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Entangled peripheries. New contributions to the history of Portugal and Morocco

Note of the editor

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1 The edition of this volume has been a complex process. It contains nine chapters written in four different languages (Portuguese, English, French, and Spanish), with over half of the authors having chosen a different one from their mother tongue. Arabic was discarded for operational reasons (to ease the review and edition process), while English has been used for the preface and introduction – which summarize the contents and epistemological approach of the book – so that they reach a larger public. In addition, the the chapters are written by researchers with rather different disciplinary backgrounds, deal with a wide array of topics (migrations, war, literature, Jewish and Muslim minorities, historiography, science and politics) and their time span ranges from the early Al-Andalus era to the 20th century. All this has made it almost impossible, and maybe undesirable, to use a common terminology to refer not just to Portugal and Morocco – which have not been taken, of course, as unchanging territories and polities throughout that long period – but also to specific persons, institutions, geographical localities or historical processes on each side of the Strait of Gibraltar.

2 As an exception, we have decided to establish a unifying criterion for a particularly important issue: the names of certain Portuguese and Moroccan localities, personalities and institutions that appear across the book. Regarding those of Portugal, they are written always in their original form, including characteristic orthographic signs, independently from the language of the text in which they are inserted. Regarding those of Morocco, in the papers dealing directly or indirectly with the 15th-16th centuries, the names of the enclaves occupied by Portugal in the Atlantic coast are written in Portuguese (i.e.: Safim, Mazagão, Arzila, Azamor, Mogador, Santa Cruz do Cabo de Gué) regardless of the language of the paper and the nationality of its author. The names of Moroccan Muslim and Jewish personalities of that period are written in their most common form in Portuguese historical literature, without a scientific transliteration (i.e.: Abraão Benzamerro, Mohammed el-Cheikh). This Portuguese-centric criterion is, in the end, basically related to the publisher and the place of edition and will be duly counterbalanced in a second collective volume on the same topic that will be soon published in Morocco. Beyond this single exception, the book is essentially heterogeneous in relation to terminology. Thus, for periods after the 16th century, the names of Moroccan localities, personalities and institutions are written in the most common forms in each language (i.e.: Tánger in Spanish; Tangier in English). At the same time, it is possible to find proper transliterations of Arabic names to Latin characters in chapters 4 and 7, which have been written by trained Arabists and deal with the period ranging from the origins of Al-Andalus period to the conquest of Ceuta.

3The question of references and quotes has also been a complex one. Regarding the former, two criteria have been applied. On the one hand, though the footnotes present the full bibliographic, hemerographic and archival references used by authors, we have decided to add a “sources and bibliography” list in alphabetic order at the end of each chapter so that it is possible to have a more comfortable access to the materials used. This list includes everything except for archival records. On the other hand, though the references of all chapters follow the Chicago-style notes and bibliography system, certain particularities have been respected. For example, references of French sources and bibliography have respected the specific spacing (i.e.: space after ‘:’ or ‘;’) and orthographic signs (i.e.: « -- » instead of “--”) of that language independently from the language of the text. Regarding quotes, only those exceeding four lines of text have been indented and separated from the body of the text. Besides, when quotes in a given language (i.e.: Portuguese) have been inserted in a text written in a different language (i.e.: English, French), they appear in Italics and a translation to the text’s main language has been made available at the footnotes. In general, every word in a language different from that of the main text appears in Italics.

4For all these and other eventual issues, we ask the readers for their kind understanding and apologize for any eventual discomfort caused.

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