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Caring and Curing

 | 
Dianne Dodd
, 
Deborah Gorham

Index

Texte intégral

Aberdeen, Ishbel, Lady, 18, 20, 32, 34, 35, 37–38, 39, 40, 51, 52

Aberdeen, Lord (Governor General of Canada), 52

Adams,J., Dr., 111

Advice literature, 136, 137, 149

Ainley, Marianne, 73, 92

Alexandria, 62, 63

Almonte, 62

American Society for Superintendents of Training Schools for Nurses, 20, 25, 30, 40

Antiseptic surgical technique, 78–80

Arnprior, 60

Assistance maternelle, 164, 168–170, 171

Baby clinics, 8, 56, 61, 164, 176

Bacteriologists, 53

Bagshaw, Fanny May, 64

Bart, Pauline, 192

Bell, Dr., 63, 64, 65

Belleville, 63

Bennet, Isabella, 110

Beznak, Margaret, Dr., 187

Biggs, Lesley, 121

Blackhawk, 58

Blue Book series, 137, 142, 153.
See also Canadian Mother’s Book; Supplement

Bottle-feeding, 163

Breast-feeding, 60, 61, 176

Brines, Jane, 111

Burnside Lying-in Hospital, Toronto, 123–126

Burritt, Walter H., Dr., 123, 124

Campbell, Margaret A., Dr., 189, 190, 191, 192, 195

Canada Lancet, 108, 117, 119, 120, 123, 126, 188

Canadian Medical Association, 53, 150 Code of Ethics, 53

Canadian Mother and Child, 149

Canadian Mother’s Book, 136, 149. See also Blue Book series; Supplement

Canadian National Association of Trained Nurses, 25

Canadian Nurses Association views on midwifery, 141, 149

Canadian Pacific Railway, 61

Canadian Practitioner, 37

Canadian Welfare Council, 148

Canniff, William, 125

Carr-Harris, Marguerite, 57–70

Chamber of Commerce (Belleville), 63

Chief Sanitary Engineer, 55

Childbirth, 3, 7, 9
anaesthesia in, 5, 124–125
aseptic practices in, 125–126
breech birth, 146
chloroform, 124, 125
ergot in, 113–114
forceps in, 5, 122–124
haemorrhage in, 151
medicalization of, 5, 7, 8, 135
midwives’ fees for, 117, 119
physicians’ fees for, 117
stages of labour as explained in the Supplement, 144–146
unusual presentations, 146
vaginal examination during, 140

Child Welfare. See also Department of Health
and public health demonstrations, 49–70
and female health professionals, 54 dental clinics, 62

Child Welfare Bureau
Power, Mary (Director), 55

Coburn, Judi, 72, 105, 113

Cohen, May, Dr., 186

College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario, 109, 119–121

Colonial Advocate, 110

Conference on Medical Services, 150

Connaught Laboratories, 55

Corbman, Ethelda, 63

Dalhousie University School of Nursing, 72

Department of Health, 136, 137, 138, 139, 142, 148, 150
Child Welfare Division, 136, 137, 150

Diagnosis (medical), 1, 3, 50, 51, 56

Diarrhea, 60, 62

Dickson, John R., 113

District Officer of Health, 63

Division of Public Health Education, 61, 65

Dominion Council of Health, 139, 150, 154

Dyke, Eunice, 57

Dysentery, 59

Ehrenreich, Barbara, 189

Emo, 58

English, Deirdre, 187

Essentials of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 194

Eugenics, 7, 137

Federation of Medical Women of Canada, 198, 202, 203

Feeblemindedness, 137, 150

Femininity, 5

Feminism, 11, 189, 194, 201

Fingal, Canada West, 116

Fisher, Miss, 54

Fitzgerald, John G., Dr., 55

For Her Own Good, 189

Fort William, 54

Frankel, Lee, Dr., 164

Fraser, Mrs., 110

Gardner, Mary Sewell, 57

Gazette, Kingston, 112

Gender
conflict and professional boundaries, 56–70
identity, 4
ideology, 5, 12

Gipson, Olive, 61, 64

Glazer, Penina, 186

Globe, Toronto, 111, 112, 118

Gouttes de lait, 8, 164, 167–170, 173, 174, 176

Gravenhurst, 118

Gunne, Dr., 61

Hamilton Society of Trained Nurses, 25

Hampton, Isabel, 51

Hanington, Charlotte (Victorian Order of Nurses), 141

Hannah Institute for the History of Medicine, 1

Harris, Agnes V., 21–25, 26

Haycock Bill (1895), 109

Haycock, J. L., 109

Heagerty, J. J., Dr. (Department of Pensions and National Health), 148

Health care, 1–12

Health care consumer movement, 195

Health reform, 7, 153–155 and infant and maternal health, 137

Heeley, Marjorie, 59, 70

Henry Street Settlement, 164

Hill, Hibbert Winslow, Dr., 53

Historiography
midwifery, 103–106
women and medicine, 1
women and science, 92–94

Hodder, E. M. Dr., 116

Hodgins, Mrs., 25–27, 29

Home Nursing Course (Red Cross), 148–149, 150

Hospital insurance, 153–154
How to Make Our Outpost Home in Canada, 142

Infant and child mortality, 8, 9, 50, 55

Infant welfare, 3, 55

Jarvis Collegiate, Toronto, 137
Journal of the American Medical Women’s Association, 198, 201

Kaiser, Dr., 56

Kenora, 60, 61, 62

Knox, Miss, 55, 63–65

Lancaster, Mr. (Provincial Chemist), 55

Langstaff, James, 123, 124

Laywomen
and health reform, 2, 7, 8, 10, 163, 176

Licensing, medical, 53, 105

Lister, Joseph, 78

Little Mother’s League, 57

Livingston, Nora, 38

Local Council of Women, Toronto, 137

London Medical Association, 120

Lower Canada, 53

Lynaugh, Joan, 51

Macdonald, J. D., Dr., 119

MacKay, Hugh, 123, 124

Macleod, Charlotte, 39, 40

MacMurchy, Archibald, 137

MacMurchy, Helen, Dr., 7, 8, 10, 135, 161, 184

Mahon, Mrs., 110

Maloney, Dr., 55

Masculinity, 11

Maternal Care, 152

Maternal mortality, 7, 8, 9, 10, 137, 150, 153
caused by dystocia, 151
caused by puerperal sepsis, 140, 143, 151
caused by shock during childbirth, 151

Maternal Mortality in Canada, 151

Maternity Nursing (Red Cross manual), 148

Mather Township, 58

McCullough, John, Dr., 55–56, 63, 65

McGill University, 191

McMaster University, 188

McPherson, Mr. (Provincial Secretary), 55

McQuay vs. Eastwood, 124

Medical Officer of Health, 54, 61, 63, 64

Medical education, 5, 10–11

Medical Act of Ontario (1865), 107–110

Medical authority
and constraints on nurses, 49–70
and doctor-nurse game, 65–66
and public health, 53–56

Medical training and gender difference
surgery, 195
University of Edinburgh “Riot at Surgeons’ Hall,” 186
women as a percentage of medical school faculty, 185
women as a percentage of medical school graduates, 184

Medicine, 5, 10
biomedical engineering, 11
epidemiologists, 53
family practice, 10
gynaecology, 9, 10
“meddlesome midwifery,” 141
obstetrics, 3, 9, 10, 53, 138
pediatrics, 9, 10, 53
surgery, 11

Melosh, Barbara, 65, 80

Metropolitan Life, Visiting Nurse program, 164–168, 171, 172, 173, 176

Middleton, Dr. (Director, Division of Public Health Education), 61, 65

Midwifery, 5–10, 11, 135, 161
decline of, 121–127
definition of, 105–106
historiographics issues, 103–106
legislation, 106–110
physicians’ attitudes toward, 110–112

Midwives, 103–134, 201, 202
advertising, 110
and use of anaesthetic, 124–125
and use of antiseptics, 125–126
and use of ergot, 113–114
and use of forceps, 122–124
fees charged, 117, 119
in Newfoundland, 104, 121
in Ontario, 103–134
in Quebec, 104–121
lay, 138
licensing of, 140
“neighbour woman,” 138, 139, 140, 147
relationship with nurses, 141

Milk depot, 8

Misericordia General Hospital,
Winnipeg, 90

Montreal Medical Journal, 36

Moodie, Susanna, 111

Mothers
as patients, 3, 5–10, 54
in Montreal in the 1930s, 163–176
outpost mothers, 135–155

Muskoka, 111

National Council of Women of Canada, 3, 17–42

New Public Health Movement, 53

Nightingale, Florence, 27, 38, 40, 49–50

North Bay, 54

Nurse-midwife, 153

nurses, 141
and science, history of, 71–73, 92–94
and scientific management, 80–81
as “physician’s lieutenant,” 51
bedmaking, 80, 82–83
care of the dead, 84
categories of work, 75–78
conflict with physicians, 64, 65
health of, 85
hospital, 4, 51, 71–75
hypodermic injections, 79–80
leaders of, 4 obstetrical care, 83
popular culture, 88–91
private duty, 4, 51
public health, 3–5, 7, 8, 9, 49–70, 83–84, 92
public health, as health teachers, 4, 56, 57–58, 60
public health, authority over, 54, 56
trained, 3, 4
visiting of district, 49, 51, 52
workplace relations, 86–88

Nurses Associated Alumnae Associations of the United States and Canada, 25

Nursing-at-Home Mission, Toronto, 18, 30–31, 49

O’Brien, Mary, 110–111

Obstetrics and Gynecology, 192, 193, 194

Ontario College of Midwives, 201

Ontario Medical Association, 37

Ontario Medical Council, 109, 112, 120

Ontario Medical Journal, 108, 110

Ontario Provincial Board of Health, 3, 49–70

Oppenheimer, Jo, 122

Order of King’s Daughters, 18, 27–30, 31, 49

Orr, R. B„ Dr., 110

Our Bodies, Ourselves, 193

Outpost Hospitals, 141, 149–150, 152

Parry Sound, 59

Patients, 2, 7, 9
care of, 51, 56–64, 65

Paton, Dr., 61

Patrons of Industry, 108—109

Payne, S., Dr., 120

Peterborough, 111

Phair, Dr., 61

Physicians
allopathic (regular), 53
as “Captain of the Ship,” 51, 196
differences between female and male, 197
homeopaths, 105
“irregulars,” 5, 53, 105
male, 1, 2, 5–7, 51, 52
attitude toward midwives, 112–121
conflict with public health nurses, 56–64
public health, 7, 8, 53

Playboy, 191, 194, 195

Power, Mary (Director, Child Welfare Bureau), 55

Prenatal care, 8, 136

Preventive medicine, 53, 56, 60, 164–166

Prince Rupert, 147–148

Professional Association of Interns and Residents of Ontario, 196

Professionalization
of medicine 5, 7, 11, 104, 105, 187
of nursing, 2–5, 11
of public health, 53–64

Public health movement, 2, 8, 9, 10, 63

Queen Victoria’s Jubilee Institute for Nurses, 33

Rainy River District, 58

Red Cross, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152
Visiting Homemaker Service, 150

Reverby, Susan, 73, 82

Robb, Isabelle Hampton, 17

Rolls, Charles, 114–115

Rosenberg, Frances, Dr., 202, 203

“Rusticus,” 116

Sanitary engineers, 53

School of Applied Public Health,
Université de Montréal, 166

Scientific management, 80–82, 87

Scovil, Elizabeth Robinson, 40–41

Scully, Diana, 192

Sexual politics, 193

Shapiro, Martin, Dr., 187, 191

Slater, Miriam, 186

Smith’s Falls, 61

Sœurs de l’Espérance, 165

Soldier’s Settlement Board, 143, 148, 153

Sparks, Dr., 63

Squires, Edna, 60, 62, 63, 65

Supplement to the Canadian Mother’s
Book, 9, 135, 161
distribution of, 138–139, 147

Survey of Nursing Education in Canada (1932), 92

Tait Township, 58

Taylor, Frederick Winslow, 80

Technology (medical), 5, 6, 11, 103, 105, 127

Thessalon, 64

Tonsil clinics, 62

Trained Nurses’ Association of the Kingston General Hospital, 25

Treatment (medical), 1, 3, 50, 56

Trinity Medical College, 116, 122

University of Ottawa, 1, 185, 187, 189, 194, 199

University of Toronto, 137, 186

Upper Canada, 53, 106, 107, 115

Verity, F. S„ 113–114

Versluysen, Margaret, 71

Victorian Order of Nurses, 3, 19, 32–35, 36, 37, 38, 40, 50, 51–52, 83, 152, 165
Chief Superintendent, Charlotte Hannington, 141
Superintendent of, 52

Victorian Order of Home Helpers, 19, 32–35, 36, 37, 38

Wald, Lilian D., 164

Waltham Training School for Nurses, 39, 40, 52

Weiss, Kay, 192, 193

Whatley, Marianne, 200

Whitney, 59

Whitworth, Miss, 60, 61

Widmer, Christopher, 110, 113

Winnipeg General Hospital, 71–101

Winnipeg Medical Society, 36–37

Women
and science, 92–94
as physicians, 1, 5, 6, 10–11, 137

Women’s Health Movement, 200, 201

Women’s Institutes, 62, 63

Women’s Movement, 8, 11

Worcester, Nancy, 200

Worchester, Alfred, Dr., 40, 52

Wright, Adam, Dr., 123, 125, 126

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