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Justices militaires et guerres mondiales

 | 
Jean-Marc Berlière
, 
Jonas Campion
, 
Luigi Lacchè
, 
et al.

Extrajudicial Executions in the Italian Army during World War I

Irene Guerrini et Marco Pluviano

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Extrait du texte

When the Italian Army went to war, the military penal code in force dated back to 1869. This code contained only a few minor changes compared to its predecessor, enacted by the King of Sardinia on 1 October 1859. The latter, in turn, strictly followed the 1840 code. The military penal code thus drew its inspiration from pre-constitutional principles. It did not incorporate the innovations that had inspired the 1889 general penal code (Zanardelli’s Code), which had banned the death penalty. The text governing the military was therefore backwards and repressive. Designed for brief conflicts and a very mobile army, it was inadequate for modern armed forces and typical modern war crimes. The brief section entitled ‘Criminal Procedure in War Time’ contained only a few paragraphs, and it was even more severe than the already harsh rules enforced in peace time.

The Ministry of War enacted the Regole pel combattimento (Rules of Combat) in 1913. They also had disciplinary references and incre...

Auteurs

Collectif de recherche international et de débat sur la guerre de 1914-1918 [CRID 14-18]. Librarian at the University of Genova. She has studied lower classes’ writing practices between 19th and 20th century. She studies the building of the mass society in Italy, from the end of 19th century up to the World War Two. She particularly studied the development of the system of organization of consent during Fascist years. About World War One, she mainly devoted her studies to the military justice and to the means of propaganda. She has published, with Marco Pluviano, the following books : Francesco Baracca, una vita al volo. Guerra e privato di un mito dell’aviazione (2000) ; Le fucilazione sommarie nella Prima Guerra Mondiale (2004) ; Fucilate i fanti della Catanzaro (2007). She is member of CRID 14-18 and of the SISSCo (Italian Society for the Study of the Contemporary History)

Società italiana per lo studio della storia contemporanea [SISSCO]. Studied Italian migration between 19th century and Fascism. He studies the building of the mass society in Italy from the end of 19th century up to the World War Two, and he pays a particular attention to the consent organization during World War One. About World War One, he mainly devoted his studies to the military justice and to the development of the aviation. He has published, with Irene Guerrini, the following books : Francesco Baracca, una vita al volo. Guerra e privato di un mito dell’aviazione (2000) ; Le fucilazione sommarie nella Prima Guerra mondiale (2004) ; Fucilate i fanti della Catanzaro (2007). He is member of CRID 14-18 and of the SISSCo (Italian Society for the Study of the Contemporary History)

© Presses universitaires de Louvain, 2013

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