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OpenEdition Books

Studies in Greek epigraphy and history in honor of Stefen V. Tracy

 | 
Gary Reger
, 
Francis X. Ryan
, 
Timothy Francis Winters

Part I. New inscriptions

Chapter 3. A new fragment of a fourth-century BC Athenian treasure record

Andronike Makres

Texte intégral

I would like to thank warmly the Director Emeritus of the First Ephorate of Pre-Historical and Classical Antiquities, Dr. Alkestis Choremi for permitting me to publish the inscription. I would also like to thank V. Bardani and S. Tracy for their invaluable help in the study and interpretation of the text and the First Ephorate of Pre-Historical and Classical Antiquities and in particular D. Sourlas for providing the facilities to study the stone. I would also like to thank A. Matthaiou for reading and correcting my paper.

1Fragment of a stele of grey marble (inv. BA 4) broken on the right, left and bottom. The top has traces of work with a toothed tool towards its back which appear original. The front part of the top is roughly worked possibly from the secondary use of the stone. The preserved part of the back (height starting from the edge of the upper side of the stele 0.18m. and width 0.17m.) is very smooth which indicates that the stele was opisthographic but there are no preserved traces of letters. The inscription presented here belonged probably to face B of the treasure record.

2Found between 1985 and 1991 during demolition of wall (T8) once belonging to the building which, built in the second half of the eighteen century, served as the seat of the Turkish governor of Athens. At the time of King Otto of Greece the building was converted into barracks located on SW corner of the square of Hadrian’s Library. The fragment is now kept in the storeroom of the First Ephorate of Antiquities.

3Pres. height: 0.313m.; pres. width: 0.29m.; thickness: 0.133m.; Letter height: 0.004m. Photograph: fig. 1.

Stoichedon 40+

[------------]μικ[ρ------------]
[----------]λ[.]α μακρὰ : Π : κύλι[κ]ε[ς] χαλκα[ῖ---]
[------------κώθ]ωνες : Δ: καρχήσια : ΙΠ: λύχνοι [χαλκοῖ--]
[---------ἠ]θμοὶ: Π : μικρο ί ἕτερος μείζων [----]
5[----οὐκ ἔ]χοντα τὰ δὲ ἄνευ <λ>αβῶν : [.]ΗΔΔΙ: ζώμ[ατα-]
[---------μι]κρὰ χαλκᾶ: ΔΠ: κρηστήρια μικρά : ΠΠ : [---]
[----]ς ἐπίπυρα ἀπò θυμιατηρίων : Π : ἐξάλε[ιπτρ---]
[----]υ ὑπόστατον, κύαθοι [:] II: [κ]υμβίον καὶ φ[ιάλ--]
[---] κόραι ἀπò κατρό[π]των χα[λ]καῖ: II II : χαλ[ιvòς-]
10[ ]π[.]: Π II II: βάσις χαλκῆ τετράγωνος κρα[τῆρος-]
[---]κο[.]. στυράκια : II : τò μὲν σιδηροῦν τò δὲ [χαλκοῦν--]
[---κα]ὶ ỏβελίσκων ἄγματα : ΔII : ἐσχάραι σιδ[ηραῖ ---]
[---οὐκ ἐντε]λ[ὲ]ς ὧτα οὐκ ἕχον χαλκοῦν : I: χαλινòς [---]
[---ἀσπιδες δὐο ἡ μὲν] λ[ε]υκή. ἡ δ' ἐπίχαλκος, λεβήτιον μ ν [---]
15 [--κιβώτια numeral] ἐν οἶς ίμάτια καὶ χιτώνια, ἐχήν[ια---]
[-------]ἠλεφαντωμένη πλῆκτρον σκύτι[νον---------]
[------σπά]θη καὶ ἄτρακτος ἐν ἐλύτρωι ἐλεφ[αντίνωι--]
[---- καὶ ἕτεροι ἄτρ]ακτοι: II : ἄνευ ἐλύτρων. σπάθαι ἐ[λεφάνπναι----]
[---] καὶ μαχαίφιον ἐλεφτιάννον λαμ[---]
20 [----δίφ]ρος περιηλεφαντωμένος στρογ[γυλόπους----]
[----]ἀπò λαβῆς κατρόπτου, λαβὴ ἀπò σ[-----]
[----λαβὴ]ν ἕχουσα ἐξ ἄκρου ἐλεφάντινα.
vacat 0.135

4The length of line cannot be determined as the stone is broken on both the right and left sides. The maximum preserved number of letters is 31 in l. 11, but the stoichedon was at least 40 as between l. 13 and l. 14 there are fourteen letters to be restored (ἀσπίδες δύο ἡ μὲν) and there were probably more letters if some other word followed χαλινòς at the end of l. 13. Moreover, between l. 17 and l. 18 nineteen letters are restored and it would appear that no further missing letters should be expected since the atraktos of l. 17 is logically followed by two more atraktoi. If this is correct, then it is possible to determine the length of the line to stoichedon 45.

5L. 5: in lap. AABΩN. The reading of the numeral is uncertain. The first letter could be a P with a small H adjacent to its right vertical stroke (this would give the number 500) so that the total number would be 621. It is equally possible however that the first letter of the numeral was an H in which case the total number would be significantly smaller, i.e. 221.

6L. 11 init. a very small trace of a vertical stroke is visible after the omicron at the center of the space which probably belonged to an iota seeing that the space is too small to restore a letter other than iota.

7L. 13 init. the surface of the stone of the first three letter spaces is damaged so that the letters are almost not visible except for an apex that could belong to the upper part of a Λ or an A in the first space and possibly an even less visible Σ in the third space.

8L. 15 fin. the letter X of the word ἐχήν[ια] was originally cut as an H and then corrected to a X.

9The text of the inscription is a treasure record of Athena and the Other Gods originating from the Akropolis. The dating of the inscription derives from the letter forms. Steve Tracy who kindly agreed to examine the squeeze observed that the letter forms “are definitely in the common style of the 4th c. BC that dates roughly ca. 345 to 320 (see Tracy 1995, 76-81) and are very close to, if not actually by, the Cutter of IG, II2, 334 (Tracy 1995, 82-87)”.

  • 1 According to Harris 1991b, no. 81-93 comprise thirteen lists consisting of several fragments dated (...)
  • 2 As Harris characteristically notes (1991b, 183): “Over time, the letter size decreased, from 0.01m (...)

10More specifically it is possible to attribute the present inventory list to the phase of development of such documents which is confined between 331/0 BC and 305/41. During this period the stelai bearing these lists are opisthographic and the text is arranged in three columns, the letter height being 0.004 or 0.0052. The back usually records objects which were kept in the Chalkotheke. Very few of these preserve the name of the archon.

  • 3 It should be noted here that from l. 12 onwards the text of the present fragment seems to be ident (...)
  • 4 See Harris 1991b, 155-156, no. 88 where IG, II2, 1464 is associated with IG, II2, 1457, 1458 and 1 (...)

11From the study of the published inventory lists3, the closest similium with respect to form and content of the text is IG, II2, 1464, a fragment of a treasure record of Athena and the Other Gods dated after 316/5 which has the same letter height4. There is one object, ἄτρακτος ἐν ἐλύτρωι that appears in both lists that is absent from all other Athenian treasure records. Apart from that, however, it is possible on the basis of the present inscription to restore several lines of IG, II2, 1464 as will be shown at the end of the paper.

12L. 2 init. the most likely restorati on is [χα]λ[κ]ᾶ but the word μακρὰ that follows is not attested in fourth c. B.C. Attic inventory lists and thus it is preferable to leave the first word unrestored. The adjective μακρòν is attested as describing a wooden βάθρον in IG, I³, 1455, l. 15 (in dual) and l. 44. L. 2 could thus tentatively be restored as follows: [βάθρα χα]λ[κ]ᾶ μακρὰ: II:. The word βάθρον is attested a few times in the Attic inventory lists see e.g. IG, II2, 1393, l. 31; 1414, l. 13; 1468, l. 7 1499, l. 11; 1644, l. 9.

13L. 3: the restoration [κώθ]ωνες is compelling. This object does not appear very often in the inventory lists from the Akropolis but it is securely attested (see IG, II2, 1424a, l. 278: κώθωνες χαλκοῖ and IG, II2, 1544, l. 53: κώθωνες). The καρχήσια were drinking-cups narrower in the middle than at top and bottom, for which see Harris 1995, V 278-80. The restoration [χαλκοῖ] for λύχνοι is based on IG, II2, 1424a, l. 398 and 1425 B, l. 403.

14L. 4 init. [ἠ]θμοί: this object, ἠθμός, wine strainer, does not appear very often in the Attic treasure records but it is securely attested see e.g. IG, II2, 1424a, l. 153 and 264 and 1425B, l. 360.

  • 5 See for example IG, II2, 1469, l. 98-99 and 1471, l. 50-51: ποδανιπτηρίδιον οὖς ούκ ἒχον ουδἑ πυθμ (...)
  • 6 For handles of mirrors see e.g. IG, II2, 1514, l. 23 and 1515, l. 15: κατροπτον ἑλεφαντίνην λαβὴν (...)
  • 7 See for example IG, II2, 1469 B, l. 92-7 and 1471 B, l. 46-9 where a total of only 18 mirrors are (...)

15L. 5 init. the participle ἒχοντα refers to a total of either 621 or 221 (see app. crit.) metal objects which were not preserved in good condition since a number of these objects (τὰ μέν) were missing something and the rest (τά δέ) were missing their handles (ἄνευ λαβῶν). The possibility of these objects being vessels of some kind should probably be excluded by the fact that handles (λαβαί) are mentioned. It seems that if vessels were the objects in question the word ὦτα should be expected instead5. The word λαβή is used mostly for objects such as mirrors (κάτροπτα), knives, daggers, swords etc. (ἀκινάκης, μάχαιρα, ξίφος) and stigils (στλεγγίς)6. Since the objects in question have to be in the neuter the possibility of mirrors would be more likely (e.g [κάτροπτα τὰ μὲν ἒλυτρα οὐκ ἒ]χοντα, τὰ δὲ ἄνευ <λ>αβῶν : [.]ΗΔΔΙ:) except that the number is too large for these objects to have been mirrors7. Another problem is that when mirrors are lacking their ἒλυτρα the wording so far attested is κάτροπτα ἄνευ ἐλύτρων and not ἒλυτρα οὑκ ἒχοντα (see e.g. IG, II2, 1469 B, l. 96-7 and 1471 B, l. 48-9). However it should be noted that the phrase ἄνευ λαβῶν in l. 5 of the present inscription is attested for the first time whereas the alternative wording λαβὴν οὐκ ἒχοντα is attested in IG, II2, 1522, l. 32. Thus it would be possible to consider the phrase ἔλυτρα ούκ ἔχοντα acceptable on the basis of this similium. However the large number of these objects recorded suggests that they must have been swords, i.e. ξίφη (see e.g. IG, II2, 1424a, l. 376-7: ξίφη, μάχαιρα, ἀκινάκαι ΗΗΗΔΔΔΠ) and a possible restoration could be: ξίφη τὰ μὲν κοπὰς vel κολεòν οὐκ ἕ]χοντα τὰ δὲ ἄνευ <λ>αβῶν : ΗΗΔΔΙ:.

16L. 7: ἐπίπυρα ἀπò θυμιατηρίων: these items were braziers (τό ἐπίπυρον) of incense-burners. The word ἐπίπυρα is thus far not attested in the Attic inventory lists but it is found in similar documents on Delos (see e.g. ID, 1417 B, l. 5, 11, 142 and 1429 B, l. 79-80). Concerning the large variety of incense burners kept in the Parthenon see Harris 1995, V, 262-277. The ἐξάλειπτρον is attested in a fifth century B. C. Attic inventory list found on Aegina (IG, II2, 1456, l. 4) and otherwise only in treasure records from the Brauroneion (see IG, II2, 1517, ll. 202, 223) and from the Asklepieion (see IG, II2, 1534, l. 192).

17L. 8 init: the U before the word & ὑπόστατον belongs to a genitive of a noun that may be associated with & ὑπόστατον e.g. [λουτηρίο]υ ὑπόστατον (see IG, II2, 1425, B l. 371: ὑπόστατον λουτηρίο or IG, II2, 1544, l. 66: ὑπόστατον περιρραντηρίου). The most common object associated with ὑπόστατον is κρατήρ, i.e. ὑπόστατον κρατῆρος (see Harris 1995, V, 235) which does not fit here. Alternatively, since the order of the words is inverted, it is possible that the object ending in-u was not associated with ὑπόστατον in which case the hypostaton would be recorded without the object that it was meant to support as for example in IG, II2, 1424a, l. 152 and IG, II2, 1425 B, l. 360. For references to κυμβία, small cups, see Harris 1995, V, 285-6.

18L. 9 fin. κεχρυσωμένος is a possible restoration after χαλινòς on the basis of IG, II2, 1424a, l. 335 (see also Harris 1995, V, 170).

  • 8 I owe this point to Petros G. Themelis, Professor Emeritus, University of Crete, who told me that (...)

19L. 10 init. the first letter Π is clearly visible on the stone so the second letter could either be an H or an A, e. g[παντοδα]π[ά] (χαλκία or κλάσματα παντοδαπά) but the numeral: PII II: that follows renders such restoration unlikely. The restoration κρα[τῆρος] at the end of the line can be considered as certain8.

20L. 11: As mentioned in the apparatus criticus, the third letter was probably an iota so that the first three letters could belong to the ending of the word [χαλ]κο[ῖ] or [ἐπίχαλ]κο[ι] or [ὑπόχαλ]κο[ι] etc. The restoration [χαλκοῦν] at the end of the line is based on IG, II2, 1464. l. 8 which seems to join with IG, II2, 1478, l. 21.

21L. 12: ὀβελίσκων ἄγματα : ΔΙΙ: were fragments of small spits, skewers. L. 9 of IG, II2, 1464 should be restored on the basis of this line. The ἐσχάραι σιδ[ηραῖ are also attested in IG, II2, 1464, l. 10 where their condition of preservation is also noted κατεαγυῖαι but is not restored in the present inscription as these escharai may not at that date have been broken. These are the only two cases in the Attic inventory lists of escharai made of iron which are otherwise attested as ἐσχάραι χαλκαῖ (e. g IG, II2, 1369, l. 46; 1418, l. 8; 1424a, l. 260; 1425, l. 364).

22L. 13 init. if the E and the Σ are accepted in the second and third space respectively, then the restoration could be [οὐκ ἐντε]λές (see e.g. IG, II2, 1485,11. 50-1: κυλιχνίδιον ξύλι[νο]ν οὐχ ὑγιές οὐ[δ’ ἐντ]ελές; IG, II2, 1485, 11. 52- 4 and IG, II2,
1489,11. 31-33: [πα]λλάδιον μικρòν ἐπὶ κ[ιονίσκ]ου ἀργυροῦ κόμμιδος μ[εστòν, ο]ὑκ ἐντελές. Since the object in question was missing its ὦτα it was a vessel of some kind
such as λεβήτιον, ὑδρίδιον etc.

23L. 14 init. the restoration [ἀσπίδες δύο ἡ μὲν] is based on the text of IG, II2, 1464, l.. The M at the end of the line is left unrestored. The λεβήτια are mostly attested as χαλκᾶ but here it could have been μ[ικρόν] (see e.g. IG, II2, 1424a, 1 ὑδρῖδιον μικòν) but also possibly μ[εῖζον] (see e.g. IG, II2, 1440 B, 1. 57).

  • 9 See the similium in IG, II2, 1408, add. p. 799, ll. 11-13 and 1409, add. p. 799, ll. 4-6 (= Harris (...)
  • 10 See Harris 1995, 1-7: “There is very little personal clothing in the inventories”. See also in IG,(...)

24L. 15 init. the first five letters preserved on the stone ENOI Σ could belong to the ending of a participle in dative plural but the only such case attested (IG, II2, 1643, l. 13 and 1644, ll. 2-3: ὅρμος χρυσοῦς σὺν τῶι λτίνωι καί τοῖς ἐπηρτημένοις) is not relevant here. In IG, II2, 1464, l. 12 the word κιρώ (τια) followed by a numeral is extant followed by what is preserved in l. 13 α καὶ κιθώνια, έχήνια which is almost identical to what is preserved in l. 15 of the present inscription thus suggesting that ENOIΣ is referring to the κιβώτια which contained (ἐν οἷς) imatia and chitonia9. Thus I consider the restoration: κιβώτια numeral] ἐν οἷς ίμάτια καὶ χιτώνια as certain. Garments and jewellery which are rare in these inventory lists must have been dedications of a personal nature10.

25L. 16: the word τράπεζα before ἠλεφαντωμένη would seem the obvious restoration. It is an ivory-inlaid table, a well attested object in the inventory lists from the Akropolis (see Harris 1995, IV, 30 (= V 121). However, since a πλῆκτρον follows, it may be more reasonable to assume that ἠλεφαντωμένη is referring to a lyre (see e.g. IG, II2, 1388, B 1. 80: λύριον έλεφάντινον καὶ πλῆκτρον [ἠλεφαντωμέ]νον ξύλινον or IG, II2, 1451, 11. 14-5: [λύριον ἐλε]/[φά]ντι[νο]ν καὶ πλῆκτρον) so that a possible restoration would be: [λύρα] ἠλεφαντωμένη πλῆκτρον σκύτι[νον ἔχουσα.

26However lyres are so far not attested as ἠλεφαντωμέναι but as ἐλεφάντιναι (e.g. IG, II2, 1424 a, 329 and 1425, l. 258) or gilt (κατάχρυσος e.g. IG, II2, 1425, l. 258) or ξύλιναι (e.g. IG, II2, 1424 a, 329 and 1425, l. 259) (see Harris 1995, IV 42, 43a, b and 44 a, b.).

27L. 18: the restoration ἄτρακτοι is certain. From what survives in the previous line the restoration [καὶ ἕτεροι ἄτρ]ακτοι can be introduced on the basis of IG, II2, 1464, l. 17.

28L. 19: the item μαχαίριον is attested on Delos (e.g. ID, 1417 A, ll. 7, 61-3 and 1442 B, l. 19). In the Attic inventory lists the item μάχαιρα is more common (e.g. IG, II2, 1424 a, 327, 334, 340). The fragmentary word λαμ- could be restored as λαμπαδεῖον, torch holder, which so far is attested twice in Attica, once in the inventories of the Asklepieion (see S. Aleshire 1989, 132, Inventory III. l. 81 with comment on 161) and a second time in Eleusis (IG, II2, 1543, 16 = 1541, l. 15). On Delos there are two more objects found in the inventory lists starting with λαμ- namely λαμπτήρ (e.g. IG, XI, 2, 199, B, l. 85) and λαμπάς (e.g. ID, 442 B, l. 167: λαμπὰς χαλκῆ ἐπὶ βάσεως).

29L. 20: δίφρος στρογγυλόπους were round footed stools for which see Harris 1995, V 118 (IG, II2, 1394, l. 13-14; 1412, l. 4, 9; 1414, l. 12-13;)

30L. 21: a possible restoration at the beginning of the line is [κόρη] ἀπò λαβῆς κατρόπτου which is similar to what is mentioned in l. 9. The restoration ἀπò σ[κύτους] at the end of the line is possible on the basis of a preserved K in l. 10 of the unpublished fragment mentioned above in n. 4. This fragment preserves in l. 10 the following letters [κατ]ρόπτου λαβὴ ἀπò σκ[--]. This may be the same object as the -ον σ[κ]υτίνην λαβὴν ἕχον (econ mentioned in IG, II2, 1464, l. 15.

  • 11 The first occurrence I think is IG, II2, 1464, l. 22 end-23 which reads [λ]/α[β]ὴν ἐχούσας [II], ἄ (...)
  • 12 See R. Kassel-C. Austin PCG, VIII, fr. 457 (Kock 398): τοῖς γὰρ λάλοιςιν ἐξ ἄκρου ἠ γλ ωττα πᾶσίν (...)

31L. 22 init. the restoration [λαβὴ]ν is based on IG, II2, 1464, ll. 22-3. The phrase ἐξ ἄκρου is attested for the second time11 in the inventory lists of Attica and in general it is very rare. It is attested in an adespoton comic fragment12. The participle ἔχουσα may refer to a μάχαιρα see e.g. IG, II2, 1424 a. 248: μάχαιρα σιδηρᾶ ἐλεφάντινον κολεòν ἔχουσα (see Harris 1995, V, 205-7, VI 13). Another possibility could be στλεγγίς (e.g. IG, II2, 1533, 34: στλεγγὶς χαλκῆ σιδηρὰν λαβὴν ἕχουσα) but, μάχαιρα is more probable. One should imagine a knife or a strigil with ivory decoration (e.g σημεῖα ἐλεφάντινα see IG, II2, 1459, 1. 12 and, Harris 1995, V, 98) on the edges of the handle. Possible restorations could thus be: [μάχαιρα σιδηρᾶ vel στλεγγὶς χαλκῆ σημεῖα εἰς τῆν λαβὴ]ν ἔχουσα ἐξ ἂκρου ἐλεφάντινα.

32In what follows below I present a number of lines of IG, II2, 1464 which can be restored on the basis of the present inscription:

33Ll. 7 end-8: [στυράκια : II: τό μ/ὲ]ν σιδηροῦν τό δὲ χ[αλκοῦν]

34L1. 9-10: καὶ ỏβελίσκων ἂγ[ματα : ΔΙΙ: ἐσχάρ]/αι σιδηραῖ κατεαγυῖ[α]ι

35Ll.11-13: ἀ[σ]πίδες δύο ἡ μὲν λε[υκὴ ἡ δ’ ἐπίχα]/λκος οὐχ ὑγιής, κιβώ[(τια) numeral ἐν οἶς ἱμάτι]/α καὶ κιθώνια, ἐχήνια

36L1. 15 end-18: [σπάθη]/ καὶ ἂτρακτος ἐν ἐλύτρω[ι ἐλεφαντίνω]/ι καὶ ἕτεροι ἄτρακτοι: II: ἄ[νευ έλύτρω]/ν σπάθαι έλεφάντιναι

37L1. 18 end-19: [καὶ μα]/χ[αί]ριον έλεφάντινο[ν]

38Ll. 19 end-20 [δίφρος περι/η]λεφαντωμένος στρ[ογγυλόπους]

39Ll. 22 end-23: [λ]/α[β]ὴν ἕχουσα έξ ἅκρ[ου έλεφάντινα]

  • 13 See Harris 1995, 105-115 and V, 117; V, 174, 175, 177b and V, 177ff.

40It is evident that the two inscriptions are very similar and to a great extent are recording the same objects. It is certain that the new fragment should be attributed to an earlier date than the list to which IG, II2, 1464 belongs. The types of items recoded on the new fragment are very similar to those kept in the Hekatompedon13 but, as mentioned above, if the text of the new fragment belonged to face B of the inscription, then these objects would most probably have been kept in the Chalkotheke.

Notes

1 According to Harris 1991b, no. 81-93 comprise thirteen lists consisting of several fragments dated between 331/0 and 305/4, eight in grey marble (no. 81-85, 88-90) and five in white (no. 86-7, 91-3).

2 As Harris characteristically notes (1991b, 183): “Over time, the letter size decreased, from 0.01m in the fifth century to 0.004m by the end of the fourth”.

3 It should be noted here that from l. 12 onwards the text of the present fragment seems to be identical to another fragment which I shall publish in a volume in honor of S. N. Koumanoudes (forthcoming).

4 See Harris 1991b, 155-156, no. 88 where IG, II2, 1464 is associated with IG, II2, 1457, 1458 and 1478. I was unable to study these fragments in the Epigraphical Museum as they are currently being studied by Dr. Dina Peppas-Delmouzou who will publish the joins. From the study of the published texts I believe that IG, II2, 1464 is the left side and possibly joins with column I of IG, II2, 1478. More specifically, l. 3 of IG, II 2, 1464 (πρυσκε) appears to join with l. 16 of IG, II 2, 1478 (-φάλαια) so that the word formed at the point of the join is πρυσκεφάλαια thus corroborating Linders’observation (1972, 62, n. 75). Πρυσκεφάλαια should thus be what is made of fine muslin cloth (σινδόνων), see Harris 1995, V, 52.

5 See for example IG, II2, 1469, l. 98-99 and 1471, l. 50-51: ποδανιπτηρίδιον οὖς ούκ ἒχον ουδἑ πυθμένα, or IG, II2, 1424a, 1. 374: ὦτα ύδριῶν ΔΠ I I I I and 1. 389: ὦτα λέβητος, or IG, II2, 1542, l. 22-3: ψυκτήρια ΙΙΙΙ, τὼ δύo oὔτε ώ/τα oὔτε πυθμένας ἕχει, or IG, II2, 1692, 1. 1: κρα]τὴρ ὦτα ἒχων, or IG, II2, 1638 B, l. 59 and 1639, l. 1: ποτήρια ἂωτα III and 1640, 1. 22: ποτήρι[α] τρια αωτα. Regarding contemporary archaeology, it is interesting that although the terms μόνωτον and δἰωτον are used in pottery typology, in descriptions of archaeological finds the term λαβή is used instead. I owe this observation to Dr. E. Aloupi, archaeological scientist, who also kindly informed me that in traditional Modern Greek ceramic production most names of the constitutive parts of the vessels are taken from the human body e.g. ears, shoulders, neck, lips etc.

6 For handles of mirrors see e.g. IG, II2, 1514, l. 23 and 1515, l. 15: κατροπτον ἑλεφαντίνην λαβὴν ἕχον and 1.21 of the present inscription; for handles of daggers see e.g. IG, II2, 1425 A, 1. 75-8: άκινάκης σίδηρõς / τὴν λαβὴν χρυσῆν ἕχων, τò δὲ κολεòν / έλεφάντινον έπίχρυσυν, τò δὲ πυ[γ]λίον/ χρυσõν; for handles of stigils see e.g. IG, II2, 1533,1. 34: στλεγγὶς χαλκῆ σιδηρὰν λαβὴν ἕχουσα.

7 See for example IG, II2, 1469 B, l. 92-7 and 1471 B, l. 46-9 where a total of only 18 mirrors are recorded.

8 I owe this point to Petros G. Themelis, Professor Emeritus, University of Crete, who told me that such type of krater has been found in Macedon as for example the kalyx krater from Sevaste in Pieria, see Vokotopoulou 1994, 189ff. and especially 92 where the stand of the krater is described, and fig. 1, 4 and plates 10.1, 10.8 and 10.9. It may be worth noting here that the wealth of vessels and in general of metal objects found in the tombs in Macedon can be used to provide information on the nature and shapes of such metal objects which are mentioned in Athenian treasure records but which do not survive in Attica.

9 See the similium in IG, II2, 1408, add. p. 799, ll. 11-13 and 1409, add. p. 799, ll. 4-6 (= Harris 1995, V, 34): κιβωτòς έν ἦ ί οἰ χαρακτῆρες καὶ ἀκμονίσκοι είσίν.

10 See Harris 1995, 1-7: “There is very little personal clothing in the inventories”. See also in IG, II2, 1469, B l. 129: ἱμάτια καὶ χ[ι]τών. On the references to the few garments which were kept in the Hekatompedon see Harris 1995, V, 49-53.

11 The first occurrence I think is IG, II2, 1464, l. 22 end-23 which reads [λ]/α[β]ὴν ἐχούσας [II], ἄκρ[ο- and which on the basis of the present inscription should be corrected as follows: [λ]/α[β]ὴν ἔχουσα έξ ἄκρ[ου ἐλεφάντινα].

12 See R. Kassel-C. Austin PCG, VIII, fr. 457 (Kock 398): τοῖς γὰρ λάλοις<ιν> ἐξ ἄκρου ἠ γλ ωττα πᾶσίν ἐστι διατετρημένη.

13 See Harris 1995, 105-115 and V, 117; V, 174, 175, 177b and V, 177ff.

Table des illustrations

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Auteur

Greek Epigraphic Society, Hellenic Education and Research Center, Athens, Greece

© Ausonius Éditions, 2010

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