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Nation, Language, Islam

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Helen M. Faller

Index

Texte intégral

achyk bet [Open countenance], 242, 246, 252, 261

achyklyk [Openness], 153, 251

Afghanistan, 48, 55, 132

Agamalioglu, Samad, 118

Alimov, Gayaz, 130–131

alphabets, see orthography, 107, 109–111, 113, 116–118, 120–121, 124, 125–126, 128, 129, 133, 134, 135n1, 137, 139

Altynchäch, 231–232

Anderson, Benedict, 3, 5, 19–20, 23, 102, 260, 281n16

anthem, 98–99, 107n88, 166, 263, 281n18

Apakay family (Apakaev, Apakaeva), 35, 39, 149, 226

Apanaev family, 49, 52

Arabic language, 266

Arabic script, 6, 110, 116–118, 120, 138n39, 169

Arbatova, Maria, 147, 174n9

army, see military, 6, 11, 30, 40, 42, 47–48, 80, 85–87, 98, 105n48, 158, 170–171, 176n60, 176n62, 220, 227, 229, 231, 270, 289, 292, 305

Atnagulov, S., 123

Avyz achuy [Opening the throat], 51–52

Azerbaijan, 18, 23n24, 90, 106n61, 116, 118, 126–127, 130, 174n17, 175n27, 301, 304

Azeri, 60, 90–91, 106n64, 113, 119, 120, 157, 160, 217, 246

Bädrätin, Ilsiye, 174n23, 302, 304

baptism (conversion to Christianity), 282n20

Bashkirs, 10, 13, 22n2, 25n46, 40, 45, 72n71, 99, 107n90, 121–122, 157, 173n7, 181, 224–226, 271, 273

Bashkortostan, 8, 11, 16, 25n45, 25n46, 38, 68, 87, 101n6, 101n7, 105n43, 116, 121, 126, 131, 133–134, 175n27, 224–225, 253n26, 287, 301

Bäyrämova, Fäüzia, 19, 68, 92–93, 97, 101, 146, 155, 203, 233, 301, 304

bilingualism, 14, 16–17, 23n12, 113, 115, 144, 164, 170, 191, 204–205, 238

Blagoveshchensky Sobor, 186

Boas, Franz, 4, 23n16

Bolgar/ Bolgars, 6, 16, 24n26, 24n27, 31, 82, 166, 226–228, 231–232, 257, 266

Byzantium, 118

Catherine the Great, 34, 222

Caucasian, 112, 217, 219–222, 288, 305

Caucasus, 60, 90, 116, 219, 252, 280

Chechens107n86, 138n39, 149, 156, 165, 217, 219, 287–294, 305

Chechnya, 11, 22, 63, 66, 171, 220, 242, 284, 287, –293, 305, 307n19

China, 31, 37, 71n51, 74n111, 104n34, 301

Chingis Khan, 227–228, 281n15

Christian Tatars, See Käräshens, 13, 19, 102n11, 141, 143, 157, 245–246, 254–255n61, 284

Chuvash, 10, 13, 19, 22, 24n26, 27n82, 42, 85, 88–89, 105n43, 105n56, 158, 160, 224, 283, 306n2

colonialism, 67, 117, 135, 141n90, 156

constitution – Tatarstan, Russian, 3, 11–12, 22, 26n62, 81, 96, 166, 187, 214, 247, 305

Crimea, 23n24, 34, 98, 107n86, 116, 130, 226, 253n42, 301–302

Crimean Tatars, 98, 107n86, 130, 253n42,

cultural genocide, 49, 128

de Courtenay, Baudouin, 40, 121

dedovshchina [hazing], 171

Dom Kekina, 181–182

Dudaev, Dzhokhar, 165

Eisenstein, Sergei, 229–230, 253n38,

Engels, Frederick, 10, 24n37, 136n3, 138n32

Enlightenment, 3, 34, 36, 118

ethnos, 9, 25n51, 159–160, 175n35

Eurasia, 6, 22n2, 34, 53, 73n88, 104n39,

164, 166, 262, 269, 272

Eurasian Turks, 262, 269

faith, see iman, 82–83, 243, 245, 260, 267

Farsi, 124, 246

Fazlullin, M., 123–125, 133, 140n73

flag, Tatarstan, 166

Freedom Square, 15, 101, 202, 239, 283

Fuchs, Karl, 40, 50, 184

Ganiev, F.A., 115, 281n4,

Garipov, Nail, 74n122, 102n11, 168–170, 206

Garipov, Yagfar, 184

Gasprinskii, Ismail Bey, 34, 36, 71n32, 71n37, 176n53

Germans, Volga, 10, 26n55, 98, 107n86, 181, 187, 222–223, 286

Glasnost, 1, 70, 75, 77, 85, 115, 126, 205, 285

Golden Horde, the, 6, 31, 227, 231, 251

Gorbachev, Mikhail, 1, 21, 30, 70, 75, 115, 126, 285, 296 Gorky Park, 18, 189, 214, 239

Great Horde, the, 6, 24n27, 227

Great Purge, the, 30, 49

grief-sorrow [kaygyi xäsrät], 257, 260, 263–264, 269–270, 273, 279, 281n4

Gulag, 49, 55, 87, 269–270

Gusinsky, Vladimir, 66

Hadji, 44, 72n68, 265

Haram, 248

History Institute, 161, 173n5, 175n30, 190,

208, 301 House of Tea, 247–248

ibn Fadlan, Ahmad, 6

Ibrahimov, Galimjan, 118

iman [faith], 82–83, 243, 245, 260, 267

iman nury [light of faith], 82–83, 243, 245, 267

inner world, 22, 267, 270–273, 276, 279, 282n27

Iskhakov, Damir [Tatar spelling, Isxakov], 26n56, 26n68, 67, 139n60, 153, 163, 175, 184, 193, 200

Iskhakova, Zäitüna, 115, 293

Islam, 6, 22, 24n35, 31, 33, 35, 40, 49–51, 72n68, 76–77, 79, 82, 106n64, 120, 124n31, 149–153, 158, 161, 163–166, 170, 173, 173n8, 185, 187–188, 203, 210–211, 213n13, 213n16, 215n47, 215n49, 234, 246, 248, 254n46, 265, 281n18, 283–284, 295–296, 307n12

Islam, pillars of, 72n68, 234

Ittifaq – political party, rap group, 19, 92, 304

Iusin, Maksim, 130–131

Ivan the Terrible, (Ivan IV) 6, 17, 31–32, 51, 68–69, 83, 104n34, 106n67, 182, 185–186, 189–190, 213, 229–231, 268, 284

Jadidism, 34–35, 37, 71n27, 152, 165, 176n53

Jälil, Musa, 191, 231

Jews, 20, 39, 45, 50, 54, 88, 173n7, 187, 286

Jihad, 234

Kamaz Trucks, 146, 203, 283

Kara Urman [The Black Forest], 267–268

Karangylyk [Darkness] 247, 249–251, 267, 268

Käräshens [Christian Tatars], 13, 19, 102n11, 141, 143, 157, 245–246, 254– 255n61, 284

Kazakh, 22n2, 24n39, 38, 55, 107n81, 121, 219, 225

Kazakhstan, 116, 126–127, 159, 173n2, 175n27, 215n53, 222, 229, 301,

Kazan Khanate, 6, 31–32, 189, 283–284

Kazan Kremlin, 20, 32, 34, 52, 179, 182, 185, 190, 192

Kazan Tatars, 6, 25n45, 34, 37, 60, 96, 98, 113, 219, 243, 246, 268, 270, 283, 306n5

Kazan Turks, 227

Kazan University, 40–41, 50, 63, 67, 168, 208, 223

Khakimov, Rafael, 23n8, 156, 158–162, 165, 167, 173n5, 175nn35–38

Khodorkovsky, Mikhail, 59, 303

Khrushchev, Nikolai, 44, 46, 115, 183, 195

Kol Shärif Mosque, 52, 79, 184–186, 188, 192–193, 203, 211, 284, 297, 301

Kudasheva, Färidä, 262, 281n7

Kük-Tängre [Sky God], 265, 281n15

Kurbatov, Xälif, 99, 119–120, 122, 124–125, 129, 138n38, 138n43, 138n46, 139n54, 140n64, 140n65,140n68

Kyrgyz, 22n2, 60, 96, 104n39, 107n81, 219, 246

Kyrgyzstan, 18, 116, 126–127, 205

Kyrlai Village, 301–302

latinization, 112, 118, 120, 130–133, 135, 138n30

Lenin, Vladimir Ilich, 16, 18, 27n75, 74n107, 107n76, 116, 118, 136n4, 138n30, 138n40, 175n28, 182, 231

light of faith, see iman nury, 82–83, 243, 245, 267

literacy, 36, 54, 71n37, 113, 118

Mädräse, 31, 36–37, 171, 184, 200, 295

Maksimov, N.V., 11–116, 137n24, 137nn25–26, 140n73

Mäkteb, 31, 36–37 Mari, 10, 13, 157–158, 283, 303–304, 302n2

Märjani, Shibhaddin, 34, 52, 188

Marr, Nikolai, 112, 114–115, 123–124, 136n6, 137n15, 139n58 Marx, Karl, 2, 10, 24n37, 136n3, 138n32, 167

Mäxällä, 35, 82, 104n31

Memory day, See Xäter köne, 17, 283–284

Middle Volga region, 7, 101n7, 125, 152, 222, 224, 228, 232, 306n2

Millennium, Kazan, 39, 177–180,184, 298–299

Mishär Tatars, 92

Moldova, 87, 301

Mong, 19, 22, 107n9, 158, 252, 257–28, 28n1, 280–281n3, 281n4, 282n25, 285

Mongly jir [Mongful song], 258–259, 261, 263, 265, 268, 273–276, 279–280, 280n1

Mongol-Tatars, 227, 251

Mordvins, 10, 13

Moscow, 3, 5–6, 8–12, 16, 26n60, 31, 48, 55–56, 59, 75, 77, 80, 86, 91–92, 95, 101nn6–7, 130, 133, 140n76, 147, 156, 159, 164, 166, 169, 172, 175n30, 179–180, 189, 198, 212, 220, 226, 230, 238, 248, 252n9, 253n42, 254n58, 286–292, 301

Muscovy, 6, 31–32, 70n7, 229, 231

music (and nationalism), see Mong, 58, 258–259, 264–265, 271–272, 277

Muslim, 6, 15, 17, 19, 32, 34–37, 40, 48, 50–52, 68, 72n68, 79, 82, 91, 102n11, 107n90, 118, 124, 132–134, 143, 146–148, 150–153, 157, 164, 171–172, 174n21, 186–188, 199–202, 210, 215n50, 215–216n53, 227, 234, 245–246, 254n6, 261, 265, 267, 284, 287–288, 295, 297, 302

Mustafin, Rafael, 50

Nasyiri, Kayum, 34, 40

national ideologies, 18, 158, 260, 285–286, 291

National Library, the, 17, 240

nationalism – Russian, Tatar, 47, 56, 66, 91, 130, 159, 174n11, 229, 279, 291

Nauryz, 300

Nazi[s], 87, 98, 231, 270

New Russians, 238, 254n53, 299

nostalgia, 87–88, 258–259, 265, 270

open countenance, see achyk bet, 242, 246, 251–252, 261

Örenberg, 301

Orthodox Christianity, 6, 33, 170, 173n4, 176n60, 213n13

orthography, 21, 110–111, 118, 124, 126

Pan-Turkism, 73n88, 98, 128

patience, see sabyrlyk, 153–156, 158, 172, 205, 267, 299

Pavlovich, M., 118, 138n35, 138n41

peace, ideology of, 83, 152, 156, 164, 166, 184, 212, 251

Penza, 301

Perestroika, 1–2, 58, 63, 69, 75, 88, 101n1, 168–169, 211, 214n32, 223, 285, 293, 295

Polivanov, Yevgenii, 138n41, 138n47

Pugachev Rebellion, 34, 40

Pushkin, Alexander, 37, 40, 115, 148, 174, 218–219,231

Putin, Vladimir, 2, 11–12, 16, 46, 54, 64, 66, 69, 78, 91, 133–134, 143–144, 156, 166, 170, 252, 254n43, 283, 288, 290–294, 296, 305–306, 306n4

Pyramid, the, 180–181, 212n3, 247 Quran, the, 35, 37–38, 40, 51, 147, 163–164, 188, 234, 297

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 132–133, 146, 176,n60, 181, 293–294

Sabantuy, 11, 17, 74n117, 300–302, 307nn18–19

sabyrlyk [patience], 153–156, 158, 267

Safin, Fadbir, 186–190

Safin, Räshit, 102, 158, 163–164, 167, 175nn50–52

Safiullin, Fändäs, 25n47, 97, 107n83, 171

Safiullina, Fliura, 168

Sagdeeva, F.K., 116, 137nn27–28, 138n29, 140n73

Sakaev, Elfir, 134

Saligaev, Alexander, 145, 165, 173n4,

Saratov City, 175n27, 223

Sayar Theater Troupe, 38

Schamiloglu, Uli, 23n24, 114, 136n11, 193,214n18, 235, 253nn31–32

self-determination, 15, 95, 112, 144, 156, 175n28

self-determination (Leninist right), 15, 95, 144, 175n28

Shaimiev, Mintimir, 10–12, 26n66, 77, 84, 93, 130, 144, 146, 158, 170, 173, 179–181, 184, 186, 207, 212n5, 293

Shaimiev, Radik, 181–182, 184

Shamanism, See Kük-Tängre, 281n15

Shariq kluby, 38, 49, 236

Shashurin, Sergei, 132

Sherkertlek Organization, 37

Siberia, 23n24, 39, 41, 44, 48, 54–55, 74n115, 74n119, 85, 101nn6–7, 107n87, 27, 187

Solzhenitsyn, Alexander, 159, 175n34, sovereignty, 1–3, 5, 10–03, 15–17, 19, 22, 26n62, 27n74–75, 46, 50, 62, 64, 67, 69, 75–78, 81, 83–86, 89, 91–92, 97, 101, 104n29, 106nn66–67, 143–144, 156, 158, 160, 165, 167, 169–170, 172, 174n26, 176n54, 178–180, 182 186, 191, 200, 207 209–212, 225, 232, 235, 238–239, 251, 253n26, 253–254n43, 279, 283, 285–287, 291–294, 296, 306

Soviet Armed Forces, 270

Söyembike, 32, 188, 192, 25, 283–284

Söyembike Tower, 188, 192, 283

Spain, 301

Spassky Tower, 192

St. Petersburg, 6, 16, 45, 56, 62, 65–66, 72n74, 101n6, 14n76, 150, 159, 174n22, 175n27, 205, 213, 219, 227, 25n33, 287, 289, 293n86, 114, 116, 124, 126, 137n14, 137nn16–17, 137nn19–20, 140n73, 222, 229, 231–232

Stalin, Joseph, 27n75, 29, 41, 48, 50, 75, 87–88, 98, 102n11, 107n86, 114–116, 124, 126, 137n16, 222, 229, 232, 270

Starovoitova, Galina, 158

Sultan-Galiev, Mir Said, 47–48, 73nn87–92, 165, 176

Sverdlovsk, See Yekaterinburg, 175n27, 262, 301

Täftiläü, 99, 166, 263, 276

Tajetdin, Talgat, 133–134

Tajikistan, 48, 301

Tajiks, 60, 219, 246

tärbiia [upbringing], 43–45, 145, 153–154, 158, 161–162, 264, 266–267, 272, 274, 296

Tatar Cemetery, 18, 189

Tatar Islam, 106n64, 151–152, 158, 163, 283

Tatar Quarter, 30–31, 33, 39–40, 68, 133, 145, 183–185, 213, 249, 288

Tatar Theater, 38, 56–57, 177

Tatar World Congress, 164, 202, 212n51, 301–304

Tatar yuly, 163–165, 304

Tatarstan Academy of Sciences, 190, 207

Terjuman Journal, 34, 36

threshold, 194–197, 202, 215n39, 249

Tisbä [Muslim beads] 200–201

Tolstaya, Tatiana, 159, 175n33

TOTs [The Tatar Social Center], 73n79, 82, 89–90, 104n29, 158, 189, 202, 296

Tugan Avylym Restaurant Complex, 179, 275, 302

Tugan tel [native tongue], 263

Tukay, Gabdullah, 17, 27n78, 104n28, 263, 301–303

Turkmen, 22n2, 96, 116, 126–127, 130

Turkmenistan, 116, 126–127, 130

Turks, 22n2, 24n39, 34, 43,50, 70n5, 97, 107n86, 121, 128, 135, 173n7, 217, 227, 246, 262, 269, 271, 273

Udmurts, 10

Ufa, 16, 38, 101n6, 133, 261

Ukrainians, 10, 113, 125

UNESCO, 179, 190

United States, the (US), 112, 136n12

upbringing, see tärbiia, 43–45, 145, 153–154, 158, 161–-162, 264, 266–267, 272, 274, 296

Uraza [Muslim fast], 43, 50, 164

Urazaev, Farit, 164

urban-rural divide, 168

Uzbek, 22n2, 60, 122, 126, 157, 201, 219, 225, 246, 255n63

Uzbekistan, 85–86, 94, 10n6, 116, 126–127, 130, 174n17, 175, 220, 301

Üzebez Movement, 59, 107nn83–84, 303–304, 307nn22–23

Volga River [Idel], 5, 7, 31, 33, 53, 67, 101n7, 125, 152, 185, 222, 224, 228, 232, 261, 268–269, 306n2

Wahabism, 152

Whorf, Benjamin, 23n10, 23n16

Xalit, Niyaz, 20, 175n30, 190–191, 193, 21n7, 21n13

Xäter köne [Memory day], 17, 283–284,

Xüjin, Fayaz, 190–191

Yakovlev, N.F., 112–114, 125, 136nn8–9, 177

Yanga Ippodrom, 179, 300

Yangalif, 120, 122, 127, 129–131, 133

Yar Chally/Naberezhnie Chelny, 16, 19, 27n76, 98, 146, 203

Yaxin, Rüstäm, 166

Yekaterinburg, 262, 301

Yeltsin, Boris, 3, 10, 106n66, 144, 156, 165–166, 170, 287, 291, 300, 305

Zakiev, Mirfatyh, 41, 70n62, 115, 214n18

Zhirkov, L.I, 117–118, 121, 138n34, 37, 42

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