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The role of German universities in a system of joint knowledge generation and innovation

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Mirja Meyborg

List of Tables

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1Table 1: Possible University-Industry Interactions (according to Schmoch 2003). 53

2Table 2: Example of Data Preparation by Means of Publications (own illustration). 65

3Table 3: Example of Data Preparation by Means of Patents (own illustration). 70

4Table 4: Overview of Germany's Academia (DESTATIS 2012). 72

5Table 5: Example of Patent Data Set-up for Data Preparation with Java (own illustration). 82

6Table 6: Example of Publication Data Set-Up for Data Preparation with Java (own illustration). 83

7Table 7: An Example of a Social Network - Part 1 (own illustration). 84

8Table 8: An Example of a Social Network - Part 2 (own illustration). 84

9Table 9: Results of the Cluster Analysis, 2000-2009 (own illustration). 90

10Table 10: Mean Value of normalized Degree Centrality of the German Universities, 2000-2009 (own illustration). 114

11Table 11: Mean Value of Betweenness Centrality of the German Universities, 2000-2009 (own illustration). 115

12Table 12: Results of the OLS-Regression Model - Number of Enterprise Interactions (own illustration). 117

13Table 13: Mean Value of normalized Degree Centrality of the German Universities, 1999-2008 (own illustration). 126

14Table 14: Mean Value of Betweenness Centrality of the German Universities, 1999-2008 (own illustration). 128

15Table 15: Results of the OLS-Regression Model - Development of the Patenting Activity (own illustration). 130

16Table 16: Nonparametric Median Test of Publication Activity, 2000 (own illustration). 154

17Table 17: Nonparametric Median Test of Publication Activity, 2009 (own illustration). 154

18Table 18: Results of the Chi-Square Test regarding the Cooperation Activity of the different Groups of German Universities, 2000-2009, P-Values (own illustration). 155

19Table 19: Share of Co-authored Publications, Technical vs. Non-Technical Universities, 2000-2009 (own illustration). 156

20Table 20: Share of Co-authored Publications, Medical vs. Non-Medical Universities, 2000-2009 (own illustration). 157

21Table 21: Nonparametric Median Test of normalized Degree Centrality, medical vs. non-medical universities, 2000 and 2009 (own illustration). 158

22Table 22: Results of the Chi-Square Test regarding the institutional Distribution of the German University Co-Authors, 2000-2009, P-Values (own illustration). 160

23Table 23: Share of Co-Authorships with Enterprises, Technical vs. Non-Technical Universities, 2000-2009 (own illustration). 161

24Table 24: Share of Co-Authorships with Enterprises, Medical vs. Non-Medical Universities, 2000-2009 (own illustration). 161

25Table 25: Nonparametric Median Test of Betweenness Centrality, Co-Applicant Networks, 2007-2008 (own illustration). 163

26Table 26: Results of the Chi-Square Test regarding the institutional Distribution of the German University Co-Applicants, P-Values of three Time Periods (own illustration). 166

27Table 27: Institutional Distribution of the German University Co-Applicants, absolute numbers, 1999-2000 and 2007-2008 (own illustration). 167

28Table 28: P-Values of different German University-Samples, regional versus non-regional Activities, 2000-2009 (own illustration). 171

29Table 29: Results of the Chi-Square Test regarding the spatial Distribution of the Enterprises, 2000-2009, P-Values (own illustration). 176

30Table 30: Results of the Chi-Square Test regarding the spatial Distribution of the Research Institutes, 2000-2009, P-Values (own illustration). 177

31Table 31: Results of the Chi-Square Test regarding the spatial Distribution of the Universities, 2000-2009, P-Values (own illustration). 179

32Table 32: Results of the Chi-Square Test regarding the spatial Distribution, North America vs. EU14, 2000 and 2009, P-Values (own illustration). 182

33Table 33: Results of the Chi-Square Test regarding the spatial Distribution, USA vs. BRIC & USA vs. Janz, 2000 and 2009, P-Values (own illustration). 183

34Table 34: Results of the Chi-Square Test regarding the spatial distribution, EU14 vs. BRIC & EU14 vs. JANZ, 2000 and 2009, P-Values (own illustration). 184

35Table 35: Absolute Number of Co-Authors, Degree and Betweenness Centrality of KIT and Heidelberg, 2000 and 2009 (own illustration). 190

36Table 36: Percentage Share of the different Co-Authors of KIT and Heidelberg, 2000 and 2009 (own illustration). 192

37Table 37: Number of Co-Applicants, Degree and Betweenness Centrality of KIT and Heidelberg, 2003-2004 and 2007-2008 (own illustration). 200

38Table 38: Summary of the empirical Results (own illustration). 206

39Table 39: Summary of the empirical Results (own illustration). 208

40Table 40: Summary of the empirical Results (own illustration). 211

41Table 41: Summary of the empirical Results (own illustration). 214

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