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Excavations at Sissi II

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Jan Driessen

List of illustrations

Texte intégral

11. Excavations at Sissi, 2009 and 2010 23

2Introduction

3Jan Driessen

4Fig. 1.1. Military material including bullet casings and a mess kit found during demining operations on the Kefali hill (J. Driessen) 25

5Fig. 1.2. Close-up of bullet casings produced in Czechoslovakia in 1938. To the left Czech (Sellier & Bellot) 8mm Mauser pre-war bullet casing-SB; to the right Czech 8mm Mauser pre-war bullet casing-P131 (G. McGuire) 25

6Fig. 1.3. Topographical plan of the Kefali hill at Sissi (P. Hacıgüzeller; data collected by N. Kress and P. Baulain) 26

7Fig. 1.4. Aerial view of the settlement on the Kefali Hill at Sissi after the 2010 campaign (C. Gaston) 27

8Fig. 1.5. Stone Axes found on the surface of Zones 4 and 5 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 28

9Fig. 1.6. View on the Kefali Hill from southwest. The façade of Building CD follows the contour of the hill (G. McGuire) 29

10Fig. 1.7. View of Building CD from East: East façade and Neopalatial road (J. Driessen) 30

11Fig. 1.8. Aerial view of Building CD with part of the sissi crew in Hall 3.1 (C. Gaston) 31

122. GIS on Site: A View from Kefali Hill 33

13Piraye Hacıgüzeller

14Fig. 2.1. Two-dimensional point cloud, the pencil drawing of one of the trench supervisors (Q. Letesson) and existing spatial features in the database printed-out as part of the cartographic representation of the area (gray lines) 35

15Fig. 2.2. DEM of the Kefali Hill with architectural features overlaid. Note the edge effects and artificial pits that result from insufficient spatial information at certain areas. All are to be improved 35

16Fig. 2.3. Left: digital picture from Zone 6 (L. Manousogiannaki & N. Kress), right: rectified version of the same picture 36

173. The Cemetery at Sissi 41

18Report of the 2009 and 2010 Campaigns

19Ilse Schoep

20Aurore Schmitt

21Isabelle Crevecoeur

22Fig. 3.1. Plan of Cemetery (P. Hacıgüzeller) 42

23Fig. 3.2. Compartments 1.11 and 1.12 (P. Hacıgüzeller & I. Crevecoeur) 43

24Fig. 3.3. Packing layer on top of bedrock in space 1.12 (I. Crevecoeur) 44

25Fig. 3.4. Plan of human remains in compartment 1.11 (I. Crevecoeur) 45

26Table 3.1. Inventory of Anatomical Parts represented in compartment 1.11 (I. Crevecoeur) 46

27Fig. 3.5. Fragments of tripod jar from compartment 1.11 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 46

28Fig. 3.6. Lid (09-01-0325-OB003) (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 47

29Fig. 3.7. Compartment 1.17 (P. Hacıgüzeller and I. Crevecoeur) 48

30Fig. 3.8. Female burial in pithos (I. Crevecoeur) 49

31Fig. 3.9. Pithos in space 1.17 before excavation (I. Crevecoeur) 49

32Fig. 3.10. Pebble floor over pithos (I. Crevecoeur) 50

33Fig. 3.11. Burial pithoi in space 1.29 (A. Schmitt) 51

34Fig. 3.12. Pithos 2 in space 1.29 with human bones alongside (A. Schmitt) 52

35Table 3.2. Inventory of anatomical parts in and along pithos 2 52

36Fig. 3.13. Excavation of pithos 2 in space 1.29 (A. Schmitt) 53

37Fig. 3.14. Pithos in 1.18 with redeposited material on top (I. Schoep) 54

38Fig. 3.15. MM IIA Jug with discs and Lekane (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 54

39Fig. 3.16. Child burial in space 1.28 (A. Schmitt) 55

40Fig. 3.17. Compartment 1.13, level with burials (A. Schmitt) 56

41Fig. 3.18. Compartment 1.13, earlier pebble floor (A. Schmitt) 56

42Table 3.3. Inventory of Anatomical Elements and Minimum Number of Individuals from compartment 1.13 57

43Fig. 3.19. Compartment 1.13, individuals identified (A. Schmitt) 58

44Fig. 3.20. Spaces 1.30-31 (A. Schmitt) 59

45Fig. 3.21. Space 1.30 (I. Schoep) 60

46Fig. 3.22. Space 1.30: stacked carinated cups (I. Schoep) 60

47Table 3.4. Inventory of Anatomical Elements and Minimum Number of Individuals in space 1.30-1.31 61

48Fig. 3.23. Compartment 1.10, inventory of bones (A. Schmitt) 63

49Fig. 3.24. Compartment 1.10 (A. Schmitt) 64

50Fig. 3.25. House Tomb in Zone 9 on North Slope (L. Manousogiannaki/N. Kress) 65

51Fig. 3.26. House Tomb in Zone 9: North compartment 9.1. from South (A. Schmitt) 65

52Fig. 3.27. North-East part of Compartment 9.1, showing individuals 4 and 3 near East wall (L. Manousogiannaki/N. Kress) 66

53Fig. 3.28. North-East part of Compartment 9.1, showing individual 6 (L. Manousogiannaki/N. Kress) 67

54Fig. 3.29. North-East part of Compartment 9.1, bowls placed over feet of individual 6 (I. Schoep) 67

554. The Excavation of Zone 2 69

56The 2009-2010 Campaigns

57Frank Carpentier

58Fig. 4.1. Architectural plan of Building BC, inset showing Zone 2 (P. Hacıgüzeller) 70

59Fig. 4.2. Objects from spaces 2.6 and 2.7 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 71

60Fig. 4.3. Objects from space 2.8 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 72

61Fig. 4.4. Aerial view of space 2.8, featuring the large basin (a), pumice-covered platform (b) and ritual deposit (c). Note the infant burial in the south corner (N. Kress/L. Manousogiannaki) 73

62Fig. 4.5. Tripod Cooking Pots (tcp), open vases (v) and hearth (h) in space 2.8 (N. Kress/L. Manousogiannaki) 74

63Fig. 4.6. Finds from space 2.9; left to right: mortar or trough (B. Decraene), bottom view of oval stand (Chr. Papanikolopoulos), pig mandible (F. Carpentier) 74

64Fig. 4.7. Space 2.10 with bench and two-tile installation in front (M. Devolder) 75

65Fig. 4.8. Figurine from space 2.10 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 76

66Fig. 4.9. Figurine from space 2.11 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 77

67Fig. 4.10. Destruction deposit in space 2.12 (N. Kress & L. Manousogiannaki) 78

68Fig. 4.11. Objects from space 2.12 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 79

69Fig. 4.12. Left: pyxis burial in situ (B. Decraene), right: third stage of content excavation (I. Crevecoeur) 80

70Fig. 4.13. Picture and reconstitution drawing of infant burial, corpse partly inserted into a pyxis (A. Civetta) 81

71Fig. 4.14. Alternative hypotheses for wall B32 (F. Carpentier) 81

725. The Excavation of Building CD 83

735.1. Introduction

74Florence Gaignerot-Driessen

75Quentin Letesson

76Fig. 5.1. Aerial view of Building CD and surroundings (C. Gaston) 83

77Fig. 5.2. Stone-by-stone plan of Building CD and surroundings (P. Hacıgüzeller) 84

78Fig. 5.3. Schematic phase plan of Building CD (Q. Letesson) 85

79Fig. 5.4. Building CD (Postpalatial Phase) (Q. Letesson) 86

80Fig. 5.5. Building CD (Postpalatial Phases and sectors) (Q. Letesson) 87

815. The Excavation of Building CD 89

825.2. The Excavation of Zone 3

83Florence Gaignerot-Driessen

84Fig. 5.6. Distribution of Finds in Room 3.8 (P. Hacıgüzeller) 90

85Fig. 5.7. Deposit in the Northeast part of Room 3.8 from South: 1: 09-03-0514-OB001; 2-3: 09-03-0514-OB002-3; 4-5: 09-03-0514-OB004-5; 6: 09-08-0514-OB006; 7: 09-03-0516-OB011; 8: 09-03-0514-OB007; 9: 09-03-0514-OB008; 10: 09-03-0514-OB009: 11: 09-03-0514-OB010; 12: 09-03-0514-OBO11; 13: triangular stone (F. Gaignerot-Driessen) 90

86Fig. 5.8. Room 3.8: General View (L. Manousogiannaki) 91

87Fig. 5.9. Finds from Room 3.8 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 91

88Fig. 5.10. Room 3.1: distribution of finds (P. Hacıgüzeller) 93

89Fig. 5.11. Room 3.1: Base C33 with fragments of 10-03-0544-OB001 from East (F. Gaignerot-Driessen) 94

90Fig. 5.12. Room 3.1: 10-03-0547-OB001 in Wall D22 from South (Th. Claeys) 94

91Fig. 5.13. Lithic tools from Room 3.1 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 94

92Fig. 5.14. Room 3.1: fragments of 10-03-0536-OB001 A-B and fragmentary clay surface between bases C29 and C33 from West (F. Gaignerot-Driessen) 95

93Fig. 5.15. Room 3.1: fragment of pithos 10-03-0531-OB007 (F. Gaignerot-Driessen) 95

94Fig. 5.16. Room 3.1: Fragments of 10-03-0536-OB001 A in situ (G. McGuire) 96

95Fig. 5.17. Northeast corner of Room 3.1 from South (F. Gaignerot-Driessen) 96

96Fig. 5.18. Room 3.1: Bin C31 with lithic tools from North (J. Lorang) 97

97Fig. 5.19. Installations C31 and C34 from above in Room 3.1 (L. Manousogiannaki) 97

98Fig. 5.20. Southwest corner of Room 3.1 from North (L. Manousogiannaki) 98

99Fig. 5.21. Pebble floor in Room 3.1 (F. Gaignerot-Driessen) 98

100Fig. 5.22. General view of Room 3.1 from North (L. Manousogiannaki) 99

1015. Building CD 103

1025.3. The Excavation of Zone 4

103Quentin Letesson

104Fig. 5.22. Test in the corner between walls D3 and D55 from west (Q. Letesson) 104

105Fig. 5.23. Lower part of a storage vessel (10-04-1730-OB001) with burnt seeds (Q. Letesson) 104

106Fig. 5.24. ‘Bathroom bowl’ (10-04-1710-OB002) below D63 (Q. Letesson) 105

107Fig. 5.25. Deposit in space 4.5: figurine close to tree stumps from south (Q. Letesson) 106

108Fig. 5.26. Deposit in space 4.5: close-up (Q. Letesson) 106

109Fig. 5.27. Limestone figurine from deposit in space 4.5 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 107

110Fig. 5.28. MM Deposit in southwest part of space 4.5 from south (Q. Letesson) 107

111Fig. 5.29. MM Deposit in southwest part of space 4.5: close-up (Q. Letesson) 108

112Fig. 5.30. Room 4.7 from north (Q. Letesson) 109

113Fig. 5.31. Room 4.7 from south (Q. Letesson) 109

114Fig. 5.32. A & B: Wall plaster deposit along wall D49 in space 4.7 (Q. Letesson) 110

115Fig. 5.33. A & B: Plaster stack in southwest corner of room 4.7 and close-up (Q. Letesson/E. Stevens) 110

116Fig. 5.34. Patch of floor surface below plaster stack in space 4.7 (Q. Letesson) 111

117Fig. 5.35. Area with tumble in southwest corner of space 4.7 from south (Q. Letesson) 111

118Fig. 5.36. Pithos in situ in Room 4.7 from north (Q. Letesson) 112

119Fig. 5.37. Tripod cooking pot in situ in room 4.7 from north (Q. Letesson) 112

120Fig. 5.38. Stirrup jar 09-04-1627-OB001 from room 4.7 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 113

121Fig. 5.39. Room 4.8 at the end of the 2009 campaign from south (Q. Letesson) 113

122Fig. 5.40. Industrial installation D30 in situ in room 4.8 (Q. Letesson) 114

123Fig. 5.41. Pebble floor in room 4.8 (Q. Letesson) 115

124Fig. 5.42. LM IIIB deposit in room 4.9 (L. Manousogiannaki/N. Kress) 116

125Fig. 5.43. LM IIIB deposit in room 4.9: finds index (Q. Letesson) 116

126Fig. 5.44. Terracotta slab, gourna and traces of burning on pebble floor within room 4.9 from south (Q. Letesson) 117

127Fig. 5.45. A-C: Walls D48, D62 and D47 with built-in terracotta drain in space 4.10 (Q. Letesson) 118

128Fig. 5.46. Stone drainage channel in space 4.10 from south (Q. Letesson) 118

129Fig. 5.47. Hypothetical later channel within space 4.10 from south (Q. Letesson)) 119

130Fig. 5.48. A & B: Destruction deposit in space 4.10 and area of C. Davaras’ test (Q. Letesson) 119

131Fig. 5.49. A: Destruction deposit in space 4.10: finds-index of 5.48b (Q. Letesson) & B: Destruction deposit in space 4.10: finds index of 5.48a (Q. Letesson) 120

132Fig. 5.50. Lower destruction deposit in space 4.10 from south (L. Manousogiannaki/N. Kress) 121

133Fig. 5.51. General view of room 4.11 from east (J. Driessen) 122

134Fig. 5.52. Room 4.11: pillar base D32 from north (J. Driessen) 122

135Fig. 5.53. Room 4.11: pillar base D32 from south (Q. Letesson) 122

136Fig. 5.54. Hearth within room 4.11 from east (Q. Letesson) 123

137Fig. 5.55. General view of LM IIIB destruction deposit in room 4.11 from east (L. Manousogiannaki/N. Kress) 123

138Fig. 5.56. LM IIIB destruction deposit in room 4.11: finds index of 5.55 (Q. Letesson) 124

139Fig. 5.57. Shell pendant 09-04-0771-OB003 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 124

140Fig. 5.58. Obsidian arrowhead 09-04-0793-OB003 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 125

141Fig. 5.59. Upper part of a pithos and broken grinding stone in the southeast part of room 4.11 from the north (Q. Letesson) 125

142Fig. 5.60. Stone platform at the eastern end of room 3.2 from south (Q. Letesson) 126

143Fig. 5.61. Room 4.12 from north (Q. Letesson) 126

144Fig. 5.62. Unidentified terracotta object (pierced base of vase?) (Q. Letesson) 127

145Fig. 5.63. Room 4.13: installation D44 with terracotta slab, grinding stone and associated lithic tools from east (Q. Letesson) 128

146Fig. 5.64. Room 4.13: feature D60 from east (Q. Letesson) 128

147Fig. 5.65. Room 4.13: Ammouda platform D40 from south (J. Driessen) 128

148Fig. 5.66. Test opened in room 4.13 and eastern baulk from west (Q. Letesson) 129

149Fig. 5.67. Firebox 10-04-1745-OB002 from test in 4.13 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 129

150Fig. 5.68. Stairs D41 in Room 4.14 from east (J. Driessen) 130

151Fig. 5.69. Room 4.14 from the north (Q. Letesson) 131

152Fig. 5.70. A & B: Destruction deposit in test in Room 4.14 (Q. Letesson) 131

153Fig. 5.71. Test in the northwest part of Room 4.14 from south (Q. Letesson) 132

154Fig. 5.72. Room 4.15 from south (Q. Letesson) 133

155Fig. 5.73. Room 4.16 from south (Q. Letesson) 133

156Fig. 5.74. Room 4.17 from south (Q. Letesson) 134

157Fig. 5.75. Room 4.18 from west (Q. Letesson) 134

158Fig. 5.76. Threshold in wall D35, from south (J. Driessen) 135

159Fig. 5.77. Open vessel (krater?) with octopus decoration 09-04-0785-OB001 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 135

160Fig. 5.78. Remains of charred beam in tumble covering the west part of street 8.1, from south (Q. Letesson) 137

161Fig. 5.79. General view of street 8.1 during excavation, from south (L. Manousogiannaki/N. Kress) 138

162Fig. 5.80. General view of the drain in the street 8.1, from east (T. Gomrée) 138

163Fig. 5.81. Pottery found in space 8.3, from South. The stones showing belong to an earlier structure (T. Gomrée) 139

164Fig. 5.82. Structures appearing beneath the MM II deposit in area 8.3, from north (Q. Letesson) 140

165Fig. 5.83. Vase beneath North façade, with a smaller pot appearing on the left, from north (T. Gomrée) 140

1666. The Excavation of Zone 5 143

167Maud Devolder

168Fig. 6.1. Plan of the south area of Zone 5 (P. Hacıgüzeller/M. Devolder) 143

169Fig. 6.2. Plan of Zone 5 (P. Hacıgüzeller/N. Kress/M. Devolder) 144

170Fig. 6.3. Aerial view of space 5.2, with bedrock and older wall visible (north to right) (L. Manousogiannaki/N. Kress) 145

171Fig. 6.4. Bedrock, plaster and pebble floor level 09-05-0956-FE051 in space 5.4 (M. Devolder) 146

172Fig. 6.5. Bronze chisels 09-05-0957-OB001 and OB002 found south of wall E14, during excavations (M. Devolder) 146

173Fig. 6.6. Plan showing (in blue) the reduction in width of the access between spaces 5.4, 5.3 and 5.6 (north to right) (P. Hacıgüzeller/M. Devolder) 147

174Fig. 6.7. Schematic representation of the stratigraphy south of wall E14 and in spaces 5.4 and 5.5. The pink X marks the position of the bronze chisels (M. Devolder) 147

175Fig. 6.8. I. Milidakis excavating in space 5.11. Note the pebble floor and the stirrup jar 09-05-0955-OB001 (M. Devolder) 148

176Fig. 6.9. View of the access between spaces 5.6 and 5.4, from north. The cut bedrock marks the initial end of wall E10, which was later prolonged to the west. The pit is visible in the west part of space 5.6 (M. Devolder) 148

177Fig. 6.10. Section through the destruction layer in the access between spaces 5.12 and 5.13. The charcoal layer may represent the burnt wooden threshold (M. Devolder) 149

178Fig. 6.11. Burnt wooden feature in space 5.12 (L. Manousogiannaki) 150

179Fig. 6.12. Deposit in the northwest corner of space 5.12, during excavation (M. Devolder) 150

180Fig. 6.13. The south-east corner of space 5.8, with the upside down mortar partly excavated (right) and the Conus mediterraneus shell concentration to the left (L. Manousogiannaki) 151

181Fig. 6.14. Tripod mortar 09-05-1802-OB003 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 152

182Fig. 6.15. View of space 5.13 after excavation (L. Manousogiannaki) 152

183Fig. 6.16. Ceramic deposit in course of excavation in space 5.13 (M. Devolder) 153

184Fig. 6.17. Beaked jug 09-05-0974-OB001 standing on floor level in space 5.13 (M. Devolder) 153

185Fig. 6.18. Plan of open area between Building E and the Building on the top of the hill (P. Hacıgüzeller/M. Devolder) 154

186Fig. 6.19. Aerial view of the north part of Zone 5 at the end of the 2009 excavation campaign, with Pit FE081 at the centre of space 5.10 (L. Manousogiannaki) 155

187Fig. 6.20. View from above of the dense layer of stones covering the north part of the pit in the northeast corner of Zone 5. The lighter spot with stones built on the bedrock, upper left, is the south part of the pit (FE087) after excavation (L. Manousogiannaki) 156

188Fig. 6.21. Pit north of FE087 during excavations. Note the large cut sandstone block in far right, the stone tools under it, and the layer of stones going down mixed with ceramics (G. McGuire) 157

189Fig. 6.22. Deposit along the south façade of the building on the top of the hill, in the open area (L. Manousogiannaki) 157

190Fig. 6.23. Fragment of Stone bull figurine (10-05-1877-OB001) (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 158

191Fig. 6.24. Clay model (?) (10-05-1872-OB001) (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 158

192Fig. 6.25. Conical cups deposit during excavations (M. Devolder) 159

193Fig. 6.26. Cup 10-05-1906-OB001 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 159

194Fig. 6.27. Soft stone seal 10-05-1882-OB001 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 160

1957. The Excavation of Zones 6 and 7 163

196Simon Jusseret

197Fig. 7.1. Zone 6 (Building F): a) schematic plan with space numbers indicated; b) aerial view at the end of the 2010 campaign (C. Gaston) 163

198Fig. 7.2. Stone by stone plan of Zone 6 (Building F) with main features indicated (P. Hacιgüzeller, based on site plans by S. Jusseret and N. Kress) 164

199Fig. 7.3. Space 6.1: terracotta figurines. a) leg (10-06-2061-OB004); b) feline head (10-06-2061-OB003) (Chr. Papanikolopoulos). 165

200Fig. 7.4. Space 6.2 at the end of the 2010 campaign. View from the northeast, with main features indicated (S. Jusseret) 166

201Fig. 7.5. Space 6.3: a) aerial view from the west, with main features indicated (L. Manousogiannaki/N. Kress); b) krepidoma F21 seen from the west (S. Jusseret); c) platform F20 seen from the northeast (S. Jusseret); d) sounding with superimposed Walls F11 and F32 and gourna F16 indicated, view from the west (S. Jusseret) 167

202Fig. 7.6. Spaces 6.4.1 and 6.4.2 filled by tumble. Aerial view from the south (L. Manousogiannaki/N. Kress) 168

203Fig. 7.7. Space 6.4.2: a) deposit of cups and bones in the east part, excavation in progress; b) and c): stirrup jars (b: 10-06-2084-OB001, c: 10-06-2083-OB001) fallen upside down and smashed by tumble; d) crushed and heavily burned stone lid (10-06-2066-OB002) amidst tumble; e) storage vessel set in rubble platform (F36) in the southwest corner (all photos S. Jusseret) 169

204Fig. 7.8. Decorated stirrup jar (10-06-2084-OB001) from space 6.4.2 (preliminary drawing H. Joris) 169

205Fig. 7.9. Stone slab with depressions (kernos) F19 next to entrance to space 6.5. Doorway marked by threshold F37 in the background. View from the southwest (S. Jusseret) 170

206Fig. 7.10. Space 6.1: seal stone (10-06-2055-OB002). a) photo: Chr. Papanikolopoulos; b) drawing (impression): C. Kolb 171

207Fig. 7.11. Megalithic wall (Wall G1) after overgrowth clearing in 2008 (C. Gaston). a) southern face, with approximate position of the 2009 test trenches; b) western face 173

208Fig. 7.12. Schematic section across Wall G1. 1. Megalithic masonry; 2. Topsoil-slopewash; 3. Tumble; 4. MM IIIB/LM IA earth floor levels; 5. Stone packing (EM II-LM I); 6. EM III-MM III construction debris; 7. Tumble; 8. Sterile regolith 174

209Fig. 7.13. Zone 7 (Wall G1), inner sector: MM IIIB/LM IA floor deposit. T: tumble; P: plaster; A: amphora (09-07-3011-OB002); B: bowl (09-07-3011-OB001); CC: conical cup; Pi: pithos (09-07-3012-OB001) (L. Manousogiannaki/N. Kress) 175

210Fig. 7.14. Zone 7: MM cup fragment with white-on-dark decoration (09-07-3022-OB001) (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 176

2118. La céramique MM IIIB-MR IIIB de Sissi 179

212Quelques dépôts et ensembles notoires

213Charlotte Langohr

214Fig. 8.1. Zone 2. Pièces 2.6 et 2.8. Dépôts secondaires/?remblais MR IA. a. tasse au profil en S (09-02-1203-OB001) ; b. tasse au profil en S provenant de la pièce 10 du quartier Pi à Malia (4029.13) ; c-d. échantillons de la céramique retrouvée dans la pièce 2.6 (#09-02-1226) ; e. marmite tripode, décoration incisée (09-02-1243-OB003) (c-d : C. Langohr ; b : L. Manousogiannaki ; a, e : Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 180

215Fig. 8.2. Zone 7. Dépôt primaire de destruction MM IIIB (-MR IA) dans l’angle interne du mur mégalithique. a. 09-07-3015-OB001 ; b. 09-07-3011-OB001 ; c. 09-07-3013-OB001 ; d. 09-07-3014-OB005 ; e. 09-07-3000-OB005 (a : C. Langohr ; b-e : Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 181

216Fig. 8.3. Bâtiment CD. Sanctuaire 3.8. Dépôt de destruction primaire MR IIIB. a. 09-03-0515-OB001 ; b. 09-03-0514-OB011 ; c. 09-03-0514-OB013 ; d. 09-03-0514-OB012 (c : C. Langohr ; a, b, d : Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 182

217Fig. 8.4. Bâtiment CD. Pièce 4.9. Dépôt de destruction primaire MR IIIB avancé. a. coupelles coniques (09-04-0767-OB005, 08-04-0716-OB001, 09-04-0739-OB001, 09-04-0767-OB003) ; b. bols coniques à base surrélevée (09-04-0767-OB004, 09-04-0767-OB006) ; c. coupe à champagne (09-04-0752-OB003) ; d. tasse basse (09-04-0767-OB021) ; e. cruche à col cylindrique (09-04-0739-OB003) ; f. cruche à col étroit (? « Type IV Hydria ») (09-04-0739-OB004) (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 183

218Fig. 8.5. Zone 6. Pièce 6.1. Bol conique à base surrélevée (08-06-2024-OB004) (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 185

219Fig. 8.6. Bâtiment CD. Pièce 4.9. Dépôt de destruction primaire MR IIIB avancé. a. couvercle (09-04-0723-OB005) ; b. torche ? (09-04-0767-OB023) (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 186

220Fig. 8.7. Bâtiment CD. Pièce 4.11. Dépôt de sol MR IIIB avancé. a. vase à étrier de stockage (09-04-1625-OB013) ; b. vase à étrier globulaire (09-04-0757-OB001) ; c. vase à étrier globulaire (09-04-1609-OB001) ; d. vase à étrier globulaire (09-04-1614-OB001) ; e. gobelet (09-04-0793-OB001) ; f. pyxide (09-04-1614-OB002) ; g. support tubulaire ‘à serpents’ (09-04-0742-OB001) (a : C. Langohr ; b-g : Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 187

221Fig. 8.8. Pièce 5.11. Vase à étrier de transport décoré, 09-05-0955-OB001 (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 189

222Fig. 8.9. Pièce 5.12. Dépôt de destruction dans l’angle nord-ouest de la pièce. a. kylix (09-05-0994-OB010) ; b. coupe à champagne (09-05-0994-OB005) ; c-d. tasses globulaires à bord droit (09-05-0994-OB006 et 09-05-0994-OB007) ; e. bol ogival/ ? « pulled-rim bowl » (09-05-0994-OB012) ; f-g. coupelles coniques (09-05-0994-OB008 et 09-05-0994-OB009) ; h. jarre globulaire (09-05-0994-OB011) (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 190

223Fig. 8.10. Pièce 5.13. Dépôt de destruction. a. support tubulaire à serpents (09-05-0974-OB002) ; b. cruche à large col et bec horizontal (09-05-0974-OB001) ; c. tasse ogivale/? « pulled-rim bowl » (09-05-0978-OB002) ; d. tasse globulaire à bord droit (09-05-0978-OB001) (Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 191

224Fig. 8.11. Extension nord-est. Couches situées dans la zone au nord du « lakkos » 087, vers l’espace 4.18, et directement superposées au « lakkos ». Céramique fine et décorée MR IIIB. a. #10-05-1914 ; b. 10-05-1839-OB002 ; c. #10-05-1863 ; d. #10-05-1929 (a, d : C. Langohr ; b, c : Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 193

225Fig. 8.12. Extension nord. Dépôt primaire MR IIIA1-début IIIA2 dégagé le long de la façade sud des pièces 4.15, 4.16 et 4.17. a.-d. coupelles coniques (10-05-1866-OB004, 10-05-1903-OB004, 10-05-1866-OB007, 10-05-1903-OB002) ; e. kylix à une anse (10-05-1866-OB006) ; f. tasse en cloche (10-05-1866-OB003) ; g. pyxide (10-05-1903-OB006) ; h. louche (10-05-1866-OB005) ; i. fragments de coupelles coniques, de tasses en cloche et d’une tasse décorée (#10-05-1874, #10-05-1877) (g. C. Langohr ; a-f, h-i : Chr. Papanikolopoulos) 194

226Annex.

227Macroscopic analysis of three Neopalatial and Postpalatial conical cup assemblages 197

228Preliminary Remarks on Late Bronze Age semi-fine fabrics at Sissi

229Florence Liard

230Fig. 8.13. Fabric group Ia, deep red densely-packed phyllitic fabric (#10-05-1920) (Fl. Liard) 201

231Fig. 8.14. Fabric group Ib, light-coloured variation of densely-packed phyllitic fabric (#10-05-1888) (Fl. Liard) 202

232Fig. 8.15. Fabric group IIa, sand-tempered well-fired (buff) fabric (#10-05-1888) (Fl. Liard) 203

233Fig. 8.16. Fabric group IIb, “biscuit” mudstone-tempered (buff) fabric (#10-02-1287) (Fl. Liard) 204

234Fig. 8.17. Fabric group III, fine pale buff fabric (#10-05-1920) (Fl. Liard) 205

235Fig. 8.18. Fabric group IV, levigated well-fired red fabric (#10-05-1927) (Fl. Liard) 206

2369. Bio-archaeological Assemblages and Ground Stone Artefacts 211

237Methodological framework and preliminary results

238Valasia Isaakidou

239Alexandra Livarda

240Christina Tsoraki

241Rena Veropoulidou

242Fig. 9.1. Flotation at Sissi (Valasia Isaakidou) 212

243Fig. 9.2. The Conus mediterraneus assemblage shells from Building E, Zone 5 at Sissi (R. Veropoulidou) 215

244Fig. 9.3. Pig femur with burnt patch (left); complete hare bones (right; from top: 1-3 and 6-7) and sheep/goat young metapodials (from top: 4-5) from Rockshelter 2 (V. Isaakidou) 216

245Table 9.1. MinAU counts by species and period of specimens recorded in 2009 (deposits excavated in 2008) 217

24610. ΤEΧΝΙΚΗ ΕΚΘΕΣΗ ΣΤΕΡΕΩΣΕΩΣ ΣΤΟΝ ΑΡΧΑΙΟΛΟΓΙΚΟ ΧΩΡΟ ΣΙΣΙΟΥ 219

247Nearchos Nikakis

248Fig. 10.1. Κατώφλι πριν οποιαδήποτε επέμβαση στερέωσης (N. Nikakis) 221

249Fig. 10.2. Κατώφλι μετά την απομάκρυνση του παλαιότερου συνδετικού υλικού (N. Nikakis) 221

250Fig. 10.3. Κατώφλι μετά την εφαρμογή του νέου κονιάματος (N. Nikakis) 222

251Fig. 10.4. Κατώφλι μετά την συμπίεση του αρμού (N. Nikakis) 223

252Fig. 10.5. Κατώφλι μετά την ομαλοποίηση του αρμού (N. Nikakis) 224

253Fig. 10.6. Κατώφλι μετά την αισθητική του αποκατάσταση (N. Nikakis) 224

254Fig. 10.7. Αντικατάσταση μέρους παλαιότερου υποστρώματος βάσεως τοιχοδομής με νέο κονίαμα (N. Nikakis) 225

255Fig. 10.8. Τοιχοδομή με υδρορροή πριν οποιαδήποτε εργασία στερέωσης (N. Nikakis) 226

256Fig. 10.9. Λεπτομέρεια της υδρορροής πριν οποιαδήποτε εργασία στερέωσης (N. Nikakis) 226

257Fig. 10.10. Τοιχοδομή με υδρορροή μετά την απομάκρυνση του παλαιότερου συνδετικού υλικού (N. Nikakis) 227

258Fig. 10.11. Λεπτομέρεια της υδρορροής μετά την απομάκρυνση του παλαιότερου συνδετικού υλικού (N. Nikakis) 227

259Fig. 10.12. Τοιχοδομή με υδρορροή μετά την επέμβαση στερέωσης και την αισθητική της αποκατάσταση (N. Nikakis) 228

260Fig. 10.13. Λεπτομέρεια της υδρορροής μετά την επέμβαση στερέωσης και την αισθητική της αποκατάσταση (N. Nikakis) 228

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