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Guidelines for Authors

Conditions for Consideration for Publication

Manuscripts submitted should be sent to: info@ifra-nairobi.net.

They must include the title of the article, name of the author(s), abstract, the integral text of manuscript and bibliographical references.

A submitted manuscript must be a personal work.

Texts Accepted for Consideration for Publication

The manuscripts considered by the Editorial Board are proposals for academic monographs articles or edited volumes in all areas of human and social sciences, literature and archaeology, relating to research on the following areas: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Sudan, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Open Access

Authors must understand that the texts published by Africae are open access (full open access or Freemium open access, immediate or delayed).

Language(s)

Manuscripts can be submitted in French, English or Portuguese. The Editorial Board can also consider manuscripts written in a language used in the geographical area concerned by the study, on the condition that an abstract in one of the three languages mentioned above is provided.

Declaration of Professional Affiliations

The author’s affiliation to a research institution and/or their academic title are not required for the consideration for publication but should be mentioned only if applicable.

The job title, organization or company of which the authors are a member or employee must also be mentioned. If the author is a student, they must mention their educational institution.

Pre-publication in an Open Archive / by Self-Publishing / via a Third-Party Publisher

Authors have the right to submit the proposed version to an open institutional archive or to a self-publishing space. This could be done prior to submission to the publisher, at any time of the review process or after the publication. The Editorial Board will not be able to refuse a text on the grounds of prior self-archiving, but the publisher must nevertheless be informed of this.

Authors must explicitly indicate whether the manuscript has been published by a third-party publisher, in an identical or similar version, in the same or different language. The Editorial Board reserves the right to refuse the proposal on the grounds of this information.

If re-publication is justified (on the grounds of unavailability of the original publication or its translation) and if it is legally possible, the publisher will indicate any previous existence of the text.

Conflict of Interest

The authors are requested to disclose any conflict of interest relating to the submitted publication.

Presentation of the Manuscript

Manuscripts are accepted in DOC, DOCX, RTF, or ODT format.

Introduction Section

Title, Author, Job Title

The title and subtitle of the manuscript (if any) must be followed by the full name of the author(s).

Their job title, their institutional affiliation (if any), their university degree (if any), as well as their email address(es) should be indicated after their name.

Text Composition

The body of the text should be presented in Normal or Standard style. The font size must be 10-13 points. The document must contain the margins of at least 2 cm.

Headings must be presented in the software’s native heading styles (Title 1/Heading 1, Title 2 / Heading 2, etc.).

All the characters in the file must correspond to the Unicode standard.

Footnotes must be inserted automatically, and references must be provided.

Titles, headings, name(s) of the author(s) of the article, proper names cited in the article must start with a capital letter but should not be written entirely in capital letters.

Images in the text must be captioned and cited. Authors must inform the publisher of the copyright holder and of article reproduction authorizations if the image is not free to reuse. They must be provided as separate files with a minimum of 300 DPI and a minimum width of 1,000 pixels.

Tables should be created in the text and not inserted as images. They should have a title and a source. For complex tables, authors must attach the ordered data in a separate file in CSV, XLS, XLSX, or ODS format.

The databases must be attached in a standard open format, for instance, CSV or XML.

Permissions to Reproduce an Article

The authors understand that the purpose of the publisher is to provide open consultation and, wherever possible, the reuse of the materials presented in the books.

In all cases, authors should have conducted research on the legal requirements for reproducing the materials in their manuscripts.

The editors will judge the legal, ethical and technical feasibility of reproducing the materials. The impossibility of open and immediate presentation of the sources may lead to the rejection of the manuscript.

Spelling and typographical standards

French

Authors must comply with the usual ortho-typographic standards.

However, compliance with the spelling corrections of 1990 is accepted (see: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rectifications_orthographiques_du_fran%C3%A7ais_en_1990).

The application of inclusive writing standards is also accepted, especially according to the Manual of Inclusive Writing (Manuel d’écriture inclusive) (see: https://www.ecriture-inclusive.fr).

The applied standards should be consistent throughout the article. The Editorial Board may provide guidance to the author on the inclusive writing in their article upon request.

English

The ortho-typographical rules recommended by the Oxford English Dictionary or the Chicago Manuel of Style are accepted.

The application of inclusive writing standards is accepted.

Portuguese

The publisher accepts texts drafted according to the rules of the Spelling Agreement of the Portuguese language of 1990 (Acordo Ortográfico da Língua Portuguesa de 1990) or according to the European spelling prior to (Spelling Agreement of 1945).

Inclusive writing is accepted in Portuguese.

Bibliographical References

The bibliography must be presented at the end of the article. The references must be arranged in alphabetical order according to authors’ names and then by date of publication in descending order. Publications by the same author and of the same year should be distinguished by an index attached to the year, as follows: 2008a, 2008b, 2008c.

It is recommended to export the bibliographic citations into a file in BibTeX, RIS, Zotero RDF formats.

Citation Standards

  • 1 The principle of an Author-Date Style is that references are always presented in the text in bracke (...)

The publisher adopts the citation standards of the Chicago Manual of Style, or Author-Date1 style. An excerpt for the English language is available on this page:

https://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide/citation-guide-2.html

These Chicago citation standards are similar to French and Lusophone manuscripts in terms of:

  • quotation marks. In French, use angular quotation marks (« ») when citing a primary source, and English quotation marks (“ ”) for a secondary source (quotation within a quotation);

  • linking words, identifying terms and other notes that are not part of the titles. For instance, in a French-language article, use dir. rather than eds, traduit par... rather than translated by, et rather than and, etc.;

  • dates (juillet 2010 rather than July 2010” or “5 mai 2010 rather than May 5, 2010”);

  • the names of the publishing centres must be written in the language of the article (e.g. “Londres” rather than “London” in a French-language article).

Bibliographies generated with Zotero are accepted if they are presented in a Chicago Manual of Style Author-Date format adapted to the language of the article. A French version of the Zotero module for the Chicago style can be found here: https://www.zotero.org/styles?q=chicago-author-date

Application of Linguistic Rules

The main language of the article defines the linguistic rule that applies to all the references. Thus, the reference of this French-language article included in an English-language article must be presented as follows:

Piron, Florence, Antonin Benoît Diouf, and Zakari Lire. 2017. “Le libre accès vu d’Afrique francophone subsaharienne.” Revue française des sciences de l’information et de la communication no. 11 (August). https://doi.org/10.4000/rfsic.3292

By the same token, a reference from an English-language article included in a French-language article must be presented as follows:

Irikefe, Vivienne, Gayathri Vaidyanathan, et Richard Monastersky. 2011 « Science in Africa: The View from the Front Line. » Nature News 474 (7353): 55659. https://doi.org/10.1038/474556a

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