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Hellenistic Karia

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Carbon Jan-Mathieu van Bremen Riet

Index

Full text

Abonuteichos (Inebolu) 36

Abuliout 36

Aç Badem 36-7

Achilles 131

Ada 120 n 98, 124, 130, 140, 142-3, 315
in Sinuri bilingual 158

Adamharmanı, list of names 464

Adonis, at Loryma 370

Adramyttion 524-5

Aemilius Paullus 487 n 8

aesthetics, in wall-building 319-24

Ağaçle Öyük 36

agathoi daimones 225

Agepolis s.o. Pythokles 126

Agesilaos II 126, 435, 442, 444

Agios Georgios Bay (Alimnia) 383

Agroitas of Gordiou Teichos 463

Agyrrhios 61 n. 9

Aineas, Seleukid hyparches 459

Aiolos 245

Aischines 419

Akarnania 236 n. 5

Akbük 386-7

Akçaova 423

Alabanda 69, 237-8, 240 n. 39, 241-3, 245 n. 71-72, 314-6, 505, 507, 509, 512 n. 42, 524-5
Antioch of the Chrysaorians 243
Apollo temple 484
Luwian: Waliwanda 241-2

Alazeytin 314

Aletes 245

Alexander II 130

Alexander III (the Great) 44, 46 n. 15, 56, 61-3, 124, 129-30, 134-5, 139-43, 275, 279, 287, 298, 309, 312-5, 468, 482

Alexander IV 139

Alexanders’(coinage) 135-8

Alimnia 381-3, 387, 391

Alinda 34, 130, 142, 238, 240, 242 n. 56, 272, 314-6
Luwian: Ijalanda 240

Alkamenes 375

Alkibiades 126 n. 22, 440

Amazons 493, 486, 487 n. 8

Ambrakia, Artemis Pergaia at 368

Amorges 125

Amos 356, 367, 416-7, 419

Amyzon 23, 313

Anaximbrotos 459

Andromache 131

Anneius, M. 520

Antalkida 126

Antigonos Doson 51, 130

Antigonos Monophthalmos 134, 141, 143-4, 406, 481-2

Antimenes of Rhodes 140

Antioch on Maeander 34, 254, 264, 462

Antiochos I 159

Antiochos II 159, 243 n. 62

Antiochos III 50, 243 n. 62, 421, 422 n. 45, 434 n. 97, 461, 473-4

Antiochos Hierax 421

Antipatros 143

Antonius, L. Quaestor of Asia 525

Antonius, M. 526 n. 121

Aor 245

Aoreis 245

Apameia, peace of 434, 459, 461

Apeiros 419

Apelles 531

Aphrodisias (Geyre) 27, 33-6, 237, 240 n. 39, 242 n. 56, 253-67, 455-66, 512, n. 42, 515
foundation myths 455, 462, 463 n. 46
founding families 455
names at: indigenous 464 and n. 52
names at: Iranian 465
names at: settlers 464-5
Regional Survey 255-67
Rhodian hegemonesat 456-7

Aphrodite 242 n. 56, 487 n. 8, 511
statuettes
dating criteria for 527-8
fully dressed 528-30
nude 530-3
striptease theory’ 528

Apollo
at Iasos 128
at Loryma 355-60
at Olymos 54

Apollo
Karneios, at Knidos 438, 440, 536
altar at Knidos 487 n. 10, 503
at Loryma 358
Pidanaseus 238 n. 21
Pythios at Rhodes 368
Samnaios (Amos) 356, 358
on coins of Antioch/Alabanda 243

Apollonia Salbake 34

Apollonios of Aphrodisias 236

Apollonios (Bargasa) 500-1

Appuleius, proquaestor of Asia 520 n. 89

Appuleius Decianus, C. 509

Arbinas 116

Archestratos, gastronomer 62

argyrion symmachikon 133-44

Ariobarzanos III of Kappadokia 510, 521

Aristonikos 499-502

Arlissis s.o. Oussollos 113 n. 65, 120 n. 102, 124

Armo/Arma 160, 240

Arrhidaios (Philip III) 130

Arrhidaios (satrap) 134

Arsinoite nome, Artemis Pergaia at 368

Artaphernes 441

Artaxerxes II 98, 125, 440

Artaxerxes III 98

Artemis 241
at Bargylia 499-500
at Loryma 373
at Olymos 54

Artemis Kindyas 238 n. 30

Artemis Pergaia
cult image on coins 368
at Loryma 368
location of cults 368

Artemis Soteira Bakchia
at Loryma 370
at Termessos 410
at Pisidian Neapolis 411

Artemisia 120 n. 98, 127

Arykanda 398

Asandros 140 n. 28, 142, 482

Asar tepe 264

Asia
Roman governors of 508, 511, 513-5, 519-20
koinon of 515-18, 524-5
Roman province of 505-26, 512 n. 43

Aspendos, Artemis Pergaia at 368

Assos 29, 36

Assurnasipal II 334

Atabyros, mt.(Rhodes) 367

Ataeymir 264

Ataköy 259-60

ateleia in Sinuribilingual’ 158

Athanadoros of Lindos 370

Athena 238, 243

Athenaios of Sparta 450

Athenian Confederacy 274

Athenian Tribute Lists 207, 242, 417, 425

Athens 36, 59 n. 1, 61, 270, 425
Atalante 387
Boudoron 387
Piraeus 387
Sounion 387

Attalids 459-61

Attis 350-2

Attouda 34, 463 n. 46

Augustus 131, 396

Ayaklı (Euromos) 35

Baba Dağ 256-7

Babylon 50

Babylonia 125, 140

Balikesir 34-6,

Barbarism, Linguistic 218

Bargasa (Haydere; Çamlidere) 33-4, 36, 242 n. 56, 501

Bargylia 34, 45, 111, 236, 238, 422, 499-500, 501 n. 55, 505, 507

Bargylos 236

Batı Menteşe Dağları 111

Bayat 36

Bean, g 420, 423

Bellerophon 235-46, 455
as founder
at Aphrodisias 236
at Bargylia 236
at Halikarnassos 237
genealogy in Iliad 236-7
on coins of Alabanda 237

Beçin (Peçin) 46, 96, 111

Belevi, mausoleum at 121 n. 110

Bencik 445

Beyoba 34

bilingual texts
Egyptian-Carian 148

Bingeç 33, 256-7, 266

Biresse 33, 35

Bitez 340-2

Bodrum/Milas 111
airport 46, 451

Bodrum peninsula 224

Bozdağ/Boz Dağ 274, 449

Branchidai 173

Brutus, M. 510, 523 n. 6

Buçak 34

Bursa 36

Buthrotis 131

Bybassos 364, 416, 419, 443-4

Cağız 37

Caerellia 520

Caracalla 209-10

Carian alphabet 148-9
local, in Karia 148
Hyllarima 148
Kaunos 150
Krya 150
Mylasa 150
Sinuri/Kildara 150
monogenesis of 151
number of letters in 151
sound values of 151
of Egypt 148-51
Saqqâra/Memphis 149

Carian bilinguals 153-61
Egypto-Carian 153-65
Greek-Carian 153-4

Carian language 147-76
cases in 156, 178-86
decipherment of 148-76
ethnonyms in 156, 165-6, 178
glosses on 151

grammar of 177-86
inscriptions in 255
kinship terms in 167-70
nominal inflection 177-86
patronymics in 179
proper names 151-2, 162-3, 178
regional differences in 187-205
sound changes in 187-205
verb in 177
votive inscriptions 171-3

Caro-Memphites 164

Cassius 387

Castricius 520

Cennet 208

Chabrias 140

Chalke 381-2, 438 n. 27

Chalketor (Karakuyu) 33, 37

Charidemos 140

Cherronesioi 417

Chersonese (Thracian) 459

Chersonese (Karian) 355, 358, 364, 367, 416-9, 422, 441-2, 444-7, 449
koinon of 355, 367-8

Chios 505

Choirilos of Iasos (poet) 128

chrys-in Indo-European 241

Chrysaor 235-46
etymology 241
filiation in Theogony 235-6, 246
filiation in Steph. Byz. 239-40, 244
monstrous ancestry 244
popularity of name 230-2

Chrysaoric League 51, 56-7, 218, 231, 240, 241 n. 49, 242-3, 245

Chrysaoric Pantheon 503

Chrysaoris 239

Chrysippos s.o. Apollonidas 433

Cicero – see Tullius Cicero, M.

Çiftlik 33, 35

Cilicia 125, 207-8, 211, 440
pirates 508-9

citadels 264, 266-7

citizenship 431-2

city-foundation 254

Claudius Pulcher, C. 508

Cloatius, N. and M. 510

Cluvii in Karia 520-1

Cluvius, N. and M. 520-1

Cluvius Puteolanus 505, 507-10, 519-21, 523

coins
bronze 59-64
minting, reasons for59-66
prawn-pecten type 61-4
Pegasos on 238-9
Zeus Chrysaoreus on 240 n. 39
winged thunderbolt on 242-3

colonies, seleukid 254

constitutio Antoniniana 210

Corcyra 236 n 5

Corinth 236, 238, 243, 379

Cornelius Sulla, L. 253, 464, 466, 484 n. 4, 487 n. 8, 492-3, 501 n. 57, 509, 510 n. 32, 511, 512 n. 43

cult of the dead 351

Cyprus 116 n. 74, 121 n. 104, 126, 379, 440, 443, 536

Cyrus (the Younger) 125, 449

Çagış 37

Çakmalı 37

Çamköy (nr. Karacahısar) 33, 35

Çatalkaya Tepe 340

Çökertme Bay 207-8, 212-4

Daidala 391

Daldis 27

Damli Boğaz 37

Damokrines, Rhodian
hegemon 255, 456-7

Dareios III 98

Datames 140

Datça 437-40, 449

Debleköy (nr. Kyzikos) 350

debt, civic and personal 505-26

decipherment, definition of147-8

Delos 245, 487 n. 10,

Delphi 27, 471 n. 34

demarchos 396-8, 400, 401 n. 36, 406-7
as cognomen 405 n. 66

Demeter 241

Demetrios, Seleukid toparches 459

Demetrios Poliorketes 380, 387, 388

demos 395, 397-8, 402

Derkilidas 126

Derveni 529

Deveini 449

Didyma 133, 173, 238 n. 21, 509

Diokles 403

DionysiosChalkous’ 59 n. 1

Dionysios I of Syracuse 269-70

Dionysos 242 n. 56, 371
at Loryma harbour 375
at Rhodes harbour 375
Narthakophoros 373
altar of, at Loryma 373

dockyards
at Rhodes 385

Doric order 103-6

Dorion, Mt. 444, 447, 449

double axe
on coinage 139
on rock-face 211

double-corner bond 272, 310-1, 313-6, 322 n. 22

earthquake of 227/6 BC 324

Ebecık 33, 37

Egnatius Rufus, L. 520

Eğridir 36

Egypt 379, 437, 441

ekklesia kyria 400

ekklesiastikon 481
technique for payment 60-6, 468-9

Emecik 438, 439 n. 29

Emporeio Bay (Alimnia) 383-4

Endios 125

Epaminondas 272, 438 n. 27

Epaphroditos 239

Ephesos 69, 84, 143, 272, 314, 350, 456 n. 7, 460, 505, 507, 512 n. 41, 515-6, 519, 523-5
treasures of Artemis 522-3

Epiros 131
koinon 143

epiphany
Artemis at Bargylia 499-500
Hekate at Stratonikeia 496-7, 499
Leto at Olymos 54
rock-cut door for 360

Eranistai Adoniazontes 370

Eros 533-4

Erythrai 315

Eski Çine 33, 35, 37

Etruria 107 n. 35

Euergetism 510

Eulimna (Alimnia) 381-3, 387, 391

Eumenes II 459

Euphranor s.o. Antimachos 431

Eupolemos s.o. Potalos 469 n. 16

Euphrates 449

Euromos 31, 33-4, 43, 63, 111, 238, 422, 474-5

Europa, priestess of Artemis
Pergaia 368, 376

Euthydemos of Mylasa 69, 70 n. 5, 507, 519, 523

Evagoras of Salamis 440

Evaises of Syria 140

Evgile 107

Findus (Küçük Gökçele) 36

fleet
Athenian 207, 437, 440
Persian 387, 435
Phoenician 440-1
Rhodian 379-91
Spartan 435, 437, 441

fiscality, Roman 505-26

Fonds Louis Robert 23-5, 27-37
coins kept in 25-37

fortifications 269-316 passim, 387-8

foundation myths 235-46, 478 n. 90, 503

Fraser, p. m. 420

Fufius, l. and m. 509

Gallius, Q. 520 n. 89

Garipköy 33, 36

Geländemauer’ 98, 270-2, 274-5, 307, 314

van Gelder, H. 415-23, 434

Gemile 391 n. 26

Gencik Hill (Milas) 96

Geta 209-10

gigantomachy 486

Glaukos 239, 245

Gönen 36

Göztepe/Kayraçtepe 208, 214-5

Gordiou teichos 264 and n. 10, 462-3, 463 n. 46

Gorgos 44, 61-2, 130, 468

Gortyn 59 n. 1

Grion, Mt. 44-5

Grottoes, Italian 334-5

Güllük 111

Gümüşlük 274

Gümüşsivrisi/Sivrikümeş 207

Günce 106 n. 20

Gündoğan 342-4

Güvedağ 208

Gytheion 510

Hagetor s.o. Hagesianax 373

Halasarna 404-5

Haliartos 450

Halikarnassos 34, 43, 55, 113 n. 62, 121, 124, 142, 151, 173, 224, 236, 238, 243, 273-316, 342, 388, 425, 440, 448, 458 n. 17
Apollo sanctuary 303
Artemis Pergaia at 368
Göktepe hill/fortress 275, 277, 281, 289-90, 308-9, 312, 316, 344-52
Mars terrace 277
Maussolleion terrace 283
Mylasa Gate 278, 283, 312
Myndos Gate 278-9, 281, 283-9, 294, 308-10, 312
palace of Maussollos 303
Pedasa Gate 278, 294-6, 310
Salmakis inscription 238, 243
Salmakis promontory 275, 279-80, 303, 309
Zephyrion peninsula 273, 275, 278, 299-306, 309

Hamzabey Çay 46, 49

harbour moles 279, 303-6, 388, 446

Harpalos 140

Harpasos, valley of 31, 113 n. 61, 218

Hekate 371, 411, 483, 488, 491, 493, 495, 498-9, 502-3

Hekatesia Romaia 487 n. 8, 492, 498

Hekatomnos 96, 103, 115, 116 n. 74, 119, 124, 126, 128
in Sinuri bilingual 158

Hekatomnos s.o. Korris 51, 57, 128

Hekatomnus hoard 64

Helenos 131

Helios, on coins of Mylasa 243 n. 65

Helisson river 448

Hellenization 113 n. 65, 208, 218-9, 233

Hemithea, sanctuary of 418

Hera 244
at iasos 221

Heraclea’ 37

Herakleia under Latmos 111, 272, 314

Herakleia in Pontos 512 n. 41

Herakleia Salbake 34, 505, 507

Herakleides of Klazomenai 61 n. 9

Herakleides of Temnos 509

Herakles 242 n. 56, 244

Hermes, at Loryma 475

Hermes Propylaios 375

Hermippos 509

Hermogenes 487

Hermonax s.o. Poseidippos 129

Hierakome (Stratonikeia) 224

Hippokrates 437, 447

Hippolochos 245

Hippomedon, Ptolemaic
strategos 459

Histiaia 27

Hittite burial ritual 351
chronicles 240-1
language 147, 177-8

Horzum 27, 29, 37
hoard 27, 30

Hybreas 69

Hydai 43, 46, 54, 57, 223

Hydisos s.o. Bellerophon 237

Hydis(s)os (Karacahisar) 27, 31, 33-5, 237-8, 241-2

Hyllarima (Kapraklar) 33, 36-7, 98 n. 68, 109, 115 n. 67, 219-21, 420, 425, 427 n. 75
Carian-Greek inscription 149, 158-63
Luwian: Wallarima 241

Hymesseis 242

Hyssaldomos 124, 126
coins of 165

Iason s.o. Skymnos and sons,
of Aphrodisias 518

Iasos (Kıyıkıslacık) 34, 44, 46, 56, 60-6, 111, 123-31, 242, 273, 316, 422, 451, 467-82, 509
archeion prostatikon 475
Karian graffito at 221, 232

magistracies at
archontes 467-9, 480-2
astynomoi 479
kosmoi 474-5
neopoiai 469-72
prostatai 469-71, 479, 480-2
prytaneis 469 n. 22, 476-9
stephanephoros 468
strategoi 475, 479
synegoroi 479
tamiai 470-1, 479
phylai at 477-80, 482

Idrias/Atrija 141-2

Idrieus 85, 120 n. 98, 121 n. 105, 124, 127, 130
in Sinuri bilingual 158

Idyma 107, 239, 242, 391, 420, 422, 423 n. 49, 425 and n. 65, 426, 429-32, 434

Ilion 512 n. 41, 515

Inebolu 33

Ionian Renaissance 106 n. 19, 270, 315

Ionic order 103-6

Iphiades of Abydos 438 n. 27

Iphigeneia 487 n. 10

Iphikrates 140

isopoliteia 394, 397

Isparta (Göndürle) 36

Istanbul/Stambul 34-7

Izmir 34

Ivrindi 37

Jews of Asia 508

Julius Caesar, G. 505, 521-3, 526

Kafaca 54,

Kallipolis/Kallipolitai 240 n. 39, 419, 425-6, 499

Kalymna 473 n. 43

Kalynda 391

Kandebeis 54

Kapiz 207

Kar 245

Kara Ada 273

Karacasu 255

Karakasu 33

Karakayu (Chalketor) 33, 36

Karaköy 33

Karamandağ 207, 211-3

Karıncalı dağ 257

Kavaklı 36

Kaziklı 33, 37

Karia-Phrygia, province of 255

Karians
barbarophonoi 217, 236
cultural identity of 217-33
ethnos 217
King of 119 n. 91, 120, 142-3
koinon of 119-20, 124, 142
language 218-9
in public documents 232

Karpathos (Rhodian deme) 373, 403
Potidaion 403, 413
Brykous 403

Kasolaba 223

Kassandros 143

Kastabos 418

Kaunos 27, 34, 48, 106-7, 219, 272, 314-6, 388, 421, 440-1, 445, 458 n. 15, 505, 509, 512-3
Apollo sanctuary 221
baths 322
bilingual inscription 148, 154-6, 164, 174-5, 177-9, 219-22
C.Ka. 2: proxeny decree? 175
city walls 318-29
chronology of 320-3

Kedreai 419, 432, 444

Keramos 178, 240 n. 39, 421, 512

Kekova island 391 n. 26

Kelbessos (Ağırtaş) 399, 410

Keramos 34, 106 n. 20, 207-8, 210-11
Gulf of 106, 111, 207-8, 383, 386
kbos on coins 211
phyle tebremoun 210-1

Keto 244

Kibyra (Horzum) 27, 456

Kidrama (Kidramos) 33-4, 242 n. 56

Kildara 223
bilingual Carian-Greek 160-1

Kilikia see Cilicia

Killanion, plain 459

Kimon 437

Kindye/Kindya 46, 48-9, 223, 425

King’s Peace 270, 272, 274

Kırcağiz 223

Kitanaura 400

Kizilbel 245

Klaros 23, 72, 508
decree for Polemaios 497 n. 44, 499
decree for Menippos 497 n. 44, 499

Klazomenai 508

Kleitos 143-4

Kleomenes (satrap of Egypt) 140

Knidos 125, 272-3, 314-6, 340-2, 442, 444-50, 473 n. 43, 474, 505, 509, 511
Aphrodite sanctuaries 536
Aphrodite statuettes at 527-38
battle of 435-51
city wall 319 n. 11
Demeter sanctuary 529
lion tomb 109-10, 115 n. 67
pirates at 500
topography of 436-40

Ko-toponyms beginning with 211

Koarendeis 230

Koçadağ 207, 211-4

Kodapa 211

Kodopa 209, 211 n. 29, 212

koinon, connotation of 423-7

Koliorga 224

Koloneis 426, 429, 431

Kolophon 60, 72, 508, 531
coinage 133-6

Konon 270, 435, 440-7

Koranza 224, 401-2

Kormoskoneis 54

Korragos, Attalid strategos 459-60, n. 33

Korris (priest at Labraunda) 51, 57, 128

Korykian Cave 208

Korykos 208

Kos 333, 394, 397 n. 21, 398, 403, 438 n. 19, 405-6, 472 n. 40, 476, 477 n. 82, 534
Asklepieion 91, 333, 405, 531
Charmyleion 121 n. 110
Kyparissi sanctuary 530, 536
synoikism 274, 403

Kotys 140

Koyunbaba quarries 315

Kretan war
First 404
Second 412

Krete 383, 503

Kryassos 416

ktoinon 403

Kumyer 438, 449, 528

Kunnecik Boğazı 211

Kuyruklu Kalesi 111

Kyaneai 397-8

Kybele/Meter 331, 350-2
at Loryma 360-4, 375

Kyllandos 422

Kynoskephalai, battle of 422

Kyrene 356, 376, 482, 533

Kyromeis 242

Kyros – see Cyrus

Kys 424, 426

Kytenians of Doris 236

Kyzikos 134

Labienus, Q. 69, 456, 466, 492, 526 n. 121

Labraunda 49, 51-3, 57, 105-7, 109, 128, 313, 400, 478 n. 88,
andrones 105
temple of Zeus 85, 87

Lagina (Ileine/Leine) 230, 401-2
frieze 33, 35-6, 463 n. 46, 483-503
Hekate sanctuary 95, 426 n. 72, 411, 512 n. 46,
priest lists 488-93, 495

Lagnokeis 424, 426

Lanassa 130

Laodike III 53, 473

Laodikeia (in Karia) 57

Laodikeia on the Lykos 424 n. 58

Laodikeis (Karian) 420, 423 n. 51, 424, 425, 499

Latmos 211, 272, 273 n. 12, 296, 307, 314-6, 482

Lebedos 406

Lebissos 391 n. 26

Leleges 208, 211

Leon s.o. Chrysaor 419 n. 20

Leto (at Olymos) 54

Leukoideis 420, 423-4, 429-32

Licinius Lucullus, L. 511 n. 35, 513-5

Limyra (Asarönü) 84, 239, 394, 395, 398, 410
herôon 91-2, 98, 116-8

liquid containers
in Carian, Greek, Latin 171-2

Little Sea 43-9, 57, 61-3, 451

Londeis 420, 423 n. 52

Loryma (Bozukkale) 387-91, 416, 418 n. 12, 418-9, 420 n. 34, 423 n. 49, 441-5
cults at 355-77
foreigners at 376
necropolis 368

Loryma (nr. Lindos) 358 n. 11

Lukka 241, 246

Luwian/Luvian language 147, 177-81, 184-6

Luwians 211, 241

Luwic dialects 156

Lycia, Roman province of 396

Lycian language 147, 177-86

Lydia 254-5, 257

Lydian language 147, 177-80

Lykia
funerary pillars 116
rock-cut tombs 116-8

Lykos 246

Lysanias of Temnos 509

Macedonia 130

Maeander valley 31, 254

Magnesia on Maeander 60, 520, 524-5
artemis temple 84 n. 28, 487 and n. 10

Magnesia under Sipylos 514 n. 57

Makedonian settlements 233

Makedonians
at Mylasa 229
at Stratonikeia 231, 233

Maneilios s.o. Kallias 490-1

Manisa 34

Manitas 124

Manlius Vulso 264, 462 n. 44

Manius Aquilius 500-1

Marble quarries 264

Marmaris 444-5, 449, 451

Marcellesi, M. C. 133-44

Marcius Philippus, Q. 520 n. 89

Marsyas valley 111, 113 n. 61

Marsyas of Aspendos 368, 376

Masonry technique 279-9, 306-16

Mastaura 241

Matinius, P. 510

Maussolleion
proto-(Mylasa) 69-100
Halikarnassos 82 n. 27, 85, 87, 89, 92-3, 95, 97-9, 105 n. 14, 109, 126-7
iasos 100, 126-7

Maussollos 49, 55-6, 69, 92, 96-8, 100, 105, 113 n. 62, 124, 126-7, 142, 223, 271 n. 7, 273-4, 299, 303, 308, 314, 425, 448, 467, 481

Medet 33, 37

Medusa and the Gorgons 235

Megalopolis 447-8

Megiste 391

Memnon 140, 287, 309, 312

Men 209, 342-4

Menandros s.o. Ouliades 69, 72

Mendelia (Euromos) 36-7

Menodotianos Maximos, m. Aur. 209-10

Menokritos of Samos 403

Mentor 140

Messene 270

Metropolis (Ionia) 500

de Meur, J 415 n. 2

Miletos 53, 57, 60-1, 111, 271, 273, 314-5, 437, 478, 524
coinage 133, 136-44

Miletoupolis 500

Milyan language 184-5

Minnion 44, 61-2, 130, 468

Minucius Thermus, Q. 507, 514-5, 519 n. 75, 524-6

Mithridates VI Eupator 433, 484 n. 4, 487 n. 8, 492-3, 498, 501-2, 508, 513 n. 51

mixed marriage 431-2

Mobolla 431

monetary standard
Attic 136-7
Rhodian 136-7

monsters 244

Morsynos valley 255, 257, 267

Moschion of Kyrene 356, 376

Motya 270

Mucius Scaevola, Q. 513, 515

Muğla 57, 425, 431, 434

Muwatalli II 241

Mykale, cape 389, 392

Mylasa (Milas) 23-4, 31, 33-5, 37, 43-57, 60, 69-100, 124, 128, 222-3, 230-2, 242, 243 n. 65, 255, 266 n. 13, 273, 425, 440, 445, 450-1, 478 n. 88, 505, 507, 519, 523-26
acropolis, fortification 113 n. 61
Carian inscription 149, 162-3
coinage 24
Gümüşkesen 100
Hıdırlık Tepe 335 n. 16
Hisarbaşi Hill 81 n. 27, 82, 91, 96
necropolis 109
Otorkondeis (phyle) 225
phylai 225
syngeneiai 225

Mylasos 239, 245

Myndos 34, 224, 242 n. 56, 272-4, 314-6, 388
in Athenian Tribute Lists 164

Myra 394-9, 408, 409-10

Mytilene 447-8

names
as cultural signifyers 222-33
female Karian 227, 230
‘indigenous’ 222
Karian 222-33
decline of 224-5
in Karian script 223-5
in Greek script 223-5
as second names 227
Macedonian 229-33
Greek, in Karia 225-6, 228
Roman-derived 491 n. 19
theophoric 228
panhellenic’228

Naqš-i Rustam 116

Naxos (Sicily) 387

Naukratis, Artemis Pergaia at 368

Nazilli 33, 36-7

Neandreia 272 n. 10

Neapolis (Pisidia) 399-400, 411

neopoiai (Iasos) 60

Neoptolemos 131

neoria: see dockyards, shipshed

Nesiotic League 388

Nikagoras dossier 420, 422

Nikaia 422, 520

Nikanor 459

Nikolaos s.o. Leon 431

Nikomedes IV Philopator 511

Ninoe/Nineuda 455, 461-2

Ninos 455, 461-2

Nysa 33, 36, 254

Nisyros 370, 439

Octapolis 107

Octavian 525 n. 111

Oinoanda, Artemis Pergaia at 368

Olymos 43, 49, 52-5, 57, 510 and n. 26; 29, 478 n. 88,

Olympias 129-30

Olympichos 49-53

Onomastics,
of use in deciphering Carian 151-2, 162-3

Opis 448

Oracle 464, 466

Orak island 342 n. 21

Ören 261-2, 266

Orontobates 439

Ostia 532

Ouranion 56, 207

Oyuklu tepe (nr. Bybassos) 364

Painting, mural 344-51

Palaic language 147

Palamut Bükü 58

Panamara 420, 424, 499
koinon 400-2

Pamphilidas s.o. Hieron 403, 412

Panarista 432

Parlais (Barla) 35

Pasargadai 120 n. 101

Passala 45-6, 57, 450-1

Pausistratos 427 n. 75

Payamlık Point 335, 337-8

Pedasa 294, 312, 314, 512

Pedasa/Pegasa 238, 243

Pegasos 235-46
on coins 237-9

Peisandros 435, 442-4, 449

Peldemos 124

Pergamon 84 n. 28, 272, 314, 460, 486, 488, 505, 512 n. 41,

515, 524-5
Traianeion 91

Perge 368

Perikles 440

Perikles (of Limyra) 91, 98, 118-9

peripolion 394-9, 401-7, 409-13

peripoloi 399 n. 32

Persepolis 116
royal tombs at 98

Perseus 235-46

Perseus, king of Macedon 44, 450, 500

Pessinous 351

phallus marker’ 257-8

Phanias s.o. Philippos 433

Pharax 441

Pharnabazos 435, 440-1, 447

Phellos 394-5, 398, 409

philhellenism 121

Philip II 129-30, 138-9

Philip III 138-9

Philip V 50-1, 130, 404, 421-2, 424

Philippos of Theangela 222

Philokles of Alabanda 507, 509-10

Philokrates s.o. Philostephanos 402

Philomelion 459

Philomelos 459

Philon 293

Philoxenos (satrap of Karia) 139, 143

Pleistarchos 425

Phoenicia 379, 536

Phoinikous (Finike) 92

Phoinix
Apollo at 360

Phokaia 505

Phokion 56

Phokys 244

Phrygia 107 n. 35, 254-5

Phryne 531

Phygela hoard 59 n. 4, 63

phylai
at Mylasa/Olymos 54-5

physkos, meaning of 445, 447-8

Physkos’ 443-51

Physkos/Marmaris 46, 49, 57, 416 n. 8, 417, 419, 443-51

Physkos (Lokrian hero) 448

Physkos in Lokris 448

Physkos near Mylasa 445, 450

Physkos river near Opis 448

Physkos/Gaduras river, Rhodes 358 n. 11

Physkos(?) at Knidos/Tekir 449

Pidasa 57, 241 n. 52

piḫaššašši 241

Pinara 98

Pinnius, T. 520

Piri Re’is, portulan of 45-6

Pisye 383, 385-6, 422-3, 425-6, 429, 430-1

Pisyetai 385-6

Pittakos of Mytilene 447

Pixodaros s. o Maussollos 119 n. 91, 125, 127, 130-1

Pladaseis/Plataseis 48, 385-6, 422-3, 426

Plarasa 253, 257, 261, 264 n. 10, 266, 456, 461-3, 465

Plyara 462-3

Polemaios

Polykrates of Samos 316

Pompeius Magnus, Cn. 507-8, 510, 520-3, 526

Pomponius Atticus, T. 520 n. 85

Poseidippos s.o. Hermonax 129

Poteidan Hippios
priesthood of 419

pragmatism in wall-building 319-24

Praxiteles 511, 529, 531

Priam 131

Priapos (Mysia), coins of 61-2

Priene 272, 273 n. 11-2, 293, 314-6, 512 n. 41, 524, 532
agora 99
Alexandreion 127
Athena sanctuary 87, 318 n. 9

Ptolemies 56-7
administration 460 n. 34

Ptolemy I 142-4, 287, 309, 482

Ptolemy II 424, 458 n. 17

Ptolemy III 379

Ptolemy VIII ‘physkos’ 448

Pyrrhos of Epiros 130

Pytheos 87, 106

Pythian Games 419 n. 20, 426

Ray-Schürr-Adiego system 148, 158, 177

religion, Anatolian influences 240-1

Rhodes 254, 333-4, 337, 340, 351, 379-91, 394, 398, 402, 405-6, 408, 415-34, 441-2, 444-5, 450, 456-8, 458 n. 14, 459-60, 461 and n. 36, 476, 502, 509, 512, 533-4
Apollo Pyhios temple 368
Artemis Pergaia at 368
Colossus 321
Gaduras/Physkos river 358 n. 11
Ialysos 402
Kamiros/Kamireis 381, 418, 433, 357, 402, 406, 411-12, 478 n. 88

Lindos 337-8, 357, 371, 402, 419, 478 n. 88
Archokrateion 121 n. 110
Artemis Pergaia at 368
Artemis Soteira at 371
Athena sanctuary 333-4

Mandraki harbour 380-2

Rhevma Creek 334

Rhodini 121 n. 110, 334

Rhodian magistrates in Karia 457-8
hagemon epi Karias 407
hagemon epi Kaunou 407

Rhodian magistrates in Lykia
hagemon epi Lykias 407
Rhodian Peraia 415-34
Integrated Peraia’ 416-19, 457-8
Subject Peraia’ 419-34

Rhodioi, connotation of 427-34

Robert, J. 23-37

Robert, L. 23-37, 423
correspondence of 26

rural urbanization’ 254

Rome 483, 486, 487 n. 8, 493, 495, 500-1, 503

Rutilius Rufus, P. 513, 515

Sabaziastai 342, 351

Sakız 45-6, 450-1

Salamis on Cyprus 510, 523 n. 106

Samos 126, 130, 271-2, 314, 316, 388-9, 437, 440, 468-9, 505, 509
city wall 319 n. 11
Hera altar 95

Sardis 255, 520, 524-5
Bin Tepe 257

Sargon II 334

Sari çay 43-4, 46, 49, 450-1

Sarniç 386-7

Satraps’ revolt 96, 274

Scaptius, M. 510

Sculptors
Alkamenes 375
Athanadoros of Lindos 370
Dionysios of Naukratis 357, 376
Technon of Sidon 356, 376

sculptural programes
at Lagina 486, 495, 502-3
Great Altar, Pergamon 486, 488

sculpture
Anadyomene-type 530-3
Arles Aphrodite522-3
Athena Vescovali 529
Eutaxia on Athenian
record-relief 533
Horbeit Aphrodite 532-3
Kore-types 530, 534
Mantinea base 529
Muses 529
Olympia Hermes 534
Priene Aphrodite 535
terracottas 529, 533, 535
Thasos Dionysos 534
Townley Aphrodite 532

Sebastopolis 33-4, 36

Seki 261

Sekköy 48, 223-4, 226-7, 425-6

Seleukids 56-7, 386, 457
administration 458-60

Seleukos I 142-4, 220

Seleukos II 49-53, 379, 421

Seleukos IV 421

Selimye (Euromos) 35

Semiramis 455

senatus consultum
de Stratonicensibus 493-5, 497

Servilius Isauricus, P. 520

settlement patterns 266

Sestius Pausa, l. 514 n. 57

Seyrig, h. 24 n. 5-6, 25-6

Sextus Appuleius 72

ships, types of 381, 390

shipsheds 302-3, 422
at Alimnia 383-4, 387, 391
at Akbük 386-7
at Loryma 387-91
in Piraeus 387
at Rhodes 381
at Samos 389

Sicily 269-70, 314, 518

Sidetic language 177

siege technique 269-316 passim

signal system 383

Silius, p. 520

Sinuri 23, 43, 49, 57, 241
Greek-Carianbilingual’ 156-7, 158, 173
syngeneia
of Pormounos 158
of Pelekos 158

Sisyphos 245

Sivri Hisar (nr. Kaunos) 318

Smintheion (Chryse) 487 n 10

Smyrna 35, 37, 50, 524-5

SNG Project 29

Solmaz 33, 37

Soloneis 54-5

Solungur 107

Sondra (Sodra) Dağ 45-6, 54, 109, 111, 113

Sopatros s.o. Theon 430

Sophainetos of Stymphalos 448

Sosikrates s.o. Sosinikos 433

Sparta 125

Stadiasmos of Patara 400

statues 51

stephanephoros (miletos) 136

Stratonikeia (Karia) 28, 34, 56-7, 111, 219-22, 224-33, 237-9, 240 n. 39, 243, 386 n. 9, 421-2, 425, 430, 335 n. 16, 394, 400-2, 406, 411, 483, 487 n. 11, 491 n. 19, 493, 499, 501-2, 508, 512
Greek-Carian inscription 156
Hekate on coinage of 502

Stratonikeia on the Kaikos 501 n. 55

Strongylos of Kalymnos 126

Sulla see Cornelius Sulla, l.

Syangela 224

Syennesis 125

Syme 370, 373, 444

symmachia 142-3

sympas demos 401

sympoliteia
in Lykia and Karia393-413
as a concept 393-4
Greater Mylasan 53-7, 53 n. 38, 227
Latmos-Pidasa 53 n. 38
Miletos-Pidasa 57
Plarasa-Aphrodisias 253-4, 264 n. 10, 456, 462, 466
Teos-Lebedos 406

syngeneiai at Olymos 54-5

synoikismos
as a concept 393-4
Halikarnassos 55-6, 142
Rhodian 380, 393

Syracuse 270, 448

Syrians at Loryma 370, 376

Syrna 416, 423 n. 49

Tabai 31, 34, 107, 264, 456, 462, 513

Tauros mountains 466

Tarḫunt 160, 240-2
in Hyllarima 173, 184

Tarmianoi 420, 423-4, 431, 433

Technitai of Dionysos 475, 477

Technon of Sidon (sculptor) 356, 376

Tekir, Cape 436-40, 449-51

Telandros 391

Telmessos (Fethiye) 391

Teleutias of Kos 475

temple
Hermogenian, date of 487-8
peripteros 356
pseudo-dipteral 487
temple’ tombs, rock-cut 106-21

temple inventories Didyma 136-7

Tenos 426 n. 71, 510 n. 29

Teos 60, 406, 409
Aroie 409
Dionysos temple 487

Terentius Varro, m. 508, 519 n. 25

Termessos Maior 394, 398-401, 407, 487 n. 10, 512 n. 40
archiproboulos at 411

Termiles 246

Tersane (island) 391 n. 26

Tersane Bay 391 n. 26

Thapsakos/Tiphsa 449

Theangela 273 n. 12, 274, 288, 296, 313-6, 473 n. 43

theatricality’ in architecture 334-5

Thea Roma 493

Themessos 512

Theoi pantes at Limyra 373
at Rhodes 373

Theukles 404

Thera 425-6, 429, 433-4
Artemis Pergaia at 368

Thibron 126

Thyessos 513

Thyssanous 417, 419, 423 n. 49

Tilkili 33

Timiussa 395-7

Timotheos 140

Tinaz 429, 431

Tissaphernes 125, 440-1

Tlos 398, 418

Tlos (Karian Chersonese) 376

tombs 333-52

topos/topoi 458-60

torch races 356

Tralles/Tralleis 254, 460, 505, 508, 514 n. 57, 516, 519, 524-5

Trapezopolis 34

Tribbēnimi 118

Triopion, location of 437-40, 447-9

Trojans 131

Troy 29, 36

tumulus tombs 257, 264-7

Turgutreis 106 n. 20

Türkbükü 337, 339-40

Trysa/Gölbaşi 333

Tullius Cicero, M.
as governor of cilicia 514
and c. Verres 518
letter to q. Minucius
Thermus 505-26

Tullius Cicero, Q. 510 n. 32, 511 n. 35, 514-5, 524-5

Tyberissos 394-8, 401, 407-8

Tyinda 394, 406

Tymnos 416, 418, 419 n. 18
Apollo at 360

Tyriaion 420, 461, n. 37

Ula 429

Uluköy 33

Ussolos s.o. Samoos 160

Üzce 37

Uzun Yuva (Milas) 69-100

Vakıf 33, 37

Valerius Flaccus, L. 508, 519-20

village settlements 396

watchtowers 261, 265-6

xanthos 236, 239, 245-6, 391, 395, 398, 409-10
acropolis wall 319
Letôon 394
Nereid monument 91, 116-8,
trilingual stele 120 n. 96

Xenotimos s.o. Timanor 373

Xystis 424, 458 n. 17

Yalıkavak 106 n. 20, 335-7

Yamalak 33

Yatağan 33, 36

Yayaköy 37

Yazır 261-4, 266-7

Yenice 107

Yeniköy (nr. Aphrodisias) 264, 266

Yeniköy (Koloneis?) 429, 431-2

Yeşilyurt 383

Zeus
Areios 238 n. 28
Atabyrios 364, 368, 375
at Akragas 367
at Ialysos 367
at Lindos 367
at Loryma 364-7
at Pisye 367
in Rhodes Town 367
at Scythian Neapolis 367
at Sura in Lykia 367
and cult in grottoes 367
birth of, on Krete 486, 502-3
Chrysaoreus 218, 231-2, 235, 240, 242
Epikarpios 209
Epinikios 209
Idrieus 240, 242
Karios 120 n. 95, 231, 400-1
Kodopaios 209-10, 216
Korykios 209
Labraundos 51 n. 24, 52, 120 n. 95, 128
Megistos 221, 467-8, 470
Nineudios 461-2
Osogo 49-53, 109 n. 45
Soter 411
Tropaiouchos 209

Zeuxis 459, 474

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