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Rural-Urban Dynamics in the East African Mountains

 | 
Sylvain Racaud
, 
Bob R. Nakileza
, 
François Bart
, 
et al.

Table of figures

Texte intégral

1Figure 1. East African mountains................ . xxxiii

2Figure 2. Mount Elgon........................ xxxiv

3Figure 3. Mount Kenya...................... . xxxv

4Figure 4. Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru.......... xxxvi

5Figure 5. Uporoto Mountains................... . xxxvi

6Figure 6. Location of studied area...................29

7Figure 7. Small and medium sized towns: an interface role in the rural-urban linkages in East-African Mountains.... . 31

8Figure 8. Mbale influence zone in the Mount Elgonarea (Uganda)..................... 34

9Figure 9. Mbeya, a redistribution centre for local, national and international products................... .35

10Figure 10. Small and medium sized towns: new intermediation functions in changing context................ 38

11Figure 11. Moshi, Mount Kilimanjaro, Kilimanjaro Region...... 55

12Figure 12. Rural Moshi: population growth and rural development in the coffee-banana belt.......... . 57

13Figure 13. Kilimanjaro, rural-urban “continuum” around Moshi (Brient2008)......................62

14Figure 14. Location map of the transect................ 72

15Figure 15. Transect Mbeya Lake Nyasa (Racaud 2011)....... . 73

16Figure 16. Densification of the markets network (Racaud 2011)... 86

17 Figure 17. Location of Mbale and Kapchorwa in relation to other districts and towns in Mt Elgon, Uganda.......... 95

18Figure 18. Land use cover type in Mt Elgon in 2012.......... 97

19Figure 19. Land use change on Mt Elgon. Source: Kitutu G.M. and Bamutaze Y........................... 98

20Figure 20. Road network in the Mt Elgon region.......... 103

21Figure 21. Expansion of Mbale town over the years 1973 to 2005 . 105

22Figure 22. Location of Atari catchment in Mt Elgon, Uganda... 115

23Figure 23. Land use and cover for the Atari catchment in 1973, 1984, 2010...................... . 118

24Figure 24. Area change between 1973 and 2010.......... . 119

25Figure 25. Population increase for the Kapchorwa district from 1980- 2010, Atari catchment (Kaptanya Sub County) between 1991 to 2011 (UBOS 2002)................ . 120

26Figure 26. Size of land cultivated by farmers in the Atari catchment...................... . 120

27Figure 27. Trend in the price of maize since 1986.......... 122

28Figure 28. Location of the study area in the Mbeya highlands... 135

29Figure 29. Level of education of commuters by market....... 137

30Figure 30. Occupation of commuters by market.......... . 137

31Figure 31. Means of transport of commuters by market....... 139

32Figure 32. Routes of commuters to Mbeya City markets...... 139

33Figure 33. Distance travelled by commuters to market....... 140

34Figure 34. Bugisu Region; Eastern Uganda (BMK Atlas, 2010)... 150

35Figure 35. Long marketing chains of commercial food crops (e.g. potatoes, banana, etc.) (Racaud).......... . 213

36Figure 36. Banana and potatoes, % of price variations (Racaud) . . 222

37Figure 37. Banana and potatoes, price evolution (Racaud).... . 222

38Figure 38. The Concept of Periodic Market Resilience. (Based on Hill et al. 2011)................ . 241

39Figure 39. Mt. Elgon region in Uganda. Mt. Elgon administrative map from OPM (2015) and Uganda in Africa map.... 242

40Figure 40. Distribution of periodic markets in the Mt. Elgon sub region. (Authors illustration developed from existing topographicmaps)..................... 251

41 Figure 41. Relationship between number of markets and district population..................... 252

42Figure 42. Perceptions of resilience of periodic markets in the Mt. Elgon region (Authors illustration).......... 254

43Figure 43. Major periodic market shocks in the Mt. Elgon region (Authors illustration)................ 254

44Figure 44. A theoretical stream illustrating the flow of products and services in the Mt Elgon region............ 263

45Figure 45. Inward and outward linkages network.......... 297

46Figure 46. Urban–rural trade links in Sagana town......... 299

47Figure 47. Urban-rural trade links in Karatina town....... . 300

48Figure 48. Mt Kenya, mountain and national Park.......... 310

© Africae, 2016

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