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Nature and Realism in Schelling’s Philosophy

Emilio Carlo Corriero
Andrea Dezi

Sum ergo Cogito

Schelling and the Positive Realism

Maurizio Ferraris

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1. Does realism mean claiming that the world merely says ‘no’? I am no longer so certain about that. Contrary to what I wrote in Il mondo esterno,1 and contrary to what Eco posits in a recent essay of his,2 realism is not only negativity, but, instead, it can present itself as a total positivity. Not only every determination is a negation, but the inverse also holds true: every negation orientates towards one or more determinations.

Take the debate with Rorty that Eco refers to. Rorty affirms that “I can clean my ear with a screwdriver” (which, by the way, demonstrates that at least once in his life he did clean his ears with a screwdriver). Eco replies that (1) you cannot clean your ears with a screwdriver because it is too long and hard (he tried, at least once, and got hurt) and that (2) a screwdriver can be used for a murder (Eco remembers the praxis of the ‘screwdriver murder’ on Italian streets in the Sixties).

Eco asserts that you cannot derive obliged senses from being, but (2...


Full Professor of Philosophy at the University of Turin, where he is also the director of the LabOnt (Laboratory for Ontology), and fellow of Käte Hamburger Kolleg “Recht als Kultur” (Bonn). He wrote more than forty books that were translated into several languages, among which History of Hermeneutics (Humanities Press, 1996), Documentality or Why it is Necessary to Leave Traces (Fordham UP 2012) and Goodbye Kant! (SUNY UP 2013). His latest books to be published in English are Where Are You? An Ontology of the Cell Phone (Fordham UP 2014) and Manifesto of New Realism (SUNY UP 2014).