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Nature and Realism in Schelling’s Philosophy

Emilio Carlo Corriero
Andrea Dezi

What is an Action?

Ground and Consequent in Schelling’s Philosophy of Nature

Iain Hamilton Grant

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All nature tells us that it is in no wise by virtue of mere geometrical necessity that it exists; there is not simply pure reason in it, but personality and spirit. […] Otherwise, geometric reasoning which has ruled for so long must long since have fully penetrated nature and have achieved its idol of universal and eternal laws of nature more fully than has yet occurred, since every day is has to take increased cognizance of the irrational relationship of nature to itself. Creation is nothing given but an act. There are no consequences of universal laws; instead, God, i.e. God’s person, is the universal law, and everything that happens is by virtue of God’s personality.1

A Schelling scholar would immediately note an anachronism in my title. The concepts ‘ground and consequent’, she would point out, stem not from the Naturphilosophie but from the Philosophical Inquiries into the Essence of Human Freedom and the Objects Connected Therewith. The philosophy of nature is over after the 18...


Established the Philosophy Department at the University of the West of England in 2006. He has written widely on post-kantian European Philosophy and is author of the books Philosophies of Nature after Schelling (Continuum, 2006) and, with Jeremy Dunham and Sean Watson, of Idealism. History of a Philosophy (MQUP, 2011). He is currently completing a book titled On Grounds and Powers and translations of Schelling’s On the World Soul and Other Nature-Philosophical Writings.