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Media Freedom and Pluralism

Beata Klimkiewicz


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1Péter Bajomi-Lázár is professor of communication at the social Communications institute of the Budapest Business School and, starting in October 2009, senior research fellow at the Department of Politics and international relations of the University of Oxford. He earned his Phd in political science at the Central European University in 2004. His book A magyarországi médiaháború (The Hungarian Media War) won the Pulitzer Memorial Award in 2002.


3Miyase Christensen is assistant Professor in the department of Media and Communication studies at Karlstad University, Sweden. She obtained her Ph.D. from the department of radio-TV-Film, the University of Texas at Austin. Her dissertation work on the EU’s is Policies vis-à-vis Turkey’s harmonization of its is strategies and telecoms sector was awarded with Jesse H. Jones endowed Centennial Fellowship by the UT at Austin. Her research areas include globalization; media and information society policies (with an emphasis on the EU); and media and politics. She is the co-editor of the forthcoming anthology Shifting Landscapes: Media and Film in European Context, (Christensen, M. & Erdogan, E. eds), and the author of a number of articles and book chapters on information society policies and the digital divide.


5Fausto Colombo is Professor of Mass Communication at the Faculty of Political sciences, Catholic university, Milan. He acts as a director of Communications Observatory (Osservatorio sulla Comunicazione), a media and communication research center involved in numerous projects both with public institutions and private companies. He took an active part in various academic collaborative networks and research evaluation committees, including Cost action 20 (The impact of internet on the mass media in Europe). He is a member of the editorial board of Comunicazioni Sociali. Rivista di Media, Spettacolo e Studi Culturali and Problemi dell’Informazione. His scientific activity concerns sociology of media, with particular attention at the global development of digitalization and at the processes of incorporation of ICTs in everyday life. He is author of several articles on refereed journals and of books on media and communications, including the recent TV and Interactivity in Europe (2006). E-mail:

6Kate Coyer is a post-doctoral research fellow with the Center for Global Communication studies at the Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania and the Center for Media and Communication studies at Central European University (CEU) where she is currently researching community broadcasting policies and practices across Europe. Kate has helped build community radio stations and has been a radio producer and media campaign organizer for over twenty years. She received her PhD from Goldsmiths College, University of London and her most recent publication is the Handbook of Alternative Media (co-authored, Routledge 2007).


8Mihály Gálik (PhD in Economics) has been Professor at the Corvinus University of Budapest since 1996. He heads the Department of Media, Marketing Communications and Telecommunications since 2000. From 1993 to 1996 he was associate Professor. Before he acted as a Managing director at the Hungarian radio (1990–1992) and editor of the economic Program department (1976–1990). He has been co-ordinating numerous research projects on the media in Hungary in the last twenty years and been involved in a couple of international media research projects, as well.


10Arne Hintz is director of the Center for Media and Communication studies (CMCS) at Central European University (CEU) in Budapest, Hungary. He holds a PhD in Political science from university of Hamburg, Germany, and an MA in international Political economy from university of Warwick, UK. His research focuses on media and communication policy, community/alternative/activist media, global governance and civil society. He has also been a journalist, media activist, and a policy advocate for community media.


12Halliki Harro Loit is associate Professor and Head of the institute of Journalism and Communication at the Tartu University. She gained her PhD from Oslo University in 2002. Her teaching and research interests include media law and ethics, media policy, communication history, media economy and management, journalistic genres and discourse analysis. She has published about 30 articles in scholarly journals and three monographs (including PhD thesis).


14Karol Jakubowicz, Ph.D. He heads Working Group 2 of the COST A30 ACTION East of West: Setting a New Central and Eastern European Media Research Agenda. He is also Corresponding editor of European Journal of Communication, Media, Culture and Society; International Communication Gazette; Political Communication, Javnost/The Public. He has taught at the institute of Journalism, University of Warsaw (1997–2002) and has been Visiting Professor at the institute of Journalism, University of Dortmund, and at the Amsterdam school of Communications research, university of Amsterdam. He was director, strategy and analysis department, the national Broadcasting Council of Poland (2004–2006). He has worked as a journalist and executive in the Polish press, radio and television for many years. He held numerous leading positions in the Polish Television and its supervisory Board. He has a long standing experience of work for international organizations, including intergovernmental Council of the UNESCO Information for all Programme, the Council of the independent Media Commission in Kosovo, European Broadcasting Union, OSCE, Council of Europe (as Chairman of the Committee of experts on Media Concentrations and Pluralism, Chairman of the standing Committee on Transfrontier Television; and Chairman of the steering Committee on the Media and new Communication services). His scholarly and other publications have been published widely in Poland and internationally. His most recent publications include Rude Awakening. Social and Media Change in Central and Eastern Europe (Hampton Press, U.S.), and Public Service Broadcasting: The Beginning of the End, or a New Beginning? (WAIP, Poland; in Polish).


16Beata Klimkieiwicz is Assistant Professor at the Institute of Journalism and Social Communication, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland. She received her Ph.D. from the institute of Political sciences, Jagiellonian University. She was awarded numerous scholarships including Jean Monnet Fellowship at the European university in Florence and Pew Fellowship at Columbia University. Since 2000, she has been a member of the advisory Panel of experts on Freedom of Religion and Belief for OSCE. She provided an expertise for the European Parliament and Council of Europe and has been involved in numerous research and policy studies, including projects commissioned by the EU agency for Fundamental Rights and European Commission. Since 2006, she has been a member of the steering Committee of COST Action A30 East of West: Setting a New Central and Eastern European Media Research Agenda. Recent research interests include media pluralism and diversity, media policy in Europe, media reform in Central Europe, media representations of minorities and minority media. She published two books and numerous articles and book chapters.


18Gianpietro Mazzoleni is Professor of Political Communication at the University of Milan. He is editor of the Books Series in Political Communication of Hampton Press, and serves in the editorial boards of European Journal of Communication, Political Communication, Journal of Press/Politics and the Italian scholarly journal Comunicazione Politica. He was a Chair of the Political Communication division of the international Communication Association (2005– 2006), and of the Euromedia Research Group (1997–2005). His research interests focus especially on media policies and political communication.


20Péter Molnár (Ph.D. Eötvös Loránd University) is a Senior Research Fellow at the Center for Media and Communication Studies at Central European University. A former Member of the Hungarian Parliament, Molnár was one of the drafters of the 1996 Hungarian media law. Since 1994, he has been teaching communications law at ELTE University in Budapest. Additionally, he taught a freedom of speech course at the Graduate school of Journalism of the University of California in Berkeley (2002) and at the Graduate school of Journalism and Communication of the University of Colorado (2005). He was awarded a German Marshall Fellowship, Fulbright Fellowship and Shorenstein Fellowship. Currently, he also works as legislative advisor to the Hungarian informatics and Telecommunication Ministry. He is member of the Complaint Commission of the Hungarian Radio and Television Board.


22Hannu Nieminen is Professor of Media Policy and director of the Communication research Centre CRC at the University of Helsinki, Finland. He received his Ph.D. in 1996 in the University of Westminster, London. His research interests include media and democracy, theories of public sphere, and communication policy and regulation. These themes were examined in several books and articles. His publications include Democracy and Communication: Habermas, Williams, and the British Case (1997), Hegemony and the Public Sphere (2000), and People Stood Apart: the Constitution of the National Public Sphere in Finland 1809–1917 (2006, in Finnish).


24Zrinjka Peruško is associate Professor of media studies at the department of Journalism, founder and Chair of the Centre for Media and Communication research (CIM) of the Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb. Her academic interests focus on the analysis of media policy and system changes, with particular focus on issues of media policy in transition, media concentration, diversity and pluralism especially in Croatia and Central and Eastern Europe. Her most recent texts include the Croatian chapter in Television Across Europe: Regulation, policy and independence (2005) and Media Concentration Trends in Central and Eastern Europe (in Finding the Right Place on the Map: Central and Eastern European Media Change in Global Perspective, 2008). Her book on media and democracy (Demokracija i mediji, Barbat) was published in Zagreb in 1999. Peruško was member in the advisory Panel on Media

25Diversity (AP-MD) of the Council of Europe (2001–2004), and is a member in the Group of Specialists on Media diversity of the Council of Europe (2005–2008) which she chaired in 2006 and 2007. She is member in the Croatian National Commission for UNESCO (2004–2008) and serves on the editorial boards of several journals: Medijska istraživanja (Media research 1995– present), Revija za sociologiju (Review of Sociology) (1997–2004), Culturelink (1990-present). E-mail:

26Lilia Raycheva is associate Professor at the Faculty of Journalism and Mass Communication, St. Kliment Okhridsky Sofia University. She was awarded numerous international fellowships, including Fulbright Fellowship. She has been a member of several COST actions, including a30, A20, A19, A30, 298 and IS0604. Her research interests focus on areas of communication, mass media and TV. She has published 5 books; edited 4 books and wrote numerous chapters and articles in scientific journals and academic volumes. She held various positions in international and national bodies including: Member of the standing Committee on Transfrontier Television at the Council of Europe (since 2005); Member of the Council for electronic Media (since 2001); Vice-Dean on International Affairs and Scientific Research (1998–2001); Head of Radio and TV Department (1999–2001). E-mail:

27Éva Simon is a Hungarian lawyer working on internet related legal issues since 1999. Simon had worked in the business sphere before she joined the Technical university of Budapest in 2001 as a research fellow. She was a visiting scholar at Cardozo Law School in New York, USA in 2005. Simon was a Research Fellow at Center for Media and Communication Studies at Central European University 2005–2006 where she joined COST a30 project. She has been working as the legal advisor of the Hungarian association of Content Providers for the last 4 years. Her fields of interest are inter-net, media and data protection law both in academic research and business projects. E-mail:

28Andrej Školkay is affiliated with the Press Council of Slovakia. He received his PhD from Comenius Univerity, Bratislava, Slovakia, 2000. His research interests focus on political communication. Most important publications include: Communication of the Government (Bratislava, 2003); Populist Parties and Campaigns before the EU Referendum in Slovakia (in Populism and Media Democracy, 2005); Slovakia (in The Media in Europe. The Euromedia Handbook, 2004); Slovakia (in Business As Usual. Continuity and Change in Central and Eastern European Media, 2004). Andrej Školkay provides expertise for various national and international institutions, including UNDP.


30Václav Štětka has been a lecturer at the department of Media studies and Communication, Faculty of social studies, Masaryk University in Brno and, starting in October 2009, senior research fellow at the department of Politics and international relations of the University of Oxford. He received his Ph.D. in 2005 at the department of sociology, Masaryk University. His dissertation thesis focused on media representations of nationalism and national identity in the age of globalisation. His academic interests include media construction and representation of identity (particularly in context of globalisation and Europeanisation) and the social functions of mass media in late modern societies. Václav Štětka took part in various research projects including EUKidsOnline affiliated with LSE and Debating the European Constitution: National or Transnational Paths to a Supranational Issue? Affiliated with Loughborough University. Since 2007 he has been a co-editor of Mediální studia [Media studies], Czech and Slovak journal for critical media enquiry and member of the editorial board of Sociální studia [social studies], journal of the Faculty of Social Studies, Masaryk University. E-mail:

31COST- the acronym for European Cooperation in science and Technology - is the oldest and widest European intergovernmental network for cooperation in research. Established by the Ministerial Conference in November 1971, COST is presently used by the scientific communities of 35 European countries to cooperate in common research projects supported by national funds. Web:

32The COST A30 action “East of West: Setting a New Central and Eastern European Media Research Agenda” is a 4 year long (2005–2009) COST research project that has established an outstanding network, bringing together approximately 70 distinguished media and communications researchers from 27 countries in Western and eastern Europe. The main objective of the action is to increase the knowledge concerning media production, media reception and use, and the political implications of the transformation of the media landscape in the eastern and Central European context. The action aims at organizing a European social science research network with a clear focus on emerging problems of Central and Eastern European media in a comparative perspective. The action is also building a network of media studies and communication research centers, higher education programs and departments in Western and Eastern Europe. Web:

© Central European University Press, 2010

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