Version classiqueVersion mobile

Rural-Urban Dynamics in the East African Mountains

 | 
Sylvain Racaud
, 
Bob R. Nakileza
, 
François Bart
, 
et al.

Part 5

Index

Texte intégral

A

Aberdares 28, 33, 171

Adam M. 50, 189

Adesina A. 109

agenda xx, 7, 312, 331

Agona A. 266

agro-forestry/agroforestry 13, 101, 147

Alberti M. 109

Alluaud C. 64

Alt Moshi, see Old Moshi

altitudinal 3–8, 18, 19, 69–71, 75, 81, 82, 100, 116

Anderson R.E. 267

Andresile A. 243, 266

animal 41, 155, 218, 316, 317

Arusha xxx, xxxii, 9, 10–12, 17, 52, 55, 60, 138, 218

Ashley C. 164, 166

association 20, 28, 41, 42–44, 49, 110, 146, 175, 182, 187, 226, 227, 232, 267, 313, 316, 320

Atari viii, xii, xv, 108, 113, 114–123, 126, 255

Atkins P. 267

avocado xviii, 77, 142, 143, 151, 210, 220, 228

Ayieko M. 292

B

Backhaus N. 94, 110

Bagisu xxx, 150, 196

Baker J. 23, 24, 45, 292, 302

Baltenbeck I. 190

Bamasaba 115, 253

Bamileke/Bamiléké iii, iv, xxvii, xxx, xxxii, 56, 64

Bamutaze Y. xii, 98, 107, 110, 268

banana xi, xii, xvi, xvii, xxix, xxxi, 10, 12–18, 21, 33, 36, 57, 71, 72, 76, 77, 79, 80, 82, 83, 85, 87, 99, 121, 140, 142, 143, 151, 155, 194, 198, 200, 207, 210, 213, 214, 216–218, 220–222, 225–227, 229, 255, 257, 263, 281, 301

bank xxvii, xxviii, xxxii, 8, 12, 13, 20, 41, 65, 129, 165, 190, 221, 226, 227, 232, 276, 287, 301

Banyarwanda xxx

Banyikwa W.F. 43, 134, 146

barley 82, 99, 100, 121

Balogh K. 136, 138, 146

Baron C. 3, 19, 335

Bart F. xxii, xxvii, xxviii, xxxii, 3, 6, 8, 9, 24, 31, 43, 47, 55, 58, 64, 69, 70, 88, 189, 308, 329, 335

Basalirwa C. xxxii

Basotho xxx

Bates R.H. 172, 189

beads 49, 279

beans xxix, 13, 16, 77, 79, 84, 121, 142, 143, 151, 155, 156, 157, 186, 200, 214, 217, 264, 269, 279, 290, 301

bee(-)keeping 7, 99, 183

Benet 114, 118, 124–127

Benson T. 268

Berman B. 171, 189

Bertrand M. 39, 43

Bevan D. 180, 189

bicycle 139, 144, 145, 183, 209, 217, 255

biomass xxix, 8, 117, 125

biodiversity xxii, xxix, 5, 8, 93, 316, 317, 323, 326, 330, 332

Black W.C. 267

Blumenthal P. 267

boma 49, 50

Boma N’Gombe 58

Bonnassieux A. 3, 19, 335

border xxi, 9, 10, 16, 17, 19, 28, 33, 35, 47, 88, 195, 241, 265, 301

Botswana 210

boundary xxiv, 102, 124, 125, 126, 128, 170, 288

Bradley G. 109

Branch D. 179, 189

Braun J.V. 92, 110

Breugelmans W. 110

Brient G. 15, 24, 47, 50, 51, 54, 59, 61, 62, 64

British 50, 58, 59, 134, 173, 176–178, 267

Bromley R.J. 236, 238, 261, 267

Bruneau J.-C. iii, iv, 39, 43, 193

Bryceson D.F. 138, 146

Bubulo 104, 151, 255, 258

Bubutu 104, 255, 270

Budadiri 35, 98, 204, 249, 250, 270

Bududa/Budduda v, 19, 20, 31, 33, 35, 42, 95, 99, 104, 110, 128, 150, 155, 196, 241, 242, 243, 248, 264, 265, 271

Bufumbo 214, 255, 264

Buganda 6

Bugisu 22, 121, 149, 150, 152, 153, 155, 156, 157, 161, 162, 163, 167, 264, 336

Bugobero 247, 265, 270

Bugwere 152

Bukedi 244, 268

Bukhaweka 265

Bukumi 219

Bukwa 19, 196

Bukwo 95, 100, 104, 115, 122, 241, 242, 244

Bulambuli 95, 98, 150, 151, 155, 241, 242, 243, 248, 253, 255, 264, 267, 271

Bumageni 265

Bumasifwa 255

Bumasobo 255

Bumbo 104, 151, 255, 264, 265, 270

Bunamakhosi 163

Bunambale 164

Bungokho 151

Bungu 15

Burundi xxvii, xxviii, 6, 8, 11, 16, 53, 55

bus 11, 12, 14, 54, 58, 138, 139, 145, 156, 209

bush/bushland 11, 79, 97, 98, 186, 259

Bushika 255, 264, 271

business/businessmen xxiii, 9, 12, 13, 16–18, 20, 21, 37, 39, 40, 42, 49, 78, 81, 82, 84, 105, 127, 129, 135, 137, 138, 145, 152, 153, 155, 158, 159, 161, 178, 195, 199, 204, 206, 216–219, 225, 238, 240, 253, 259, 262, 266, 277, 280, 282, 283, 288, 289, 295, 303, 304, 316, 320, 322, 326, 327

Busiu 269

Buteza 104, 249, 265, 270

Butiru 99, 104, 265, 270

Buwabwala 255, 264

Buwalasi 104, 249, 255, 270

Buwangani 265

C

cabbage 7, 17, 33, 36, 71, 74, 75, 77, 87, 121, 141, 142, 151, 155, 183, 185, 199, 200, 201, 203, 207, 211, 212, 214, 225, 255, 285

Cameroon iv, xxvii, xxx, 56, 61, 67

capital 8, 9, 28, 32, 88, 135, 136, 180, 183, 188, 195, 197, 213, 214, 219, 221, 277, 278, 280, 292

capital/capitalism/capitalist 48, 86–88, 155, 157–159, 165, 169, 190, 201, 209–211, 214, 225–227, 229, 279, 282, 286, 303, 324

cardamom 141

cassava 77, 151, 185, 200

Carrière iii, 30, 43

carrot 21, 33, 36, 74, 75, 87, 155, 200, 201, 203, 211, 214, 219, 285

catena 71, 111

catering 40, 151, 158

catholic 13, 85

cattle xxix, xxxi, 13, 30, 35, 121, 125, 155, 182, 183, 240, 250, 253, 258, 260, 263, 264

Cazenave-Piarrot A. xxviii, xxxii, 193

cereals xxix, 74, 139, 204, 295, 300, 301

Carney D. 164, 166

Cattell R.B. 256, 267

Chatfield C. 245, 267

chemicals 41, 152

Cheeseman N. 179, 189

Chagga xxix, xxxi, 10, 13, 15, 47, 49, 51, 54, 56, 60, 64

Chaléard J.-L. 14, 24, 30, 43, 61, 64, 202, 207, 231

Champaud J. xxvii, xxx, xxxii

Charlery de la Masselière B. 3, 23, 24, 31, 37, 38, 43, 56, 64, 171, 181, 197, 198, 200, 201, 202, 231, 232, 336

Chicken 16, 155

chief/chiefdom 48, 49, 96, 172, 172, 175, 186, 261, 287

Chinese 49, 63

Christaller W. 237, 267

Christian 13, 48, 50, 186, 274

Chuka 282

city, cities xxiii, xxiv, xxx, xxxi, 4, 7–10, 12–14, 16–20, 22, 27, 28, 30, 32, 33, 42, 45, 51, 52, 59, 65, 67, 70, 73, 83, 88, 91, 92, 109, 128, 131, 134, 135, 137–139, 140–142, 145, 152, 187, 188, 195–198, 214, 226, 280, 282, 288, 292, 293, 298

Clair T.S. 267

Clark P.J. 244, 267

climate change xxiii, xxiv, xxvii, xxix, 7, 101, 110–112, 125, 316, 317, 330, 332, 333

cocoa 16, 71, 80, 82, 224

coffee xxix, xxxi, 6, 13–17, 22, 36, 44, 49, 51, 56, 58–61, 64, 71, 77, 99, 121, 151, 152, 155, 156, 179–182, 184–187, 190, 193, 198–200, 217, 224, 255, 274, 276–278, 280–288, 290, 291, 295, 333

coffee-banana belt 10, 12, 13, 76, 82

Collier P. 225

Collins A.J. 110, 267

Collins J.P. 108, 245

colonial xxiv, 6, 7, 11, 18, 31, 48, 50, 56, 58, 123, 134, 140, 146, 152, 169–171, 173–178, 180, 189, 198, 204, 243, 244, 246, 259, 276, 278, 281, 284, 286, 287

commercialization 21, 144, 202, 208, 213, 238

commuter 136–140, 144, 145, 150, 152–163, 165, 276, 289

cooperative 13, 14, 22, 28, 41, 42, 51, 58, 147, 152, 167, 178, 179, 181, 182, 185, 226, 227, 287, 295

conflict/conflictive xxi–xxiv, 7, 99, 101, 124–126, 172, 175, 179, 182, 185, 189, 246, 253, 255, 259, 264, 279, 289, 291, 317, 332

Congo/Congolese/DRC iii, iv, xxviii, 4, 11, 16–18, 55, 82, 88, 136, 195, 218

consumer xxviii, 60, 85, 93, 99, 134, 208, 212, 213, 215, 219, 224, 238, 240, 246, 249, 258, 259, 265, 282, 290, 297, 304

countryside xxx, 8–10, 14, 17–20, 23, 47, 48, 53, 54, 56–63, 153, 154, 156, 180, 194, 206, 208, 273, 274, 278

corruption 182, 226, 312

Côte M. 11, 24

Côte d’Ivoire 24, 43, 231

cotton 49, 151, 224

Courade G. 200, 232

Cowell W. 239, 268

cows 16, 182, 187

CREATING project xxiii, 336

credit 22, 39, 41, 109, 145, 152, 165, 178, 181, 194, 223, 225, 226, 237, 276, 302, 320

crop/cropland/food-crop xxxi, 6, 7, 13, 16–18, 23, 36, 70, 71, 74–78, 82, 95, 97–101, 104, 106–108, 120–124, 126, 143–145, 149, 151, 152, 155, 171, 172, 173, 174, 178–181, 183, 185–187, 191, 193–195, 198–202, 210–214, 216–218, 221, 223, 224, 227, 229–232, 249, 253, 255, 263, 277, 284, 291, 301, 312, 318

cucumber 285

cultivation 13, 16, 21, 79, 82, 99, 100, 121, 122, 125, 143, 172, 176, 182, 199, 220, 284

D

dairy 13, 32, 36, 93, 182, 183, 187, 283, 284, 286, 295

daladala 14, 54, 138, 209

Daley E. 187, 189

Dar es Salaam xxi, xxii, xxx, xxxii, 11, 12, 14–18, 24, 43, 50, 55, 60, 64, 81, 82, 87–89, 131, 133, 138, 142, 143, 146, 147, 189, 195, 196, 206, 208, 210, 211, 213, 214, 216–221, 223, 232, 233, 337

Dascon J. 64

Dave R. T. 291

De Haan L. 166

Decentralization/decentralized 17, 19–22, 24, 42, 102, 171, 313, 328

Deckers J. 110

deforestation 111, 123, 127, 129, 178, 312, 330

demography, demographic xxiv, xxviii, 3, 4, 6–8, 17, 18, 37, 45, 47, 51–53, 60, 73, 117, 124, 125, 147, 198, 241, 264, 273, 295

densification 6, 8–10, 15, 17, 44, 47, 53, 56, 208, 229, 230

density/ies xix, xxviii–xxxi, 1, 6, 8, 10, 11, 13–15, 17, 19, 28, 43, 47, 52–54, 58, 62, 70, 73, 76, 79, 92, 102, 108, 109, 115, 120, 124, 150, 152, 171, 197, 238, 257, 264, 304

development xix–xxii, xxiv, xxv, xxvii, xxviii, xxx–xxxii, 3, 4, 6, 10, 11, 14, 16, 17, 19–24, 27, 28, 30, 32, 36, 37, 38, 39, 41–45, 47, 48, 52, 56, 60, 61, 63, 69, 70, 82, 88, 91, 92, 95, 101, 104, 106–113, 117, 125–128, 134, 146, 147, 149, 154, 164–166, 170, 171, 177, 179, 187, 189, 191, 197, 217, 229–232, 246, 253, 257, 258, 262, 265–269, 273, 274, 276, 277, 281, 287, 289, 291–294, 303, 305, 306, 308, 309, 311, 313–316, 319–326, 329, 331, 332, 335–338

developing countries xxviii, 8, 93, 109, 113, 138, 235, 247, 285, 293, 303

Devenne F. xxii, xxxii, 24, 43, 64, 88

Devèze J.-C. 200, 232

Diao X. 93, 110

Dijsktra T. 232, 233

Diyamett D. 43

Diyamett M. 43

Dodoma 17, 87, 210, 214, 225, 226

Dolan C. 149, 150, 166

Dongmo J.-L. xxvii, xxxii, 56, 64

Douglass M. 293, 305

DREAM project xxii, xxiii

Droz Y. 56, 64, 188, 189

Dubresson A. 14, 24, 43, 61, 64

Dundas C. 51, 59

Duvat V. 232

E

EAC/East African Community xxiii, xxiv, xxvii, 12, 16

ecosystem xxxi, 4, 93, 107–114, 124, 126, 129, 193–195, 312, 317, 318, 332

Edaku C. 19, 149, 336

Edouard J.-C. 19, 27, 44, 305, 336

education(al) xxiii, 6, 13, 19, 23, 24, 40, 136, 144, 145, 151, 152, 155, 157, 158, 163–165, 186, 189, 268, 274, 296, 303, 310, 316, 318, 322, 324

Eighmy T. 367

Elgon (Mount) xxiv, xxviii–xxxi, 1, 5, 9, 10, 19, 20, 22, 24, 28, 31, 33, 36, 41, 44, 67, 91, 93–95, 98, 101–104, 106–114, 123, 124, 126–129, 134, 141, 149, 150, 152, 164, 167, 191, 193, 195–201, 204–208, 214, 217, 219, 227, 229–233, 235, 241–265, 274, 333, 338

Elkins C. 175–177, 189

Embu 9, 278, 279–282, 286, 290, 314, 322–324, 329

Englert B. 187, 189

erosion 99, 106–108, 110, 123, 201, 293, 318

Ethiopia/Ethiopian, xxviii, xxx, 82, 110, 129, 290, 300

European xix, xxiii, 48, 56, 58, 111, 146, 173–175, 178, 179, 259, 319

Evans F.C. 244, 267

Evans H.E. 275, 291, 293, 305

F

Fagan W.F. 110

Fagerlund V.G. 235, 267

famine 279

Fargues P. 44

farmer xxiv, xxix–xxxii, 6, 12, 14, 19, 21–23, 36–38, 41, 42, 44, 51, 71, 72, 74, 83–87, 96, 99, 101, 106, 109, 110, 120–123, 131, 133, 134, 143–145, 151, 161, 169, 173, 174, 176–178, 180–185, 188, 199, 201, 203, 205–217, 220, 225, 232, 249, 256, 257, 260, 264, 266, 277, 283–287, 291, 292, 302, 333, 336

farmland 95, 100, 101, 106, 108, 109, 118–120, 122, 176

fertilizer 21, 41, 93, 123, 151

Ficenec S. 267

Fiedler K. 49

Fiona M. 276, 291

fish(ing) 33, 93, 142, 204, 317, 325, 327

Fisher T. 59, 64

Foecken D. 16, 24, 82, 88, 195, 198, 232

foodstuff 21, 78, 194, 196, 202–204, 206, 208–210, 215, 220, 222–224, 259, 286

forest/forestry xxii, xxix, 4, 6, 7, 74, 75, 93, 95–100, 102, 105, 107, 111, 113–115, 117–120, 123–129, 171, 178, 184, 185, 311–315, 317, 318, 323, 326, 328, 329

Foster K. 239, 268

Fotheringham A.S. 146

François A. 24, 232

Friedhoff A. 267

fruit xxviii, 14, 16, 28, 32, 77, 80, 93, 125, 142, 143, 151, 183, 184, 200, 257, 263, 286, 290, 295, 300, 301

fuso 209

G

Gachoka 281

Gakindu 286

Galijembe 75

Gallais J. 53, 66

garlic 17

Gascon A. xxx, xxxii

Gazel H. 24

gender xxx, 149, 166, 175, 187, 190, 278, 302

German 11, 24, 25, 48–50, 134, 199

Giraut F. 30, 44, 61

Gishu 241, 255

glaciers xxii, 7, 308, 309, 317

Glenn D. 166

goats 16, 155

Goeb J. 292

Gosnell H. 112

Good C.M. 236, 243, 260, 267

goods xxx, 3, 11, 12, 14, 16, 18, 22, 30, 32, 33, 39, 42, 43, 49, 56, 70, 85, 91, 93, 96, 107–109, 123, 136, 140, 142, 145, 152, 161, 164, 165, 174, 191, 194, 201, 207, 209, 211, 214, 218, 219, 225, 226, 236–238, 240, 246, 247, 249, 255, 258–265, 276, 278, 279, 282–284, 286, 290, 295–298, 300, 301, 303, 304, 308, 313, 314, 316

gradient 14, 15, 61, 69, 73, 281

grassland 74, 113, 118, 119

Greek 49, 59, 60

Green E. 19, 24

Greenwood G. xix, xx

Green K 127

Grignon F. 189

Grimm N.B. 110

groundnut 101, 151, 218

gulio 83–87, 203

Gunning J.W. 189

Gusii xxxi

Gutmann B. 48, 49

H

Hai 12, 53, 58

Hair J.F. 245, 256, 267

handicraft 106

Harre D. 8, 9, 24

Hatcheu-Tchawe E. 232

Hayness K.E. 133, 146

Hedaru 12

health xxix, 19, 32, 40, 93, 98, 100, 107, 108, 111, 151, 161, 165, 261, 274, 296

Heide M. Van der 111

Heijman W. 111

Hichaambwa M. 292

highland (s) xix, xx, xxiii, xxvii–xxx, 4–9, 11, 13, 15, 16, 28, 31, 36, 38, 56, 67, 69, 70, 77, 88, 107, 121, 126, 134, 135, 138, 140, 141, 143, 145–147, 151, 169–171, 174–176, 179, 180, 188, 189, 191, 193, 194, 196, 199, 201, 213, 233, 273, 276, 289, 307, 308

highway xxix, 12, 14, 16, 54, 55, 57, 70, 82, 102, 195, 208, 274, 295

Hill E. 241, 267

Hill P. 243, 252, 267

Himo 11, 12, 57

hinterland 6, 28, 30, 32, 36, 71, 78, 94, 206, 243, 250, 261, 266, 277, 280–285, 295, 304

Hodder B.W. 235, 243, 247, 248, 267, 268

Holling C.S. 238, 268

Hope D. 110

Horn J.L. 256, 268

horst 4 , 5, 8

horticulture/horticultural 7, 60, 74, 99, 106, 121, 123, 126, 151, 199–201, 232, 277, 281, 283–285, 287, 291, 292, 295

Hurni H. xxxii

I

Ibililo 83, 84, 87, 206, 207, 210, 211, 216, 217, 220, 221

IFRA 50, 112, 171, 189, 332, 333, 336, 338

Igoma 83, 84, 140

Igombe 83

Ijombe 75

Ikuti 83

Ilembo 83

Indian 48, 49, 50, 51, 59, 281

Indian Ocean 4, 9, 11, 50, 56

Indo-Pakistani 51, 60

innovation 23, 28, 32, 38, 43, 122, 238, 260, 261, 277–279, 283, 286, 291, 303, 304

input(s) 21, 35, 41, 93, 145, 152, 181, 185, 199, 200, 225, 258, 331, 332

intensification 17, 18, 39, 47, 56, 92, 93, 109, 144, 174, 201

Internet 10, 117, 131

investment(s) 10, 23, 37, 87, 108, 155, 156, 173, 185, 198, 283, 284, 320, 324, 327, 333

Inyala 83, 204

Iringa 16, 87, 199, 210, 211, 214, 220

Irrigation/irrigated 7, 13, 80, 143, 146, 183, 185, 285, 286

Isangati 83

Isongole 75

Isuto 83

Isyonje 75, 140

Iwalanje 75, 87, 201, 203

Iwiji 83

Iziwi 143

Izumbwe 83

J

jackfruit 151

Jeremia A. 143, 144, 146

Jinja 33

job/jobless 4, 23, 37, 131, 154, 156, 157, 217, 218

Johnson S. 276, 291

Johnston R.J. 267

K

Kabuta 286

Kagera 18, 220

Kagio 279

Kagwanja P.M. 189

Kahawa House 59

Kaiser H.F. 268

kales 285

Kamba xxix, 278, 279, 290

Kampala xxiii, xxxii, 11, 21, 24, 33, 35, 67, 110, 112, 127, 128, 131, 166, 167, 195, 196, 201, 214, 219, 247, 266–269, 336–338

Kamsamba 143

Kamus 155, 206, 207, 217, 247, 249, 250, 255, 262, 265, 271

Kandete 140

Kanogo T. 174, 176–178, 189

Kansiime M.K. 110

Kapchorwa 19–22, 28, 33, 35, 41, 42, 95, 99, 100, 104, 106, 108, 114–117, 120–122, 124, 126, 127, 196, 197, 203, 207, 208, 214, 241–243, 249, 250, 255

Kapunga 143

Karamoja/Karamajong 121, 152

Karanja 49

Karatina xxxi, 28, 33, 37, 39, 42, 273, 275–291, 294, 295, 297–305

Karisimbi 5

Kariuki J. 179, 190, 307, 312, 314, 315, 324, 330, 337

Kenya/Kenyan xxiii, xxvii, xxviii, xxx, xxxi, 1, 8, 9, 14, 16, 17, 19, 21, 28, 33, 35, 37, 39, 44, 47, 53, 56, 57, 100, 111, 121, 128, 129, 131, 169–171, 174, 177, 180, 182–184, 189, 190, 195, 221, 226, 232, 241, 247, 262, 264, 268, 273–277, 279, 282, 284, 285, 287, 288, 291, 292, 294, 295, 303, 304, 305, 312, 313, 316, 321, 323, 324, 326, 327, 329, 330, 333, 336–338

Kenya (Mount) xxiv, xxviii–xxxi, xxxv, 3, 5, 7, 9, 28, 134, 141, 171, 179, 189, 274, 276, 277, 27–281, 285, 286, 294, 295, 299, 305, 307–314, 316, 317, 319–329

Kenyatta 177, 178, 287, 288, 336, 337

khat 7

Kiangwaci 286

Kibadu J.A. 43

Kibaki M. 288

Kibirigwi 285

Kiboriloni 54, 60

Kibosho 14, 48

Kiganjo 283

kihamba 15, 60

Kijima Y. 183, 190

Kikuyu xxix, xxxi, 56, 64, 171–179, 181, 184, 189, 273, 279, 289

Kilema 10, 53

Kihonge E. 293, 305, 336

Kilimanjaro xxi, xxii, xxviii–xxxii, 3

Kinyika 83

Kinzig A. 110

Kipengere 143

Kirimukuyu 284

Kiru 286

L

Kitale 9, 290

Kitutu G.M. 98, 106, 110, 114, 127

Kiwira 69, 71, 77, 78, 80, 83–85, 87, 89, 140, 205–207, 210, 217, 225, 226

KMO 245, 256

Knapen A. 106, 110

KNCU (Kilimanjaro Native Cooperative Union) 13, 51, 58, 59

Kolila 48, 49

Kongsted G. 282, 291

Kuria M. T. 172, 173, 182, 190

Kwasadala/Kwa Sa Dala 12, 56

Kween 95, 99, 100, 114–116, 118, 241, 242, 244

Kyela 16, 70, 79, 80, 81, 133, 140, 141, 143

L

Laikipia 286, 290, 314, 325, 327, 330

landscape xxx, xxxi, 5, 15, 54, 61, 63, 67, 69–71, 73–77, 80–82, 88, 91, 93–96, 100, 101, 106, 108–112, 129, 179, 194, 200–202, 235, 236, 260, 315, 326, 331

Langlands B. W. 243, 266, 268

Lautze S. 154, 166

Lesotho xxx

Lerise F. 43

liberalization 7, 19, 21, 22, 36, 39, 41, 182, 183, 190, 191, 223, 229, 232, 285

Lindeboom W. 52, 53, 54, 65, 197, 232

livelihood xx, xxii, xxiii, xxx, xxxi, 91, 96, 101, 111, 113, 119, 121, 125, 131, 134, 144, 145, 146, 149, 150, 152–166, 171, 173, 232, 233, 260, 265, 309, 311, 316, 318, 319, 331, 337

Livingstone Mountains 82, 135, 143

Loeshev W. 292

Lonsdale J. 171, 189

lorry/lorries 87, 138, 201, 206, 209–211, 214, 217, 218, 221, 224, 226, 227, 262

lowland xxiii, xxix, 3, 11–13, 31, 38, 50, 69, 70, 81, 88, 121, 124, 145, 191, 194, 195

LUCC (Land Use and Cover Change) xxxi, 67, 113, 114, 116, 125

LUCID (Land Use Change Impacts and Dynamics) 65, 67

LULC (Land Use and Land Cover) 96, 105

Lufirio/Lufilio 69, 83

Lugombo 83

Lusaka 208, 213

Lutheran 13, 49

Lwakhakha 247, 265, 270

Lwangwa 83

Lynch G. 178, 190

M

Mabala R. 43

macadamia 183, 283

Madungha J.K. 243, 261, 264, 268

Magale 104, 265, 270

Mainet Guy iii, iv

Mainet Hélène 19, 27, 37, 41, 44, 302, 305, 337

Maanga G.S. 51

Maasai 13, 49, 171, 176, 178, 279, 281, 326

Machakos Hills xxix

Machame 10, 14, 53

Makogorosi 133

malaria 107, 161, 162

Malawi 15–18, 28, 33, 69, 70, 75, 78, 82, 88, 136, 143, 195, 209, 217, 218

Malila 15

malnutrition 161, 162

Maluku 163

Manafa 95, 99, 150, 155–157, 241, 243, 270

Manafwa 19, 20, 31, 41, 42, 104, 107, 110, 128, 196, 197, 242, 243, 248, 257–259, 261, 262, 264, 265, 270

mango 80, 101, 141

Marangu 48

market xxvii, xxxi, 3, 7, 9, 12–18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 30, 31, 32, 33, 35–38, 42, 43, 45, 50, 51, 56–58, 60, 62, 69–71, 76, 78, 82–89, 95, 99, 121, 122, 124, 131, 133–137, 139–142, 144–146, 154–156, 161, 165, 178, 182, 183, 185–188, 190, 191, 194, 195, 198–227, 229–232, 235–241, 243–269, 273, 276–286, 289–292, 294–302, 304, 306, 314, 320, 331, 333

marketing 4, 6, 11, 43, 59, 85, 87, 88, 92, 122, 134, 135, 143, 144–146, 152, 181–183, 191, 193, 194, 199, 206, 210–214, 219, 223, 225, 227, 229–233, 235, 236, 239, 241, 242, 245, 253, 260, 263–265, 268, 269, 319, 320

Marzluff J 109

(Ba)Masaba 115, 253, 259

matatu 14, 38

matooke 151

Mau Mau 176, 189, 279, 327

Mbaka 69, 77, 80

Mbale xxx, 9, 10, 19–22, 28, 33, 34, 35, 41, 42, 67, 95, 96, 98, 99, 100, 104, 105, 107, 108, 112, 127, 131, 134, 150–152, 155, 156, 158, 159, 163, 166, 195–198, 201, 204, 214, 217, 241, 242, 243, 247–250, 255, 261, 262, 264, 265, 269

Mbalizi 18, 83–85, 138, 139, 142, 197, 204, 206, 207, 209, 217

Mbambo 83

Mbataru (Nyambari) P. 44, 184, 187, 190, 275, 291, 337

Mbeere 279, 282, 286, 290

Mbeya v, xxx, 9, 10, 15, 16, 18, 28, 32, 33, 35, 41, 42, 43, 69, 70, 73, 78, 82, 83, 84, 85, 87–89, 131, 133–143, 145, 146, 147, 195–200, 204, 206, 209–211, 214, 215, 217, 220, 224, 226, 233

Mbeye 75

Mbonile M. J. xxii, xxxii, 24, 43, 64, 65, 88, 125, 128, 133, 143, 144, 146, 337

Mbutolwe E. 43

MDGs (Millennium Development Goals) 134

Mellor J. W. 93, 111

Mengwe 10, 53

Merinyo J. 49, 51

Meru (Kenya) 11, 278, 279, 281, 290, 301, 310, 314, 318, 322, 323, 324, 325, 329, 330

Meru (Mount) xxviii, xxx, xxxii, xxxvi, 4, 9, 10, 11, 18, 274

Mett P. 282, 291

micro-finance 226

migration(s) xxiii, xxiv, 7, 19, 23, 27, 37, 39, 64, 92, 108, 112, 120, 133, 146, 173, 175, 188, 189, 197, 264, 335, 337

milk xxviii, 145, 182, 183, 186, 190, 257, 264, 280, 283, 286

millet 121, 141, 142, 151, 218, 279, 290

Mintz S.W. 235, 268

Misana S. 65, 128

Mlozi M. 24, 88, 232

mobile (phone) 10, 131, 136, 217, 218, 224, 226

mobility xxi, xxiii–xxv, xxvii, xxx, xxxi, 3, 6, 11, 14, 16, 21, 22, 27, 30, 31, 37, 43, 54, 56, 61, 62, 71, 131, 134, 138, 145, 171, 173, 184, 236, 238, 267, 273, 294

modernity/modernization/

modernize xxi, xxii, xxx, xxxii, 17, 19, 21, 24, 30–32, 43, 49, 64, 88, 104, 143, 174, 177, 246

Moi 178, 189, 288

Mombasa xxx, 55, 60, 173, 278, 282, 283, 285, 290, 333

monoculture 93, 151

Montend K. 282, 291

Moriconi-Ebrard F. 24, 44

Morin S.24

Morogoro 9, 17, 217, 218, 220, 232

Moshi xxx, xxxi, 2, 9–14, 17, 24, 47–65, 67, 218, 220

M-pesa 226

Mpayo A. 143, 146

Mporoto see Uporoto

Mpuguso 83, 84

Mugagga F. 106, 111

Mugarura S. 268

Mukurweini 183, 279

Mukwaya P. 20, 24, 204, 235, 265, 268, 337

Munson R. B. 49, 65

Muranga 9, 283, 286, 301

Mushi N. 43

Muslim 50

Muthinga 286

Muwanga A. 110

Muyinza H. 266

Muzzini E. 52–54, 65, 197, 232

Mzunguko 138, 145

Mwakaleli 83, 219

Mwakalobo A. 199, 232

Mwanukuzi P.H. 146

Mwanza 14, 17, 218

Mwea 279, 282, 285, 301, 304

Mwika Kazkazini 10, 53

N

NAADS (National Agriculture Advisory Services Program) 21

Nabawanuka J. 266

Nabusaayi 163

Nadou F. 36, 44

Nairobi xi, xxxi, 9, 11, 14, 28, 33, 50, 55, 65, 111, 128, 129, 131, 175, 178, 188, 189, 195, 211, 218, 273, 274, 276–278, 280–283, 285, 290, 292, 294, 295, 300, 301, 303, 305, 329, 330, 332, 333, 336–338

Nakileza B. xxvii, 36, 43, 44, 91, 100, 126, 231, 338

Nakuru 9, 285, 290

Namakwekwe 163, 269

Namatala 163, 269

Namatogota 163

Nanyuki 281, 283, 284, 289, 318, 327

Narumoro 283

Ndaga 18, 75, 87, 140, 201

Ndali 15

Ndia 279

Ndorobos 115

Neven D. 285, 292

Newell C. 137, 147

Ngagama 152

NGO/ Non-governmental Organisations 20, 22, 101, 186, 265, 326

Ngorongoro xxviii, xxxi, 274

Njombe 139, 143

Nkoma 163, 269

Ntaba 83

Ntokela 18, 75, 84, 87, 201, 202, 203, 219, 220, 226, 228

nutrition 161, 165

Nyakaana J. xxxii

Nyakyusa 15, 16, 196

Nyamwanga 15

Nyasa (Lake) 67, 69, 70, 73, 77, 80, 81, 88, 142, 195, 196

Nyerere 51

Nyeri xxx, 9, 28, 33, 42, 44, 131, 134, 171, 181, 183–185, 190, 274, 276, 277, 279–282, 286–288, 290–292, 294, 295, 301, 303, 314, 320, 324, 325, 327, 329

Nyiha 15

O

Obudho R.A. 246, 268, 278, 280, 292

Odera M. 292

Old Moshi 11, 49, 51, 53

Olenguruone 176

onion 7, 33, 36, 121, 141, 151, 200, 211, 290

orange 141, 301

organization(s) 11, 16, 20, 22, 23, 32, 36, 37, 42, 111, 124, 127, 171, 175, 179, 180, 184, 187, 188, 204–206, 210, 229, 243, 303, 316, 331, 335, 336

Osman-Elasha B. 101, 111

Osmaston H. xxviii, xxxii

Othaya 185, 186, 279

Otieno D. 279, 292

Owuor 30, 39, 44

Owuso G. 276, 292

P

Pain A. 154, 166

palm 71, 80, 82

pawpaw 151

passion fruit/passionfruit 142, 151, 285, 301

Patz J.A. 107, 111

peas 7, 74, 121, 142, 151, 200

Pedersen P.O. 23, 45, 276–278, 280, 281, 292

Pélissier P. iii, iv, 44

Pendall R. 239, 268

periurban(ization) xxx, 15

pesticides 21

Peterson D. 175, 190

petrol stations 12, 54

Petursson J. G. 102, 111

pig(s) 16

Pinchemel P./G. 70, 88

pineapple 301

pine tree 74

Piot B. 49, 65

plain xxi, 4, 5, 13, 50, 57, 70, 75, 76, 79–82, 88, 121, 143, 295

planeze 13, 53, 54

planter 181, 182, 295

Ploeg J. D. Van der 169, 190

Poesen J. 110

Pollutant 108, 315

pombe 207

Pomel S. 70, 88

Ponte S. 199, 232

pori 11

Porter G. 237, 268

potatoes 7, 16, 17, 33, 36, 71, 74–77, 79, 84, 87, 121, 141, 143, 151, 183, 186, 194, 199–201, 203, 207, 211–213, 218–222, 225, 228, 257, 263, 281, 290, 300

Poroto see Uporoto,

Pourtier R. 39, 45

Primdahl J. 93, 106, 111

producer 6, 7, 21, 22, 32, 36, 38, 93, 133, 145, 179, 180–182, 194, 199, 200, 208, 212–215, 219, 223–226, 230, 247, 259, 262–265, 276, 277, 282, 284

Prunier G. 189

pyrethrum 6, 16, 74, 77, 179, 199, 200, 224

Q

Qaim M. 285, 292

R

Racaud S. 3, 69, 73–77, 79–81, 83, 84, 86, 88, 89, 193, 200, 202, 205, 209, 213, 215, 222, 228, 232, 331, 338

Ragati 284, 285

rail, railway 11, 16, 33, 50, 58–60, 82, 133, 136, 173, 195, 280–283, 287, 288, 295

rainfall xxix, 71, 74, 77, 79–82, 92, 101, 110, 114, 121, 150, 171, 195, 196, 317

Ramamonjinson J. xxxii

Rao E. 285, 292

Reichler C. 110

Reardon T. 292

reforestation 108, 109, 312

reserve xxix, 6, 13, 75, 95, 98, 99, 102, 123–125, 173–177, 179, 309, 317, 326, 330

resilience 109, 111, 169, 170, 180, 235, 238–242, 245, 253–256, 258, 266–268

retailer 33, 35, 134, 140, 212, 213, 219, 225, 265, 302

rice 71, 81, 140–143, 151, 218, 219, 241, 290, 300, 301

Rift (Valley) 4–6, 69, 70, 178, 180, 184, 186, 190, 195

Rindi 48, 49

Rist G. 231, 232

Robic M.-C. 69, 89

Rombo 12, 53

Rondinelli 30, 39, 45

route 11, 13, 58, 69, 71, 133, 134, 138, 139, 145, 244, 255, 263, 264, 308, 315, 316, 318, 320, 322, 324, 325, 338

Roy C. 45

Rugumamu 77, 80

Rugumamu W. 89

Rukwa 16, 142

Rumakali 77

Rungwe 16, 28, 69, 75, 77, 78, 83, 85, 135, 138–140, 142, 143, 193, 195–201, 204–207, 209, 210, 216, 220, 221, 224–226, 232

rurban xxx, 70, 82, 191

Rurban (project) 56, 336

Ruvuma 16

Ruwenzori xxviii, 4, 5, 7

Rwanda xxvii, xxviii, xxx, xxxii, 6, 8, 11, 12, 16, 53, 55, 300, 333

Rwechengura W.T.M 136, 138, 147

S

Sabiny 115, 120, 121, 124, 241

Saving and credit cooperative society (SACCOS), 41, 145, 181, 226

Safwa 15, 196

Sagana 281, 294, 295, 297–299, 301–305, 318

Salomon J.-N. 24

Salukvadze E. 108, 111

Sangu 15

Santilya 83, 84, 204

Sanya Juu 12, 57

Satterthwaite D. 45

Sautter G. 45

Schlesinger J. 61, 62, 65, 67

school iv, 14, 24, 32, 49, 58, 78, 98, 99, 106, 136, 144, 152, 154, 163, 164, 186–188, 253, 274, 310, 318–320, 338

Schouten M. 93, 106, 111

season/seasonal/seasonality 13, 16, 72, 80, 84, 99, 101, 102, 114, 123, 138, 143, 151, 154, 155, 157, 163, 181, 182, 184, 185, 201, 203, 206, 208, 210, 213, 215, 217, 220, 221, 224, 225, 230, 260, 265, 284, 290, 315, 316, 318, 319

Sebei 152, 196

self-reliance 48

self-sufficiency 23

seeds 21, 35, 41, 151, 327

seller 131, 145, 203, 223, 232, 235, 236, 238, 240, 243, 246, 248, 249, 257

Semama A.R. 24

settler 13, 50, 58, 173–179, 279, 281

shamba 14, 131, 312

sheep 16, 185

Shulenberger E. 109

Sichela 15

Simambwe 75, 83, 84, 87, 201, 203, 226

Simon D. 30, 45

simsim 151

Sipi 104, 106, 214, 250, 260

Sironko 19, 41, 95, 98, 104, 121, 150, 155, 164, 196, 197, 203, 204, 241–243, 248–250, 264, 270

sisal 279, 282

Skinner G.W. 247, 253, 256, 259, 268, 269

Smith M. 275, 292

Smith R.H.T. 235, 243, 267, 269

Sofer M. 24, 88, 232

soil xxix, 6, 13, 16, 70, 74, 80, 89, 92, 101, 106–108, 114, 121–123, 127, 128, 143, 150, 177, 195, 196, 279

Soja E.W. 92, 111

Sokoni C.H. 19, 65, 128, 143, 146, 147, 199, 201, 233

Songwe 83, 143

Soniia D. 264, 269

sorghum 121, 279, 290

Spear T. xxix, xxxii

specialized/specialization 6, 17, 18, 21, 35, 36, 75, 76, 134, 201, 202, 206–208, 210, 212, 217, 229, 238, 246, 249, 250, 260, 294, 308

squatter 174–176, 179, 189

Steiner S. 24

Stichter S. 175, 190

Stine J.H. 237, 238, 269

Stremlow M. 110

structural adjustment 7, 198, 279, 280

subsistence 21, 121, 152, 175, 253, 259, 265, 276

Sudan 21, 247, 262

sugar 49, 264

sugar cane 142, 207, 250, 257, 263

sukumawiki 285

sunflower 16

supplier 21, 142, 218, 220, 224, 237, 238, 240, 298

Swamy G. 180, 190

Swaffield S. 93, 106, 111

(ki/wa) swahili iii, iv, xxvii, 49, 203

Swaya 18

Swiss 109

Symanski R. 236, 238, 267, 269

T

Tacoli C. 22, 25, 32, 45, 91, 92, 99, 111, 112, 208, 233, 305

Tana River 281

Tandare 83, 84, 220, 228

Tanga xxiii, xxx, 11, 50

Tanganyika (Lake) xxiii

Tanzania(n) xxi, xxiii, xxvii–xxxi, 1, 2, 8–11, 14–19, 24, 28, 35, 39, 41, 43, 47, 49, 50–54, 58, 59, 64, 65, 67, 69, 70, 75, 81, 82, 88, 89, 125, 128, 131, 133, 134, 146, 147, 191, 194, 195, 198, 199, 205, 209, 210, 213, 221, 226, 227, 232, 233, 274, 278, 279, 290, 300, 301, 333, 335, 337

Tatham R.L. 267

Taveta 9

tax(ation) 83, 84, 149, 151, 159, 173, 175, 180, 201, 203–205, 243, 246, 249, 250, 258

TAZARA/Tanzam 16, 28, 82, 133, 195, 208, 217, 218

tea xxxi, 6, 16, 71, 76, 78, 79, 82, 179–181, 186, 198–200, 274, 284–287, 295, 324

television 10, 144

terroirs 10, 58, 64

Teso 152

Tetu 184, 186, 279, 286

Theobald D.M. 107, 112

Thibaud B. 232

Thika 282, 283, 301, 303

Tilburg A. 232, 233

Tingey 118

tobacco 49, 185

Todaro M.P. 136, 147

tomatoes 7, 36, 56, 74, 84, 85, 121, 183, 200, 201, 215, 216, 255, 277, 283, 285, 290, 301

topography xxix, 70, 73, 74, 78, 79

Tororo 41, 152

tourism/tourist xxiii, xxvii, xxx, xxxi, 7, 12, 13, 56, 60, 63, 106, 127, 136, 273, 274, 284, 307–330, 338

town xxi, xxiii, xxiv, xxvii, xxix–xxxi, 1, 2, 7–9, 11, 12–15, 17, 19–23, 27–33, 35–39, 41–45, 47–63, 78, 81–83, 87, 88, 91, 93, 95, 96, 99, 100, 104, 105, 107–109, 131, 135, 138, 147, 152–159, 163, 193–197, 202–204, 206, 211, 213, 217, 229, 235, 247, 248, 253, 255, 256, 258, 265, 273–278, 280–284, 286–305, 314, 318, 320, 322, 325, 336, 337, 338

trade(r) xxx, 13, 14, 23, 30, 33, 36–40, 48–51, 59, 60, 76, 81, 83–87, 96, 134–136, 138, 140, 143, 144, 147, 151, 155, 156, 182, 184, 187, 191, 202, 203, 205–211, 213–221, 223–225, 228–230, 232, 236–238, 240, 244, 248, 249, 253, 255–268, 274, 276–283, 286, 287, 289–291, 295, 296, 298–302, 304, 338

traditional(ly) xxi, xxviii, 7, 16, 18, 29, 36, 39, 43, 73, 92, 104, 108, 109, 121, 122, 143, 145, 146, 151, 154, 176–178, 184, 193, 198–202, 236, 246, 247, 263, 267, 276, 278, 281, 282, 285, 286, 291, 301, 318, 322, 323

traffic 11, 12, 50, 56, 203

transect xxxi, 15, 16, 62, 63, 67, 69–74, 76, 78–82, 88, 89, 116, 117, 134

transit 12, 42, 70, 266, 290

transport(er)(ation) xxix, 11, 14, 17, 18, 31, 36–40, 42, 83, 86, 87, 92, 131, 138, 139, 142, 144, 145, 151, 158, 159, 183, 194, 208–215, 217–219, 230, 238, 247, 253, 255, 259, 261–263, 273, 277, 282–284, 333

trekking 6, 274, 308, 324

Tschirley D. 285, 295

Tsekululu 255

tubers xxix, 77, 80

Tukahirwa J. xxxii

Tukuyu 16, 28, 35, 42, 70, 71, 77, 78, 83, 84, 87, 88, 138, 140, 197, 198, 206, 220

Tulet J.-C. 189

Tunduma 88, 133

Tylor D. 276, 291

U

ugali 200

Uganda/Ugandan v, xxiii, xxiv, xxvii–xxxii, 1, 8, 9, 10, 16, 17, 19, 21, 22, 24, 28, 34, 39, 41, 44, 53, 55, 67, 91, 95, 102, 110–115, 117, 120, 123, 124, 126–129, 131, 134, 143, 149, 150, 152, 154, 158, 159, 163, 166, 167, 191, 194–198, 200, 205, 210, 214, 218, 219, 221, 225, 232, 233, 235, 241–244, 247, 253, 262–264, 266–269, 274, 279, 286, 290, 300, 301, 336, 337, 338

Uginet E. 43, 64, 200, 231, 233

Ukwu U.I. 248, 268

Ulman E.L. 136, 147

Uluguru Mountains 18

Umalila 143, 202, 206

Uporoto Mountains xxiv, xxix, xxxvi, 9, 10, 15, 17, 18, 67, 69, 70, 81, 82, 142, 143, 191, 193, 195–197, 199, 201, 206, 207, 210, 217, 221, 227, 229, 230, 333

Upuguso 71, 78, 79

urbanization xx, xxiv, xxviii, xxx, xxxi, 1, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 11, 17, 24, 25, 30, 44, 45, 53, 78, 92, 93, 97, 103, 112, 198, 208, 246, 265, 268, 285, 286, 291, 293, 294, 331

Uru Kusini 53

Usa River 12

Usambara 50

Ushirika 71

Uyole 17, 18, 71, 73, 83–85, 139, 142, 143, 204, 207, 213, 215–219

V

vanilla 184

vegetable(s) xxviii, xxxi, 14, 16, 28, 32, 33, 56, 93, 139, 142, 143, 151, 152, 183, 185, 186, 193, 200, 204, 208, 214, 241, 249, 262, 263, 285, 295, 301

vendor 28, 140, 156, 227

veterinary 21, 99

Vifodi 138

villagisation 8

Virunga xxviii, 5

volcano/volcanism, volcanic xxix, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 13, 16, 78, 114, 121, 150, 193, 195, 241

W

Wa-Arusha 10

Wagagai 195

Wallewik H. 24

Wambugu S. 110, 278, 286, 292

Wanale 42, 128, 152, 201

Wanda 15

Wang H. 128, 292

Wanguha 286

Wanji 15

water xxii, xxix, 7, 8, 19, 36, 45, 50, 53, 69, 77, 81, 92, 93, 99, 107, 108, 110, 112, 123, 143, 157, 158, 161–163, 165, 171, 200, 281, 315, 317, 325, 335

Waugh D. 269

Webber M.J. 238, 269

wheat 16, 71, 74, 82, 99, 100, 121, 122, 126, 139

White E.M. 106, 112

White highlands 6, 174–176, 189, 289

White Nile basin 4

Wial H. 267

Wolman H. 267

woman/women 64, 106, 150, 175, 176, 182, 184, 186–190, 203, 219, 256, 257, 261, 262, 268, 278–280, 282, 287, 291, 302

wood 106, 151, 184, 204, 282

wooded 13, 74, 77, 79

Wu J. 110

WWF 52

Y

Yamano T. 190

youth 106, 131, 172, 184, 198, 273, 293

Z

Zambia/Zambian xxiii, 15, 16–18, 28, 69, 70, 82, 88, 133, 136, 143, 195, 210, 217, 218

Zanzibar xxx, 48, 87, 143, 213

Zesui 255

Zimbabwe 16, 82, 143, 195

zonation 69

Zumbrunnen C. 109

© Africae, 2016

Conditions d’utilisation : http://www.openedition.org/6540

Acheter

Volume papier

amazon.fr
Rechercher dans OpenEdition Search

Vous allez être redirigé vers OpenEdition Search