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A Complex Polity

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Anne-Marie Peatrik

List of maps, tables and figures, illustrations

Texte intégral

Maps

1. Kenya and bordering countries 22
2. Kenya’s central mountain range 24
3. North-east of the Mount Kenya mountain range 28
4. The groups around Mount Kenya 175
5. The maitha, or declared enemies of the Tigania-Igembe (pre-colonial period) 230
6. Groups with mûgwe 290

Tables and figures

1. Position of the Ithalie, the oldest male set in 1986-1988 33
2. The different ages of life: a) man b) woman 48
3. Sex ratio of old people in the 1989 census 55
4. The circadian cycle, its sub-multiples and multiples 58
5. The year and its divisions 59
6. Cycle of names of nthukî, male Tigania-Igembe generation-sets 67
7. Rules governing the distribution of sons (from different fathers) in the nthukî 67
8. The dual division of the set system (gîtiba, pl. ntiba) 71
9. Interrelation of sets with age grades 73
10. Transmissions of power and sets involved since the colonial conquest in 1908 75
11. Women in the generation-set system 81
12. Provisional and definitive denomination of the subsets and sets 82
13. The different elements of the family kraal 98
14. The mwariki-Accomplished person and the synchronization of domestic and generational cycles 112
15. Organization of territory and clans: the example of Athiru Gaitî in Igembe 122-123
16. Kinship terms and generation levels. 126
17. Main terms of kinship: male Ego 128
18. Main terms of kinship: female Ego 129
19. Allies: male Ego 134
20. Allies: female Ego 135
21. Takers and givers in the establishment of the uthoni alliance 141
22. Ndûgû payments received by the giver 146
23. Ndûgû payments owed by the taker 146
24. Omaha obliquity, alternative designation, and preferential marriages 148
25. Cattle links, kin terms, and preferential marriages 150
26. The scattering of “taking” lines 154
27. The grouping effect created by the marriage of sisters’ children (6 and 8) 154
28. The family kraal and the cattle enclosure 160
29. Eponymous figures in various oral traditions 166
30. Layout of the warrior gaaru, Imenti model 214
31. Women’s sets in the generation-set system and the transmission of the kaaria 246
32. Territorial layout of the old Tigania-Igembe polity 278
33. Calendar of events since the 1908 colonial conquest 362
34. The offspring of a couple from the Ratanya set (documented 26th March, 1993) 403
35. The Meru District and the Tigania-Igembe in numbers, and with a certain margin of error 407

Illustrations

1. “Liria. Most influential man among the Embe” [Igembe] 1892-1893 467
2. The oldest map of the Nyambene Hills and Eastern side of Mount Kenya 1892-1893 468
3. “Chief Natives of the Embe [Igembe]” 1892-1893 469
4. “Wamsara [Muthaara] elders” 1892-1893 469
5. “A charge of Wamsara [Muthaara]” 1892-1893 470
6. “Embe [Igembe] girl carrying wood”, 1892-1893 471
7. Thaicu /Igembe small and big uninitiated girls (tûkenye and nkenye) 1892-1893 471
8. “Embe [Igembe] shepherds”, 1892-1893 472
9. Boys, Kianjai section, 1893-1894 472
10. Warriors and big uninitiated girls (nkenye) dancing together, Igembe, 1892-1893 473
11, 12 & 13. Mothers and Fathers dancing together, Igembe, 1892-1893 474-475
14. “Ndaminuki, an influential elder”, northern Tigania, 1893-1894 476
15. “M’Mugambi, the Mugwe of the Igembe, and Muruku, the retired Mugwe”, 1955 477
16. Old man with njuri ncheke markings, 1970s 478
17. First heritagisation of African dances, Meru town 1961 479
18. Surrender of Mwariama to Mbio Koinange, Meru town, probably Dec.1963 480
19. Mwariama at a public meeting, Tigania, between 1965 and 1969 480
20. Women demonstrating, North Tigania, between 1965 and 1969 481
21. Threshing of sorghum, North Tigania, between 1965 and 1969 481
22. Taking a break in a rural church, North Tigania, between 1965 and 1969 482
23. Blacksmith and his apprentice, North Tigania, between 1965 and 1969) 482
24. Enteromancy of he-goat entrails carried out by a mugaa (diviner-healer),
North Tigania, 1988
483
25. Pots being molded and baked, Kunati, 1987 484
26. The ethnographer and her research assistant, Kunati, 1987 485
27. Potters selling their pots, Kunati market, 1987 486
28. Rope and mwonyo traders, Kianjai market, 1988 486
29. Sellers of honey kept preserved in kiempe, Kunati market, 1987 487
30. Old women, from the Ncencenga set, Kianjai, Kîgûcwa, 1987 & 1993 488
31. Old men from the Ithalie set, Athiru Gaitî, Kianjai, 1988 489
32. Women from the Mûkubu set, Kianjai, Kîgûcwa 1988-1993 490
33. Men from the Michubu set, Kianjai, Kîgûcwa 1988, 1993 491
34. Quiet days downhill (Lairangi North Tigania) 1989 492
35. Quiet days uphill (Kîgûcwa Market) 1993 493
36. Monuments in honor of the njuri ncheke, the Republic of Kenya, and the Mau Mau, Meru Town 1988 494

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