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We, the People

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Mishkova Diana

Index

Texte intégral

Aaron, Florian, 140, 144

Abdulhamid II (sultan), 49, 59, 66, 70

Adler, 83

Adrianople (Edirne, Odrin), 114–115, 123–124, 126, 129–131, 136–137

Africa, 17, 18, 186, 187, 198, 199

Ahmet Ferit, 47

Ahmed Midhat Efendi, 48, 64

Ahmed Vefik Paşa, 64

Aile (family), 347

Akçura, Yusuf, 47, 49–50, 60–61, 64–65

Albania, 307, 312, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 323, 329, 330, 341–366

Albania magazine, 308, 309, 312, 313, 314, 316, 317, 319, 321, 322, 324, 326, 328, 329, 330, 332, 335, 336, 337

Albanians, 59, 68, 71, 107, 132, 166, 307–337, 341–349, 354–366; (diaspora) 322, 324

Albanian (identity, nationalism, national canon), 15, 16, 19, 21, 23–26, 307–337, 341–342, 344–366

Albanology, Albanian studies, 26, 35, 318, 322, 332–334, 350, 361

Alexander the Great, 121,198

Alecsandri, Vasile, 153

Alföld (The Great Hungarian Plain), 226

Ali Kemal, 47, 49

Alpines, 240

America, United States (of America), Americans, 63, 99, 149, 186–187, 199, 200, 295; (Northern America) 64

Ammon, Otto, 241, 254, 255, 256

Anasır, 353

Anatolia, Anatolians, 48, 64, 69, 316, 351, 355

Anderson, Benedict, 273

Andrić, Ivo, 273, 297

Anđelić, German, 281, 291

Angles, 244

Anglo-Saxons, 241, 243

Appafy, Mihály, 229

Apponyi, Albert, 218

Arabs, Arabic, 59, 69, 311, 323, 327, 330, 343, 343, 344, 348, 356

Arany, Janos, 277

Arcadia, 192–194, 202–203

Armenians, 66, 73, 241

Arnauts, 241

Aryan (race, origin, theory, myth), 240, 244, 245, 248, 251, 255, 258, 259, 261, 262

Aryans, 245, 248, 249, 262

Asachi, Gheorghe, 141

Asen, king of Bulgaria, 249

Asia, Asiatic peoples, 3, 17, 167, 186, 187, 198, 242, 248, 258, 261, 262, 346, 346, 349, 352, 353

Asparuh, Bulgars of, 245, 246, 247, 253, 257, 258

Athens, 126, 152, 278,

Augsburger Allgemeine Zeitung, 82, 98

Australia, 187

Austria-Hungary, 193, 210, 289, 313, 321

Austria, Austrian Empire, Habsburg Monarchy, 13, 14, 15, 82, 83, 86, 88, 92, 93, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 261, 352

Avam, 365

Aventine, 169

Balabanov, Marko, 67, 191, 198, 204, 251–254

Balkan (countries, states), 5, 109, 117, 125, 133, 313, 337, 345; (peoples) 122, 184, 281, 333, 350; (nationalism) 110, 131, 312, 313, 333, 336

Balkan (con)federation, 113, 118, 122, 166, 356

Balkan wars (1912–1913), 107, 126, 132, 133, 239, 308

Balkans, Balkan peninsula, 68–69, 108, 110, 117, 166, 192–193, 202, 239, 245, 246, 251, 252, 254, 258, 274, 313, 318, 319, 321, 322, 344, 349, 360

Banat, 111

Barkan, Elazar, 237

Banffyhunyad (Huedin), 220

Bariţiu (Bariţ), George, 14, 16, 81, 84, 85, 87, 91–103, 151

Barth, Fredrick, 6, 14, 111, 121

Baudelaire, Charles Pierre, 299

Baudouin de Courtenay, Jan, 163

Bayle, Pierre, 310

Bălcescu, Nicolae, 19, 144–146, 149, 154, 171, 172

Bărnuţiu, Simion, 85, 100, 104, 154

Beddoe, John, 257

Bektashi, Bektashism, 344, 358, 360, 369

Belgium, 159, 309

Belgrade, 119–120, 126, 276, 283, 289, 297

Bell, David, 240

Berat (district), 344

Berlin, 107, 112–113, 159, 223, 224, 345

Berlin, Congress/Treaty of, 107, 112, 113, 159, 284, 325, 345

Berlin, Isaiah, 94, 163, 167

Bibó, Istvan, 2, 11

Blaga, Lucian, 172, 174

Blagoev, Dimitar, 188, 204

Blaj, 85, 154

Bluntschli, Johann, 251

Bobchev, Stefan S., 258

Bogdanov, A. P., 257, 259

Bolintineanu, Dimitrie, 150–151

Bolliac, Cezar, 142

Bopp, Franz, 324

Boris, king of Bulgaria, 249

Bosnia, 284

Boston, 309

Bošnjaks (Bosniaks), 283

Botev, Khristo, 201, 204

Brătianu, Dimitrie, 152

Brătianu, Ion C., 142, 143, 150, 152, 154

Brecht, Bertold, 299

Britons, 243

Broca, Paul, 257

Brubaker, Rogers, 14, 111, 238

Brun, Malte, 324

Brunnbauer, Ulf, 109

Brussels, 309

Bruyère, Jean de la, 140

Bucharest, 72, 141, 342, 345, 346, 348

Buckle, Thomas, 157, 159,

Bukovina, 100, 167

Budapest, 25, 35, 38, 209, 222, 225, 226, 229, 232, 276, 341

Bugarski, Ranko, 283

Bulgaria, Bulgarian principality, 32, 33, 109–110, 112–114, 116–122, 124–130, 133, 164, 237, 240, 241, 249, 256, 259, 260, 261, 262; (Great(er) Bulgaria) 117, 344

Bulgarians, Macedonian Bulgarians, 17, 20, 22, 24, 33, 68, 71–73, 107–108, 111–113, 116, 118–124, 126–127, 131–132, 134, 136, 181–204, 237, 239, 241–243, 245– 250, 257, 258, 259, 261

Bulgars (see also Proto-Bulgarians), 241, 245– 248, 253–254, 256–258, 259–261

Burckhardt, Jacob Christoph, 28

Bushmen, 188

Butrus al-Bustani, 61

Cantemir, Dimitrie, 139

Carp, Petre, 158

Carra, Jean-Louis, 139

Catholics, Catholic Church, 22, 291, 317, 320–321, 323, 325, 358, 359, 360

Caucasus, Caucasian (peoples), 251, 261

Câmpineanu, Ion, 92

Ceasar (Gaius Julius Caesar), 198

Celtiberian (nation), 244

Celts, Celtic, 143, 357, 244

Cervantes, Miguel de, 327

Chateaubriand, Francois-Rene de, 291

Chatterjee, Partha, 363

China, 165, 352

Christianity, 68, 149, 174, 185, 292–293, 359

Christians, 48, 54, 63, 68, 73, 107, 111, 319

Clayer, Nathalie, 323, 325

Cinsiyet, 351, 353, 362

Cipariu, Timotei, 81

Cisdanubia, 213

Cisleithania, 87, 88, 92

Clifford, James, 215

Cluj (Kolozsvár, Klausenburg), 82, 216–217, 222, 224, 226–228, 230–231

Comte, Auguste, 159, 163

Conrad, Sebastian, 22

Constantinople (Istanbul), 148, 191–192, 309, 341, 342, 345–347, 366–371

Conta, Vasile, 159–160

Cotoi, Călin, 38

Crăciunescu, Ioan, 153

Crete, 54, 112

Crimea, 54

Crispi, Francesco, 325

Chamberlain, Houston S., 241

Christie, Clive J., 241

Chudo-Finn (descent), 258

Chuds, 246

Chuvash, 257

Crnjanski, Miloš, 297

Croatia, 275, 280–282, 283, 300

Croats, 26, 280–283, 300

Cumans, 241, 250, 258

Cvijić, Jovan, 110, 136, 277

Černopeev, Hristo, 127, 129

Čupovski, Dimitrija, 132–133

Dacia, Dacians, 139, 147, 166

Daco-Roman, 245

Dalmatia, 282-284, 289

Daničić, Đura, 293

Danilevski, Nikolaj, 251

Danube (river), 87, 170, 282; (Province) 52, 63

Darmesteter, Arsen, 310

Darwin, Charles, 31, 239; (Social Darwinism) 28, 198, 239, 254–255, 260–262; (evolutionism) 311

Densuşianu, Nicolae, 172

Delčev, Goce, 114

Deliradev, Pavel, 129

Denmark, 223–224

Dermanchev, Georgi, 248

Diamant, Theodor, 142

Diderot, Denis, 157

Dituria, 346, 348

Dobrovský, Josef, 163, 195

Dobroudja, 111

Dorsa, Vincezo, 325

Dragomanov, Mikhail, 251

Drinov, Marin, 253, 254, 258

Drita, 346, 348 fn. 44, 369, 370, 371

Dulo (dynasty), 250

Dunántúl (Transdanubia), 226

Dushanov, Dimitar, 198, 204

East, 22, 84, 163, 224, 247, 261

Eastern Rumelia, 112–113

Ebûzziya Tevfik, 48, 61

Ecdadımız, 353

Egypt, 187

Eliade, Mircea, 37, 170–74

Eliade-Rădulescu, Ion, 148–149, 151, 152, 154, 171, 172

Eminescu, Mihai, 29, 160–62, 165, 170, 171

Engel, Johan, 258

Engelgard, Mikhail, 255

England, 87, 95, 151, 152, 161, 197, 243

English, 242, 243–244, 250

Epirotes, 350

Erdélyi Hiradó [Transylvanian Newspaper], 82

Estonia, 223

Ethiopian (race), 251

Europe, 3, 5–6, 8–9, 18, 26, 28, 32, 36, 38, 48, 82, 86, 98, 139, 149, 152, 171, 182– 204, 213, 237, 239–242, 245–246, 248, 250–251, 254, 256, 261–262, 279, 283, 284, 290, 291, 309, 311, 334, 337, 343, 348–349, 359; (Central and Eastern) 3– 4, 6, 9–12, 17, 27, 53, 83, 111, 146,160, 163, 174, 261, 274; (Western) 2, 18, 64, 80, 87, 182, 197, 220, 222, 224, 245, 261, 274, 279, 309, 328, 337, 354; (Northern) 195, 223–225, 311; (Southern) 240; (European “core” and “periphery”) 4–5, 8–9, 11

European Turkey, 70, 125, 130, 186, 319, 321, 331, 336; (Rumeli) 336, 360

Europeanization, 9, 22, 27, 364

Făgăraş, 147

Feilitzsch, Arthur, 228

Fénelon, Francois, 143

Fichte, Johann Gottlieb, 16

Finland, 223–225

Finn (origin, tribe), 245, 247, 258, 259; (Finns) 245, 246, 259

Finnic, Finnish (language), 248

Finno-Japonese, 261

Finno-Ugrians, 224–225; (Ugro-Finns) 246, 261

Fishman, Joshua, 280

Foaie pentru minte, inimă şi literatură [Journal for mind, soul and literature], 81, 92, 94, 98

Fotino, Dionisie, 139

France, 18, 24, 50, 82, 143, 149, 159, 165, 197–198, 251, 291, 309

Franco-Prussian War (1879–1871), 239

Franklin, Benjamin, 285

Franks, Frankish, 244

Francis Joseph, Austro-Hungarian emperor and Hungarian king, 210

Frashër, 344

Frashëri, Naim, 322; (brothers) 344

Frashëri, Şemseddin (Shemseddin) Sami, 15, 16, 19, 25, 30, 35, 48, 61, 134, 307–308, 327, 328, 330, 331, 332, 341–366

Frederick the Great, 92

French (“race”), 250, 310

Frisians, 244

Galicia, 100

Galton, Francis, 241, 254

Ganchev, Dobri, 248

Gaster, Moses, 164

Gauls, Gaulish, 244

Gaultier, Abbé, 183, 205

Gazeta de Transilvania [Transylvanian gazette], 81–84, 87, 88, 90, 91, 92, 95, 98, 99, 100, 102

Geg, 314, 320, 324, 328, 329, 330, 358

Geneva, 124

Genovich, Nikola, 58, 67

German Bund, 99

Germanization, 81

German (race, peoples), 242, 244, 247

Germans, 80, 149, 198–199, 231, 244, 248, 259, 261, 284, 352

Germany, 20, 24, 82, 99, 100, 197, 165, 256, 274, 284, 352

Gheorghi Bey (Gheorgaki Çaloğlu/Tcholakov), 67

Ghica, Ion, 142

Gladstone, William, 117

Glavinov, Vasil, 122

Gobineau, Arthur de, 241

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 275

Golden Horde, 245

Gologanov, Teodosija, 132

Gorna Džumaja (Blagoevgrad), 117

Goths [Godos], Gothic, Gotaland, 244

Gourmont, Remy de, 310

Gottingen, 195–196

Great Britain, 82, 91, 95, 99, 100, 101

Greek Catholic Church, 22, 25, 139

Greece, 23, 53, 109–110, 127, 308, 323, 333, 344; (Greater Greece) 117

Greeks, 53, 73, 107–108, 110–111, 117–118, 124, 148, 151, 154, 166, 190, 193, 198, 241, 312, 316, 318, 322–325

Grimm, Jacob, 146

Gronland, 223

Gruev, Dame, 125

Gruev, Ioakim, 183, 185–186, 205

Gumplowicz, Ludwig, 241, 254

Gyarmathy, Etelka, 220

Gypsies (Roma), 107, 154, 241

Habsburg Empire, Habsburg (Dual) Monarchy, 12, 16, 64, 65, 80, 86, 87–88, 261, 277–280, 285, 288, 291, 298

Hadžidimov, Dimo, 127

Haeckel, Ernst, 255

Hafta (Week), 341, 347, 347 fn. 32, 351, 353, 356, 369

Hahn, Johan Georg von, 324

Halk, 353

Haşdeu, Bogdan P., 29, 33, 37, 162–173

Haşdeu, Iulia, 173

Hawkesworth, Celia, 273

Hazelius, Arthur, 223

Heckenast, Gusztáv, 215

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 146, 163, 165

Hercegovina, 279

Herder, Johann Gottfried von, 8, 16, 20, 30, 35, 153, 163, 195–196, 279

Herman, Ottó, 213

Herrmann, Antal, 211, 216–218, 220, 225, 227

Hobhouse, John Cam, 317

Hobhouse, Leonard Trelawny, 27

Hobsbawm, Eric, 240

Horváth, Mihály, 146

Hottentots, 188

Hroch, Miroslav, 186, 335

Hugo, Victor, 275–277, 285

Hun (origin), 245; (Huns) 258

Hunfalvy, Pál, 211

Hungarians (Magyars), 79–103, 151, 154, 167, 195, 198, 209, 211–213, 225, 226– 228, 230, 231, 281–282, 284, 287

Hungary, 34, 38, 80, 82–88, 91–100, 102, 208, 211, 213, 217–218, 221–222, 230, 245, 261, 262, 275, 276, 278, 280, 284– 289, 291

Iaşi, 155, 159

Iberians, 244

Ibsen, Henrik, 327

Iceland, 223

Ignatiev, Nicholas Pavlovich, count, 120

Ikonomov, Todor, 200–201, 205

Iliev, Atanas, 197, 205

Illyrian, Illyrians, 322, 350, 351, 361, 362

Ilovaisky, Dimitri, 257

India, 142, 165, 357, 363

Indo-European (origins, languages, peoples), 241, 244, 245, 246, 261

Indo-German, 251

Ioannina, see “Yanya”

Iranian (peoples), 251

Ireland, 100, 101

Irish, 91, 100, 101, 243

Irk, 352

Islam, 13, 16, 18, 54, 58–59, 64, 73, 320, 332, 343, 353, 357–361

Islamic (identity), 30, 49, 59, 66, 364; (civilization) 343

Islamist (policy), 59, 70, 342, 358, 360; (Pan-Islamism) 356, 358, 360

Islamization, 319, 359

Italy, 99, 244, 284, 324, 325, 345, 359

Italians, 100, 101, 198, 284, 312; (language) 311, 324, 344

İfade-i Meram, 342

İkdam, 364, 371

Jankó, János, 212–213, 217, 224–227

Jankov, Anastas, 121

Jennings, Ivor, 11

Jews, 53, 66, 71–73, 107, 154, 158–60, 167, 168, 173, 241

Jireček, Konstantin Josef, 246

Joseph II, 91, 92

Josif, Bulgarian exarch, 115

Jovanović, Jovan Zmaj, 16, 23, 26, 35–36, 274–300, 328, 353, 357, 366

Jovanović, Miroslav, 300

Junimism (Junimea), 24, 28, 29, 33, 155–160, 162–163, 168

Jókai, Mór, 211, 287

Jósika, Samu, 84

József Ágost, prince, 227

Kaloyan, king of Bulgaria, 249

Kalotaszeg, a Transylvanian region, 218, 220, 224–225, 227, 229

Kamus-i Turki (Turkish Dictionary), 342, 347, 351, 355, 366, 371

Kamus-ul Alam (Universal Encyclopaedia), 342, 355, 370

Karadžić, Vuk, 5, 120, 279–280, 293, 300

Karavelov, Lyuben, 72

Karev, Nikola, 124

Kastrioti Skenderbej, Gjergj, 322

Katalin, Princess of Brandenburg, 229

Katardžiev, Ivan, 114, 126, 136

Kavim, 351, 352, 353

Kedourie, Elie, 274, 360

Keleti, Karoly, 209

Kemény, Ferenc, 91

Kitromilides, Paschalis, 333

Kogălniceanu, Mihail, 141, 147, 148, 150, 151, 155

Kohn, Hans, 10

Konitza, Faik, 19, 25, 30, 31, 35, 36, 307– 337, 357, 358, 363

Kopitar, Jernej, 163

Kopitar, Bartholomäus, 195

Kosovo, 111, 359, 360, 367

Kossuth, Lajos, 84

Kopernicki, Isidor, 259

Kostić, Laza, 290–291, 295–296

Kresna, 131

Krestić, Vasilije, 300

Krum, khan of Bulgaria, 249

Kruševo, 124–125

Kukush, 199

Kutadgu Bilig (Qutadgu Bilig), 346, 346 fn. 31

Lapland, 223

Lapouge, Vacher de, 241, 254, 255, 256

Latin (ethnogenesis, “race”), 143, 166, 185, 242, 310, 324; (language) 155, 316, 357

Le Bon, Gustave, 254

League of Prizren (Lidhja e Prizrenit), 343, 345

Léger, Louis, 163

Leipzig, 38, 223

Lelewel, Joachim, 146

Leopold II, 95

Lermontov, Mikahil Yuryevich, 277

Levski, Vasil, 71–72

Lilienfeld, Paul, 163

Lisan, 351, 353, 369

List, Friedrich, 20, 86, 201

Locke, John, 310

Lombardo-Venetian kingdom, 99

London, 209, 309

Macedonia, 33, 107–124, 126–135, 151, 199

Macedonian Slavs, 107–110, 120, 122–123, 131–133

Macedonians, Macedonian people, Macedonian population, 71, 107–111, 113, 115, 117–123, 125–127, 131–135

Macpherson, James, 279

Madách, Imre, 287

Magyarization, 16, 85, 94, 227, 287

Mahmud II (sultan), 47, 65

Maiorescu, Ioan, 81, 141

Maiorescu, Titu, 156, 158, 163, 171

Maleševo, 123

Manastır (Bitola), 124

Manchev, Dragan, 183, 205

Maramureş, 147

Marcovici, Simeon, 141

Masci, Angelo, 325

Mazzini, Giuseppe, 8, 167, 241

Mátyás Corvin (king), 227, 229

Mălinescu, Vasile, 150

Meinecke, Friedrich, 10

Melidon, Gheorghe, 155

Merza, Gyula, 220, 222–225, 230

Michelet, Jules, 144, 146, 152

Midhat Paşa, 53–54, 62, 66

Miklosich, Franz von, 163

Miletić, Svetozar, 278, 285, 288, 298

Miličević, Milan, 295

Milisavac, Živan, 299

Millet, 353, 367

Misirkov, Krste, 132–134, 136

Mismer, Charles, 63 (75)

Moldavia, 83, 84, 86, 98, 139, 147, 151, 162, 170

Monastir, 359, 360

Mongolian (race), 241, 261, 352

Montenegro, 273, 284

Montesquieu, Charles Secondat de, 163, 169, 197–198

Moses, 150

Mosse, George L., 31

Mumuleanu, Barbu Paris, 140

Mureşanu, Andrei, 81

Mureşanu, Iacob, 81

Muslims, 49, 52–53, 58, 62–64, 66, 69, 107, 131, 283, 296, 319, 320–321

Müller, Max, 163

Namık Kemal, 53, 59, 62

Nazarenes, 292–294

Necip, Asım, 364

Nedić, Ljubomir, 295

Negruzzi, Costache, 156

Niederle, Lubor, 259

Nietzsche, Friedrich, 28, 255

Niš, 56, 120

Non-Muslims, 13, 48–49, 51–54, 56–59, 62– 63, 66, 69–70, 73–74, 112

Normans, 243

Northerners, Northern Europeans, 240

Norway, 223

Novalis (Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg), 292

Novi Sad, 275, 277, 282, 288, 297

O’Connell, Daniel, 100, 101

Obradović, Dositej, 17

Occident (West), 5, 18, 21, 22, 141, 143, 156, 163, 165, 172, 174, 199, 222, 224, 232, 241, 245, 363

Oceania, 187

Oradea (Nagyvarad, Grosswardein), 218

Orhon Abideleri [Orhun or Orkhon inscriptions], 346

Organul luminării [Organ of enlightenment], 81

Orient, 142, 192, 261, 319

Orientalism, 112, 363

Orthodoxy, 26, 149, 167, 173, 294, 333, 356, 357, 358, 360; (Greek) Orthodox Christians, 22, 25, 132, 154, 166, 291, 317, 319–321, 358; (Church) 66; (Bulgarian Church) 67, 108, 113, 115–116, 126–127; (Serbian Church) 26, 127, 288, 291–294; (Albanian Church) 320, 323, 325

Osmanlı, 351, 361

Österreichische Beobachter, 83

Ottoman Empire, Ottoman State, 47–51, 53–61, 64, 66–69, 72–74, 83, 87, 98, 99, 107, 112–113, 130, 245, 290, 317, 325, 331, 344, 351, 353, 356, 359, 360, 364, 366

Ottomanism, Ottomanist policy, 13–15, 29, 30, 47–52, 59–61, 63–64, 66–74, 128– 129, 131, 331, 356, 357, 364

Ottomans, 15, 47–48, 50, 52, 58–59, 64, 69, 73, 317, 352, 356, 359

Osmanlılık, 29, 48, 64, 361

Paládi Kovács, Attila, 236

Palestine, 168

Palešutski, Kostadin, 114, 137

Papadopol-Calimah, Alexandru, 143

Paris, 34, 146, 153, 191, 220

paşoptism, 24, 151, 154–156, 172

patria, 24, 80, 86–89, 91, 93, 98, 100, 103, 140, 144, 173, 210

Patriarchate of Constantinople, 108, 127

Pákh, Albert, 215

Pârvan, Vasile, 172

Pechenegs, 241

Pelasgian (ethnogenesis, language, theory), Pelasgians, 25, 166, 349, 350, 350–351, 358, 361, 362

Pellazg, 322–323, 325, 335, 340

Percy, Thomas, 279

Persia, Persian language, 69, 343, 344, 357

Petőfi, Sándor, 277, 285–286

Petrov, Gjorče, 114, 116, 125

Petrović, Nikola, 281

Petrović, Petar Njegoš, 273

Phanariots, 145, 147, 153, 165, 166

Phillip of Macedon, 121

Philippide, Daniil, 139

Phrygian (language), 362

Poe, Edgar Allan, 327

Pogor, Vasile, 157

Poland, 145, 150, 247

Poles, 100, 248

Pomáz, 233–234

Poparsov, Petar, 115–116, 121, 137

Popović, Bogdan, 296

Popovich, Vasil, 189, 206

Posewitz, Tivadar, 235

Prague, 191, 276

Prilep, 110

Proto-Bulgarians (see also Bulgars), 241, 246, 257, 258

Prussia, 92, 352

Pulevski, Gjorgjija, 131

Pulszky–Thun debate, 84

Quatrefage, Antoine, 198

Rada, Jeronim de, 325

Radnóti, Dezső, 226, 235

Radu Negru, 150

Rakovski, Georgi, 164

Razlog, 131

Renan, Ernest, 242, 250, 251, 252, 253, 254

Ristovski, Blaže, 124, 137

Romania (Danubian Principalities), 23, 25, 31, 32, 33, 38, 53, 58, 72, 80, 82, 86, 98, 139–174, 193, 201, 231, 245

Romanians, 13, 17, 68, 79–103, 111, 118, 139–146, 148–154, 158, 166–170, 193, 227–230, 231

Romans (Latins), 146, 147, 149, 152, 168, 169, 241

Romhányi, Sándor, 235

Rosetti, Constantin Alexandru, 163, 169

Rosetti, Theodor, 157, 158

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 8, 157, 194, 279, 362

Rösler, Robert, 163

Rudolf, Prince, 210

Rusçuk (Rousse), 52

Russia, Russian Empire, 17, 24, 50, 53, 58, 64, 98, 186, 195, 224, 245–247, 249, 344, 352

Russian-Turkish War (1877–1878), 246

Russo, Alecu, 150, 152–153, 154

Sabah, 347, 370

Salonica, 107, 113, 126, 130, 134

Sami (Şemseddin Sami Frasheri), see Frashëri, Şemseddin Sami Samuil, tzar, 121, 249

San Stefano, 112, 118, 120; (Treaty of ) 344, 345

Sandanski, Jane, 125–126, 129–130, 133

Sanskrit (language), 357

Sarafov, Boris, 116, 121–122

Savić Rebac, Anica, 297–298

Saxons, 80, 87, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 227, 229, 231, 241, 243, 244

Sándor, József, 231

Scandinavia, 26, 223–224; (Scandinavians) 243, 244

Scăieni, 141

Schlözer, August Ludwig von, 20, 194–197, 199, 206, 279

Scottish (nationalism), 101; Scots, 243

Scythians, 248, 259

Semayer, Vilibáld, 229, 236

Semitic (tribes), 251, 259

Serbia, 18, 32, 54, 84, 109–110, 117–118, 120, 127, 275, 284, 288–290, 319, 357

Serbs, 16, 26, 107, 110–111, 117–118, 123, 131–132, 193, 247–248, 273–282, 287– 288, 292–294, 298–300

Serres, 125–126, 129–130

Sethi, Rumuna, 363, 363 fn. 99, 371

Shakespeare, William, 327

Shishman (dynasty), 250

Shishmanov, Ivan, 33, 253, 256–259

Shapkarev, Kuzman, 183, 206

Shishkov, Todor, 191, 206

Shkodra, 359, 360

Shoqëria e të Shtypuri Shkronja Shqip (Society for Publishing in the Albanian Language), 345

Shqipëria (Albania), 360, 367, 371, 342, 348, 349, 350, 355

Siberia, 352

Sibiu, 87

sibyan school, 344

Siljanov, Hristo, 126, 137

Simeon I, tsar of Bulgaria, 191, 249

Simović, Ljubomir, 299

Skenderbeg, 358, 359, 359 fn. 85

Skerlić, Jovan, 277, 296

Skëndi, Stavro, 323

Skopje, 108, 110, 119, 132

Slaveikov, Petko, 62, 191–192, 206, 246

Smith, Anthony, 244

Slavic (descent, tribes, race), 242–243, 245– 249, 250–251, 254, 257–258; (Pan-Slavism) 356

Slavonia, 284

Slavs, 143, 149, 184–185, 195, 241, 245–248, 251–253, 257–259, 261

Sofia, 108, 116–117, 119–121, 125–127, 130, 133, 246, 251, 341, 346

Southeastern Europe, 1–4, 10, 12, 16, 18, 20, 26, 28, 31, 34, 37, 47, 111, 274, 276

South Morava, 120

South Slavs, 273, 282, 283, 288, 298

Spain, Spanish, 244

Sparta, 152

Spencer, Herbet, 310

Sremska Kamenica, 282

St. Petersburg, 132, 246

St. Sava College, 141

Stajić, Vasa, 298

Stambolov, Stefan, 246–247

Stephen the Great (Ştefan cel Mare), 173

Stockholm, 220, 223

Stråth, Bo, 186

Strossmayer, Josip Juraj, 281

Strumica, 126–127, 130

Supplex Libellus Walachorum, 92, 95

Süleyman Paşa, 64

Sweden, Swedes, 186, 220, 223, 224, 244

Switzerland, 99, 100, 122, 228, 251, 352

Szabó, Miklós, 84, 89, 92

Széchenyi, István, 83, 84, 85, 88

Székesfehérvár, 217

Szekler (Székely, a Hungarian ethnic group of Transylvania), 230; Szeklers, 94, 95, 96

Szterényi, József, 221

Šahov, Kosta, 113, 120

Šatev, Pavel, 134, 137

Šenoa, August, 280–281

Tanzimat, 13, 15, 16, 29, 47–52, 55, 57–66, 68, 70, 72–74, 249, 359

Tarnóczy, Maria, 286

Tartar (origin), Tartars, 241, 245–247, 257–258

Tatras, 232

Tăutul, Ionică, 140

te Velde, Henk, 7

Tekke, 344

Telegraful român [Romanian Telegraph], 81

Tennyson, Alfred, 277

Tercüman-ı Şark, 347

Terter (dynasty), 250

Tesla, Nikola, 295

Teutonic, 244

Theophrastus, 140, 168

Thrace, 115, 119, 124, 126, 129, 131

Thracians, 166, 241, 254, 350; (language) 362

Thunmann, Johan, 324

Tisza region, 213

Todorova, Maria, 313

Tolstoy, Leo, 292–293

Tomić, Jaša, 291

Tönnies, Ferdinand, 28

Tosk, 314, 320, 324, 329, 330, 331, 358

Trajan, 168

Transdanubia, 213

Transylvania (Erdély, Transilvania), 15, 16, 25, 30, 79–103, 111, 139, 151, 152, 154, 166, 167, 170, 213, 221–222, 225–227, 229–232, 234–235

Transylvanian Carpathian Society, 221, 225, 229–230, 231

Transylvanians, 91, 220, 226, 228

Tural, Şecaattin, 346,31, 347, 354, 355, 355, 371

Turan, Turanian(s), Turaniye, 245, 261, 262, 342, 352, 355, 370

Turda, Marius, 261, 262

Turkology, 35, 363

Turkish (identity, nationalism), 13, 15, 16, 25, 29–30, 49–50, 59, 63–64, 66–67, 69– 71, 73, 134, 331–332, 341–366

Turks, 15, 48–49, 53, 59, 63–64, 69, 71–72, 107, 113, 125, 145, 198, 241, 245, 258, 290, 321, 351–357, 360, 365; Eastern Turks (Şark Türkleri), 353, 356; Western Turks, 353–354

Turkey, 32, 69, 193, 200–201, 319, 341, 342, 343, 346, 347, 348, 350, 364, 366

Turkic, 49, 245–247, 257–258, 261, 346, 352, 353, 363

Turkism, Turkist (policy), 341, 342, 346, 347, 355, 364, 365; (Pan-Turkism) 355

Türk zümresi, 352

Türk, 367, 368, 370

Türkçe Şiirler, 365, 368

Tzankov, Dragan, 67

Ukrainian, 251

United Serbian Youth, 278, 284

Ümmem-i Turaniye, 352

Ümmet, 351, 353, 354

Vasa, Pashko, 327

vatandaşlar, 13

Vámbéry, Armin, 262

Veled Çelebi [İzbudak], 364

Veles, 133

Vico, Giambattista, 159, 163, 164, 165, 173

Vienna, 81, 82, 83, 85, 276, 282, 189, 309

Vilayets, 359, 360

Virchow, Rudolf, 255, 256, 257

Virgil (Publius Vergilius Maro), 192, 152

Vlachs, 107–108, 113, 132, 151, 241, 275–276

Vladimirescu, Tudor, 166

Vojvodina, 111

Volga, 257

Vranje, 120

Vrhovac, Radivoje, 298

Wallace Russell, Alfred, 310

Wallachia, 83, 84, 86, 87, 92, 141, 147, 150, 151, 162, 170

Walsh, Robert, 192

Washington, 309

Weismann, August, 241, 254

Wesselényi, Miklós, 83, 84

Westernization, 364, 366

White, Hayden, 9

Woltmann, Ludwig, 254

Yanya (Ioannina), 344, 359, 360

Yedikule, 134

Young Ottomans, 14

Young Turks, 48, 55, 130–131; (Committee of Union and Progress) 129; (Revolution of 1908) 129, 313

Yugoslavia, 273, 281–282, 287, 296–297

Yurdakul, M. E., 365, 365 fn. 104, 368

Zagreb, 276, 282–283, 296

Zichy, Jenő, 218, 224

Zimmermann, W. F. A. (Carl Gottfried Wilhelm Vollmer), 198

Ziya Gökalp, 49, 59, 63, 363

Zlatarski, Vasil, 252–253, 257–258

Zog, Albanian king, 307, 309

Zollverein, 86

Zossimea, 344

Zümre, 353

Živković, Teofan, 281

© Central European University Press, 2009

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