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Ecclesiastics and political state building in the Iberian monarchies, 13th-15th centuries

 | 
Hermínia Vasconcelos Vilar
, 
Maria João Branco

Contributors

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1Maria João Violante Branco is Assistant Professor of Medieval History at the FCSH-Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal. Her work explores the political construction of royal power and the political culture of 12th-13th centuries Portugal, in its internal policies and its relations with other Western Medieval polities, a field in which the role of jurists and ecclesiastics is fundamental. In this context, she also studies the relationship between Portugal and the Papacy. Website: http://iem.fcsh.unl.pt/​section.aspx?kind=investigador&id=315

2Maria Amélia Campos is post-doc researcher at the Centre of History of Society and Culture of the University of Coimbra and at CIDEHUS – University of Evora. She holds a university degree in History (2006), a postgraduate specialization in Educational Training (2007) and a postgraduate specialization in History of Middle Ages (2007), from Faculty of Letters of University of Coimbra (Portugal). She presented her Doctoral thesis Santa Justa de Coimbra na Idade Média: o espaço urbano, religioso e socio-económico (Santa Justa of Coimbra in the Middle Ages: the urban, religious and socioeconomic space), in December 2012. The main fields of research are the urban secular clergy of Late Middle Ages, as well as the parochial network of Coimbra, the morphology of its territory and the profile of its society. Beyond the study of social and economical aspects of its parishes, she is now studying the construction of different urban identities which lived in the city and its relational networks and spirituality.

3André Madruga Coelho is a PhD student in the Inter-university Doctoral Programme in History: change and continuity in a global world. He has a master degree in History of the Islamic and Medieval Mediterraneum, master course ministered in association by the University of Évora and the University of Lisbon. He is also a member of CIDEHUS-UÉ since 2009, where he collaborates presently in the Évora 3D project, partnership between the University of Évora and the municipality with the goal of building a digital reconstitution of the city and, simultaneously, to analyze the diachronic evolution of the occupation of urban space. He had a fellowship in the DEGRUPE project – The european dimension of a group of power: ecclesiastics and the political state building of the iberian monarchies (13th to 15th centuries) in the CEHR-UCP.

4Jorge Díaz Ibánez has made her PhD in History in the Universidade Complutense de Madrid in 1996. Currently he is associated professor at the same university in the Medieval History Department. The main research fields are the importance of castilian church in late medieval period, the relations between the clergy and kings, and also with the nobility and urban elites. He has been studied also the relations of the castilian church with the Popes. He was member of six national projects and two international Projects (France and Italy). He has published four books and more than 50 papers, in peer review journals, proceedings and book chapters, in national and international level. Among others Iglesia, sociedad y poder en Castilla. El obispado de Cuenca en la Edad Media (siglos XII-XV), Cuenca, 2003; y La Iglesia de Castilla y León y el papado de Aviñón. Súplicas beneficiales, prosopografía y clientelismo eclesiástico en época de Urbano V, in “El reino de León en la Edad Media”, vol. X (“Fuentes y estudios de Historia leonesa”, nº 98), León, Centro de Estudios San Isidoro, 2003.

5Mário Farelo got his PhD in Medieval History at the Universidade de Lisboa in 2004 and developed between 2009 and 2014 a post-PhD Project at IEM, CEHR and LAMOP on the O reino de Portugal e o intervencionismo do papado de Avinhão (1305-1377). He was member of the Research Project JUSCOM – Juiz da terra, juiz de fora (Justiça e comunidades num período de transição: 1481-1580). Other fields of research are ecclesiastical, urban and cultural history of medieval Portugal. Among other publications: La représentation de la couronne portugaise à Avignon (1305-1377)”  Anuario de Estudios Medievales, 40/2 (julio-diciembre 2010) , p. 723-763 ; Les clercs étrangers au Portugal durant la période de la papauté avignonnaise: un aperçu préliminaire” Lusitania Sacra, 22 (2010), p. 85-148; The late medieval ages: from external relations to diplomatic practice” In Maria João Branco and Mário Farelo, “Diplomatic Relations: Portugal and the Others” In The Historiography of Medieval Portugal c. 1950-2010, dir.José Mattoso and ed. by Maria de Lurdes Rosa, Bernardo de Vasconcelos e Sousa e Maria João Branco. Lisboa: Instituto de Estudos Medievais, 2011, p. 248-259.

6Susana Guijarro González is profesor at the University of Cantabria and was Visiting Scholar in the History Department of Michigan University (1993-1995). Her main research fields are social transmission of knowledge (schools, university and libraries) and also the clergy of the cathedrals of Castile and Leon between the 11th and 15th centuries. Among other publications:“ “La circulación de libros entre el clero y la biblioteca de la catedral de Burgos en la Edad Media”, Studium Ovetense, 27, 1998, pp. 7-28; “Libraries and Books Used by the Cathedral Clergy in Castile During the Thirteenth Century”, Hispanic Research Journal (Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London), vol. 2, nº3 (2001), pp. 191-210; “Masters and Schools in the Castilian Cathedrals During the Spanish Middle Ages”, Medieval History (Headstart History, Oxford), 4 (1994), pp. 218-246; “La enseñanza en la Edad Media”, X Semana de Estudios Medievales de Nájera, Logroño, Instituto de Estudios Riojanos, 2000, pp. 61-95; y Maestros, escuelas y libros. El universo cultural de las catedrales en la Castilla Medieval, Madrid, ed. Dykinson, 2004.

7Francisco J. Hernández is ‘Distinguished Research Professor’ [Emeritus] at Carleton University (Ottawa, Canada). He has found and published several books from the chancery of Sancho IV, king of Castile (1284-1295) (Las rentas del rey, 2 vols 1993; another volume [Los Hombres del Rey] currently in press), has analysed the cartularies of Toledo cathedral (Los cartularios de Toledo, Toledo, 2nd ed, 1996), written about medieval Spanish literary history (Poema de Mío Cid, Libro del caballero Zifar, Libro de buen amor), and about different aspects of medieval Iberian culture (Castilian kings, Toledo Mozarabs, wandering Jews, and some archbishops). He has also explored the origins of written Spanish in several articles. Recent articles:“Two Weddings and a Funeral: Alfonso X’s Monuments in Burgos,” Hispanic Research Journal, 13/5 (2012) 407-33;“The Jews and the Origins of Romance script in Castile: New paradigm,” Medieval Encounters, 15 (2009) 259-306.

8André de Oliveira Leitão has completed a B.A. in History (2007) and a M.A. in Medieval History (2011) with a thesis entitled O povoamento no Baixo Vale do Tejo: entre a territorialização e a militarização (meados do século IX – início do século XIV), both at the School of Arts and Humanities of the University of Lisbon (FL-ULisbon). Currently he is a Ph.D. candidate with a FCT grant (SFRH/BD/77835/2011) within the Interuniversity Doctoral Programme in History (PIUDHist), researching on the subject Portuguese scholars in Christianitas (12th -15th centuries): mobilities, networks, careers. He has been a researcher of the Centre of History of the University of Lisbon (since 2007) and of the Centre of Religious History Studies (Catholic University, Lisbon), since 2011. A former trainee of the project A Universidade Medieval em Lisboa (séculos XIII-XVI), coordinated by Hermenegildo Fernandes and funded by the University of Lisbon, he is currently a researcher of the FCT project DEGRUPE (PTDC/EPHHIS/4964/2012), and was previously also a member of the FCT project Resources for Portuguese Maritime History. 1200-1700 (POCI/HAR/61862/2004). His research interests are focused mainly on medieval history, with particular emphasis on the geospatial occupation, history of al-Andalus, military history and currently mobilities, history of education and universities and medieval literate culture. He has presented several papers in both national and international conferences (Poitiers, London, Bologna and Messina) and has published several articles in journals and collective books.

9Peter Linehan has been a Fellow of the College since 1966 and is also a Fellow of the British Academy and of the Royal Historical Society. Peter Linehan’s research interests include the history of the medieval Church and medieval Spain and Portugal, on which subjects he is the author of about a hundred books and articles, ranging from The Ladies of Zamora (1997), an exercise in micro-history concerning scandalous goings-on in a thirteenth-century Spanish nunnery, to The Medieval World (2001), a collaborative work on many aspects of the Middle Ages from Tara to Timbuktu, co-edited by him and Professor Janet Nelson, and (with F J Hernández), the Mozarabic Cardinal (2004). His Spain, 1157-1300: a Partible Inheritance was published in 2008. Dr Linehan is the editor as well as a contributor to St John's College, Cambridge: A History (2011), which marked the College's Quincentenary.

10Francisco Diaz Marcilla is PhD in History from the University of Seville (Spain, 2013) and member of the Integrated Medieval Studies Institute of the New University of Lisbon. Post-doctoral fellow with the project "The historiographical narrative as a source for the study of the socio-political role of clerics in the Schism and the Hundred Years War (1337-1453)" (SFRH / BDP / 107887/2015). Participated in DEGRUPE Project (European dimension of a power group: the Ecclesiastical in the construction of the peninsular monarchies, ss XIII-XV.) As a Research Fellow. He has published papers on the influence of the thought of the philosopher Ramon Llull on the Cancionero of Baena and on History Theory.

11José Luis Martín is a professor of medieval history at the University of Salamanca since 1986. The interest of Dr. Martin's research focuses on the history of the Church of the Iberian Peninsula in the Middle Ages, from the publication of the medieval documents of the cathedrals of Coria (1989) and Salamanca (with Mª. L. Guadalupe, Á. Vaca and L. M. Villar, 2010). He works, also, on the configuration of borders between Muslims and Christians in the Iberian Peninsula and which was formed between Castile and Portugal in the Middle Ages. Just published with Frank Engel Vol. IV of the Iberia Pontificia Dioeceses Abvlensis, Salmanticensis, Cavriensis, Civitatensis, Placentina (Gottingae 2016).

12Fermín Miranda Garcia is a History PhD by Universidad de Navarra (1992) and has been a teacher at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid since 2001, where he holds the position of Associate Professor in Medieval History. He has also taught at Universidad Publica de Navarra. His most recent investigation fields focus on High and Central Hispanic Middle Ages, specifically Pamplona-Navarra’s Kingdom and its political and ideological system, although he has also studied subjects related to the history of the jewish minority and the different social groups. Among his last works we can mention Imagen del poder monárquico del reino de Pamplona en el siglo X (2007); La realeza navarra y sus rituales en la Alta Edad Media (2008); Sacralización de la guerra en el siglo X: La perspectiva pamplonesa (2011); Intereses cruzados de la monarquía navarra en el siglo XIII (1194-1270) (2011); La afirmación ideológica de la monarquía navarra y el empleo del romance en el entorno de 1200 (2012), o Legitimar al enemigo (musulmán) en las crónicas hispanocristianas (Ss. XI-XII) (2015).

13Armando Norte has completed a B.A. in History (2007) at the University of Lisbon and a Ph.D. (2013) at the same institution with a thesis entitled Letrados e cultura letrada em Portugal (séculos XII-XIII). Since 2007, he has been an integrated researcher of the Centre of History of the School of Arts and Humanities of the University of Lisbon (CH-ULisbon). Among his scientific activity, he has collaborated in the organisation of conferences and seminars, as well as in several research projects, such as A Universidade Medieval em Lisboa (séculos XIII-XVI), coordinated by Hermenegildo Fernandes and funded by the University of Lisbon, and the FCT project DEGRUPE: The European Dimension of a Group of Power: Ecclesiastics and the political State Building of the Iberian Monarchies (13th -15th centuries) (PTDC/EPHHIS/4964/2012), coordinated by Hermínia Vasconcelos Vilar. He has recurrently participated as a speaker at seminars and specialised conferences, both in Portugal and abroad. In recent years, he has published several of articles in journals and collaborated in collective books. His main research interests concerns the literates, the literate culture, the history of the universities and royal studies.

14Thierry Pécout is professor at the University Jean Monnet (Saint-Étienne). His main fields of research are institutional history, social history of the secular clergy and also history of ecclesiastic institutions of the Middle Ages. He is has also author of studies about the History of medieval Provence. Among other publications: « L'épiscopat au crible de la réforme dans les provinces d'Arles, Aix et Embrun au XIIe siècle », Cahiers de Fanjeaux, 48, La réforme grégorienne dans le Midi (milieu XIe -début XIIIe siècle), Toulouse, 2013, p. 343-392 ; « Dîme et institution épiscopale au XIIIe siècle en Provence », in M. Lauwers dir., La dîme, l’Église et la société féodale, Turnhout, 2012, p. 405-466 ; « Le personnel des enquêteurs en Provence angevine : hommes et réseaux, 1251-1365 », in Th. Pécout dir., Quand gouverner, c’est enquêter. Les pratiques politiques de l’enquête princière, Occident, XIIIe -XIVe siècles, actes du colloque d’Aix-en-Provence et Marseille, 19-21 mars 2009, Paris, 2010, p. 329-355. + info: http://www.degois.pt/​visualizador/​curriculum.jsp?key=6095555797027780

15Ricardo Seabra has got his master degree in History from the Faculty of the University of Porto in 2010, and MA in Medieval and Renaissance the same institution (2012). It was fellow initiation research (FCT) in the project "Sources for the History of the Port: The Books of Original of Port Se Cabildo (Study and Edition).", During the academic year 2009/10 Between 2013 and 2015 was fellow of DEGRUPE project ("European dimensions of a group of power: the clergy in the political construction of the Peninsular monarchies (secs XIII-XV), the Interdisciplinary History Center, Cultures and Societies, University of Évora Researcher Transdisciplinary Research Centre Culture, Space and Memory, University of Porto since 2009, and currently is a PhD fellow, doing a thesis on the royal tabelionado in Oporto and its terms during the fifteenth century.

16Néstor Vigil Montes has got his PhD in History from the University of Oviedo. His doctoral thesis "The see of Oviedo (1440-1460), the diplomatic practice in the chapter administration" directed by Dr. Maria Josefa Sanz Fuentes, was a pioneer in the issue of chapter diplomatic, and was recently awarded with the prize Juan Uría Ríu 2014 of Government of Asturias. He is also Master in Diplomacy and International Relations from the Escola Diplomática of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Spain. At present he has a postdoctoral scholarship form the Foundation for Science and Portugal Technology in CIDEHUS of University of Évora, with a research entitled "The clergy and the relations between Portugal and Castile in the fifteenth century: building a foreign policy in context peninsular.

17Hermínia Vasconcelos Vilar is professor of Medieval History at the University of Évora. Her main research fields are political society and the construction of royal power in Portugal in the late Middle Ages, ecclesiastical elites and urban societies. She was the main researcher of the the project DEGRUPE and participated in other national and international projects. Her main publications include Afonso II. Um Rei sem Tempo, Lisboa, Círculo de Leitores, 2005, 312 pp; Categorias Sociais e mobilidade urbana na Baixa Idade Média. Entre o Islão e a Cristandade, (ed.), 2012 ; « Les clerici regis et le service du roi dans le Portugal des XIIIe et XIVe siècles » in Église et État, Église ou État. Les clercs et la génese de l’ État Moderne, Paris, 2014, pp. 153-158; Religión e identidad urbana: seculares y mendicantes en las ciudades del sur de Portugal en la Baja Edad Media in Ante su identidad. La ciudad hispánica en la Baja Edad Media, 2013, pp. 263-285; « Da vilania à nobreza : trajetórias de ascensão e de consolidação no Sul de Portugal (séculos XIII-XIV) ”, in “Categorias Sociais e Mobilidade Urbana na Baixa Idade Média. Entre o Islão e a Cristandade”, 2012, pp. 145-161.

18Óscar Villaroel González is a professor at the University Complutense de Madrid. His main research fields are relations between royal and ecclesiastic power and the role of the church near the kings, as well as diplomacy in the Middle Ages, especially in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Author of five books and dozens of articles, has participated in numerous research projects, national and international. Among his main publications are the books: Las relaciones entre el arzobispado de Toledo y la Monarquía en tiempos de Juan II de Castilla (1406-1454), Toledo: Ayuntamiento de Toledo, 2003; Los Borgia. Iglesia y poder entre los siglos xv y xvi, Madrid: Sílex ediciones, 2005; Las relaciones Monarquía-Iglesia en época de Juan II de Castilla (1406-1454), Madrid, 2007 (edición digital de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid); El rey y el papa. Política y diplomacia en los albores del Renacimiento (el siglo xv en Castilla), Madrid: Sílex ediciones, 2009;El rey y la Iglesia castellana. Relaciones de poder con Juan II (1406-1454), Madrid: Fundación Ramón Areces, 2011; Juana la Beltraneja: la construcción de una ilegitimidad, Madrid: Sílex ediciones, 2014.

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