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Hellenistic Karia

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Carbon Jan-Mathieu van Bremen Riet

Part three. Carian Inflections

Further thoughts on Carian nominal inflection

H. Craig Melchert

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The discovery and gratifyingly prompt and excellent publication of the Carian-Greek Bilingual of Kaunos affirmed the essential validity of what has been labeled the ‘Egyptological’ interpretation of the Carian alphabet, also referred to as the ‘Ray-Schürr-Adiego’ system, as presented in the table in Adiego1. While the value of a few individual letters remains debatable or indeterminate, the Carian alphabet may be regarded as deciphered2. The new bilingual also brought welcome confirmation of a few grammatical features in the noun that show that Carian does in fact belong to the Anatolian subgroup of Indo-European, closely related to Lycian, Lydian, Luvian.

The bilingual did not, however, lead to the expected breakthrough in elucidating the overall grammar of the language. Although the bilingual text represents a proxeny decree, a Greek institution, the Carian formulation of its contents appears to be relatively independent in its formal expression from the quite stereotypical Greek t...

Auteur

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and University of California, Los Angeles

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