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The Roma: a Minority in Europe

 | 
Roni Stauber
, 
Raphael Vago

Index

Texte intégral

anti-Roma prejudice, xviii, 140, 141–2, 165–6. See also discrimination, persecution

anti-Semitism, 26, 47, 119, 120, 163

Antonescu, Ion, xi, xiv, xvi, 89–9 passim, 128

Armstrong, John, 118

army service, 18n, 95

Arrow Cross, ix, xvi, 70, 80, 87n

Aryanism. See racial theories Austria, xv, 37, 39, 55–64, 105, 106, 125

Balkan states, 58, 60, 104, 105, 108. See also under individual countries

Bartlett, Robert, 2

Belgium, 39, 47, 105, 106

Ben-Gurion, David, 120, 121

Bloch, Marc, 1

Bohemia, 2, 4, 39, 47, 105, 131

Bosnia, 109, 143

Britain. See United Kingdom

Browne, Thomas, 7

Bulgaria, 7, 47, 142, 173

Brătianu, Constantin I. C., 91, 98, 100n

Carlos II, king of Spain, 8,

Carlos III, king of Spain, 8, 11

Catholics, 3, 4, 26, 109

Christianity, 5, 7, 8, 9, 41, 46, 109, 110

ompensation, xv, 62, 63, 64, 76, 111, 129

concentration and death camps, xiii, xvi, 13, 34–47, 57–60, 66n, 67n, 69–87, 129, 130; Auschwitz-Birkenau, 39, 40, 47, 48, 49, 56, 58–60, 127
criminality, xiv, 10, 19–29, 36, 56, 63, 64, 89, 142

Czechoslovakia, 14, 141, 142, 155n, 158n, 159n, 166, 169

Czech Republic, xviii, 129, 135, 143–4, 145, 149, 150–4

Denmark, 4, 47,

deportations, 32–42 passim, 47, 49; from Austria, xv, 57–9, 63, from Germany, 114; from Hungary, xvi, 75, 76; from Romania, xvi, 89–102, 128; from Slovakia, 130. See also expulsions

Dekker, Thomas, 6, 9
discrimination, 1–18 passim, 118–19, 163; Nazi Era, 36, 56-7; post-WWII, xv, xviii, 63, 122, 138–50 passim, 164–72 passim. See also economic restrictions, education, persecution, religious conversion, religious minorities

economic restrictions, 4, 32, 165

education, 139, 144, 149, 164

Egypt, 10, 12

Elizabeth I, queen of England, 4, 11

England, 1–5 passim, 10–13 passim. See also United Kingdom

Estonia, 47

ethnicity. See Roma: identity, origins

eugenics, 19–29 passim, 56, 63

European and international organizations, xviii, 129, 135–40, 146, 147–50, 154, 155n, 156n, 157–8n, 171–4; NGOs, 136, 137, 140

Exner, Franz, 46–7

expulsions, 20, 71, 124

Felman, Shoshana, 85

genocide, xixi, xv, 18n, 27, 31, 48–50. See also Holocaust; Porrajimos; Soviet Union: prisoners of war

Final Solution (see Holocaust)

Finland, 105, 137

France, 1–5 passim, 12, 39, 47, 105, 109, 140, 153, 154

gadjo (pl. gadje), 10, 64, 105, 114, 115, 119, 125

Germany, xvii, 103–15; Middle Ages, 1, 2, 3–4, 105; pre-World War II, xiv; 20, 22; Nazi era, ixx, xivxv, 13, 27, 31–50, 56, 57, 61, 76, 91 ; postwar, 14, 125, 128, 140, 153, 154

Gheorghe, Nicolae, 98, 157n

Greece, 47, 107

Gypsies. See Roma

Halbwachs, Maurice, 71

Hancock, Ian, 107, 123, 169

Helsinki Declaration (1992), 139

de Herra, Perez Christobal, 9

Heydrich, Reinhard, 35, 37, 39

Himmler, Heinrich, 13, 37, 38, 39, 45, 49, 56–61 passim, 67n

Hitler, Adolf, 33, 42, 44

Hobsbawm, Eric, 124

Holland. See Netherlands

Holocaust, 9, 31–4, 44–50, 55, 72, 120–2; commemoration of, xvii, 117–33, 135. See also Porrajimos

homosexuals, 9, 32, 130

human rights, xviii, 41, 135–54, 156nn, 157–9nn, 164–71 passim. See also European and international organizations

Hungary, xiii, 1, 7, 18n, 125, 126; Nazi era, ix, xv, xvi, 40, 47, 69–85; postwar, 14, 15, 137, 142, 145, 164–71, 173

India, 107, 108, 111, 118, 123, 124, 137. See also Roma: origins

Islam, 109, 123. See also Muslims; religion: conversion

International Commission of Historians on the Holocaust in Romania, 16, 128

Israel, xiii, 118, 120–2, 127

Italy, 4, 47

Jews. See antisemitism; religious conversion; religious minorities; Holocaust; Israel

Joseph II, Roman emperor, 11

Justin, Eva, 44

Katz, Katalin, 13, 126

Kawczynski, Rudko, 112

Kenrick, Donald, 77, 107

Klaus, Vaclav, 129

Kochanowski, Vania, 107

Komárom camp. See concentration and death camps

Kraepelin, Emil, 21

Latvia, 38, 47

legislation and legal status: Middle Ages, 8, 11, 25; Nazi era, 36, 45, 56, 63; post- WWII, 114, 140, 143–4, 146, 147–150, 157n

Lévai, Katalin, 172

Lewy, Guenter, 48

Liebich, Richard, 20

Lithuania, 39, 47

Lombroso, Cesare, 19–21, 23, 26

Lovara, xvii, 56, 106, 155n

Maria Theresa of Spain, 11

Mirga, Andrzej, 165

Mischlinge, 40, 41, 45–6, 49, 58, 60

Muslims, 3, 5, 7, 35, 109, 123. See also religion: conversion

nationalism, see Roma: identity

Netherlands, 3, 39, 47, 105, 106, 172

NGOs. See European and international organizations

Niculescu, Gheorghe, 98

Norway, 47

Nuremberg laws, 41, 45, 56

Nyilas (see Arrow Cross)

Okely, Judith, 124

Peli, Tamás, 141

persecution, xivxviii; pre-WWII, 12, 21–2, 28; Nazi era; xv, xvi, 31–53, 55–61, 69– 85, 89–90, 111, 114, 118–131; post-WWII, xv, xvi, 61–4

Poland: Nazi era, x, 31, 33, 37, 39, 47, 106, 112, 130; postwar, xviii, 136, 142–3, 144, 145, 153, 155n, 158n

political representation, 141, 158n, 164, 172

Porrajmos, ixxi, 65n, 69–85, 123; commemoration of, xvii, 119, 125–131

Protestants, 3, 4. See also religion: minorities

Prussia, 2, 3, 4, 21,

Puxon, Grattan, 77, 165

racial theories, xiv, xvi, 12–13, 23–26, 31, 36–40, 44–7, 49, 56–7, 60–1, 66nn

Reinecke, Hermann, 35

religion. See Catholics, Christianity, Islam, Muslims, religious conversion, religious minorities

religious conversion, 3, 5, 41, 109

religious minorities, 2–5, 8, 48, 109

Reynolds, Brian, 10, 14

Ritter, Robert, 25–6, 27–8, 56, 60

Romania, 106, 110; Nazi era, ix, x, xv, xvi, 89–99, 128; postwar, 14, 128, 140, 142, 144, 157n, 170, 173

Roma: attempts to define, xiv, 5–15, 103–5, 124; groups, 56, 58, 64n, 105–6; identity, xiv, xviixviii, 6, 8, 14, 103–115, 118, 122–131, 140, 152, 163–74; language and dialects, 2, 6, 8, 10, 12, 69, 103-4, 107,-8, 113; nomadism, xiv, 12, 56, 89, 90, 97, 98, 124, 128, 172; occupations, 20, 94, 95–6, 100n, 104; organizations, 12, 98, 108, 110, 112–13, 155nn, 156n, 166–7, 169; origins, xiv, 5–11, 12, 18n, 20, 39, 45, 56, 103–4, 107, 123–4; population and dispersion, 56, 142, 152, 159n. See also Lovara; Sinti; Yenish

Rorty, Richard, 136

Rose, Vinzenz, 110

Rose, Romani, 112, 113

Rúdin, Ernst, 21

Serbia, 38, 39, 47. 48

Shimoni, Gideon, 117

Shoah (see Holocaust)

Sinti, xiv, xv, xvii, 13, 45, 53–64 passim, 105–15, 127, 139, 149

Slovakia: Nazi era, 47, 75, 77, postwar, xviii, 15, 127, 130, 136, 142–6 passim, 150–3, 155n, 158n, 165, 170, 173

Smith, Anthony, 117, 118

Soviet Union, 14; postwar, 138; prisoners of war, x, xv, 32, 34–35, 38, 40, 48; in World War II, x, 31, 33, 34, 37, 41, 44, 47, 100n

Spain, 1–9 passim

Strauss, Walter, 112

Stewart, Michael, 125–6

Thayer, Scott, 130

Transnistria, xvi, 89–99, 100nn, 101nn, 128

Turkey, 109, 149

Ukraine, 34

Ungrika-Rom. See Gypsies: groups

United Kingdom, 14, 104, 105, 111, 140, 153, 154

Vermeersch, Peter, 166

Verspaget, Geraldine, 171, 172

Viernstein, Theodor, 21, 22–3, 24–6

Webber, Eugene, 1

Weiss, Wilhelm, 112

Wiesel, Elie, 128

Willems, Wim, 124

World War II. See Holocaust, Porrajimos and under individual countries

Yad Vashem, xiii, 75, 121,

Yenish, 27, 104, 105, 106

Yugoslavia, 14, 106, 110, 137

Zionism, 41, 110, 111, 118, 119–22, 123

Zigeuner. See Roma

© Central European University Press, 2007

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