 90, 99, 235

Banū Rāzī, Ahmad, 230, 246

‘Īsā b. Ahmad, 19, 52, 115-120

Banū Rāzīn, 143

Rodrigue (roi), 54-57, 58, 61, 64, 65, 71, 73-77, 88, 94, 101, 102

romance, 45, 46, 47

Sabéens, 169, 170, 172, 178, 181

Banū Shabrīt (ou Banū al-Tawīl), 237-241

Sā‘id de Tolède, 232-233, 251

Sā‘id b. Sulaymān al-Ghāfiqī, 46-47

Salomon (Table de), 57, 63, 67, 76, 89, 179, 246

Sayf al-dawla b. Bādīs, 258-260, 270-272, 276

Shiisme, Shiites, Ismaéliens, 20, 22-23, 30, 36, 38, 83, 130, 149, 152-153, 159, 190-195, 228, 230, 255

Shu‘ubiya, 35, 54

Simāja, 301

Sinhājī, Sinhāja, 153, 261-270, 271-273, 276-278, 279, 290-293, 301-303, 305-307, 308

Sīr b. Abī Bakr, 288, 300, 308

Sisnando Davídiz, 282-283, 285

Sulaymān b. ‘Abd al-Mālik, calife, 76

Sulayman b. ‘Abd al-Rahmān al-Dākhil, 97, 233

Sulaymān b. al-Aswad al-Ghāfiqī, 47-49

Banū Sumādih, 237-238, 276-277, 286, 291, 293, 294-295, 299

al-Sumayl, 79, 83-92, 94, 95, 98-99, 112

Sunna, Sunnites, 18, 23, 183, 190, 192, 216, 228

Syrie, Syriens, 22, 23, 29, 32, 35, 37, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 47, 53, 54-55, 58, 63, 64-72, 73, 77, 78, 79, 81-87, 88, 90, 91, 92, 96-99, 100-101, 107, 111, 123, 139, 149-150, 151, 158-159, 230, 234, 246-247, 309

Thābit al-‘Awfī, 126-127

Banū Tagnāūt, 293-294

Tha‘alaba, 71-72

Talha, 190, 193

Tamīm b. Buluggīn, cf al-Mu‘izz

Tāriq b. Ziyād, 53, 55, 56-57, 61, 63, 67, 70, 71-72, 73-77, 78, 82, 89, 94, 101, 111, 246

Tarûb, 105-107

Banū Timlīt, 143-144

Banū Tujīb, Tujibis, 95, 140-141, 145-147, 149, 151, 152, 237-238, 240-245, 247

Banū Tumlus, 134, 136, 138, 140, 141, 144-146, 149, 150-151, 152, 154

Turcs, 228

Turtushī, 313

‘Ubayd Allāh al-Mahdī, calife fatimide, 36

‘Udhra (tribu), 233, 236

‘Umar b. al-Khattāb, 33, 192-193

‘Umar II b. ‘Abd al-Azīz, 51, 65

‘Uqba b. al-Hajjāj al-Salūlī, 30, 37-40, 41, 43, 48, 65-67, 85

‘Uqba b. Nāfī‘, 54, 64, 67, 83, 89

‘Usāma b. Munqidh, 255

‘Uthmān, 23, 33, 191-193

‘Uthmān b. Muhammad (fils de l’émir omeyyade), 109-110

Walad ‘Abbās, 269-270, 300

al-Walid b. ‘Abd al-Mālik, 53, 57, 73, 76, 83, 98

al-Warrāq, 230

Wisigoths, Witiza, fils de Witiza, 54, 55, 56, 58, 60, 61, 63, 65-66, 73-75, 77, 78, 85, 88, 97, 98-99, 101-103, 109, 111, 236

Yaddayr b. Hubāsa, 265-269, 272, 277, 297, 298

Yahyā b. Yahyā, 32

Yasīn, 233-234, 236, 238, 242.

Yazīd b. Mu‘āwiya, 73, 190, 193

Yémen, Yéménites, 79, 83-84, 91, 96, 99, 103, 115, 235

Yūsuf al-Fihrī, 60, 76, 79, 84, 94, 96

Yūsuf b. Tāshfīn, 253-254, 287-289, 294-300, 301, 304, 306-307, 312

Zahirisme, 22, 182

Zanāta, Zénètes, 146, 305-306

Zīrī b. Mand, Banū Zīrī, 148-149, 157, 311-312

Zāwī b. Zīfī, 261-265. 267-268, 270, 273-274, 275, 279, 281-282, 295-296, 304-305, 307

Ziryāb, 32, 102-103

Ziyād b. Abīhi, 221

Zoroastriens, 172-173, 178

al-Zubaydi, 132, 141

Banu Zubayr, 54, 190, 192-193

Zuhayr d’Alméria, 236-237, 269-271, 283, 300

al-Zuhrī, 86-87

© Casa de Velázquez, 1992

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