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Behaviour, Development and Evolution

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Patrick Bateson

Index

Texte intégral

accommodation 99, 113

active role 5, 32, 80, 107, 113, 115

adaptability 5, 14, 17, 35, 98, 100, 110, 111, 112–113, 117

adaptations 12, 16, 98, 107, 111–112

aggression 6, 61–62

Albon, S.D. 61

allele 89

Aronson, L. 28

attachment 3, 19, 22, 23, 24. See also bonding

attention 4, 6, 22–23, 36, 64–65, 73, 117–118

bacteria 10, 81, 89

Badyaev, A.V. 113

Baroncelli, L. 54

Beall, C.M. 112

beavers 108

behavioural imprinting 6, 116

behavioural studies 6, 19, 30, 34, 57, 62, 69, 96, 105–106, 118

determinism 47

behaviour patterns 1, 10, 17, 27–28, 31, 33–34, 41–44, 49, 51, 54, 57, 59, 79–81, 89, 91, 93–94, 111–112, 113

environmental 79, 84

genetic 1, 27, 79–80, 84, 117

innate 1, 27–28

learned 1, 14, 27, 91, 111

pattern recognition 14–15, 24

birds 2, 19–20, 23–25, 32–33, 71, 87, 116

Bittles, A.H. 67

blastula 39

blueprint 4, 80, 117

Blumberg, M.S. 5

bonding 52–53. See also attachment; parent-offspring relationships

animal 4, 94, 117

Book of Common Prayer 74

Bowlby, John 21

brain 6, 12, 15, 21, 36, 42, 99

brains 49, 50, 53, 54

brainwashing 50–52

Braun, E. 106

Buklijas, T. 104

butterfly 4, 40, 116

Capra, F. 3, 29

Carey, N. 85

caterpillar 4, 40, 116

cats 17, 53, 54, 63, 94

Chali, D. 105

cheetah 91, 94

chess 13–15, 101

Deep Blue 13–14

Deeper Blue 14–15

chimpanzee 71, 83, 95

choice 12, 20, 33, 69, 75, 91, 103, 107

chromosomes 78, 86

Clarke, A.D.B. 47

Clarke, A.M. 47

cleaner fish 58

Clutton-Brock, T.H. 61

communication 4, 57–58, 61, 116, 118

competition 14–16, 57, 92, 94, 109

computer 2, 13–15. See also chess IBM 13–15

conditional 35, 64–65, 79, 100, 103, 117

conflict 4, 15, 59–62, 116, 118

conformity 74–75

convergers 96

cooperation 14, 57–58

coping 99, 112

courtship 68, 112

cousins 67, 70, 71, 75

cow 83–85

creativity 6, 7, 13, 93, 96–97, 110

Cresswell, W. 91

cuckoo 57

Darwin, Charles 3, 10, 59, 88, 91, 105, 107, 113

Darwinian evolution 10, 17, 35, 57, 69, 73, 75, 87, 97–98, 102, 106, 107, 113, 118

David, L. 106

Dawkins, Richard 57, 87

descendants 5, 106–107, 113, 117

design 3, 9–12, 17–18, 45, 55, 91, 98, 102, 107, 113, 115–116, 119

determinism 47, 102

development 1, 3–6, 11–14, 16, 19–22, 24–25, 27–38, 39–46, 47–49, 55–56, 57, 62, 63, 65–66, 77, 79–81, 83–87, 89, 91, 94, 97–100, 101–106, 108, 113, 115–118

cake model 79

discontinuous 39

sensitive periods in 20, 21, 47–49, 55

developmental studies 27

controversies 27

differentiation 86

discontinuities 4, 39–41, 44–45, 63–64

divergers 96

DNA 77–78, 80–81, 85–86

‘junk’ DNA 81

dogs 52, 99, 103

Durham, W.H. 73–74, 79

ecology 3, 16, 17, 39, 45, 116

Edwards, Jonathan 50

embryo 1, 39, 85, 102

emperor penguin 16

Enquselassie, F. 105

environment 1, 5, 12, 20, 27–28, 32, 35–37, 47, 55, 64–65, 69–70, 74, 77, 80, 82–86, 92, 97–98, 100, 101–105, 107–109, 111–113

epigenetic 28–29, 31, 50, 85–86, 97, 106

equifinality 29–31

ethology 2, 5–6, 27, 39

evolution 3, 5–6, 10–12, 17, 21, 26, 27, 31, 35, 57, 61, 69, 73, 74, 75, 77, 77–78, 78, 81, 85, 87–89, 97–98, 102–103, 105–113, 115, 117–118

biscuits 88

evolvability 88

Fanshawe, J.H. 91

feedback 2, 29–32, 35, 107

females 52, 53, 71, 95–96, 107

Ferguson-Smith, A.C. 85

Fitzgibbon, C.D. 91

food 16, 17, 29–30, 40, 41, 43, 49, 54, 58, 59, 61–62, 65, 98, 104–105. See also weaning

forecasting 87, 105

Foster, S.A. 112

Freud, Sigmund 48

Fuentes, A. 115

fur seals 63

gambling 115

poker 60

gastrula 39

gene 3–5, 17, 27–28, 67–68, 71, 73, 77–89, 97–98, 101–103, 106, 108, 117

genetic 1, 27, 67–70, 75, 78–80, 82, 83, 84, 86, 88, 89, 91, 99, 102, 107, 110–111, 117–118

genetic-environment dichotomy 1

genomes 5, 78–79, 84, 97–98, 107, 110–111, 117

Gesese, M. 105

Gissis, S.B. 85, 106

Gluckman, P.D. 104–105

Gomendio, M. 62, 94

Gottlieb, G. 20

Grafen, A. 60

grand-offspring 69, 75–76

Gray, R.D. 2, 115

Greenwood, P.J. 70

Griffiths, P.E. 2, 78

habituation 6, 73

Hanson, M.A. 104–105

height 42, 69, 82–83

Helgasson, A. 70

heterarchy 16

Heyes, C. 24

hierarchy 16

rank 40–44

Hinde, Robert A. 6, 19, 34

Holmes, J. 22

honey bees

waggle dance 58

Horn, Gabriel 3, 6, 20

house finch 112, 113

Hoyle, G. 31

Huber, L. 24

Human Genome Project 78

Humphrey, Nick 109

hybrid vigour 69

identical twins 84, 85

imprinting 19–26, 32, 73, 107. Seealso behavioural imprinting

filial imprinting 24, 25

in the laboratory 20, 22, 23

in the wild 22

sexual imprinting 24–25, 69

inbreeding 4, 67–68, 70, 71, 73–75, 117

incest 4, 73–76, 117–118

incest taboo 73–74, 75

information 16, 25, 32, 35, 57–60, 65, 66, 79, 86, 97

inherited 1, 10–11, 68, 77, 82, 86, 110–112

innate 1, 27–28

innovation 97, 110

instinct 27

interplay 2–3, 65, 98, 101–102

IQ 42–43

Israeli kibbutzniks 72

Jablonka, E. 85, 106

Jackson, P.S. 24

Japanese quail 71

Johnson, M.H. 20

jungle fowl 20

Kacelnik, A. 20

Kahlenberg, S.M. 95

Kasamutsu, T. 53

Kasparov, Gary 13–14

Keller, E.F. 78

kittens 40, 41, 43, 63, 93

Klopfer, P.H. 39

Knudsen, E.I. 21

Korean War, the 50

Krebs, J.R. 57

Laland, K. 11

learning 6, 11, 17–18, 19–21, 23–26, 28, 35, 71–73, 97–98, 101, 103, 109–111

Lehrman, D.S. 28

Lewontin, R. 79

local optima 95

Luisi, P.L. 3, 29

Maccoby, E.E. 72

major marriage 71, 72

males 16, 60, 71, 91, 95–96, 107, 112

Mameli, M. 28

mammals 4, 10, 11, 25, 62, 65, 67, 70, 71, 81, 93, 109, 111, 116, 63

Marconnato, F. 20

Martinho, A. 20

Martin, Paul 7–8, 13, 40, 93, 97

mating 67–68, 70, 75, 94

McKay, D. 55

McKenna, A. 115

memory 6, 13, 44, 107

Mendelian inheritance 82

metabolic rate 104

metamorphoses 40, 43

metaphors 4, 17, 32, 79, 87–88, 96, 113, 117

mice 81

Michel, A.P. 107

minor marriage 71, 72

Miska, E.A. 85

mobility 91–92

mole 9

Molenaar, P.C.M. 5

mother/child relationship 21–23, 34, 62–66, 89. See also parent/offspring relationship

bonding 21

in animals 34

in birds 22, 23

in humans 21

mountain delphinium 69

Munz, T. 58

Murray, L. 21

mutation 69, 77, 98, 106

Narvaez, D. 115

natural selection 3, 10, 88, 105, 113

nature vs nurture 27, 101

negotiation 60

Nettle, D. 96

neurobiology 53–54

neurons 53–54

niche construction 92

niches 111

Noble, Denis 77

noradrenaline 53–54

nutrition 63–64, 82, 104

offspring 3–4, 16–17, 25, 33, 40, 57, 61–66, 69–71, 74, 75, 82, 89, 95, 107, 110, 116, 117

Oliverio, A. 47

optimal outbreeding 69–70, 75

organism 3, 12, 18, 35–37, 77, 79–81, 85, 86, 87, 91–92, 99–100, 105, 106, 108, 111, 113, 115–117

outbreeding 4, 67–70, 75–76, 117

Oyama, S. 2, 79

Paley, William 9–10

parent/offspring relationship 3–4, 17, 40, 62–66, 82, 95, 116

parents 1, 3–4, 19, 23–26, 30, 35, 43, 49, 57, 61–62, 65, 69, 75, 82, 89, 97, 100, 104, 108, 115–116. Seealso bonding

surrogate 23–24

peacock 91, 107

personality 43, 44, 49, 79

Pettigrew, J.D. 53

phobia 51

pig 9, 83

plasticity 1, 34–35, 49–53, 55, 84–85, 99–100, 105–106, 108, 111–114

play 5–6, 24, 27, 49, 62, 72, 75, 80, 93–97, 109, 110, 113, 116

acquisition of experience 94–95

and creativity 96, 110

and parental overprotection 115

in animals 93–94

in humans 93–94, 96

socialising role 93, 94

polypeptides 80–81

predation 70, 91, 93

predisposition 20, 21, 110, 111

preferences 4, 20–21, 22, 30, 49, 55, 72–73, 89, 115–116

Price, M.V. 69

primatology 6

proteins 80

psychotherapy 51

puberty 39, 43

rat 29, 64

reciprocity 3, 27, 36, 37, 116

recognition of kin 24, 25

red deer 60, 61

Reese, E.P. 23

Regolin, L. 20

reproductive success 16, 61, 63, 64, 65, 67, 73, 88, 105

Rhagoletis pomonella 107

rhesus monkeys 34

rickets 105

RNA 78, 80–81, 85–86

robustness 1, 36

Rosenblatt, J.S. 28

Rowell, C.H.F. 87

Sargant, William 51–52

selection pressure 105

sensitive period 20, 21, 48, 55

sexual selection 107

Shapiro, J. 85

sheep 52, 53

Shenk, D. 5

Shields, J. 84

signalling 59–60, 63. See also communication

Simpson, M.J.A. 34

social insects 65. See also honey bees

Spector, T. 84

Spencer, J.P. 5

spouse 69, 72

squabbling 62, 65

Stevenson Hinde, J. 19

stickleback 111

Stockholm syndrome 52

Stotz, K. 78

Strohl, K.P. 44

Sultan, S. 78

systems 2, 3, 4, 12, 14–16, 21, 26, 28–29, 31–33, 36–37, 41, 44, 54, 70, 80–81, 85, 87, 89, 94, 102–103, 111, 113, 115, 117–118

Taiwan 71, 72

tantrums 62

teeth 9, 58, 68, 99

thalidomide 99, 102

therapy 48, 51, 55

‘flooding’ 51

Thomas, A.J. 44

Tinbergen, Niko 6, 11

Tobach, E. 28

transactions 28, 118

trauma 51, 51–53, 52, 53

Trevarthen, C. 21

Trivers, Robert 61

Turner, D.C. 43

United States of America 50, 51, 53, 61, 67

Valentino, K. 115

Vidal, J.-M. 24

visual system 53

Waddington, C.H. 3, 28–29, 31, 50, 85, 102

Waser, N.M. 69

weaning 39, 43, 61–65

weather 17, 105

Westermarck, E. 74, 75

Wilson, E. O. 73

Wolf, A.P. 72, 75

Wrangham, R.W. 95

Wright, S. 69

Yudkin, Michael 7

Zahavi, Amotz 59, 60

Zahavi, Avishag 59

Zappella, M. 47

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