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The Bauhaus Idea and Bauhaus Politics

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Éva Forgács

Chapter 2. Time out of Joint

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THE FIRST WORLD WAR postponed dreams of progress and prosperity for all of society light-years away into the future. Germany lost the war in 1918, and after the November revolution the country was rid of the Kaiser and the institution of the Empire. The troops dispatched to put down the October revolt of the fleet in Kiel joined the mutineers, whereupon sailors' and workers' councils came to power. The revolution spread to the great port of Hamburg, followed by Hanover and Braunschweig; on 7 November the head of the Independent Socialist Party, Kurt Eisner, assumed leadership of the uprising in Munich, and in Berlin the steel workers organized a mass demonstration. On 9 November Friedrich Ebert, president of the Majority Socialist Party, became the new chancellor of the nation. On the same day Scheidemann, the party's other leader, announced the proclamation of the Republic in the presence of a vast crowd assembled in front of the Reichstag.1 Meanwhile the soldiers returning in clos...

© Central European University Press, 1995

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