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The Roma: a Minority in Europe

Roni Stauber
Raphael Vago

List of contributors

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1VIOREL ACHIM is a Senior Researcher at the Nicolae Iorga Institute of History, Bucharest, Romania. His research interests include political and confessional history of southeast Europe in the 13th–15th centuries, ethnic minorities in Romania in the 1930s and 1940s, population policy in Romania during World War II, and history of the Gypsies (Roma) in southeast Europe. He edited (and provided an introductory study to) Documente privind deportarea ţiganilor în Transnistria (Documents Concerning the Deportation of Gypsies to Transnistria), 2 vols. (2004), and co-edited with Constantin Iordachi, România şi Transnistria: Problema Holocaustului. Perspective istorice şi comparative (Romania and Transnistria: The Holocaust Issue. Historical and Comparative Perspectives) (2004).

2KATALIN KATZ is a Lecturer at the School of Social Work, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and Head of the Field Work Training Department. Her academic interests include individual and collective memory; practice, theory and training in social work; minorities-majorities, center-periphery and intercultural relations; and researching the Holocaust memories of the Roma (Gypsies). She works with and for the Roma people in Hungary. Her work “The Porrajmos in Hungary,” in K. Fings (ed.), The Gypsies during the Second World War, Vol. 3, is forthcoming.

3GILAD MARGALIT is a Senior Lecturer in the General History Department of the University of Haifa. His main field of research interest is postwar German coping with the Nazi past. Among his publications is the book, Germany and Its Gypsies. A Post-Auschwitz Ordeal, published in 2002.

4YARON MATRAS is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Manchester, England, and editor of the interdisciplinary journal Romani Studies. His main research interests include sociolinguistics and linguistic typology, language minorities, and dialects, and he specializes in Romani, German, and various languages of the Near East. Romani: A Linguistic Introduction (2002) is one of his more recent publications.

5PÁL TAMÁS is Professor of Sociology, Director of the Institute of Sociology of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and a well-known media commentator. He specializes in societal conflicts, especially in postcommunist societies, ethnic issues, EU enlargement, and social science research. He has served as Visiting Professor and Research Fellow at US and European universities.

6SHULAMITH SHAHAR is Professor Emeritus in the Department of History, Tel Aviv University. Laureate of the Israel Prize, she is a worldrenown expert on Early Modern European history. Among her numerous publications are The Fourth Estate: A History of Women in the Middle Ages (1983), Childhood in the Middle Ages (1990), and The Gypsies: The Nomads of Europe (2006; in Hebrew).

7EVA SOBOTKA is an Administrator for Communication and External Relations at the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia (EUMC) in Vienna. Her research interests include EU enlargement, contemporary issues of racism, anti-Semitism and xenophobia in Europe, and formation of policy towards ethnic minorities in Europe. She regularly publishes in the journals Politologicky casopis, Journal for Ethnic and Minority Issues, and Roma Rights and Romani Studies, and in 2004 contributed the chapter “Roma in Hungary; Minorities in Hungary,” in Karl and Stefan Wolf, Ethnopolitical Encyclopedia (2004).

8RONI STAUBER is a Senior Research Fellow at the Stephen Roth Institute and the Department of Jewish History, Tel Aviv University. His main areas of teaching and research include modern anti-Semitism, and the Holocaust and its impact on Israeli society and on Israeli–German relations. He is the author of Lesson for This Generation—Holocaust and Heroism in Israeli Public Discourse in the 1950s (2000; won the 2002 Eish Shalom Prize), and Ideology and Memory (forthcoming). He is co-editor of the annual survey Antisemitism Worldwide, as well as of the volume Antisemitism and Terror (2003).

9ERIKA THURNER is Professor of Political Science and Modern History at Leopold Franzens University in Innsbruck. She has also taught at the Universities of Innsbruck, Salzburg, Linz and Vienna. The main topics of her research are Nazi policy and persecution of Roma and Sinti, as well as ethnicity and nationalism, migration and minority problems, the women’s question, and gender studies. She has received several Austrian and US awards for her research work.

10RAPHAEL VAGO is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of History, and Senior Research Fellow at the Stephen Roth Institute and the Cummings Center for Russian and East European Studies, at Tel Aviv University. His main areas of teaching and research include modern history of central and Eastern Europe, anti-Semitism, Holocaust and Holocaust denial, nationalism, minorities and ethnicity, post-communist systems and European integration. He was a member of the International Commission of Historians on the Holocaust in Romania and general editor of the four-volume English edition of The History of Jews in Romania.

11PETER WIDMANN is a political scientist at the Center for Research on Antisemitism at the Technical University Berlin. He has published works on Sinti and Roma and on minority policies, and his current research focuses on the history of German criminal biology, 1890–1960. Among his recent publications are: “Fortwirkende Zerrbilder. Sinti und Roma im Nationalsozialismus und im Nachkriegsdeutschland,” in: Sibylle Quack (ed.), Dimensionen der Verfolgung. Opfer und Opfergruppen im Nationalsozialismus (2003), and “Das Erbe des Ausschlusses. Sinti und Jenische in der kommunalen Minderheitenpolitik Nachkriegsdeutschlands,” in: Yaron Matras, Hans Winterberg and Michael Zimmermann (eds.), Sinti, Roma, Gypsies. Sprache— Geschichte—Gegenwart (2003).

12MICHAEL ZIMMERMANN (1951–2007) worked as a historian with the city of Essen (directing an exhibition project on Essen under National Socialist rule), and was an assistant professor at Bochum University; he was also a visiting professor at the Institute for Contemporary History at the University of Vienna. He published many works on the history of Gypsies in Germany and Central Europe, and on the history of German Jewry, as well as on the subjects of National Socialism and racism in general. He co-edited the volume with Yaron Matras and Hangs Winterberg, Sinti, Roma, Gypsies. Sprache—Geschichte—Gegenwart (2003).

© Central European University Press, 2007

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